Search results for: networks-of-nations-structural-analysis-in-the-social-sciences

Networks of Nations

Author : Zeev Maoz
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Maoz views the evolution of international relations over the last two centuries as a set of interacting, cooperative and conflicting networks of states. The networks that emerged are the result of national choice processes about forming or breaking ties with other states. States are constantly concerned with their security and survival in an anarchic world. Their security concerns stem from their external environment and their past conflicts. Because many of them cannot ensure their security by their own power, they need allies to balance against a hostile international environment. The alliance choices made by states define the structure of security cooperation networks and spill over into other cooperative networks, including trade and institutions. Maoz tests his theory by applying social networks analysis (SNA) methods to international relations. He offers a novel perspective as a system of interrelated networks that co-evolve and interact with one another.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Networks

Author : Jennifer Nicoll Victor
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Politics is intuitively about relationships, but until recently the network perspective has not been a dominant part of the methodological paradigm that political scientists use to study politics. This volume is a foundational statement about networks in the study of politics.

Leading from the Periphery and Network Collective Action

Author : Navid Hassanpour
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Political revolutions, economic meltdowns, mass ideological conversions and collective innovation adoptions occur often, but when they do happen, they tend to be the least expected. Based on the paradigm of 'leading from the periphery', this groundbreaking analysis offers an explanation for such spontaneity and apparent lack of leadership in contentious collective action. Contrary to existing theories, the author argues that network effects in collective action originating from marginal leaders can benefit from a total lack of communication. Such network effects persist in isolated islands of contention instead of overarching action cascades, and are shown to escalate in globally dispersed, but locally concentrated networks of contention. This is a trait that can empower marginal leaders and set forth social dynamics distinct from those originating in the limelight. Leading from the Periphery and Network Collective Action provides evidence from two Middle Eastern uprisings, as well as behavioral experiments of collective risk-taking in social networks.

When Solidarity Works

Author : Cheol-Sung Lee
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Lee explains development and retrenchment of the welfare states in developing countries through an explanatory model based around 'embedded cohesiveness'.

Social Influence Network Theory

Author : Noah E. Friedkin
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Social influence network theory presents a mathematical formalization of the social process of attitude changes that unfolds in a social network of interpersonal influences. This book brings the theory to bear on lines of research in the domain of small group dynamics concerned with changes of group members' positions on an issue, including the formation of consensus and of settled disagreement, via endogenous interpersonal influences, in which group members are responding to the displayed positions of the members of the group. Social influence network theory advances a dynamic social cognition mechanism, in which individuals are weighing and combining their own and others' positions on an issue in the revision of their own positions. The influence network construct of the theory is the social structure of the endogenous interpersonal influences that are involved in this mechanism. With this theory, the authors seek to lay the foundation for a better formal integration of classical and current lines of work on small groups in psychological and sociological social psychology.

Exploratory Social Network Analysis with Pajek

Author : Wouter De Nooy
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Presents an analysis and visualization of social networks integrating theory, applications, and professional software for performing network analysis (Pajek).

Social networks and social trust in the transformation countries

Author : Klaus Roth
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Einige zentrale Probleme der EU-Integration der post-sozialistischen Lander grunden im geringen institutionellen Vertrauen. Da - als Folge des Sozialismus - gegenuber dem Staat und seinen Institutionen eine "Kultur des offentlichen Misstrauens" herrscht, wird Vertrauen weiterhin primar in informelle soziale Netzwerke investiert: In allen Lebensbereichen kommt der Familie und dem Kreis vertrauenswurdiger Freunde, Mitschuler, Kollegen und Nachbarn eine uberragende Bedeutung zu. 18 Volkskundler, Ethnologen, Soziologen und Historiker prasentieren hier ihre empirischen Studien in Bulgarien, Estland, Polen, Rumanien, Russland, Serbien, Tschechien und der Slowakei. Sie zeigen den graduellen Wandel der Netzwerke wie auch nationale Unterschiede im Ausmass an offentlichem und privatem Vertrauen auf.

Egocentric Network Analysis

Author : Brea L. Perry
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Egocentric network analysis is used widely across the social sciences, especially in anthropology, political science, economics, and sociology, and is increasingly being employed in communications, informatics, and business and marketing studies. Egocentric network analysis requires a unique set of data collection and analysis skills that overlap only minimally with other network methodologies. However, until now there has been no single reference for conceptualizing, collecting, and analyzing egocentric social network data. This comprehensive guide to study design, data collection, and analysis brings together the state of knowledge with the most effective research tools to guide newcomers to this field. It is illustrated with many engaging examples and graphics and assumes no prior knowledge. Covering the entire research process in a logical sequence, from conceptualizing research questions to interpreting findings, this volume provides a solid foundation for researchers at any stage of their career to learn and apply ego network methods.

Relational Methodologies and Epistemology in Economics and Management Sciences

Author : Biggiero, Lucio
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The social sciences, especially economics, management, and organizational science, are experiencing a tremendous renewed interest for their epistemological and methodological statutes, as witnessed by the many books and specialized journals established during the last two decades. Relational Methodologies and Epistemology in the Economics and Management Sciences identifies and presents the four main network-based methodologies including network analysis, Boolean network simulation modeling, artificial neural network simulation modeling, and agent-based simulation modeling in addition to their conceptual-epistemological implications and concrete applications within the social and natural sciences. Featuring a critical assessment of relational methodologies and their practical applications, this timely publication is ideal for use by corporate R&D departments, researchers, theorists, and graduate-level students.

Networks and Religion

Author : Sean F. Everton
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This book uses social network analysis to explore the various effects that social networks have on religious belief and practice.