Search results for: noncommutative-geometry-and-particle-physics

Noncommutative Geometry and Particle Physics

Author : Walter D. van Suijlekom
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This book provides an introduction to noncommutative geometry and presents a number of its recent applications to particle physics. It is intended for graduate students in mathematics/theoretical physics who are new to the field of noncommutative geometry, as well as for researchers in mathematics/theoretical physics with an interest in the physical applications of noncommutative geometry. In the first part, we introduce the main concepts and techniques by studying finite noncommutative spaces, providing a “light” approach to noncommutative geometry. We then proceed with the general framework by defining and analyzing noncommutative spin manifolds and deriving some main results on them, such as the local index formula. In the second part, we show how noncommutative spin manifolds naturally give rise to gauge theories, applying this principle to specific examples. We subsequently geometrically derive abelian and non-abelian Yang-Mills gauge theories, and eventually the full Standard Model of particle physics, and conclude by explaining how noncommutative geometry might indicate how to proceed beyond the Standard Model.

Noncommutative Geometry and the Standard Model of Elementary Particle Physics

Author : Florian Scheck
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The outcome of a close collaboration between mathematicians and mathematical physicists, these lecture notes present the foundations of A. Connes noncommutative geometry as well as its applications in particular to the field of theoretical particle physics. The coherent and systematic approach makes this book useful for experienced researchers and postgraduate students alike.

An Introduction to Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Joseph C. Várilly
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Noncommutative geometry, inspired by quantum physics, describes singular spaces by their noncommutative coordinate algebras and metric structures by Dirac-like operators. Such metric geometries are described mathematically by Connes' theory of spectral triples. These lectures, delivered at an EMS Summer School on noncommutative geometry and its applications, provide an overview of spectral triples based on examples. This introduction is aimed at graduate students of both mathematics and theoretical physics. It deals with Dirac operators on spin manifolds, noncommutative tori, Moyal quantization and tangent groupoids, action functionals, and isospectral deformations. The structural framework is the concept of a noncommutative spin geometry; the conditions on spectral triples which determine this concept are developed in detail. The emphasis throughout is on gaining understanding by computing the details of specific examples. The book provides a middle ground between a comprehensive text and a narrowly focused research monograph. It is intended for self-study, enabling the reader to gain access to the essentials of noncommutative geometry. New features since the original course are an expanded bibliography and a survey of more recent examples and applications of spectral triples.

Noncommutative Geometry Quantum Fields and Motives

Author : Alain Connes
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The unifying theme of this book is the interplay among noncommutative geometry, physics, and number theory. The two main objects of investigation are spaces where both the noncommutative and the motivic aspects come to play a role: space-time, where the guiding principle is the problem of developing a quantum theory of gravity, and the space of primes, where one can regard the Riemann Hypothesis as a long-standing problem motivating the development of new geometric tools. The book stresses the relevance of noncommutative geometry in dealing with these two spaces. The first part of the book deals with quantum field theory and the geometric structure of renormalization as a Riemann-Hilbert correspondence. It also presents a model of elementary particle physics based on noncommutative geometry. The main result is a complete derivation of the full Standard Model Lagrangian from a very simple mathematical input. Other topics covered in the first part of the book are a noncommutative geometry model of dimensional regularization and its role in anomaly computations, and a brief introduction to motives and their conjectural relation to quantum field theory. The second part of the book gives an interpretation of the Weil explicit formula as a trace formula and a spectral realization of the zeros of the Riemann zeta function. This is based on the noncommutative geometry of the adèle class space, which is also described as the space of commensurability classes of Q-lattices, and is dual to a noncommutative motive (endomotive) whose cyclic homology provides a general setting for spectral realizations of zeros of L-functions. The quantum statistical mechanics of the space of Q-lattices, in one and two dimensions, exhibits spontaneous symmetry breaking. In the low-temperature regime, the equilibrium states of the corresponding systems are related to points of classical moduli spaces and the symmetries to the class field theory of the field of rational numbers and of imaginary quadratic fields, as well as to the automorphisms of the field of modular functions. The book ends with a set of analogies between the noncommutative geometries underlying the mathematical formulation of the Standard Model minimally coupled to gravity and the moduli spaces of Q-lattices used in the study of the zeta function.

Topology and Geometry in Physics

Author : Eike Bick
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Application of the concepts and methods of topology and geometry have led to a deeper understanding of many crucial aspects in condensed matter physics, cosmology, gravity and particle physics. This book can be considered an advanced textbook on modern applications and recent developments in these fields of physical research. Written as a set of largely self-contained extensive lectures, the book gives an introduction to topological concepts in gauge theories, BRST quantization, chiral anomalies, supersymmetric solitons and noncommutative geometry. It will be of benefit to postgraduate students, educating newcomers to the field and lecturers looking for advanced material.

Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Alain Connes
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This English version of the path-breaking French book on this subject gives the definitive treatment of the revolutionary approach to measure theory, geometry, and mathematical physics developed by Alain Connes. Profusely illustrated and invitingly written, this book is ideal for anyone who wants to know what noncommutative geometry is, what it can do, or how it can be used in various areas of mathematics, quantization, and elementary particles and fields. Key Features * First full treatment of the subject and its applications * Written by the pioneer of this field * Broad applications in mathematics * Of interest across most fields * Ideal as an introduction and survey * Examples treated include: @subbul* the space of Penrose tilings * the space of leaves of a foliation * the space of irreducible unitary representations of a discrete group * the phase space in quantum mechanics * the Brillouin zone in the quantum Hall effect * A model of space time

Advances in Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Ali Chamseddine
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This authoritative volume in honor of Alain Connes, the foremost architect of Noncommutative Geometry, presents the state-of-the art in the subject. The book features an amalgam of invited survey and research papers that will no doubt be accessed, read, and referred to, for several decades to come. The pertinence and potency of new concepts and methods are concretely illustrated in each contribution. Much of the content is a direct outgrowth of the Noncommutative Geometry conference, held March 23–April 7, 2017, in Shanghai, China. The conference covered the latest research and future areas of potential exploration surrounding topology and physics, number theory, as well as index theory and its ramifications in geometry.

The Interface of Mathematics and Particle Physics

Author : Lowndean Professor of Geometry and Astronomy G B Segal
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This comprehensive volume provides an exciting and up-to-date survey of the current research and advances in particle physics, with an emphasis on the crucial interaction between theoretical physics and mathematics. Internationally known experts including A. Connes, R. Penrose, Peter Goddard, and Alice Rogers give readers the latest information on quantum groups, instantons in Yang-Mills theories, conformal algebras, gauge theories, cyclic cohomology, rational conformal field theories, string theory, and twistors. Their contributions show how questions in physics have stimulated important advances in mathematics, which in turn have facilitated further theoretical progress in physics. The wide scope of the book makes it an invaluable collection for anyone working in either field.

Structural Aspects of Quantum Field Theory and Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Gerhard Grensing
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This book is devoted to the subject of quantum field theory. It is divided into two volumes. The first can serve as a textbook on the main techniques and results of quantum field theory, while the second treats more recent developments, in particular the subject of quantum groups and noncommutative geometry, and their interrelation.The first volume is directed at graduate students who want to learn the basic facts about quantum field theory. It begins with a gentle introduction to classical field theory, including the standard model of particle physics, general relativity, and also supergravity. The transition to quantized fields is performed with path integral techniques, by means of which the one-loop renormalization of a self-interacting scalar quantum field, of quantum electrodynamics, and the asymptotic freedom of quantum chromodynamics is treated. In the last part of the first volume, the application of path integral methods to systems of quantum statistical mechanics is covered. The book ends with a rather detailed investigation of the fractional quantum Hall effect, and gives a stringent derivation of Laughlin's trial ground state wave function as an exact ground state.The second volume covers more advanced themes. In particular Connes' noncommutative geometry is dealt with in some considerable detail; the presentation attempts to acquaint the physics community with the substantial achievements that have been reached by means of this approach towards the understanding of the elusive Higgs particle. The book also covers the subject of quantum groups and its application to the fractional quantum Hall effect, as it is for this paradigmatic physical system that noncommutative geometry and quantum groups can be brought together.

Noncommutative Structures in Mathematics and Physics

Author : Steven Duplij
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A presentation of outstanding achievements and ideas, of both eastern and western scientists, both mathematicians and physicists. Their presentations of recent work on quantum field theory, supergravity, M-theory, black holes and quantum gravity, together with research into noncommutative geometry, Hopf algebras, representation theory, categories and quantum groups, take the reader to the forefront of the latest developments. Other topics covered include supergravity and branes, supersymmetric quantum mechanics and superparticles, (super) black holes, superalgebra representations, and SUSY GUT phenomenology. Essential reading for workers in the modern methods of theoretical and mathematical physics.

An Introduction to Noncommutative Differential Geometry and Its Physical Applications

Author : J. Madore
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A thoroughly revised introduction to non-commutative geometry.

Structural Aspects of Quantum Field Theory and Noncommutative Geometry Second Edition in 2 Volumes

Author : Gerhard Grensing
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The book is devoted to the subject of quantum field theory. It is divided into two volumes. The first volume can serve as a textbook on main techniques and results of quantum field theory, while the second treats more recent developments, in particular the subject of quantum groups and noncommutative geometry, and their interrelation. The second edition is extended by additional material, mostly concerning the impact of noncommutative geometry on theories beyond the standard model of particle physics, especially the possible role of torsion in the context of the dark matter problem. Furthermore, the text includes a discussion of the Randall-Sundrum model and the Seiberg-Witten equations.

Surveys in Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Nigel Higson
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In June 2000, the Clay Mathematics Institute organized an Instructional Symposium on Noncommutative Geometry in conjunction with the AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference. These events were held at Mount Holyoke College in Massachusetts from June 18 to 29, 2000. The Instructional Symposium consisted of several series of expository lectures which were intended to introduce key topics in noncommutative geometry to mathematicians unfamiliar with the subject. Those expository lectures have been edited and are reproduced in this volume. The lectures of Rosenberg and Weinberger discuss various applications of noncommutative geometry to problems in ``ordinary'' geometry and topology. The lectures of Lagarias and Tretkoff discuss the Riemann hypothesis and the possible application of the methods of noncommutative geometry in number theory. Higson gives an account of the ``residue index theorem'' of Connes and Moscovici. Noncommutative geometry is to an unusual extent the creation of a single mathematician, Alain Connes. The present volume gives an extended introduction to several aspects of Connes' work in this fascinating area.

Mathematical Physics

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Mathematical Reviews

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Quantum Groups Noncommutative Geometry and Fundamental Physical Interactions

Author : Daniel Kastler
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Contents include: Hochschild Homology of Function Algebras Associated with Singularities; On the KK-Theory of Stable Projective Limits; Noncommutative Integrability; Gauge Invariance of the Chern-Simons Action in Noncommutative Geometry; The Analysis of the Hochshild Homology; Coproducts and Operations on Cyclic Cohomology; Powers of Quantum Matrices and Relations Between Them; Introductory Notes on Extensions of Hopf Algebras; Hopf Algebras from the Quantum Geometry Point of View; Equation Pentagonale, Bige bres et Espaces de Modules; Chiral Anomalies in the Spectral Action; Standard Model and Unimodularity Condition; On Feynman Graphs as Elements of a Hopf Algebra.

Supersymmetry and Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Wim Beenakker
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In this work the question whether noncommutative geometry allows for supersymmetric theories is addressed. Noncommutative geometry has seen remarkable applications in high energy physics, viz. the geometrical interpretation of the Standard Model, however such a question has not been answered in a conclusive way so far.The book starts with a systematic analysis of the possibilities for so-called almost-commutative geometries on a 4-dimensional, flat background to exhibit not only a particle content that is eligible for supersymmetry, but also have a supersymmetric action. An approach is proposed in which the basic `building blocks' of potentially supersymmetric theories and the demands for their action to be supersymmetric are identified. It is then described how a novel kind of soft supersymmetry breaking Lagrangian arises naturally from the spectral action. Finally, the above formalism is applied to explore the existence of a noncommutative version of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model.This book is intended for mathematical/theoretical physicists with an interest in the applications of noncommutative geometry to supersymmetric field theories.

Structural Aspects of Quantum Field Theory and Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Gerhard Grensing
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This book is devoted to the subject of quantum field theory. It is divided into two volumes. The first can serve as a textbook on the main techniques and results of quantum field theory, while the second treats more recent developments, in particular the subject of quantum groups and noncommutative geometry, and their interrelation. The first volume is directed at graduate students who want to learn the basic facts about quantum field theory. It begins with a gentle introduction to classical field theory, including the standard model of particle physics, general relativity, and also supergravity. The transition to quantized fields is performed with path integral techniques, by means of which the one-loop renormalization of a self-interacting scalar quantum field, of quantum electrodynamics, and the asymptotic freedom of quantum chromodynamics is treated. In the last part of the first volume, the application of path integral methods to systems of quantum statistical mechanics is covered. The book ends with a rather detailed investigation of the fractional quantum Hall effect, and gives a stringent derivation of Laughlin's trial ground state wave function as an exact ground state. The second volume covers more advanced themes. In particular Connes' noncommutative geometry is dealt with in some considerable detail; the presentation attempts to acquaint the physics community with the substantial achievements that have been reached by means of this approach towards the understanding of the elusive Higgs particle. The book also covers the subject of quantum groups and its application to the fractional quantum Hall effect, as it is for this paradigmatic physical system that noncommutative geometry and quantum groups can be brought together. Errata(s) Errata (78 KB) Contents:Volume 1:Classical Relativistic Field Theory: Kinematical AspectsClassical Relativistic Field Theory: Dynamical AspectsRelativistic Quantum Field Theory: Operator MethodsNonrelativistic Quantum Mechanics: Functional Integral MethodsRelativistic Quantum Field Theory: Functional Integral MethodsQuantum Field Theory at Nonzero TemperatureVolume 2:Symmetries and Canonical FormalismGauge Symmetries and Constrained SystemsWeyl QuantizationAnomalies in Quantum Field TheoryNoncommutative GeometryQuantum GroupsNoncommutative Geometry and Quantum Groups Readership: Graduate students and professionals in theoretical and mathematical physics. Keywords:Quantum Field Theory;Quantum Groups;Noncommutative Geometry;Path Integral Techniques;Quantum Electrodynamics;Quantum ChromodynamicsReviews: “This self-contained, comprehensive first volume presents a fundamental and careful introduction to quantum field theory. It will be welcomed by students as well as researchers, since it gives an overview of the origin and development of the basic ideas of modern particle physics, quantum statistical mechanics and the mathematics behind. The book provides a rich collection of modern research topics and references to important recent published work.” Zentralblatt MATH “The publication of this authoritative and comprehensively referenced two-volume set, written in somewhat condensed but eminently lucid style and explaining the principal underlying concepts and most important results of QFT, is particularly timely and useful. I am pleased to recommend most heartily this important reference source to students and physicists and to those concerned with the philosophy of science.” George B. Kauffman Professor Emeritus of Chemistry California State University, Fresno

4th Hellenic School on Elementary Particle Physics

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Particle Physics in the Nineties

Author : Gustavo C. Branco
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