Search results for: labor-in-the-global-digital-economy

Labor in the Global Digital Economy

Author : Ursula Huws
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For every person who reads this text on the printed page, many more will read it on a computer screen or mobile device. It’s a situation that we increasingly take for granted in our digital era, and while it is indicative of the novelty of twenty-first-century capitalism, it is also the key to understanding its driving force: the relentless impulse to commodify our lives in every aspect. Ursula Huws ties together disparate economic, cultural, and political phenomena of the last few decades to form a provocative narrative about the shape of the global capitalist economy at present. She examines the way that advanced information and communications technology has opened up new fields of capital accumulation: in culture and the arts, in the privatization of public services, and in the commodification of human sociality by way of mobile devices and social networking. These trends are in turn accompanied by the dramatic restructuring of work arrangements, opening the way for new contradictions and new forms of labor solidarity and struggle around the planet. Labor in the Global Digital Economy is a forceful critique of our dizzying contemporary moment, one that goes beyond notions of mere connectedness or free-flowing information to illuminate the entrenched mechanisms of exploitation and control at the core of capitalism.

Labor in the Global Digital Economy The Cybertariat Comes of Age

Author : Ursula Huws
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Digital Economy and the New Labor Market Jobs Competences and Innovative HR Technologies

Author : Svetlana Igorevna Ashmarina
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Digital Labor

Author : Trebor Scholz
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Digital Labor calls on the reader to examine the shifting sites of labor markets to the Internet through the lens of their political, technological, and historical making. Internet users currently create most of the content that makes up the web: they search, link, tweet, and post updates—leaving their "deep" data exposed. Meanwhile, governments listen in, and big corporations track, analyze, and predict users' interests and habits. This unique collection of essays provides a wide-ranging account of the dark side of the Internet. It claims that the divide between leisure time and work has vanished so that every aspect of life drives the digital economy. The book reveals the anatomy of playbor (play/labor), the lure of exploitation and the potential for empowerment. Ultimately, the 14 thought-provoking chapters in this volume ask how users can politicize their troubled complicity, create public alternatives to the centralized social web, and thrive online. Contributors: Mark Andrejevic, Ayhan Aytes, Michel Bauwens, Jonathan Beller, Patricia Ticineto Clough, Sean Cubitt, Jodi Dean, Abigail De Kosnik, Julian Dibbell, Christian Fuchs, Lisa Nakamura, Andrew Ross, Ned Rossiter, Trebor Scholz, Tizania Terranova, McKenzie Wark, and Soenke Zehle

Digital Economies at Global Margins

Author : Mark Graham
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Investigations of what increasing digital connectivity and the digitalization of the economy mean for people and places at the world's economic margins. Within the last decade, more than one billion people became new Internet users. Once, digital connectivity was confined to economically prosperous parts of the world; now Internet users make up a majority of the world's population. In this book, contributors from a range of disciplines and locations investigate the impact of increased digital connectivity on people and places at the world's economic margins. Does the advent of a digitalized economy mean that those in economic peripheries can transcend spatial, organizational, social, and political constraints—or do digital tools and techniques tend to reinforce existing inequalities? The contributors present a diverse set of case studies, reporting on digitalization in countries ranging from Chile to Kenya to the Philippines, and develop a broad range of theoretical positions. They consider, among other things, data-driven disintermediation, women's economic empowerment and gendered power relations, digital humanitarianism and philanthropic capitalism, the spread of innovation hubs, and two cases of the reversal of core and periphery in digital innovation. Contributors Niels Beerepoot, Ryan Burns, Jenna Burrell, Julie Yujie Chen, Peter Dannenberg, Uwe Deichmann, Jonathan Donner, Christopher Foster, Mark Graham, Nicolas Friederici, Hernan Galperin, Catrihel Greppi, Anita Gurumurthy, Isis Hjorth, Lilly Irani, Molly Jackman, Calestous Juma, Dorothea Kleine, Madlen Krone, Vili Lehdonvirta, Chris Locke, Silvia Masiero, Hannah McCarrick,Deepak K. Mishra, Bitange Ndemo, Jorien Oprins, Elisa Oreglia, Stefan Ouma, Robert Pepper, Jack Linchuan Qiu, Julian Stenmanns, Tim Unwin, Julia Verne, Timothy Waema

Legal Issues in the Digital Economy

Author : Valeria Filì
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It is a matter of fact that technological innovation is deeply impacting on our culture, society, economy and labour market. The massive and widespread use of Artificial Intelligence and the strengthening of the collaborative economy (also known as ‘gig’ or ‘platform’ economy) are blurring the traditional legal categories and creating new requirements for protection for employed and self-employed workers. This book represents a tool to understand where we are and where we are going, focusing on old and new legal categories and labour market policies. The chapters included in this volume cover different disciplines, such as legal informatics, labour law, social security law, civil law, and tort law, in order to offer scholars and legal specialists an overall view of ongoing changes, challenges and opportunities from a European Union law perspective.

Handbook of Research on Global Information Technology Management in the Digital Economy

Author : Raisinghani, Mahesh S.
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Includes the most important issues, concepts, trends and technologies in the field of global information technology management, covering topics such as the technical platform for global IS applications, information systems projects spanning cultures, managing information technology in corporations, and global information technology systems and socioeconomic development in developing countries.

Gender and the Digital Economy

Author : Cecilia Ng
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In the discourse on information and communications technologies (ICTs), the focus has been on the, sometimes negative, relocation of jobs from the developed world. This book focuses, instead, on the positive aspects of the introduction of ICTs and shows how they can empower women and make a difference in today's uneven development process. It illustrates, with case studies from Argentina, Morocco, India, Malaysia and the Philippines, how economic empowerment can change the position of women within their families and workplaces. This book shows how to: - distinguish between liberal and neo-liberal theoretical paradigms while analyzing `informational capitalism'; - interrogate the silence and ambiguity among scholars and practitioners regarding gender equality, ICTs and human development; - avoid imposing canons of Western feminism in assessing the benefits of e-trade in societies where social norms are different; and - incorporate feminist principles of inclusion, user-developer interaction and transparency while designing ICT initiatives. Gender and the Digital Economy is an excellent resource for academic researchers, NGOs and industry analysists in the field of international development communication.

Managing Global Finance in the Digital Economy

Author : Francisco Carrada-Bravo
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The Digital Condition

Author : Robert Wilkie
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Each generation of scholars produces a book that remaps the state of knowledge. Rob Wilkie's The Digital Condition: Class and Culture in the Information Network is the book of a new generation of cultural theorists who grew up under digital conditions and now is redrawing the boundaries of digital cultural analysis. In a wide ranging study of cultural texts and situations--from William Gibson's novels and the iPad, to the writings of Antonio Negri, Jacques Derrida, Manuel Castells, Donna Haraway, and Bruno Latour--Wilkie argues that machines are not technological, but social. They are the extension of social relations which means that the "digital condition" is ultimately the class condition.

Digital Labor

Author : Thomas Young
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Since the industrial revolution, automation has transformed our global economy and the way we work. Early forms of automation took the form of machines meant to replace humans who performed repetitive, manual labor on the assembly line or in agriculture. Blue collar jobs have since been on the edge of obsolescence as automation became more and more advanced. We now live in an information economy world running on advanced computing systems... and we are now in the midst of a new wave of digital automation. 'Digital Labor' is a concept that explains a new set of emerging software-based technologies that automate knowledge work, that is, tasks that involve data analysis and rule-based workflow through the use of computers. Virtual workers have now emerged to perform much of the repetitive work we rely on in the digital sphere, much like their physical robotic counterparts on the manufacturing floor. What makes Digital Labor different? Will my job be impacted by Digital Labor? How can I be position myself to take advantage of the coming changes? The progression of mechanization and robotics automation in a physical sense has progressed mostly on a linear basis and displaced a tremendous amount of blue collar workers. Those workers have pivoted into service sector jobs and other fields. However, since Digital Labor is a software-based innovation, it brings with it new implications at scale. It is progressing at a nonlinear basis and will impact white collar workers just the way blue collar workers were impacted, but it's going to happen exponentially faster. What happens next is not known. But, this book explores how white collar workers, who have been immune to many forms of automation for the past 20-30 years, are in the crosshairs of advanced software and technologies in the digital space.

How Revolutionary was the Digital Revolution

Author : John Zysman
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The final section considers the political ramifications of information technology for critical societal debates ranging from privacy to intellectual property. The contributors to the book map out how the digital revolution shakes up politics, creating new economic and political winners and losers. In order to do so, they connect theories of political economy to the implications of digital technology for international as well as national markets.Attempts to construct a framework for analyzing the international digital era: one that examines the ability of political actors to innovate and experiment in spite of, or perhaps because of, the constraints posed by digital technology. This book examines the reaction of nations to the dual challenges of globalization and technological change.How do high wage countries stay rich in a global digital economy? "How Revolutionary was the Revolution" constructs a framework for analyzing the international digital era: one that examines the ability of political actors to innovate and experiment in spite of, or perhaps because of, the constraints posed by digital technology. In order to assess the revolutionary nature of the digital era, this book takes four overlapping approaches. First, it examines the reaction of nations, specifically Finland, Japan, and emerging markets, to the dual challenges of globalization and technological change. This section identifies both successful and failed national experiments intended to deal with these dual pressures. Second, it assesses corporate attempts to leverage digital technology to reorganize work. A broad range of issues including off-shoring, open source production systems, and knowledge management are addressed. Third, devoting detailed analysis to the case of mobile telephones, the book offers insights into the political economy of market evolution in the digital era.

Linking Global Trade and Human Rights

Author : Daniel Drache
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"The concept of policy space is critical to understanding the impact of globalization on public policy in the twenty-first century. For the purposes of this book, a policy space is an arena where national governments have the freedom and capacity to design and implement public policies of their own choosing (Grindle & Thomas, 1991; Koivusalo et. al., 2010). In market economies, policy spaces reflect the insight that certain realms of public life should be governed by collective decision making designed to advance the public interest whereas in other realms markets reign (Drache, 2001). The spatial metaphor expresses, in other words, the claim that there are certain sites where government action has legitimacy. Ultimately, national policy spaces matter because they provide opportunities for governments to be innovative in the development of public policy on these sites, especially in terms of advancing social justice goals (Jacobs, 2004). The unifying theme of this book is that there are major reconfigurations of social and economic policy spaces for national governments on the international landscape during the hard economic times that follow global financial crises. After the 2008 financial crisis, state action extended into new areas and was being deployed in new and innovative ways from the Cash for Clunkers program in the US to successful anti-poverty programs in Brazil. In India the national Rural Employment Scheme to guarantee a minimum number of paid hours annually to hundreds of millions of its poorest is the largest social welfare scheme in the world"--

Business Innovation Development and Advancement in the Digital Economy

Author : Oncioiu, Ionica
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Digital technologies maintain an important tool in today’s business economy. As the economy continues to change, businesses seek out solutions in order to enhance and develop their organization. Business Innovation, Development, and Advancement in the Digital Economy highlights the competitive advantages on the emerging digital economy. Bringing together the classic economy theory and the developments of new technology, this book provides research on current innovations in the digital economy. It is vital resource for practitioners, researchers as well as graduate and undergraduate students.

The Digital Economy

Author : Edward J. Malecki
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Information technologies (IT) shape economic space, but we have no clear map of the cyber economy since the "digital revolution" began in the early 1970s. The Digital Economy offers an up-to-date, critical synthesis that links the various aspects of the digital or cyber economy from the perspective of real firms. A geographic approach emphasizes how IT has made businesses less dependent on locational constraints, and the tangible effects on places and regions are placed at the core of the analysis. Case studies of companies, including Amazon, Dell, Li & Fung, and Volvo, demonstrate that the geography of digitally-driven production is the outcome of both dispersion and agglomeration dynamics. Global corporations are shown to have footprints that ignore – to some degree – distance and time, yet creative and coordinating activities remain anchored in urban innovative ecosystems such as Silicon Valley and Bangalore. These trends have been made possible by the development of a worldwide and integrated telecommunications network, whose unequal presence dictates the capabilities of places and communities to be connected to the global economy. However, the threat of the digital divide must not be overstated. In cities, rural areas, and emerging countries, local development is wrapped up in human capital, rather than technology. This engaging and accessible text describes and explains the patterns and dynamics of today’s digital economic space. The effects on places and regions and the people in them are at the core of the authors’ analysis, illustrated by many real examples. This book will be useful to anyone studying business and management, geography and information and communication studies.

Growth Poles of the Global Economy Emergence Changes and Future Perspectives

Author : Elena G. Popkova
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The book presents the best contributions from the international scientific conference “Growth Poles of the Global Economy: Emergence, Changes and Future,” which was organized by the Institute of Scientific Communications (Volgograd, Russia) together with the universities of Kyrgyzstan and various other cities in Russia. The 143 papers selected, focus on spatial and sectorial structures of the modern global economy according to the theory of growth poles. It is intended for representatives of the academic community: university and college staff developing study guides on socio-humanitarian disciplines in connection with the theory of growth poles, researchers, and undergraduates, masters, and postgraduates who are interested in the recent inventions and developments in the field. It is also a valuable resource for expert practitioners managing entrepreneurial structures in the existing and prospective growth poles of the global economy as well as those at international institutes that regulate growth poles. The first part of the book investigates the factors and conditions affecting the emergence of the growth poles of the modern global economy. The second part then discusses transformation processes in the traditional growth poles of the global economy under the influence of the technological progress. The third part examines how social factors affect the formation of new growth poles of the modern global economy. Lastly, the fourth part offers perspectives on the future growth of the global economy on the basis of the digital economy and Industry 4.0.

Introduction to Digital Media

Author : Adam Arvidsson
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New and updated English translation of the highly successful book on digital media This book introduces readers to the vast and rich world of digital media. It provides a strong starting point for understanding digital media’s social and political significance to our culture and the culture of others—drawing on an emergent and increasingly rich set of empirical and theoretical studies on the role and development of digital media in contemporary societies. Touching on the core points behind the discipline, the book addresses a wide range of topics, including media economics, online cooperation, open source, social media, software production, globalization, brands, marketing, the cultural industry, labor, and consumption. Presented in six sections—Media and Digital Technologies; The Information Society; Cultures and Identities; Digital Collaboration; Public Sphere and Power; Digital Economies—the book offers in-depth chapter coverage of new and old media; network infrastructure; networked economy and globalization; the history of information technologies; the evolution of networks; sociality and digital media; media and identity; collaborative media; open source and innovation; politics and democracy; social movements; surveillance and control; digital capitalism; global inequalities and development; and more. Delivers a reliable, compact and quick introduction to the core issues analyzed by digital culture studies and sociology of information societies Interweaves main topics and theories with several examples and up-to-date case studies, often linked to our everyday lives on the internet, as well as suggestions for further readings Anchors examples to discussions of the main sociological, political, and anthropological theoretical approaches at stake to help students make sense of the changes brought about by digital media Uses critical sociological and political theory alongside every day examples to discuss concepts such as online sociality, digital labor, digital value creation, and the reputation economy Clear and concise throughout, Introduction to Digital Media is an excellent primer for those teaching and studying digital culture and media.

Cognitive Capitalism Education and Digital Labor

Author : Michael A. Peters
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Cognitive capitalism - sometimes referred to as 'third capitalism, ' after mercantilism and industrial capitalism - is an increasingly significant theory, given its focus on the socio-economic changes caused by Internet and Web 2.0 technologies that have transformed the mode of production and the nature of labor. The theory of cognitive capitalism has its origins in French and Italian thinkers, particularly Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari'sCapitalism and Schizophrenia, Michel Foucault's work on the birth of biopower and Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri's Empire and Multitude, as well as the Italian Autonomist Marxist movement that had its origins in the Italian operaismo (workerism) of the 1960s. In this collection, leading international scholars explore the significance of cognitive capitalism for education, especially focusing on the question of digital labor.

Governance Issues in the Digital Economy

Author : Frédérique Sachwald
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The Future of the Global Financial System Downfall or Harmony

Author : Elena G. Popkova
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This book gathers the best papers presented at the conference “The Future of the Global Financial System: Downfall or Harmony”, which took place in Limassol, Cyprus on April 13-14, 2018. Organized by the Institute of Scientific Communications (Volgograd, Russia), the conference chiefly focused on reassessing the role and meaning of the global financial system in the modern global economy in light of the crisis that began in 2008 and can still be observed in many countries, and on developing conceptual and applied recommendations on spurring the development of the global financial system. All works underwent peer-review and conform to strict criteria, including a high level of originality (more than 90%), elements of scientific novelty, contribution to the development of economic science, and broad possibilities for practical application. The target audience of this scientific work includes postgraduates, lecturers at higher educational establishments, and researchers studying the modern global financial system. Based on the authors’ conclusions and results, readers will be equipped to pursue their own scientific research. The topics addressed include (but are not limited to) the following issues, which are interesting for modern economic science and practice: financial globalization, the role of finances in the global economy, perspectives of transition in the financial system from part of the infrastructure to a new vector of development in the global economy in the 21st century, reasons for the crisis of the modern financial system and ways of overcoming it, problems and perspectives regarding the harmonization of the global financial system, and scenarios of development for the global financial system. The content is divided into the following parts: development of financial systems at the micro-, meso- and macro-levels, financial infrastructure of the modern economy, legal issues of development of the modern financial system, and management of the global financial system.