Search results for: more-dematiaceous-hyphomycetes

More Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes

Author : Martin Beazor Ellis
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Key to genera; The genera; Substratum index; Plants, including fungi; Other substrata.

Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes

Author : M. B. Ellis
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This is a study of Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes.

Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores

Author : Nicholas P. Money
File Size : 37.84 MB
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Molds are everywhere: we inhale their microscopic spores from birth to death. But when an investigation in Ohio revealed that babies suffering from a serious lung illness had been exposed to a toxic black mold in their homes, millions of Americans became nervous about patches of mold in their own basements and bathrooms. Before long, lawsuits were filed by the residents of mold-contaminated homes in every state. By failing to address water damage, building contractors, plumbers, and insurance agents were held liable for exposing families to an unprecedented microbiological hazard. The mold crisis soon developed into a fully-fledged media circus. In Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores, Nicholas Money explores the science behind the headlines and courtroom dramas, and profiles the toxin-producing mold that is a common inhabitant of water-damaged buildings. Nicholas Money tells the most important mycological story since potato blight, with his inimitable style of scientific clarity and dark humor.

Pictorial Atlas of Soil and Seed Fungi

Author : Tsuneo Watanabe
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Fungi have come into demand as sources of biological control agents and of particular physiological active substances. Recent studies indicate that fungi can be the prime cause of sinusitis, asthma, and allergenic troubles. Some fungi can be useful however, and can be used to improve the overall quality of human life. With very few books available

Biodiversity of Fungi

Author : Mercedes S. Foster
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Biodiversity of Fungi is essential for anyone collecting and/or monitoring any fungi. Fascinating and beautiful, fungi are vital components of nearly all ecosystems and impact human health and our economy in a myriad of ways. Standardized methods for documenting diversity and distribution have been lacking. A wealth of information, especially regrading sampling protocols, compiled by an international team of fungal biologists, make Biodiversity of Fungi an incredible and fundamental resource for the study of organismal biodiversity. Chapters cover everything from what is a fungus, to maintaining and organizing a permanent study collection with associated databases; from protocols for sampling slime molds to insect associated fungi; from fungi growing on and in animals and plants to mushrooms and truffles. The chapters are arranged both ecologically and by sampling method rather than by taxonomic group for ease of use. The information presented here is intended for everyone interested in fungi, anyone who needs tools to study them in nature including naturalists, land managers, ecologists, mycologists, and even citizen scientists and sophiscated amateurs. Covers all groups of fungi - from molds to mushrooms, even slime molds Describes sampling protocols for many groups of fungi Arranged by sampling method and ecology to coincide with users needs Beautifully illustrated to document the range of fungi treated and techniques discussed Natural history data are provided for each group of fungi to enable users to modify suggested protocols to meet their needs

Fungi Associated with Pandanaceae

Author : Stephen R. Whitton
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The tropical plant family Pandanaceae comprises three genera, Freycinetia, Pandanus and Sararanga. One-hundred and fourteen genera and 226 species of fungi were found on dead leaves of Pandanaceae collected in Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Fiji, Hawaii, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Mauritius, Nepal, New Zealand, Niue, Philippines, Seychelles, Vanuatu and Vietnam. Taxonomic issues within each fungus genus are discussed and reference made to preceding work. All species are written up with bibliographic details, relevant measurements of the current specimens, known habitat and distribution, collection details, and a discussion on taxonomic conclusions. New taxa (4 genera, 35 species) are fully described and illustrated, each with a plate showing relevant macro- and microscopic details. Keys and/or synoptic tables are provided to all species in 28 genera. In addition, details on almost 700 species of fungi described and recorded worldwide from the Pandanaceae are listed.

Biology of Conidial Fungi

Author : Garry T. Cole
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Biology of Conidial Fungi, Volume I covers the history, classification, distribution, and ecology of conidial fungi. Conidial fungi are anamorphic (asexual) fungi of presumed ascomycetous or basidiomycetous origin. Organized into three parts encompassing 14 chapters, the book begins with a brief introduction to the history of conidial fungi. It then describes the systematics, classification, and taxonomy of a particular group of fungi, such as Hyphomycetes, Celomycete, conidial yeasts, and conidial lichen-forming fungi. The dimorphism and pleomorphism properties of these fungi are also examined. Significant topics on the general aspects of the soil, freshwater, marine, and aerial ecology of conidial fungi are considered in other chapters. This volume is of value to researchers and advanced students who are interested in the basic aspects of conidial fungi.

The Deuteromycetes Mitosporic Fungi

Author : E Kiffer
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The work presented here is based on the modern classification of this group. Barring some tropical examples, it covers essentially genera found in the temperate zone of the Northern hemisphere. The book will interest medical and veterinery mycologists, phytopathologists, food scientists, and ecologists.

Systematics and Evolution

Author : David J. McLaughlin
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This is an exciting time to produce an overview of the systematics and evolution of the fungi. Molecular and subcellular characters have given us our first view of the true phylogeny of the fungi. The systematic chapters present detailed illustrated treatments of specific fungal groups with the authors' interpretation of the systematics of that group as well as a survey of specific economic, ecological, morphological, ultrastructural, molecular and cultural data. Other chapters, in addition to treating techniques useful in modern mycology, provide the reader with views of the place of the fungi among the Eukaryotes and relationships within the Mycota. Volume VII, Part A, includes an overview of the fungal hierarchy, Pseudomycota, Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota and their yeasts, and anamorphic states. Volume VII, Part B, includes the Basidiomycota and their yeasts, and chapters on speciation, molecular evolution, preservation, computer techniques, and nomenclature.

An Introduction to Mycology

Author : R. S. Mehrotra
File Size : 60.64 MB
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The Book Incorporates In A Comparative Manner The Various Important Classifications Of Fungi Given By Different Workers. It Deals With The Morphology, Taxonomy, Life Cycles Of Various Groups Of Fungi And Also Includes The Disease Cycle And Control Measures Of Fungal Pathogens, Responsible For Causing Diseases Of National As Well As International Importance. The Book Has Been Written To Cater To The Needs Of Honours And Postgraduate Students Of Indian Universities. The Aim Of The Book Is To Bring In All The Recent Information In Fungi In One Volume. General Topics Like Heterothallism, Parasexual Cycle, Sex Hormones, Evolutionary Tendencies In Lower Fungi, Evolution Of Conidium From A Sporangium, Sexuality In Ascomycetes With Special Reference To Degeneration And Modification Of Sex Organs, Phylogeny Of Fungi Have Been Discussed At Length. Important Topics Like Ecology, Economic Importance Of Fungi In Various Ways, Applications Of Fungi In Biotechnology And Fungi As Symbionts Of Photobionts, Plants And Insects Has Also Been Discussed In Detail. Appendices Like Important Text And Reference Books, Mycoiogical Journals, Fungal Culture Collection Centres Of The World, Mounting Media And Common Culture Media For Fungi Have Been Included.

Handbook of Diseases of Banana Abaca and Enset

Author : David R Jones
File Size : 81.19 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive guide to the large number of diseases, disorders and injuries that can cause severe economic losses to banana, abacá and enset crops, and the fungi, bacteria, phytoplasmas, viruses, nematodes and abiotic factors involved. The monoculture of certain banana cultivars in large plantations make the crop particularly susceptible to catastrophic losses from disease and smallholders can also experience major problems. New approaches to breeding, crop management and handling are being developed to meet challenges posed by emerging threats. Handbook of Diseases of Banana, Abacá and Enset both describes and illustrates diseases and is printed in full colour throughout, creating a valuable diagnostic tool. It covers: - The origin and classification of banana, the safe movement of Musa germplasm and banana breeding for disease resistance. - Recent areas of growing research on the most important diseases of banana, such as black leaf streak, Fusarium wilt, Xanthomonas bacterial wilt and bunchy top. - Significant advances relating to pathogens causing less serious and widespread diseases. Authored by an international team of experts, this is an essential reference for all 'banana doctors' around the world. It serves as a useful field and laboratory guide, as well as a source of information for all those investigating diseases of banana, abacá and enset crops.

Systematics and Evolution

Author : David McLaughlin
File Size : 84.86 MB
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This is an exciting time to produce an overview of the systematics and evolution of the fungi. Molecular and subcellular characters have given us our first view of the true phylogeny of the fungi. The systematic chapters present detailed illustrated treatments of specific fungal groups with the authors' interpretation of the systematics of that group as well as a survey of specific economic, ecological, morphological, ultrastructural, molecular and cultural data. Other chapters, in addition to treating techniques useful in modern mycology, provide the reader with views of the place of the fungi among the Eukaryotes and relationships within the Mycota. Volume VII, Part A, includes an overview of the fungal hierarchy, Pseudomycota, Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota and their yeasts, and anamorphic states. Volume VII, Part B, includes the Basidiomycota and their yeasts, and chapters on speciation, molecular evolution, preservation, computer techniques, and nomenclature.

Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy

Author :
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Fungi From Different Substrates

Author : J. K. Misra
File Size : 66.44 MB
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The book is comprised of more than a dozen chapters on fungi from different substrates including fossilized leaves. It discusses association of fungi occurring on important plants, some animals, and saprophytic substrates. Besides the taxonomic information, some ecological aspects like distribution and substrate/host preferences are discussed. The book also reviews the myxomycete.

Fungal Taxonomy

Author : Rafiq Ahmad Dar
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The distribution of fungi among the various ecological niches of the biosphere seems to be infinite. Estimates suggest a total of 1.5 million fungal species; only less than a half has been merely described yet. This implies a backlog demand, which comes along with a rising importance of novel techniques for a rapid and unambiguous detection and identification of fungi to explore the fungal diversity as a coherent whole. Molecular techniques, particularly the technology of the polymerase chain reaction, have revolutionized the molecular biology and the molecular diagnosis of fungi. The incorporation of molecular techniques into what has been traditionally considered as morphology-based taxonomy of fungi helps us in the differentiation of fungal species and varieties. Databases of genomes and genetic markers used as sources for molecular barcodes are being created and the fungal world is in progress to be unveiled with the help of bioinformatics tools. Genome projects provide evidence for ancient insertion elements, provirus or prophase remnants, and many other patches of unusual composition. Consequently, it becomes increasingly important to pinpoint genes, which characterize fungal organisms at different taxonomic levels without the necessity of previous cultivation. Unfortunately, the initiative of an excessive use of molecular barcoding has been hampered by a lack of sufficient and novel synapomorphic nucleotide characters and signature sequences. Moreover, high intraspecific variability of conventional molecular characters makes it difficult to identify species borders. However, DNA sequences and other genetic markers provide large amounts of data which are cultivation-independent and do not depend on physiological inconsistencies. Genetic markers constantly reflect the identification treasure hidden in the genetic information and allow to control the degree of resolution by choosing the appropriate genes. In this book, we highlight the advances of the past decade, both in methodology and in the understanding of genomic organization and approach problems of the identification and differentiation of fungi using molecular markers and compare those with classical procedures traditionally used for species designation.

Alternaria

Author : J. Chełkowski
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Fungi of the genus Alternaria possess very intriguing characteristics. They are some of the most cosmopolitan in terms of both their biological environments, and as agricultural commodities. Some pathotypes of Alternaria produce host specific toxins, while numerous metabolites have been found to be toxic to humans and animals and as such are important food and feed contaminants of a significance not yet properly elucidated. This volume has been divided into two parts. In Part I, questions are presented regarding Alternaria ecology, nomenclature, identification, most important plant diseases and methods of their control. Important physico-chemical and biological properties, toxicology and biosynthesis of Alternaria metabolites are described in Part II. need to develop a more unified system of nomenclature within the genus. Alternaria infect numerous plant species and nearly all plant species of importance are recorded here. Examples of the most economically important diseases of such plants as cotton, vegetables, potatoes, tomatoes, carrot and linseed are reviewed in detail. Epidemiology questions are described and most advanced research on the significance of host-specific Alternaria toxins in plant diseases is reviewed. Part II elucidates the important characteristics of Alternaria metabolites; their structures, spectra, producers, and biological properties. Over 70 Alternaria metabolites of diverse structure and biological activity are known. Most of them are produced only by the Alternaria species. This book is suitable for specialists as well as students of plant pathology, mycology and toxicology working in the fields of plant disease and toxic fungal metabolites.

Filamentous Fungi

Author : D. L. Hawksworth
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A unique international compilation of data on the location and use of filamentous fungi. It provides details of major culture collections holding fungi, access to these collections, patent restrictions, specialist services and international organizations.

Fungal Phylogenetics and Phylogenomics

Author :
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Fungal Phylogenetics and Phylogenomics, Volume 99, the latest release in the Advances in Genetics series, presents users with new chapters that delve into such topics as the Advances of fungal phylogenomics and the impact on fungal systematics, Data crunching for fungal phylogenomics: insights into data collection and phylogenetic inference based on genome data for fungi, Genomic and epigenomic traits of emerging fungal pathogens, Advances in fungal gene cluster diversity and evolution, Phylogenomics of Fusarium oxysporum species complex, Phylogenomic analyses of pathogenic yeasts, and the Phylogenetics and phylogenomics of rust fungi. The series continually publishes important reviews of the broadest interest to geneticists and their colleagues in affiliated disciplines, critically analyzing future directions. Critically analyzes future directions for the study of clinical genetics Written and edited by recognized leaders in the field Presents new medical breakthroughs that are occurring as a result of advances in our knowledge of genetics

Research on Fresh water fungi

Author : Dr.V.R. Patil
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Pleomorphic Fungi

Author : J. Sugiyama
File Size : 23.58 MB
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The diversity of propagules, or simply ``pleomorphy'' (or ``pleomorphism''), is a characteristic of most fungi. In recent years, knowledge with respect to pleomorphy and its dramatic examples has increased enormously. Data on teleomorph-anamorph connections and pleoanamorph (synanamorph) connections together with the analysis of conidium ontogeny cannot be ignored in considering the taxonomy of the major groups of higher fungi today. The purpose of this book is to shed light on those aspects mentioned above, to contribute toward a better knowledge and understanding of pleomorphic fungi, and to present modern trends associated with the taxonomy, morphology, and nomenclature of pleomorphic fungi. This publication was inspired by the 1983 Third International Mycological Congress at Tokyo, and although it is not intended as the symposium proceedings, symposium speakers make up the nucleus of the book. It is hoped that this book will aid in the development of current knowledge on fungal systematics and provide a useful reference not only to specialists in systematic mycology, but also to researchers, teachers, and university students broadly interested in pleomorphic fungi.