Search Results for "mimesis-as-make-believe"

Mimesis as Make-believe

Mimesis as Make-believe

On the Foundations of the Representational Arts

  • Author: Kendall L. Walton
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674576032
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 450
  • View: 890
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Representations--in visual arts and fiction--play an important part in our lives and culture. Walton presents here a theory of the nature of representation which illuminates its many varieties and goes a long way toward explaining its importance. Walton's theory also provides solutions to thorny philosophical problems concerning the existence of fictitious beings. Throughout, his analysis is illustrated by a rich array of examples drawn from literature, painting, sculpture, theater, and film.

The Oxford Handbook of Aesthetics

The Oxford Handbook of Aesthetics

  • Author: Jerrold Levinson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199279456
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 821
  • View: 1482
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'The Oxford Handbook of Aesthetics' has assembled 48 brand-new essays, making this a comprehensive guide available to the theory, application, history, and future of the field.

Models as Make-Believe

Models as Make-Believe

Imagination, Fiction and Scientific Representation

  • Author: Adam Toon
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137292237
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 148
  • View: 6272
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Scientists often try to understand the world by building simplified and idealised models of it. Adam Toon develops a new approach to scientific models by comparing them to the dolls and toy trucks of children's imaginative games, and offers a unified framework to solve difficult metaphysical problems and help to make sense of scientific practice.

Paradoxes of Emotion and Fiction

Paradoxes of Emotion and Fiction

  • Author: Robert J. Yanal
  • Publisher: Penn State Press
  • ISBN: 0271040122
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 176
  • View: 5469
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How can we experience real emotions when viewing a movie or reading a novel or watching a play when we know the characters whose actions have this effect on us do not exist? This is a conundrum that has puzzled philosophers for a long time, and in this book Robert Yanal both canvasses previously proposed solutions to it and offers one of his own. First formulated by Samuel Johnson, the paradox received its most famous answer from Samuel Taylor Coleridge, who advised his readers to engage in a "willing suspension of disbelief." More recently, philosophers have argued that we are irrational in emoting toward fiction, or that we do not emote toward fiction but rather toward factual counterparts, or that we do not have real but only quasi-emotion toward fiction, generated by our playing games of make-believe. All of these proposed solutions are critically reviewed. Finding these answers unsatisfactory, Yanal offers an alternative, providing a new version of what has been dubbed "thought theory." On this theory, mere thoughts not believed true are seen as the functional equivalent of belief at least insofar as stimulating emotion is concerned. The emoter's disbelief in the actuality of components of the thoughts must be rendered relatively inactive. Such emotion is real and typically has the character of being richly generated yet unconsummated. The book extends this theory also to resolving other paradoxes arising from emotional response to fiction: how we feel suspense over what comes next in a story even when we are re-reading it for a second or third time; and how we take pleasure in narratives, such as tragedy, that excite unpleasant emotions such as fear, pity, or horror.

Essays on Aristotle's Poetics

Essays on Aristotle's Poetics

  • Author: Amélie Rorty,Matina Souretis Horner Distinguished Professor Radcliffe College Professor of Philosophy Amelie Oksenberg Rorty
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691014982
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 435
  • View: 2270
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This collection of essays locates Aristotle's analysis of tragedy in its larger philosophical context. Philosophers, classicists, and literary critics connect the Poetics to Taristoltle's psychology and history, ethics an politics. There are discussions of plot and the unity of action, character and fictional necessity, catharsis, pity and fear, and aesthetic pleasure.

Rethinking Mimesis

Rethinking Mimesis

Concepts and Practices of Literary Representation

  • Author: Saija Isomaa,Sari Kivistö,Pirjo Lyytikäinen
  • Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • ISBN: 1443839582
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 350
  • View: 5777
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Literary mimesis is an age-old concept which has been variously interpreted and at times highly contested, and which has recently been brought back to the forefront of scholarly interest. The debate around mimesis has been reactivated by approaches that re-evaluate its meaning both in the ancient texts in which it first appeared, and in the contemporary discussions of the power of literary representation. This volume presents a selection of central contributions to both the theoretical debate on mimesis and to its up-to-date critical practice. This volume approaches mimesis by emphasising the principles of knowledge, understanding and imagination that have been associated with mimesis since Aristotle’s Poetics. The articles consider the various aspects of the concept throughout history, and explore the ways in which literature produces its peculiar reality effects and negotiates its relationship to value systems connecting it to the world of everyday experience and ethics, as well as to different ideologies, emotions, world views and fields of knowledge. Building on this rich theoretical background, the articles examine the limits and possibilities of mimesis through detailed textual analyses that present acute challenges to our current understanding of literary representation.

Music/ideology

Music/ideology

Resisting the Aesthetic : Essays

  • Author: Jean-François Lyotard,Henry James Klumpenhouwer
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9789057013218
  • Category: Performing Arts
  • Page: 311
  • View: 4134
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First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Cultural Space of the Arts and the Infelicities of Reductionism

The Cultural Space of the Arts and the Infelicities of Reductionism

  • Author: Joseph Margolis
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231525370
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 232
  • View: 3316
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Joseph Margolis, known for his considerable contributions to the philosophy of art and aesthetics, pragmatism, and American philosophy, has focused primarily on the troublesome concepts of culture, history, language, agency, art, interpretation, and the human person or self. For Margolis, the signal problem has always been the same: how can we distinguish between physical nature and human culture? How do these realms relate? The Cultural Space of the Arts and the Infelicities of Reductionism identifies a conceptual tendency that can be drawn from the work of the twentieth century's best-known analytic philosophers of art: Arthur Danto, Richard Wollheim, Kendall Walton, Nelson Goodman, Monroe Beardsley, Noël Carroll, and Jerrold Levinson, among others. This trend threatens to impoverish our grasp and appreciation of the arts by failing to do justice to the culturally informed nature of the arts themselves. Through his analysis, Margolis sets out to retrieve an adequate picture of the essential differences between physical nature and human culture particularly through language, history, meaning, significance, the emergence of the human self or person, and the essential features of human life all to explain how such difference bears on our perception of paintings and literature. Clearly argued and provocatively engaging, Margolis's work reestablishes what is essential to a productive encounter with art.

How to Make Believe

How to Make Believe

The Fictional Truths of the Representational Arts

  • Author: J. Alexander Bareis,Lene Nordrum
  • Publisher: de Gruyter
  • ISBN: 9783110441536
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 369
  • View: 5225
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Over the last two decades, the notion of make-believe has become a major theory for the understanding of representational arts in general. As a contribution to this development, the current volume provides 17 articles on how make-believe theory can be used to explain the generation of fictional truths in various forms of representations such as novels, poems, plays, computer games, role playing games, music, and virtual reality.

Film Worlds

Film Worlds

A Philosophical Aesthetics of Cinema

  • Author: Daniel Yacavone
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231538359
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 352
  • View: 5533
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Film Worlds unpacks the significance of the "worlds" that narrative films create, offering an innovative perspective on cinema as art. Drawing on aesthetics and the philosophy of art in both the continental and analytic traditions, as well as classical and contemporary film theory, it weaves together multiple strands of thought and analysis to provide new understandings of filmic representation, fictionality, expression, self-reflexivity, style, and the full range of cinema's affective and symbolic dimensions. Always more than "fictional worlds" and "storyworlds" on account of cinema's perceptual, cognitive, and affective nature, film worlds are theorized as immersive and transformative artistic realities. As such, they are capable of fostering novel ways of seeing, feeling, and understanding experience. Engaging with the writings of Jean Mitry, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Christian Metz, David Bordwell, Gilles Deleuze, and Hans-Georg Gadamer, among other thinkers, Film Worlds extends Nelson Goodman's analytic account of symbolic and artistic "worldmaking" to cinema, expands on French philosopher Mikel Dufrenne's phenomenology of aesthetic experience in relation to films and their worlds, and addresses the hermeneutic dimensions of cinematic art. It emphasizes what both celluloid and digital filmmaking and viewing share with the creation and experience of all art, while at the same time recognizing what is unique to the moving image in aesthetic terms. The resulting framework reconciles central aspects of realist and formalist/neo-formalist positions in film theory while also moving beyond them and seeks to open new avenues of exploration in film studies and the philosophy of film.