Search Results for "official-journal-of-the-european-communities"

The Single European Market and Beyond

The Single European Market and Beyond

A Study of the Wider Implications of the Single European Act

  • Author: Professor Dennis Swann
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113492593X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 7244
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Since the Single Europe Act (1986), attention has largely focused on the creation of a single European market and the much hyped date `1992'. This book examines what is actually entailed by the single market and looks at the other issues and implications of the Single Europe Act. It falls into four parts and considers the economic, fiscal, social and political dimensions of the processes of European unification.

Cities as Engines of Sustainable Competitiveness

Cities as Engines of Sustainable Competitiveness

European Urban Policy in Practice

  • Author: Dr Jan van der Meer,Dr Luis Carvalho,Professor Leo van den Berg
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1472427041
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 262
  • View: 9410
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Reflecting on two decades of ‘competitiveness-oriented’ urban policies in Europe, this book investigates the current challenges cities face to sustain their economic position and how this can be balanced with social progress and environmental improvements. Complementing previous surveys on local and urban development and competitiveness-based strategies, this volume provides longer term views on the evolution of such policies at the city level, from the personal perspective of city officials in eight European cities. More concretely, it looks at how the urban dimension in EU policies have evolved over time, the kinds of urban policy supported by the EU over the last two decades and how cities have been involved with this process. The book investigates the portfolios of competitiveness-oriented policies which have been developed by European cities and how they see the link between urban/spatial development policies and sustainable competitiveness. Finally the book fleshes out a number of challenges and initiatives taken by the eight European cities and their governments in the face of current challenges in order to pave the way towards more competitive and sustainable urban economies.

Oils and Fats Authentication

Oils and Fats Authentication

  • Author: Michael Jee
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1405152990
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 224
  • View: 3465
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Quality assessment and the need for authentication are important features of the food and personal care products industries. This volume provides an overview of the methods relevant to analysis and authentication of oils and fats. All the major oils and fats are included. Chapter authors are drawn from the academic and industrial sectors. The volume is directed at chemists and technologists working in the food industry, the pharmaceutical industry and in oils and fats processing. It will also be of interest to analytical chemists and quality assurance personnel.

EU Cohesion Policy and European Integration

EU Cohesion Policy and European Integration

The Dynamics of EU Budget and Regional Policy Reform

  • Author: Mr Carlos Mendez,Ms Fiona Wishlade,Professor John Bachtler
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1472422953
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 336
  • View: 2700
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EU Cohesion policy accounts for a major share of the EU budget and is central to economic and social development in many European countries. This book provides a comprehensive and theoretically-informed analysis of how Cohesion policy has evolved over time, in particular the budgetary and policy dynamics of the 2007–13 reform. In the context of the budgetary politics of the EU, the book examines the process by which the reform of Cohesion policy has been shaped; it identifies the key factors that explain the allocation of funding, assesses the roles of the Member States, European Commission and European Parliament, and tests whether the process and outcome are consistent with the expectations of EU decision-making and integration theories. Based on extensive, EU-wide research over a ten-year period, the book provides new insights into both the process and outcomes of EU policy reform. Presenting original research in an accessible format, this book will be of interest to scholars as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students in the fields of European integration and policy studies.

Employment Policy

Employment Policy

  • Author: Margareta Holmstedt
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1134956797
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 336
  • View: 6885
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The nature and structure of work is changing across Europe with new working patterns, flexible working practices, and demands for new unemployment rights. Moreover, the move towards establishing a Single European Market from 1992 onwards involves the creation of a new legal framework for employment rights and practices. This volume explains what EC legislation means in this sphere, and outlines what is likely to happen as part of the `1992' programme. Employers - big and small - employees and trade unions alike will find this volume an invaluable guide and a single source of reference. It will also be of interest to those in public administration and social organisations concerned with employment rights and practices. A single European market raises many issues for how and when we work, what rights we have, and what we can ask for. Employment policy within the EC is thus set to undergo important changes and most of us will need to be aware of them.

Waste Treatment and Disposal

Waste Treatment and Disposal

  • Author: Paul T. Williams
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 111868737X
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 424
  • View: 5787
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Following on from the successful first edition of Waste Treatment & Disposal, this second edition has been completely updated, and provides comprehensive coverage of waste process engineering and disposal methodologies. Concentrating on the range of technologies available for household and commercial waste, it also presents readers with relevant legislative background material as boxed features. NEW to this edition: Increased coverage of re-use and recycling Updating of the usage of different waste treatment technologies Increased coverage of new and emerging technologies for waste treatment and disposal A broader global perspective with a focus on comparative international material on waste treatment uptake and waste management policies

A Dictionary of the European Union

A Dictionary of the European Union

  • Author: David Phinnemore,Lee McGowan
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1135081344
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 504
  • View: 6985
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This unique collection of data includes concise definitions and explanations on all aspects of the European Union. It explains the terminology surrounding the EU and outlines the roles and significance of the institutions, member countries, programmes and policies, treaties and personalities. It contains over 1,000 clear and succinct definitions, spelling out acronyms and abbreviations, arranged alphabetically and fully cross-referenced. Among the 1,000 entries you can find explanations and back-ground details on: accession negotiations atmospheric pollution Central European Free Trade Area common agricultural policy company law statute competition policy the euro Governance White Paper human rights MERCATOR Middle East OLAF - European Anti-Fraud Office refugee policy Schengen Agreement Treaty of Nice US-EC Declaration.

Designing the European Union

Designing the European Union

From Paris to Lisbon

  • Author: F. Laursen
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230367577
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 317
  • View: 3201
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This book outlines the content of the main treaties that form the 'constitutional' basis of the European Union and analyses changes in these over time. The EU has expanded its policy scope and taken in many more members transferring powers to common supranational institutions in a way seen nowhere else in the world.

The Influence of International Institutions on the EU

The Influence of International Institutions on the EU

When Multilateralism hits Brussels

  • Author: O. Costa,K. Jørgensen
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 0230369898
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 261
  • View: 3822
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An exploration of how the EU is influenced by multilateral institutions. There has recently been a dramatic increase in interaction between the EU and multilateral institutions. This book shows that international institutions shape EU policies, as well as acting as a source of preferences and strategies for EU stances internationally.

The Eclipse of the Legality Principle in the European Union

The Eclipse of the Legality Principle in the European Union

  • Author: Leonard F. M. Besselink,Frans Pennings,Sacha Prechal
  • Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
  • ISBN: 9041132627
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 312
  • View: 8029
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Legality is a traditional normative concept to regulate the relationship between those in power and those subjected to that power. The principle of legality protects the citizen against the arbitrary use of power, or, more precisely, it demands a legal basis (which itself must be of a certain standard) to legitimize State action. Is legality under siege in Europe? The authors contributing to this provocative and important book answer this question in the affirmative. Twenty-one outstanding European legal scholars expose a spectrum of ways in which the traditional legality principle is under pressure because of the creation of new legal orders, including that of the EU, and the interaction between these new orders and that of the State, combined with such factors as expertise driven governance, difficulties of international organizations to meet their objectives due to a lack of adequate powers, and lack of parliamentary control. The question of whether the main functions of legality - legitimating, attributing and regulating the exercise of public authority - are still fulfilled in the context of the overlapping, interacting, and mutually dependent legal orders of the EU, the ECHR, and the Member States is at the background of all the essays in this volume. Recognizing that legality, if it is to survive, demands rigorous reconsideration of its scope and application, the authors interrogate not only such fundamental democratic issues as who has legitimate power to perform legislative acts and through these to exercise of public power over citizens, but also such urgent European problems as the following: ; the use of the precautionary principle in EU decision-making; the scope of the principle that the exercise of public authority must rest on an act of Parliament; the extent to which the EU can provide a legal basis for action of Member State authorities in the absence of such a basis within Member State legal orders; the constitutional position of independent 'regulators'; the requirements that ECJ and ECHR case law impose on the exercise of public authority; whether legislative results are coherent in the sensitive area of equal treatment; transparency, legal certainty, enforceability, and implementation of EC Directives in the field of workers' involvement; new instruments as the Open Method of Coordination and the involvement of social partners in decision-making; the de facto harmonization of national criminal justice systems; and the prominent role of the EU in the field of data protection. There can be little doubt that the issue of legality and to whom it applies - in a world in which the role of the modern State is changing profoundly - is a crucial one. It is highly important in the context of the ongoing discussion on the meaning of democracy and citizenship. This volume, with its clear message that reconsidering legality demands taking serious issue with the uncertainty engendered by the processes of globalization, will resonate profoundly among practitioners and policymakers in this time of momentous change.