Search Results for "oil-spill"

Manual on Oil Pollution

Manual on Oil Pollution

Combating oil spills

  • Author: International Maritime Organization
  • Publisher: IMO Publishing
  • ISBN: 9789280141771
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 212
  • View: 3908
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This book provides a clear and concise overview of the present level of knowledge and expertise in the field of oil spill response. It covers the behaviour and fate of different types of oil when spilled and the effects on marine and coastal resources. Guidance is given on aerial surveillance, the at-sea measure of containment and recovery, and the use of chemical dispersants, and there are new chapters on in situ burning and bioremediation measures. Other chapters cover shoreline cleaning strategies, waste management and disposal. Guidance is provided on training, exercises and equipment maintenance and storage, and information is also given on liability, compensation and cost accounting.

Oil Spill

Oil Spill

Disaster

  • Author: Inc. Scholastic,Mona Chiang,Cody Crane
  • Publisher: Scholastic Inc.
  • ISBN: 0545317762
  • Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Page: 32
  • View: 2385
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Examines the consequences of the April 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill, when the offshore oil rig Deepwater Horizon exploded, causing environmental and economical damage along the Gulf coast of the United States.

Oil Spills: Cost of Major Spills May Impact Viability of Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund

Oil Spills: Cost of Major Spills May Impact Viability of Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund

Congressional Testimony

  • Author: Susan A. Fleming
  • Publisher: DIANE Publishing
  • ISBN: 1437935117
  • Category:
  • Page: 27
  • View: 458
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On April 20, 2010, an explosion at the mobile offshore drilling unit Deepwater Horizon resulted in a massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The spill's total cost is unknown, but may result in considerable costs to the private sector, as well as federal, state, and local governments. The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA) set up a system that places the liability -- up to specified limits -- on the responsible party. The Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund (Fund), administered by the Coast Guard, pays for costs not paid for by the responsible party. This testimony focuses on: (1) how oil spills are paid for; (2) the factors that affect major oil spill costs; and (3) implications of major oil spill costs for the Fund. Charts and tables.

International Oil Spill Statistics

International Oil Spill Statistics

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Oil spills
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6727
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Understanding Oil Spills and Oil Spill Response

Understanding Oil Spills and Oil Spill Response

Understanding Oil Spills in Freshwater Environments

  • Author: Dave Hinton
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9780756706401
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 51
  • View: 8933
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This report by the EPA's Office of Emergency and Remedial Response provides information about oil spills. It contains chapters that outline and explain oil spills, their potential effects on the environment, how they are cleaned up, and how various agencies prepare for spills before they happen. Details about five oil spills are provided to show different types of spills and the complexities and issues involved in responding to them. This oil spill discussion includes the Exxon Valdez spill of March 1989; the Ashland oil spill of Jan. 1988; the Wisconsin fire and butter spill in May 1991; the Colonial Pipeline spill of March 1993; and the Lake Lanier soybean oil spill in Atlanta in 1994. Glossary.

Oil Spill Chemical Dispersants

Oil Spill Chemical Dispersants

Research, Experience, and Recommendations : a Symposium

  • Author: Tom E. Allen
  • Publisher: ASTM International
  • ISBN: 9780803104006
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 465
  • View: 4366
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Oil Spill Monitoring Handbook

Oil Spill Monitoring Handbook

  • Author: Sharon Hook,Graeme Batley,Andrew Ross,Michael Holloway,Paul Irving
  • Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • ISBN: 1486306365
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 995
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Oil spills can be difficult to manage, with reporting frequently delayed. Too often, by the time responders arrive at the scene, the slick has moved, dissolved, dispersed or sunk. This Oil Spill Monitoring Handbook provides practical advice on what information is likely required following the accidental release of oil or other petroleum-based products into the marine environment. The book focuses on response phase monitoring for maritime spills, otherwise known as Type I or operational monitoring. Response phase monitoring tries to address the questions – what? where? when? how? how much? – that assist responders to find, track, predict and clean up spills, and to assess their efforts. Oil spills often occur in remote, sensitive and logistically difficult locations, often in adverse weather, and the oil can change character and location over time. An effective response requires robust information provided by monitoring, observation, sampling and science. The Oil Spill Monitoring Handbook completely updates the Australian Maritime Safety Authority’s 2003 edition of the same name, taking into account the latest scientific advances in physical, chemical and biological monitoring, many of which have evolved as a consequence of major oil spill disasters in the last decade. It includes sections on the chemical properties of oil, the toxicological impacts of oil exposure, and the impacts of oil exposure on different marine habitats with relevance to Australia and elsewhere. An overview is provided on how monitoring integrates with the oil spill response process, the response organisation, the use of decision-support tools such as net environmental benefit analysis, and some of the most commonly used response technologies. Throughout the text, examples are given of lessons learned from previous oil spill incidents and responses, both local and international. General guidance of spill monitoring approaches and technologies is augmented with in-depth discussion on both response phase and post-response phase monitoring design and delivery. Finally, a set of appendices delivers detailed standard operating procedures for practical observation, sample and data collection. The Oil Spill Monitoring Handbook is essential reading for scientists within the oil industry and environmental and government agencies; individuals with responder roles in industry and government; environmental and ecological monitoring agencies and consultants; and members of the maritime sector in Australia and abroad, including officers in ports, shipping and terminals.

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

Fate and Effects in Alaskan Waters

  • Author: P. G. Wells,James Newton Butler,Jane S. Hughes
  • Publisher: ASTM International
  • ISBN: 9780803118966
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 955
  • View: 2371
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Oil Spill Research Needs

Oil Spill Research Needs

Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Natural Resources, Agriculture Research, and Environment of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, First Session, September 7, 1989

  • Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Natural Resources, Agriculture Research, and Environment
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Liability for oil pollution damages
  • Page: 222
  • View: 7737
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Oil Spill Costs and Impacts

Oil Spill Costs and Impacts

  • Author: Robert H. Urwellen
  • Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 45
  • View: 4108
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When oil spills occur in U.S. waters, federal law places primary liability on the vessel owner or operator -- that is, the responsible party -- up to a statutory limit. As a supplement to this "polluter pays" approach, a federal Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund administered by the Coast Guard pays for costs when a responsible party does not or cannot pay. This book is based on a GAO report on oil spill costs and select program updates on the recent San Francisco spill. Specifically, it answers three questions: (1) How many major spills (i.e., at least $1 million) have occurred since 1990, and what is their total cost? (2) What factors affect the cost of spills? and (3) What are the implications of major oil spills for the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund?