Search Results for "lost-enlightenment-central-asia-s-golden-age-from-the-arab-conquest-to-tamerlane"

Lost Enlightenment

Lost Enlightenment

Central Asia's Golden Age from the Arab Conquest to Tamerlane

  • Author: S. Frederick Starr
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 0691165858
  • Category: History
  • Page: 680
  • View: 7334
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In this sweeping and richly illustrated history, S. Frederick Starr tells the fascinating but largely unknown story of Central Asia's medieval enlightenment through the eventful lives and astonishing accomplishments of its greatest minds--remarkable figures who built a bridge to the modern world. Because nearly all of these figures wrote in Arabic, they were long assumed to have been Arabs. In fact, they were from Central Asia--drawn from the Persianate and Turkic peoples of a region that today extends from Kazakhstan southward through Afghanistan, and from the easternmost province of Iran through Xinjiang, China. Lost Enlightenment recounts how, between the years 800 and 1200, Central Asia led the world in trade and economic development, the size and sophistication of its cities, the refinement of its arts, and, above all, in the advancement of knowledge in many fields. Central Asians achieved signal breakthroughs in astronomy, mathematics, geology, medicine, chemistry, music, social science, philosophy, and theology, among other subjects. They gave algebra its name, calculated the earth's diameter with unprecedented precision, wrote the books that later defined European medicine, and penned some of the world's greatest poetry. One scholar, working in Afghanistan, even predicted the existence of North and South America--five centuries before Columbus. Rarely in history has a more impressive group of polymaths appeared at one place and time. No wonder that their writings influenced European culture from the time of St. Thomas Aquinas down to the scientific revolution, and had a similarly deep impact in India and much of Asia. Lost Enlightenment chronicles this forgotten age of achievement, seeks to explain its rise, and explores the competing theories about the cause of its eventual demise. Informed by the latest scholarship yet written in a lively and accessible style, this is a book that will surprise general readers and specialists alike.

Architectural Conservation in Asia

Architectural Conservation in Asia

National Experiences and Practice

  • Author: John H. Stubbs,Robert G. Thomson
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • ISBN: 1317406192
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 598
  • View: 1041
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At a time when organized heritage protection in Asia is developing at a rapid pace, Architectural Conservation in Asia provides the first comprehensive overview of architectural conservation practice from Afghanistan to the Philippines. The country-by-country analysis adopted by the book draws out local insights, experiences, best practice and solutions for effective cultural heritage management that will inform study and practice both in Asia and beyond. Whereas architectural conservation in much of the Western world has been extensively documented, this book brings together coverage of many regions where architectural conservation has been understudied. Following on from the highly influential companion volumes on global architectural conservation and architectural conservation in Europe and the Americas, with this book the authors extend their pioneering global examination to the dynamic and evolving field of architectural conservation in Asia. Throughout the book, the authors and regional experts provide local case studies and profile topics that bring depth and insight to this ambitious study. As architectural conservation becomes increasingly global in practice, this book will be of considerable assistance to architectural conservation practitioners, site managers and students of architecture, planning, archaeology and heritage studies worldwide.

Gale Researcher Guide for: Tamerlane and the Timurid Empire

Gale Researcher Guide for: Tamerlane and the Timurid Empire

  • Author: Christine D. Baker
  • Publisher: Gale, Cengage Learning
  • ISBN: 1535865393
  • Category: Study Aids
  • Page: 10
  • View: 4799
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Gale Researcher Guide for: Tamerlane and the Timurid Empire is selected from Gale's academic platform Gale Researcher. These study guides provide peer-reviewed articles that allow students early success in finding scholarly materials and to gain the confidence and vocabulary needed to pursue deeper research.

The Revolt of 1916 in Russian Central Asia

The Revolt of 1916 in Russian Central Asia

  • Author: Edward Dennis Sokol
  • Publisher: JHU Press
  • ISBN: 1421420511
  • Category: History
  • Page: 208
  • View: 3861
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During the summer of 1916, approximately 270,000 Central Asians—Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Tajiks, Turkmen, and Uzbeks—perished at the hands of the Russian army in a revolt that began with resistance to the Tsar’s World War I draft. In addition to those killed outright, tens of thousands of men, women, and children died while trying to escape over treacherous mountain passes into China. Experts calculate that the Kyrgyz, who suffered most heavily, lost 40% of their total population. This horrific incident was nearly lost to history. During the Soviet era, the massacre of 1916 became a taboo subject, hidden in sealed archives and banished from history books. Edward Dennis Sokol’s pioneering Revolt of 1916 in Russian Central Asia, published in 1954 and reissued now for the first time in decades, was for generations the only scholarly study of the massacre in any language. Drawing on early Soviet periodicals, including Krasnyi Arkhiv ( The Red Archive), Sokol’s wide-ranging and exhaustively researched work explores the Tsarist policies that led to Russian encroachment against the land and rights of the indigenous Central Asian people. It describes the corruption that permeated Russian colonial rule and argues that the uprising was no mere draft riot, but a revolt against Tsarist colonialism in all its dimensions: economic, political, religious, and national. Sokol’s masterpiece also traces the chain reaction between the uprising, the collapse of Tsarism, and the Bolshevik Revolution. A classic study of a vanished world, Sokol's work takes on contemporary resonance in light of Vladimir Putin’s heavy-handed efforts to persuade Kyrgyzstan to join his new economic union. Sokol explains how an earlier Russian conquest ended in disaster and implies that a modern conquest might have the same effect. Essential reading for historians, political scientists, and policymakers, this reissued edition is being published to coincide with the centennial observation of the genocide.

Chambers's Encyclopædia

Chambers's Encyclopædia

A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3764
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Chambers's Encyclopaedia

Chambers's Encyclopaedia

A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5824
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Chambers's Encyclopaedia: Sound-Vitaceæ

Chambers's Encyclopaedia: Sound-Vitaceæ

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4506
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Encyclopædia Britannica

Encyclopædia Britannica

A New Survey of Universal Knowledge

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4207
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The Mentor-world Traveler

The Mentor-world Traveler

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Art
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4163
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Chambers's Encyclopædia

Chambers's Encyclopædia

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3915
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