Search results for: multiglossia-in-judeo-arabic

Multiglossia in Judeo Arabic

Author : Benjamin H. Hary
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This volume contains a study of multiglossia in Judeo-Arabic in addition to a critical edition, annotated translation, and a cultural and a grammatical study of The Purim Scroll of the Cairene Jewish Community, written in 1524 to commemorate the deliverance of the Jews of Cairo from Ahmad Pasha, the governor of Egypt. 'Multiglossia' is a linguistic state in which different varieties of a language exist side by side in a language community and are used under different circumstances or with various functions. 'Judeo-Arabic' has been written and spoken in various forms by Jews throughout the Arabic-speaking world. For the most part, its literature concerns Jewish topics and is written by Jewish authors for Jewish readers. Part One places the language of the Judeo-Arabic text of the Scroll within the multi-glossic history of Judeo-Arabic. It offers a possible linguistic model that accounts for the mechanisms of Arabic multiglossia and examines its historical development. Part Two introduces the two critical editions of the Scroll, both in Hebrew and Judeo-Arabic, with the variant readings followed by an annotated translation. Part Three presents a detailed grammar of the Scroll using the framework of Judeo-Arabic multiglossia. The significance and the contribution of this book lie in its interdisciplinary nature, drawing on linguistics, philology, and cultural history.

Translating Religion

Author : Benjamin H. Hary
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Translations of Hebrew and Aramaic sacred texts into Jewish languages, religiolects, and varieties have been widespread throughout the Jewish world. This volume is a study of the genre of these translations, known as the ar , into Judeo-Arabic in Egypt in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The study places Judeo-Arabic along the Jewish linguistic spectrum, traces its history and offers insights to the spoken variety of Egyptian Judeo-Arabic, which set it apart from other Arabic dialects. The book also provides a linguistic model of the translation of the sacred texts. Rather than viewing the translation as only verbatim, the study traces in great detail the literal/interpretive linguistic tension with which the translators struggled in their work.

Jewish Multiglossia

Author : Elaine Rebecca Miller
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Humanism Culture and Language in the Near East

Author : Georg Krotkoff
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Essays by 33 colleagues, friends, and students of the Johns Hopkins University Arabist and linguist. Topics include (1) humanism, culture, and literature; (2) Arabic; (3) Aramaic; and (4) Afroasiatic.

Stories of Joseph

Author : Marc Steven Bernstein
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The last century has seen the demise of age-old Jewish communal life in the Arab world, and there is now a struggle to overcome a mutual lack of understanding between the West and the Arab-Muslim world. Over the course of past centuries, there was a great sharing of creative and scientific knowledge across religious lines. Stories about biblical figures held to be prophets by both Judaism and Islam are one result of this relationship and reflect an environment where not only literary genre and modes of interpretation but particular motifs could be utilized by both religious traditions. This book details this historical interdependence that reveals much about much about common experiences and concerns of Jews and Muslims. The author's rich analysis focuses on the nineteenth-century Judeo-Arabic manuscript. The Story of Our Master Joseph--a Jewish text taking its form from an Islamic prototype (itself largely based on midrashic, Hellenistic, and Near Eastern material) extending back to the earliest human stories of parental favoritism, sibling rivalry, separatism from loved ones, sexual mores, and the struggles for a continued communal existence outside the homeland.

Jewish Biblical Exegesis from Islamic Lands

Author : Meira Polliack
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An accessible point of entry into the rich medieval religious landscape of Jewish biblical exegesis s Medieval Judeo-Arabic translations of the Hebrew Bible and their commentaries provide a rich source for understanding a formative period in the intellectual, literary, and cultural history and heritage of Jews in Islamic lands. The carefully selected texts in this volume offer intriguing insight into Arabic translations and commentaries by Rabbanite and Karaite Jewish exegetes from the tenth to the twelfth centuries CE, arranged according to the three divisions of the Torah, the Former and Latter Prophets, and the Writings. Each text is embedded within an essay discussing its exegetical context, reception, and contribution. Features: Focus on underrepresented medieval Jewish commentators of the Eastern world A list of additional resources, including major Judeo-Arabic commentators in the medieval period Previously unpublished texts from the Cairo Geniza

Language and Culture in the Near East

Author : Shlomo Izreʿel
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Introductory Grammar of Amharic

Author : Wolf Leslau
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This book closes the gap for beginners who want to study the Amharic language and had difficulties in finding the right grammar for this purpose: The first grammar of Amharic, the national language of Ethiopia, was published by Hiob Ludolf in 1698. The Amharic grammar published by Praetorius in 1879 is based on Amharic religious texts and on scattered material, usually composed by missionaries. A milestone in the study of Amharic is Marcel Cohen's Traite de langue amharique (1936), but this grammar, too is not completely suited for beginners since the author's generalizations are at times aimed at linguists. The grammar that comes closest to the concept of a beginner's grammar is that of C.H. Dawkin (1960), yet this grammar is extremely short, does not give examples and does not introduce the student to the intricacies of the language.The new book gives all the grammatical forms and the sentences of the present grammar in Amharic script and in phonetic transcription. The illustrative examples have a free and a literal translation. This procedure should likewise prove to be useful for the Semitist as well as for the general linguist.

Languages in Jewish Communities Past and Present

Author : Benjamin Hary
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This book offers sociological and structural descriptions of language varieties used in over 2 dozen Jewish communities around the world, along with synthesizing and theoretical chapters. Language descriptions focus on historical development, contemporary use, regional and social variation, structural features, and Hebrew/Aramaic loanwords. The book covers commonly researched language varieties, like Yiddish, Judeo-Spanish, and Judeo-Arabic, as well as less commonly researched ones, like Judeo-Tat, Jewish Swedish, and Hebraized Amharic in Israel today.

Middle Arabic and Mixed Arabic

Author : Liesbeth Zack
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Drawing on the recent discussions of Middle Arabic and mixed Arabic, this book offers a comprehensive survey of the various fields of Muslim, Jewish, and Christian Arabic texts as well as the matters of mixed language and diglossia.

Sprich doch mit deinen Knechten aram isch wir verstehen es

Author : Otto Jastrow
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Aus dem Inhalt: Schriftenverzeichnis Otto Jastrow F. Abu-Haidar, Negation in Iraqi Arabic J. Aguade, Ein marokkanischer Text zum "schlafenden Kind" A. A. Ambros, Eine statistische Exploration in der Geschichte der arabischen Lexik W. Arnold, Neue Lieder aus Ma?lu-la P. Behnstedt, M. Benabbou, Zu den arabischen Dialekten der Gegend von Ta-za (Nordmarokko) L. Bettini, Notes sur la derivation verbale dans les dialectes bedouins de la Jezireh syrienne K. Beyer, Neue Inschriften aus Hatra H. Bobzin, Theodor Noldekes Biographische Blatter aus dem Jahr 1917 F. Corriente, The Berber Adstratum of Andalusi Arabic W. Diem, Nichtsubordinatives modales ?an yaf?ala. Ein Beitrag zur Syntax der nachklassischen arabischen Schriftsprache W. Fischer, Unterordnende und nebenordnende Verbalkomposita in den neuarabischen Dialekten und im Schriftarabischen Weitere Beitrage von: S. E. Fox, A. Geva-Kleinberger, G. Goldenberg, H. Grotzfeld, M.-R. Hayoun, W. Heinrichs, C. Holes, S. Hopkins, B. Ingham, B. Isaksson/A. Lahdo, R. de Jong, O. Kapeliuk, A. S. Kaye, K. Kessler, G. Khan u.v.a.

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion

Author : Maxine Grossman
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"The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion has been the go-to resource for students, scholars, and researchers in Judaic Studies since its 1997 publication. Now, The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion, Second Edition focuses on recent and changing rituals in the Jewish community that have come to the fore since the 1997 publication of the first edition, including the growing trend of baby-naming ceremonies and the founding of gay/lesbian synagogues. Under the editorship of Adele Berlin, nearly 200 internationally renowned scholars have created a new edition that incorporates updated bibliographies, biographies of 20th-century individuals who have shaped the recent thought and history of Judaism, and an index with alternate spellings of Hebrew terms. Entries from the previous edition have been be revised, new entries commissioned, and cross-references added, all to increase ease of navigation research." -- Provided by publisher.

Reader s Guide to Judaism

Author : Michael Terry
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The Reader's Guide to Judaism is a survey of English-language translations of the most important primary texts in the Jewish tradition. The field is assessed in some 470 essays discussing individuals (Martin Buber, Gluckel of Hameln), literature (Genesis, Ladino Literature), thought and beliefs (Holiness, Bioethics), practice (Dietary Laws, Passover), history (Venice, Baghdadi Jews of India), and arts and material culture (Synagogue Architecture, Costume). The emphasis is on Judaism, rather than on Jewish studies more broadly.

Encyclopedia of Jewish Folklore and Traditions

Author : Raphael Patai
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This multicultural reference work on Jewish folklore, legends, customs, and other elements of folklife is the first of its kind.

The Cambridge History of Judaism Volume 5 Jews in the Medieval Islamic World

Author : Phillip I. Lieberman
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Volume 5 examines the history of Judaism in the Islamic World from the rise of Islam in the early sixth century to the expulsion of Jews from Spain at the end of the fifteenth. This period witnessed radical transformations both within the Jewish community itself and in the broader contexts in which the Jews found themselves. The rise of Islam had a decisive influence on Jews and Judaism as the conditions of daily life and elite culture shifted throughout the Islamicate world. Islamic conquest and expansion affected the shape of the Jewish community as the center of gravity shifted west to the North African communities, and long-distance trading opportunities led to the establishment of trading diasporas and flourishing communities as far east as India. By the end of our period, many of the communities on the 'other' side of the Mediterranean had come into their own—while many of the Jewish communities in the Islamicate world had retreated from their high-water mark.

Arabic Historical Dialectology

Author : Clive Holes
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This book, by a group of leading international scholars, outlines the history of the spoken dialects of Arabic from the Arab Conquests of the seventh century up to the present day. It specifically investigates the evolution of Arabic as a spoken language, in contrast to the many existing studies that focus on written Classical or Modern Standard Arabic. The volume begins with a discursive introduction that deals with important issues in the general scholarly context, including the indigenous myth and probable reality of the history of Arabic; Arabic dialect geography and typology; types of internally and externally motivated linguistic change; social indexicalisation; and pidginization and creolization in Arabic-speaking communities. Most chapters then focus on developments in a specific region - Mauritania, the Maghreb, Egypt, the Levant, the Northern Fertile Crescent, the Gulf, and South Arabia - with one exploring Judaeo-Arabic, a group of varieties historically spread over a wider area. The remaining two chapters in the volume examine individual linguistic features of particular historical interest and controversy, specifically the origin and evolution of the b- verbal prefix, and the adnominal linker -an/-in. The volume will be of interest to scholars and students of the linguistic and social history of Arabic as well as to comparative linguists interested in topics such as linguistic typology and language change.

The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Studies

Author : Martin Goodman
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This volume on Jewish studies presents surveys of today's interests and directions in the humanities and social sciences. It covers the main areas taught and researched as part of Jewish studies in universities throughout the world, especially in Europe, the US, and Israel.

Muslim Jewish Relations in the Middle Islamic Period

Author : Stephan Conermann
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This book contributes to the history of medieval Jewry in general, as a basis for a comparative study of the position of the Jews in Christian Europe in the Late Middle Ages. The eight articles written by leading experts on this topic pay special attention to the following issues: the measure of tolerance of the Mamluk rulers and the Muslim populace toward the Jews; Jews in government positions and as court physicians; conversion and attitudes toward converted Jews; the Sufi (mystical) nature of Jewish leadership and its relation to the Sufi Islamic discourse; professional, intellectual, and legal interactions between Jews and Muslims. In the end, the contributions help us to sharpen our understanding of Jewish life during the Middle Islamic Period in the Near East.

Translating Religion

Author : Benjamin H. Hary
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This volume is a study of translation of sacred texts, known as the sharḥ, into Judeo-Arabic in Egypt in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The book provides a linguistic model of the translation, which traces the literal/interpretive linguistic tension with which the translators struggled.

Jewish Languages in Historical Perspectives

Author : Lily Kahn
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Jewish Languages in Historical Perspective examines key sociolinguistic themes relating to the spoken and written language varieties employed by Jews in the Diaspora from antiquity until the twenty-first century. It includes chapters on Aramaic, Judeo-Arabic, Jewish Berber, Judeo-Italian, Karaim, Ladino, and Yiddish.