Search results for: oil-and-democracy-in-iraq

Oil and Democracy in Iraq

Author : Robert Springborg
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This is the first major study of the alternatives confronting Iraq as it seeks to rebuild its vital oil industry while simultaneously constructing a new political system. A key challenge facing the country is to allocate the revenues oil generates in a way that avoids economic and social instability. Reviewing the present status of the industry, the authors - including Clement Henry, Massoud Karshenas, Roger Owen, Mona Said and John Sfakianakis - use comparative analysis to suggest how it might best be rebuilt. Oil and Democracy in Iraq is an important and timely assessment of Iraq's oil industry. 'Springborg's observations help understand the current stalemate in (or failure) to define the legal and administrative setting needed to undertake a real reconstruction of the national oil industry.' Maritza Cricorian, Istituto Affari Internazionali 'This book is exemplary, setting forth clear alternatives, as well as cautionary tales from the experiences of other states, and indeed of Iraq itself in an earlier incarnation.' Charles Tripp, School of Oriental and African Studies


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Iraq s Dysfunctional Democracy

Author : David Ghanim Ph.D.
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This book examines Iraq since 2003 and argues that a new democratic Iraq cannot be grounded on destructive politics of victimization, narrow nationalism, sectarian confessionalism, and a consensual, power-sharing political arrangement.

Carbon Democracy

Author : Timothy Mitchell
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Carbon Democracy provides a unique examination of the relationship between oil and democracy. Interweaving the history of energy, political analysis, and economic theory, Mitchell targets conventional wisdom regarding energy and governance. Emphasizing how oil and democracy have intermixed, he argues that while coal provided the impetus for mass democracy, the shift to oil drastically limited democratic possibility; above all, the ability to confront contemporary ecological crises.

Iraq Democracy and the Future of the Muslim World

Author : ʻAlī Pāyā
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Topics such as the compatibility of Islam and democracy, and the question of whether democracy can be encouraged in the Middle East are looked at carefully. Contributors evaluate the circumstances under which democracy can be imposed by outside force, and ask what forces are driving the confrontation between the West and Islam, before looking at how this confrontation is likely to develop. --

Restructuring and Re organization of the Iraqi Oil Ministry and State owned Oil Companies for Maximum Economic Growth and National Development

Author : Muhammed Abed Mazeel
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The first steps towards restructuring and reorganizing the institutions and legislation of the Iraqi oil and gas industry must include taking ownership of resources, allocating acreages to Iraqi Kurdistan and neighbour states, improving the transparency as well as governmental participation and fiscal principles. It is important to provide an institutional framework that governs the operations of the industry, including its functions, structure, powers and funding. Operations in the upstream of the industry comprise licenses, leases and contracts. Other considerations covered are award processes, right of governmental participation, marginal fields, indigenous companies, termination and revocation of both licenses and leases, matters on fees, rents and royalties and, finally, provisions on Associated Natural Gas. The legislation in the downstream sector focuses on licensing, refining, marketing and pricing of oil products, transport logistics and facility management companies, pipelines and depots. The operating stocks and Iraq strategic stocks are also necessary. The needs of the downstream natural gas include both technical and commercial licensing regulations and conditions, as the network, gas supply licenses, transportation pipelines licenses and the whole sale market in addition to the possibility of third party access, customer protection, the pricing regime, public service obligations, competition and market regulation. The legislation is an amendment to the existing Iraqi Technical Service Contracts (TSC) and Production Sharing Contracts Agreements (PSC) in Iraqi Kurdistan based on the need to create a new fiscal framework that takes various compelling issues into consideration. It needs to capture the full gas value chain for taxation purposes in order to develop a fiscal regime for gas removed from oil and to create thereby a level playing field for all investors in gas and promoting the effective management of costs across the industry, which in turn will maximize the government's take. Other considerations revolve around the requirement to develop a fiscal system, which responds to changes in price, and to clarify inconsistencies or conflicts in the application of fiscal terms for oil and gas; and, finally, to develop a fiscal rule of general application based on a body of expected fiscal laws. Quality, health, safety and environment are missing elements in Iraq. During the restructuring and reorganization of the institutions the QHSE should take on a major role in working with the aforementioned departments in the Oil Ministry and the operating companies. The obligations of the state and international oil companies towards the state environmental regulations and public rules must be upheld according to the licensees, lessees and contractors considering matters of abandonment, decommissioning and disposal and their funding. The various actors in the oil and gas production are obligated towards various communities in the oil-producing region of the country, with supporting community development, providing employment opportunities, compensation, infrastructure, protection and management of the environment as essential components. The Ministry of Oil remains a civil service outfit that is ill-equipped to conceive and enact the required policies for such a complex and sophisticated industry. Hence, there is a strong need for principal and basic interaction between Federal Oil Ministry, existing directorial and state oil companies, Kurdistan Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, and private sector operatives. This applies also to the reorganization and restructuring of Federal Oil Ministry, existing directorial and state oil companies, Iraqi National Oil Company and Iraqi National Gas Company.

The Oil Gas Year Kurdistan Region of Iraq

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The Iraq War and Democratic Politics

Author : Alex Danchev
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The Iraq War and Democratic Politics contains the work of leading scholars concerned with the political implications of the Iraq War and its relationship to and significance for democracy. The book shuns simplistic analysis and provides a nuanced and critical overview of this key moment in global politics. Subjects covered include: * the underlying moral and political issues raised by the war * US foreign policy and the Middle East * the fundamental dilemmas and contradictions of democratic intervention * how the war was perceived in the UK, EU and US * the challenges of creating democracy inside Iraq * the influential role of NGOs * the legitimacy of the war within international law * the relationship between democratic government and intelligence.

Democratic Transitions

Author : Sujian Guo
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Democratic transitions have occurred in many countries in various regions across the globe, such as Southern Europe, Latin America, Africa, East and Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East, and these nations have undergone simuntaneously political, economic and social transformations. Yet, the patterns and characteristics of transitions have varied significantly, and different modes of transition have resulted in different outcomes. This book offers cross-national comparisons of democratic transition since the turn of the twentieth century and asks what makes democracies succeed or fail. In doing so it explores the influence the mode of transition has on the longevity or durability of the democracy, by theoretically examining and quantitatively testing this relationship. The authors argue that the mode of transition directly impacts the success and failure of democracy, and suggest that cooperative transitions, where opposition groups work together with incumbent elites to peacefully transition the state, result in democracies that last longer and are associated with higher measures of democratic quality. Based on a cross-national dataset of all democratic transitioning states since 1900, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and democracy, and democratization studies.

Evaluation of Relative Importance of Oil Democracy Promotion and Power Politics in Determining UsS Foreign Policy Toward Iraq After the Attacks of September 11 2001

Author : Faisal Mukhyat Almutairi
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Democracy Gone

Author : Robert P. Abele
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This book argues that the last eight years in particular have shown us that our democracy has largely evaporated, leaving behind only an exoskeleton that was once its original vertebrae of ends and principles. It is critical to our form of democracy in the U.S. that citizens become active participants.

The Legal Dimensions of Oil and Gas in Iraq

Author : Rex J. Zedalis
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This book is the first and only comprehensive examination of current and future legal principles designed to govern oil and gas activity in Iraq. This study provides a thorough-going review of every conceivable angle on Iraqi oil and gas law, from relevant provisions of the Iraqi Constitution of 2005; to legislative measures comprising the oil and gas framework law, the revenue sharing law, and the laws to reconstitute the Iraq National Oil Company and reorganize the Ministry of Oil; to the Kurdistan Regional Government's 2007 Oil and Gas Law No. (22) and its accompanying Model Production Sharing Contract; and to the apposite rules of international law distilled from both controlling UN resolutions addressing Iraq and more generally applicable principles of international law. This text is essential to the reading collection of every practitioner, business executive, government official, academic, public policy maven, and individual citizen with an interest in the details and controversial aspects of Iraqi energy law.

Road to Iraq

Author : Muhammad Idrees Ahmad
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Ahmad presents a social history of the war's leading agents "e; the neoconservatives "e; and shows how this ideologically coherent group of determined political agents used the contingency of 9/11 to overwhelm a sceptical foreign policy establishment, milit

The Oil Curse

Author : Michael L. Ross
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Countries that are rich in petroleum have less democracy, less economic stability, and more frequent civil wars than countries without oil. What explains this oil curse? And can it be fixed? In this groundbreaking analysis, Michael L. Ross looks at how developing nations are shaped by their mineral wealth--and how they can turn oil from a curse into a blessing. Ross traces the oil curse to the upheaval of the 1970s, when oil prices soared and governments across the developing world seized control of their countries' oil industries. Before nationalization, the oil-rich countries looked much like the rest of the world; today, they are 50 percent more likely to be ruled by autocrats--and twice as likely to descend into civil war--than countries without oil. The Oil Curse shows why oil wealth typically creates less economic growth than it should; why it produces jobs for men but not women; and why it creates more problems in poor states than in rich ones. It also warns that the global thirst for petroleum is causing companies to drill in increasingly poor nations, which could further spread the oil curse. This landmark book explains why good geology often leads to bad governance, and how this can be changed.

What Is Happening in Iraq

Author : Munaf Yassiri
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What is Happening in Iraq? The ABC of the Current Situation in Iraq. Since the American-British invasion on March 21, 2003, Iraq has been in turmoil. The Iraqi peoples suffering under the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein has now been extended by the remnants of his regime. The Saddam Baathists have currently embraced openly the al-Qaeda Wahhabi terrorists ostensibly to fight the occupation forces, but, for the most part, they have in fact joined forces to intimidate and terrorize the Shiite population who constitute the majority of Iraqis. They are trying by all brutal means to prevent the establishment of a true democracy reflecting the will of the majority of the population.

Strategies for Promoting Democracy in Iraq

Author : Eric Davis
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The Educ. Program at the U.S. Inst. of Peace (USIP) is involved in a project to help rehabilitate the Iraqi higher educ. system and to introduce courses and materials in conflict resolution and peace educ. into univ. curricula throughout the country. The USIP has organized conferences and workshops with academics from Iraqi univ. and administrators from the Ministry of Higher Educ. and Scientific Research. The USIP is helping Iraqi univ. play a civil role in their communities by providing univ.-centered projects of public educ. on Iraq¿s constitution, good governance, the rule of law, and democracy. This report is part of the USIP¿s effort to suggest ways to involve the Iraqi higher educ. system in building and promoting democratic governance in Iraq.

From Dictatorship to Democracy

Author : Hamid al-Bayati
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Selected by Choice magazine as an Outstanding Academic Title for 2011 Today, Hamid al-Bayati serves as Iraqi ambassador to the United Nations. But for many years he lived in exile in London, where he worked with other opponents of Saddam Hussein's regime to make a democratic and pluralistic Iraq a reality. As former Western spokesman for the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI), and as a member of the executive council of the Iraqi National Congress, two of the main groups opposing Saddam's regime, he led campaigns to alert the world to human rights violations in Iraq and win support from the international community for the removal of Saddam. An important Iraqi diplomat and member of Iraq's majority Shia community, he offers firsthand accounts of the meetings and discussions he and other Iraqi opponents to Saddam held with American and British diplomats from 1991 to 2004. Drawn from al-Bayati's personal archives of meeting minutes and correspondence, From Dictatorship to Democracy takes readers through the history of the opposition. We learn the views and actions of principal figures, such as SCIRI head Sayyid Mohammed Baqir Al-Hakeem and the other leaders of the Iraqi National Congress, Ahmed Chalabi and his Kurdish counterparts, Masound Barzani and Jalal Talabani. Al-Bayati vividly captures their struggle to unify in the face of not only Saddam's harsh and bloody repression but also an unresponsive and unmotivated international community. Al-Bayati's efforts in the months before and after the U.S. invasion also put him in direct contact with key U.S. figures such as Zalmay Khalilzad and L. Paul Bremer and at the center of the debates over returning Iraq to self-government quickly and creating the foundation for a secure and stable state. Al-Bayati was both eyewitness to and actor in the dramatic struggle to remove Saddam from power. In this unique historical document, he provides detailed recollections of his work on behalf of a democratic Iraq that reflect the hopes and frustrations of the Iraqi people.

Deterring Democracy

Author : Noam Chomsky
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From World War II until the 1980s, the United States reigned supreme as both the economic and the military leader of the world. The major shifts in global politics that came about with the dismantling of the Eastern Bloc have left the United States unchallenged as the pre-eminent military power, but American economic might has declined drastically in the face of competition, first from Germany and Japan and more recently from the newly prosperous countries elsewhere. In this book, Noam Chomsky points to the potentially catastrophic consequences of this imbalance. He reveals a world in which the United States exploits its advantage ruthlessly to enforce its national interests - and in the process destroys weaker nations. Deterring Democracy offers a devastating analysis of American Imperialism, drawing alarming connections between its repression of information inside the US and its aggressive empire-building abroad.

Democracy in the Arab World

Author : Ibrahim Elbadawi
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Despite notable socio-economic development in the Arab region, a deficit in democracy and political rights has continued to prevail. This book examines the major reasons underlying the persistence of this democracy deficit over the past decades and touches on the prospects for deepening the process of democratization in the Arab World. Contributions from major scholars in the region give a cross country analysis of economic development, political institutions and social factors, and the impact of oil wealth and regional wars, and present a model for democracy in the Arab world. Case studies are drawn from Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Sudan and the Gulf region, building on these cross-country analyses and probing beyond the model’s main global variables. Looking beyond the effect of oil and conflicts, the chapters illustrate how specific socio-political history of the country concerned, fear of fundamentalist groups, collusion with foreign powers and foreign interventions, and the co-option of the elites by the state contribute to these problems of democratization. Situating the democratic position of the Arab World in a global context, this book is an important contribution to the field of Middle Eastern politics, development studies, and studies on conflict and democracy.

Fuel on the Fire

Author : Greg Muttitt
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The departure of the last U.S. troops from Iraq at the end of 2011 left a broken country and a host of unanswered questions. What was the war really about? Why and how did the occupation drag on for nearly nine years, while most Iraqis, Britons, and Americans desperately wanted it to end? And why did the troops have to leave? Now, in a gripping account of the war that dominated U.S. foreign policy over the last decade, investigative journalist Greg Muttitt takes us behind the scenes to answer some of these questions and reveals the heretofore-untold story of the oil politics that played out through the occupation of Iraq. Drawing upon hundreds of unreleased government documents and extensive interviews with senior American, British, and Iraqi officials, Muttitt exposes the plans and preparations that were in place to shape policies in favor of American and British energy interests. We follow him through a labyrinth of clandestine meetings, reneged promises, and abuses of power; we also see how Iraqis struggled for their own say in their future, in spite of their dysfunctional government and rising levels of violence. Through their stories, we begin to see a very different Iraq from the one our politicians have told us about. In light of the Arab revolutions, the war in Libya, and renewed threats against Iran, Fuel on the Fire provides a vital guide to the lessons from Iraq and of the global consequences of America’s persistent oil addiction.