Search results for: oecd-papers

Papers Presentrd by the U S Department of Labor at the O E C D North American Regional Conference on Manpower Implications of Automation

Author : United States. Department of Labor
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OECD Papers

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File Size : 86.18 MB
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A compilation of reports previously issued by the OECD.

OECD Working Papers

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File Size : 44.80 MB
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The Levels and Cyclical Behaviour of Mark ups Across Countries and Market Structures

Author : Joaquim Oliveira-Martins
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"In this paper, we present estimates of the mark-up of product price over marginal costs for the US manufacturing industries over the 1970-1992 period"--Page 2.

OECD Economic Surveys Finland 2020

Author : OECD
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The COVID-19 pandemic has plunged Finland into a deep recession, albeit less severe than in most other OECD countries. Finland managed to bring the first wave of the coronavirus under control quickly through a combination of voluntary mobility reductions and timely containment measures and is on track to do the same for the second wave. Nevertheless, many people have been laid off and the budgetary costs of supporting household- and business incomes have been considerable.

Modelling Housing Investment for Seven Major OECD Countries

Author : Thomas Egebo
File Size : 85.14 MB
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This paper presents new housing equation estimates for the major seven countries in INTERLINK, the OECD world econometric model. Theoretical and empirical aspects of housing investment behaviour are discussed in a model context. Estimation results using an adjustment model for the stock of houses are presented and discussed, together with simulations comparing the performances of the old and new housing blocks in the model. The results embody an important improvement in understanding the aggregate determination of aggregate residential investment ...

Nominations of Alicia Munnell Michael Levy Jeffrey Shafer Margaret Milner Richardson and George Weise

Author : United States
File Size : 53.62 MB
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Trade and Regulatory Reform

Author : Keiya Iida
File Size : 88.42 MB
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Submission by the OECD to the G8 Growth Employability and Inclusion Conference

Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Economics Department
File Size : 37.55 MB
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OECD countries as a whole have experienced modest annual output growth of some 2 1/2 per cent over the past four years. But unemployment remains unacceptably high -- having fallen only slightly from its peak of 38 million in 1993 to the current 35 million or 7 per cent of the workforce -- and wage and income disparities have widened in many countries, posing potential risks to social cohesion. These trends have prompted much debate on their causes, consequences and remedies. These are among the issues that the OECD has analyzed and discussed with Member countries since 1992 in the context of its Jobs Strategy work. OECD Ministers have endorsed the Jobs Strategy recommendations and called last May for greater reform efforts. More recently the meeting of OECD Labour Ministers last October emphasised the need for policies for low-paid and unskilled job seekers, enhancing the effectiveness of active labour market policies and lifelong learning to maintain employability, issues which were ...

Governing Infrastructure Regulators in Fragile Environments

Author : World Bank
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Countries exiting conflict and fragility face many urgent priorities and almost invariably suffer from substantial infrastructure deficits. There is typically very little infrastructure investment during periods of fragility and conflict, and existing installations are often damaged or destroyed. The purpose of this manual is to contribute to improvements in the quality of infrastructure regulation. It does so by identifying key principles for the governance of infrastructure regulators and by suggesting how these principles can be introduced successfully and maintained over time. The introduction of cross-cutting governance principles for regulators is based on the assumption that a uniform set of governance principles can be less costly and complex for governments to implement and enforce and will provide potential investors with a more consistent and predictable regulatory environment to navigate. The manual also discusses the process of implementing regulatory governance reforms in fragile contexts. Improvements in governance frameworks for infrastructure regulators will support better and accountable regulatory decision-making, as well as increased investment and overall economic development. Case studies from relevant country experience complement and provide context to the discussion on principles.

Discrepancies Between Imports and Exports in OECD Foreign Trade Statistics

Author : Derek W. Blades
File Size : 64.16 MB
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Public Management Occasional Papers Co operative Approaches to Regulation No 18

Author : OECD
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Contains case studies on different strategies of public/private co-operation from Canada, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Business Investment in the OECD Economies

Author : R. Ford
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Investment growth in the OECD area has been higher in the second half of the 1980s than in the 1970s. However, the ratio of net investment to GDP has remained low by past cyclical standards. This paper first reviews the evolution of business-sector fixed investment and addresses measurement issues related to computers and intangible investment. It then examines the determinants of investment and the extent to which governments can and should influence capital formation. Time-series properties of investment, output and the cost of capital do not appear to be consistent with well-established theories of investment. The best predictor of investment is found to be its own past history. Therefore, although higher investment could be beneficial to future consumption and economic growth, the effectiveness of policies to raise investment via the cost of capital is largely uncertain ...

Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States

Author : United States. President
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"Containing the public messages, speeches, and statements of the President", 1956-1992

The Effects of Monetary Policy on the Real Sector

Author : Jean-Claude Chouraqui
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The purpose of this study is to assess the current state of understanding about the effects of monetary policy, both at the conceptual level and in the light of the experience of the seven major OECD countries (the United States, Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy and Canada) and three selected smaller open economies (Australia, the Netherlands and Sweden) since the early 1970s (1). Over this period, there have been substantial developments in the policy making environment and in the conduct and implementation of monetary policy which may have significantly affected the way monetary variables influence the real sector of the economy. A. Changes in the macroeconomic and financial environment and their implications for policy makingSince the early 1970s there has been a general deterioration in the macroeconomic situation in OECD countries. These have been subjected to large supply shocks, to substantial changes in the rate of inflation, to slow economic growth, to ...

Working Papers

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File Size : 71.16 MB
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OECD Journal

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File Size : 85.24 MB
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Working papers OECD Economics Department

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File Size : 33.59 MB
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OECD Growth Project

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File Size : 80.45 MB
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"This volume is the first of a series of Supplements to OECD Papers gathering together the background papers for the OECD Growth Project. Others will be issued as material becomes available.

Measuring Innovation in OECD and Non OECD Countries

Author : William Blankley
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It is widely accepted that innovation is key to economic growth. Countries where research and innovation are high on the national agenda are best suited to prosper in the knowledge-based economy. Conversely, countries whose economies are mainly dependent on natural resources and basic industries tend to lack competitiveness and flexibility in adapting to changing global trends. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has long been concerned with the measurement of research and experimental development (R&D) and innovation activities. Under apartheid rule South Africa was barred from participating in OECD activities. Shortly after the advent of democracy in South Africa in 1994 the then Department of Arts, Culture, Science and Technology (now the Department of Science and Technology) initiated the process of applying for observer status on the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy. South Africa gained observer status in 1998. In March 2001, the Department and the OECD jointly hosted an international seminar in Pretoria on the measurement of innovation activities in OECD and non-OECD countries. This book is a collection of selected papers that were presented at the seminar by leading international and South African experts in innovation measurement. The chapters reflect various aspects of the measurement of innovation and how these measurements are applied in different countries. The volume contributes to the debate that exists between developing and developed countries on their approaches to the measurement of innovation.