Search results for: manual-of-forensic-taphonomy

Manual of Forensic Taphonomy

Author : James Pokines
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Forensic taphonomy is the study of the postmortem changes to human remains, focusing largely on environmental effects including decomposition in soil and water and interaction with plants, insects, and other animals. While other books have focused on subsets such as forensic botany and entomology, Manual of Forensic Taphonomy is the first update of

A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology

Author : Angi M. Christensen
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A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology approaches forensic anthropology as a modern and well-developed science, and includes consideration of forensic anthropology within the broader forensic science community, with extensive use of case studies and recent research, technology and challenges that are applied in field and lab contexts. This book covers all practical aspects of forensic anthropology, from field recoveries, to lab analyses, emphasizing hands-on activities. Topics include human osteology and odontology, examination methods, medicolegal significance, scene processing methods, forensic taphonomy, skeletal processing and sampling, sex estimation, ancestry estimation, age estimation, stature estimation, skeletal variation, trauma analysis, and personal identification. Although some aspects are specific to the United States, the vast majority of the material is internationally-relevant and therefore suitable for forensic anthropology courses in other countries. Provides a comprehensive lab manual that is applicable to coursework in forensic anthropology and archaeology Covers all practical aspects of forensic anthropology, from field recoveries, to lab analyses Includes discussions of human osteology and odontology, examination methods, medicolegal significance, scene processing methods, forensic taphonomy, skeletal processing and sampling, sex estimation, and more Emphasizes best practices in the field, providing an approach that is in line with today's professional forensic anthropology

Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers

Author : Susan N. Sincerbox
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Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers compiles research on vertebrate scavenging behavior from numerous academic fields, including ecology and forensic anthropology. Scavenging behavior can displace remains from their depositional context, confound postmortem interval estimation, destroy osteological markers, and inflict damage that mimics or disguises perimortem trauma. Consequently, the actions of vertebrate scavengers can significantly impact the medicolegal investigation of human remains. It is therefore critical when interpreting a death scene and its associated evidence that scavenging be recognized and the possible effects of scavenging behavior considered. This book is an ideal reference for both students and medicolegal professionals, serving as a field manual for the identification of common scavenging species known to modify human remains in North America. In addition, this book presents a framework to guide investigators in optimizing their approach to scavenged cases, promoting more complete recovery of human remains and the accuracy of forensic reconstructions of peri- and postmortem events. Examines scavenging behavior through an evolutionary and ecological lens, integrating research from diverse fields. Includes brief summaries of the taphonomic signatures and ecological contexts of common or well-studied North American scavenging taxa Proposes strategies to maximize the recovery of vertebrate-scavenged human remains and improve forensic reconstructions of peri- and postmortem events

Forensic Anthropology

Author : Angi M. Christensen
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Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—approaches forensic anthropology through an innovative style using current practices and real case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds, and practices of working forensic anthropologists. This text guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis, presenting principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field, while at the same time incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical, and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused primarily on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will therefore learn about innovative techniques in the discipline, and aspiring practitioners will be prepared by understanding the necessary background needed to work in the field today. Instructors and students will find Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice comprehensive, practical, and relevant to the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Winner of a 2015 Most Promising New Textbook Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Focuses on modern methods, recent advances in research and technology, and current challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topicoriented case studies, keywords, and reflective questions to increase active student learning

The American Biology Teacher

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Canadian Society of Forensic Science journal

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Time of Death

Author : Jessica Snyder Sachs
File Size : 65.12 MB
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This is the story of the 2000 year-old search to pinpoint time of death. The author accompanies an eccentric group of entomologists, anthropologists, and botanists - a new kind of biological "Mod Squad"--Some of their grisliest, most intractable cases.

Forensic Archaeology and Human Rights Violations

Author : Roxana Ferllini
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Forensic Anthropology

Author : Angi M. Christensen
File Size : 21.3 MB
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Forensic anthropology has seen a recent expansion in depth and scope as well as increased attention from the media and the legal system. This constantly evolving science requires a comprehensive introductory text that approaches forensic anthropology as a modern discipline, with attention to theory as well as recent advances in research, technology, and challenges in the field. Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice, 2nd edition approaches forensic anthropology using current practices and case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds, and practices of working forensic anthropologists. This text guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis. It presents principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field, while at the same time incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical, and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will learn about innovative techniques in the discipline, and aspiring practitioners will be prepared by understanding the necessary background needed to work in the field today. Instructors and students will find Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice, 2nd edition comprehensive, practical, and relevant to the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Focuses on current methods, advances in research and technology, and recent challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topic-oriented case studies, keywords, and reflective questions to increase active student learning

Taphonomy and Interpretation

Author : Association for Environmental Archaeology
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Papers from the 1993 Association for Environmental Archaeology conference at Durham. The themes of the conference were taphonomy and interpretation, to encourage spreakers to go beyond data acquisition and description. This volume looks at how material (pollen, insects, bones etc.) came to be deposited in the context from which they were recovered), how surviving material might compare with what existed in the past. Furthermore, how our methodologies can bias our results and how material might be interpreted in terms of past human activities and environmental processes. These themes are relevant to all archaeological and palaeo-ecological enquireies, regardless of the type of material studied. The archaeological periods studied range from the Bronze Age to the 19th century AD and include rural, urban and buiral sites. Several contributors recommend the use of multiple lines of enquiry as a means of counteracting the biases inherent in any one type approach or group of material. Several papers are concerned with the nature of of the recovered archaeological data, looking for patterns that might be interpretable in terms of past environments or taphonomic process.

Forensic Nursing

Author : Virginia Anne Lynch
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Presents forensic science and nursing theory within the context of contemporary social issues, covering topics such as crime scene investigation, evidence collection techniques, toxicology, DNA testing, blunt and sharp injuries, bite mark injuries, gunshot wounds, domestic and sexual violence, and death investigation.

Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology

Author : British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Conference
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Fifteen essays from the 2007 BABAO conference, divided into three broad themes: non-adult anthropology; biological anthrpology and ethics and repatriation.

Flesh and Bone

Author : Myriam Nafte
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This text provides anthropology and criminology students and those in law enforcement with an accessible entry into a grisly and fascinating subject. The field of anthropology is briefly described to show the basis for forensic investigation. Nafte describes the process of death, decomposition and skeletonization then gives a textual and photographic inventory of the human skeleton and discusses how sex, age, race, stature, and evidence of trauma are determined. The reconstruction of identity with facial reconstruction, DNA profiling, and the use of forensic anthropology in human rights missions conclude the volume. c. Book News Inc.

Forensic Anthropology

Author : Debra A. Komar
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Despite a history of more than 30 years, forensic anthropology is, in many ways, still in its infancy. Its early practitioners were by necessity self-taught, and the field has developed in a largely reactionary, ad hoc manner. This text, designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate coursesin forensic anthropology, provides information that reflects the current and future needs of this rapidly professionalizing field. It unites theoretical and methodological knowledge drawn from anthropology and the forensic sciences and offers thought-provoking case studies and discussion. Co-writtenby a foremost authority in the field of forensic anthropology and an anthropologist whose fieldwork for a medical examiner's office has included forensic identification in Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq, and Darfur, this volume is the first comprehensive forensic anthropology text; it examines medical, legal,ethical, and humanitarian issues associated with forensic anthropology, biohistory (the use of modern forensic methods in identifying remains of prominent historical figures), and current forensic methods.

Scientific Evidence

Author : Paul C. Giannelli
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Ethics and Professionalism in Forensic Anthropology

Author : Nicholas V. Passalacqua
File Size : 89.78 MB
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Forensic anthropologists are confronted with ethical issues as part of their education, research, teaching, professional development, and casework. Despite the many ethical challenges that may impact forensic anthropologists, discourse and training in ethics are limited. The goal for Ethics and Professionalism in Forensic Anthropology is to outline the current state of ethics within the field and to start a discussion about the ethics, professionalism, and legal concerns associated with the practice of forensic anthropology. This volume addresses: The need for professional ethics Current ethical guidelines applicable to forensic anthropologists and their means of enforcement Different approaches to professionalism within the context of forensic anthropology, including issues of scientific integrity, qualifications, accreditation and quality assurance The use of human subjects and human remains in forensic anthropology research Ethical and legal issues surrounding forensic anthropological casework, including: analytical notes, case reports, peer review, incidental findings, and testimony Harassment and discrimination in science, anthropology, and forensic anthropology

Dental Clinics of North America

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Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Author : Roger Byard
File Size : 61.24 MB
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The Encyclopedia of Forensic & Legal Medicine comprehensively covers forensic and legal medicine (including related specialities and scientific, technical and legal issues) and is available online and in three printed volumes, offering any practitioner in a forensic, medical, healthcare, legal, judicial, or investigative field easily accessible and authoritative overviews on a wide range of topics. The work is edited and written by experienced professionals with medical, legal or dual training - and who are internationally renowned for their experience or expertise within their areas of specialty. The Editorial Board reflects the multidisciplinary, multi-jurisdictional and global emphasis of forensic and legal medicine. The individual articles are written in a clear and concise manner and are supplemented by diagrams, tables and full-color images. Key further reading and extensive cross-referencing make this work an invaluable reference source for undergraduates and graduates looking for an introduction to key fields and experts reading outside their specialization. Brings together all appropriate aspects of forensic medicine and legal medicine Contains color figures, sample forms and other materials that the reader can adapt for their own practice Also avaiable in an on-line version which provides numerous additional reference and research tools, additional multimedia and powerful search functions

Khuzhir Nuge XIV a Middle Holocene Hunter Gatherer Cemetery on Lake Baikal Siberia

Author : Mary Anne Katzenberg
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The Bronze Age cemetery of Khuzhir-Nuge XIV (KN XIV) is located on the west coast of the Little Sea region of Lake Baikal, near the southern end of Ol'Khon Island and about 3 km southwest of the mouth of the Sarma River. Six seasons of excavation at the site produced archaeological data on 79 graves, including the remains of 89 individuals. The cemetery yields—particularly the archaeological and osteological materials — have been subjected to a number of analyses. This volume is dedicated to a descriptive account of the entire human osteological collection acquired from the KN XIV graves. The explicit focus is on three main aspects: the condition of the human remains, demographic profile and health indicators, and the effects of fi re on human osteological remains. This information provides the basis for all other studies that have been or will be carried out on this skeletal sample.

Taphonomy

Author : Peter A. Allison
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Taphonomy encompasses the variety of biological, physical, and chemical processes which determine the extent and style of fossil preservation. The text/reference features reviews of major research areas and presents new models of taphonomic/diagenetic processes. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc.