Search results for: ngoization

NGOization

Author : Aziz Choudry
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The growth and spread of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) at local and international levels has attracted considerable interest and attention from policy-makers, development practitioners, academics and activists around the world. But how has this phenomenon impacted on struggles for social and environmental justice? How has it challenged - or reinforced - the forces of capitalism and colonialism? And what political, economic, social and cultural interests does this serve? NGOization - the professionalization and institutionalization of social action - has long been a hotly contested issue in grassroots social movements and communities of resistance. This book pulls together for the first time unique perspectives of social struggles and critically engaged scholars from a wide range of geographical and political contexts to offer insights into the tensions and challenges of the NGO model, while considering the feasibility of alternatives.

NGOization

Author : Dip Kapoor
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Drawing on global case studies, this collection challenges existing models of NGO's and offer insight into possible alternatives

Beyond NGO ization

Author : Professor Kerstin Jacobsson
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The celebrations marking the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall provoked a debate on the outcomes of the transition process in the post-communist countries, including a debate on the functioning of civil society. This provided a good opportunity for researchers to collect new data and revise the discourse on collective action and the dynamics of civil society in these countries. Jacobsson and Saxonberg's collection of essays looks at social movements, and their forms of mobilization and organization, as well as action repertoires in relation to the social context, and their success or failure. The book meets an important need in the discourse on post-communist social movements by going beyond the usual discourse about the weak and non-participatory civil society in the post-communist context. This book gives a nuanced and updated view of social movements in post-communist Europe, by looking at the cases of relatively successful mobilization, by examining groups that have often been neglected in the discourse on social movements and civil society (including animal-rights groups, racist movements and non-feminist family organizations), and by giving a deeper analysis of the different strategies that civil society organizations and groups can use. Rather than expecting social movements in post-communist Europe to follow the same patterns and operate in the same fashion as in Western Europe, this volume shows that a wider view of contentious action is needed in order to understand the variety of strategies employed by collective actors operating in this context.

NGOs Civil Society and the Public Sphere

Author : Sabine Lang
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This book investigates how nongovernmental organizations can become stronger advocates for citizens and better representatives of their interests. Sabine Lang analyzes the choices that NGOs face in their work for policy change between working in institutional settings and practicing public advocacy that incorporates constituents' voices.

Beyond NGO ization

Author : Kerstin Jacobsson
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The celebrations marking the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall provoked a debate on the outcomes of the transition process in the post-communist countries, including a debate on the functioning of civil society. This provided a good opportunity for researchers to collect new data and revise the discourse on collective action and the dynamics of civil society in these countries. Jacobsson and Saxonberg's collection of essays looks at social movements, and their forms of mobilization and organization, as well as action repertoires in relation to the social context, and their success or failure. The book meets an important need in the discourse on post-communist social movements by going beyond the usual discourse about the weak and non-participatory civil society in the post-communist context. This book gives a nuanced and updated view of social movements in post-communist Europe, by looking at the cases of relatively successful mobilization, by examining groups that have often been neglected in the discourse on social movements and civil society (including animal-rights groups, racist movements and non-feminist family organizations), and by giving a deeper analysis of the different strategies that civil society organizations and groups can use. Rather than expecting social movements in post-communist Europe to follow the same patterns and operate in the same fashion as in Western Europe, this volume shows that a wider view of contentious action is needed in order to understand the variety of strategies employed by collective actors operating in this context.

Funding Feminism

Author : Kellea Shay Miller
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My dissertation addresses the paradox that increased transnational investments in women's rights may lead to NGOization, or the narrowing, professionalization, and deradicalization of women's movements. I follow UN Women's Fund for Gender Equality, one of the world's largest pools of money for gender equality actors, across three grant cycles between 2009 and 2015. Combining an institutional ethnographic approach with quantitative analysis of 3,600+ grant applications from women's NGOs, governments, and mainstream organizations, I shed light on notoriously opaque processes that determine the allocation of millions of dollars in development funding for gender equality and women's rights. First, I theorize "dual accountabilities" to understand how individuals within bureaucracies manage competing constituencies in ongoing, daily ways. I find that the Fund's increasing attention to bureaucratic requirements and politics -- its institutional accountability -- eclipses its more outward-facing movement accountability -- a focus on serving women's movements. Under mounting internal pressures, feminist funding experts on staff are replaced with development experts, and avenues for women's movement actors to advise the Fund dissolve entirely. Next, I develop a methodology to understand grantmaking as a social process in which power is negotiated and contested in each grant review stage. I show how the Fund's shifting accountabilities become embedded in its eligibility requirements, explicit priorities, and implicit ideals about gender equality. Finally, I explore how the Fund's institutional location shapes which groups are most likely to progress through its grant review. The Fund rewards characteristics related to NGOization, promoting well-established women's NGOs and advancing more moderate activities over radical social change strategies. This narrowing happens through deliberate choices, such as prioritizing policy advocacy and endorsing NGO-government partnerships, but also through relatively small requirements and often invisible assumptions entrenched in grant review. My study adds to a growing field of research on the internal workings of international institutions. I also provide a rare window into philanthropic processes. My methodology is a promising new approach to understand how power shapes grant decisions. Finally, I make a small but valuable addition to resource mobilization research by showing how funders' processes contribute to the phenomena of NGOization even before grants are made.

Social Theory and Practice

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Book Review NGOization Complicity Contradictions and Prospects Ed by Aziz Choudry and Dip Kapoor

Author : Andrzej Klimczuk
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Integration Erasure and Underdevelopment

Author : Margalit Chu
File Size : 63.56 MB
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Organizing for Rural Energy Development

Author : Michael Fields Maniates
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Theorizing NGOs

Author : Victoria Bernal
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Theorizing NGOs examines how the rise of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) has transformed the conditions of women's lives and of feminist organizing. Victoria Bernal and Inderpal Grewal suggest that we can understand the proliferation of NGOs through a focus on the NGO as a unified form despite the enormous variation and diversity contained within that form. Theorizing NGOs brings together cutting-edge feminist research on NGOs from various perspectives and disciplines. Contributors locate NGOs within local and transnational configurations of power, interrogate the relationships of nongovernmental organizations to states and to privatization, and map the complex, ambiguous, and ultimately unstable synergies between feminisms and NGOs. While some of the contributors draw on personal experience with NGOs, others employ regional or national perspectives. Spanning a broad range of issues with which NGOs are engaged, from microcredit and domestic violence to democratization, this groundbreaking collection shows that NGOs are, themselves, fields of gendered struggles over power, resources, and status. Contributors. Sonia E. Alvarez, Victoria Bernal, LeeRay M. Costa, Inderpal Grewal, Laura Grünberg, Elissa Helms, Julie Hemment, Saida Hodžic, Lamia Karim, Sabine Lang, Lauren Leve, Kathleen O'Reilly, Aradhana Sharma

An Inadequate Response

Author : Chantal C. Boudreau
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Thoughts that Burn But Cannot be Spoken

Author : Kathleen E. Boyd
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"Thoughts that Burn but Cannot be Spoken: Re-Imagining the Political within Histories of Feminist Activism" is an interdisciplinary cultural study of feminist activism, from 1840 to the present moment, that focuses on exploring how the figure of the feminist activist and her corresponding activist practices are differently imagined in discrete historical moments. Parallel to the history of the 501 (c) 3 non-profit corporation, I move across the disciplines to track how the institutionalization of various forms of activism has differently (re)produced certain kinds of activist subjects whose social imaginaries inform the limitations and possibilities of social movements strategies for social transformation. Rather than constructing a social history of non-profit activism or a sociological study on particular feminist NGOs, my project is interested in tracing how the feminist activist subject is differently imagined in a variety of cultural and institutional domains, ranging from non-profits themselves and academic disciplines, to literary fictions produced in time with social movement activism. More specifically, this project is intent on exploring differing activist sensibilities and "alternative" forms of agency particular to black feminist political traditions in and against the current political context dominated by NGO and non-profit activism. In order to expand contemporary political imaginations of anti-racist feminist activism, I strive towards three larger and related ambitions. First, this project resituates the current debates on NGOization and the Non-Profit Industrial Complex (NPIC) within a longer, critical cultural study of anti-racist feminist activism that interrupts the temptation to ahistorically or transhistorically universalize the present regime of NGOization as always the case. In this way, I consider how the NGO and non-profit have produced power accommodating activist subjects to different ends, in order to more broadly consider how institutions in civil society are historically and unevenly imbricated in furthering the expansion of state power. Second, my work to explore now "alternative" feminist activist subjects' imaginaries correlates with different theorizations of the relationship between citizens, the state and (global) civil society. In liberal and neoliberal traditions, civil society--and institutions in civil society like the non-profit--are presumed to inhabit a sphere separate from state and economic interests. Turning away from such theories, I follow Antonio Gramsci's work to investigate how institutions in civil society are subject making and world shaping. In a moment where non-profits and NGOs are uncritically celebrated across the disciplines as the most logical mode of social change, and are figured as the preeminent form of political agency for responding to state violence, globalization processes, and inequality at the local, national, and international level, this project considers the distinct ways these institutions are historically (though differently) bound up in what Gramsci calls the "educative function of the state." Finally, while I heavily rely on the work of feminist social scientists and social movement histories to think critically about NGOization and corresponding transformations in state power, this dissertation centers on literary production as an alternative site for thinking critically and historically about feminist activism and moreover, for (re)imagining new ways of being political. Reading historically, across disciplinary formations and "against the grain," I position the literary narratives of social movements as invaluable to emerging histories of feminist activism that, under NGOization, are either disappeared, or in some cases even memorialized in the service of legitimizing the dominant political logics of the present.

Politische und gesellschaftliche Debatten in Nordafrika Nah und Mittelost

Author : Sigrid Faath
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Beyond NGO ization

Author : Kerstin Jacobsson
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Imprisoned Ideas

Author : ʻĀdil Samārah
File Size : 34.10 MB
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Grassroots NGOs and the Global local Dialectic

Author : Noemi Susan Danao-Schroeder
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Neoliberal Inscriptions and Contestations in Hyderabad

Author : Anant Maringanti
File Size : 34.61 MB
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Empowering Women in Russia

Author : Julie Hemment
File Size : 47.55 MB
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First-hand account of social activism and the politics of development in postsocialist Russia

Reinventing Order in the Congo

Author : Theodore Trefon
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Kinshasa is sub-Saharan Africa‘s second largest city. The seven million Congolese who live there have a rich reputation for the courageous and innovative ways in which they survive in a harsh urban environment. They have created new social institutions, practices, networks and ways of living to deal with the collapse of public provision and a malfunctioning political system. This book describes how ordinary people, in the absence of formal sector jobs, hustle for a modest living; the famous ‘bargaining‘ system ordinary Kinois have developed; and how they access food, water supplies, health and education. The NGO-ization of service provision is analysed, as is the quite rare incidence of urban riots. The contributors also look at popular discourses, including street rumor, witchcraft, and attitudes to ‘big men‘ such as musicians and preachers. This is urban sociology at its best - richly empirical, unjargonized, descriptive of the lives of ordinary people, and weaving into its analysis how they see and experience life.