Search results for: our-world-in-crisis-terrorism

Our World in Crisis Terrorism

Author : Claudia Martin
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What is terrorism? How do terrorists differ from other criminals? What makes some individuals and groups decide to use violence to create terror as a means of achieving their aims? This book looks at the history of terrorism and analyses the motivations for its use. It looks at what is being done to tackle terrorism and asks readers to think about what they can do to help people in countries affected by terrorism, for example by fundraising for organisations supporting victims of terrorist attacks.

The Terrorist Trap

Author : Jeffrey David Simon
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The bombings of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City and of the World Trade Center in New York City have joined a long history of terrorists acts against the United States. In this newly updated edition of his book, Jeffrey Simon reaches back to the founding days of the Republic to tell a story that is both instructive and alarming. Simon uncovers the dynamics of a deadly conflict that affects all Americans. His in-depth interviews with terrorists and their victims, with reporters, government officials, and others bring to life a tale of presidents and terrorists, media and society, all entangled in a drama of international violence. The Terrorist Trap traces the government response to terrorism from the days of Thomas Jefferson and the Barbary Pirates to William Jefferson Clinton's confrontation with homegrown terrorism. It explores the terrorist trap: the psychological, political, and social elements that make terrorism unlike any other conflict. With the end of the Cold War and the defeat of Saddam Hussein's army in the Gulf War, many believed that the threat of terrorism had been significantly reduced. But Simon shows how terrorism grows out of political, economic, and social grievances that can never be fully resolved, as events in Israel and elsewhere continue to demonstrate. Living with terrorism will be an inescapable part of life in the twenty-first century. Simon calls on officials to move away from the useless rhetoric of defeating terrorism and to focus instead on achievable goals in combating this global problem.

Crisis and Terror in the Age of Anxiety

Author : Luke Howie
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This book confronts the issues young people face growing up in the confusion and anxiety of today’s highly global society. Young people face their futures consumed with feelings of doubt, uncertainty and ambivalence. The Global Financial Crisis and the rise of the Islamic State means young people are transitioning into adulthood in a time that we call an age of anxiety. They may be the first generation to have fewer opportunities than their parents yet, despite this, they are learning to imagine other kinds of futures. These are futures where economic collapse provides opportunities for entrepreneurialism and innovation, where Islamic State does not need to pose a clear and present danger, and where political action provides hope for a better world. Dealing with the current political and economic climate and progressive campaigns such as Black Lives Matter, Howie and Campbell tackle some of the biggest threats to the future of society. An innovative and wide-reaching study, this book will be of particular interest to scholars of human geography, disaster studies, politics, and sociology.

The Rule of Crisis

Author : Pierre Auriel
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This book analyzes emergency legislations formed in response to terrorism. In recognition that different countries, with different legal traditions, have different solutions, it adopts a comparative point of view. The countries profiled include America, France, Israel, Poland, Germany and United Kingdom. The goal is not to offer judgment on one response or the other. Rather, the contributors offer a comprehensive and thoughtful examination of the entire concept. In the process, they draw attention to the inadaptability of traditional legal and philosophical categories in a new and changing political world. The contributors first criticize the idea of these legislations. They then go on to develop different models to respond to these crises. They build a general analytical framework by answering such questions as: What is an emergency legislation? What kinds of emergencies justify laws of this nature? Why is contemporary terrorism such a specific emergency justifying new laws? Using legal and philosophical reflections, this study looks at how we are changing society. Coverage also provides historical experiences of emergency legislations to further illustrate this point. In the end, readers will gain insight into the long-term consequences of these legislations and how they modify the very work of the rule of law.

The Handbook of International Crisis Communication Research

Author : Andreas Schwarz
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The Handbook of International Crisis Communication Research articulates a broader understanding of crisis communication, discussing the theoretical, methodological, and practical implications of domestic and transnational crises, featuring the work of global scholars from a range of sub-disciplines and related fields. Provides the first integrative international perspective on crisis communication Articulates a broader understanding of crisis communication, which includes work from scholars in journalism, public relations, audience research, psychology, political science, sociology, economics, anthropology, and international communication Explores the topic from cross-national and cross-cultural crisis communication approaches Includes research and scholars from countries around the world and representing all regions Discusses a broad range of crisis types, such as war, terrorism, natural disasters, pandemia, and organizational crises

Evaluation and Turbulent Times

Author : Jan-Eric Furubo
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Now more than ever, policy evaluation is an important component in addressing the world's economic crisis. Before it can do so, the discipline must adapt to changing economic and political environments. The contributors address a basic question: What impact do crises have on evaluation and how can evaluation contribute in times of turbulence? Examining the state of evaluation today, the volume's editors cover a broad range of topics, including post-hoc evaluation; shifting economic paradigms; the World Bank Group's response to the global economic crisis; challenges in evaluating financial literacy; evaluating counter-terrorism programs; evaluation in the context of humanitarian crises; and why civil society organizations in sub-Saharan Africa matter in evaluating poverty interventions. The contributors explore the role of evaluation in the search for solutions to global instability. They recognize, however, that in order to address unprecedented crises, evaluation itself needs to be evaluated and updated as part of the process of change and reform. This volume is the latest in Transaction's well-respected Comparative Policy Evaluation series.

International Terrorism and Threats to Security

Author : R. J. Burke
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The book is designed to strengthen the ability of organizations to anticipate, plan for, and respond to terrorist attacks, resulting in more resilient personnel and adaptive organizations. The book certainly succeeds in meeting those goals, providing a rich collection of individual works that responds to that ambitious goal. . . Each of the chapters is well-grounded in appropriate, contemporary literature and thoroughly examines principles, concepts, impacts and counter measures in its treatment of international terrorism and threats to security. . . This book would be well-placed as a graduate text in a number of courses. Any course dealing with terrorism and psycho-social impacts and related management responses would find it very useful. Emergency management or homeland security courses also might benefit from this book, particularly if they devote a considerable amount of time on the individual and organizational psychological impacts of terrorism and related attacks. Sharon L. Caudle, Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management A series of twelve informed and informative essays addressing various aspects of terrorism s impact and creating both individual as well as organizational resilience to terrorist assaults. . . . A work of meticulous and seminal scholarship throughout, International Terrorism and Threats to Security is a core addition to university library reference collections and especially recommended reading for governmental officials and non-specialist general readers concerned with responding to terrorist activities at home and abroad. Midwest Book Review The Social Issues Shelf This timely edited volume is part of a fast growing body of theory and research on terrorism aiming to satisfy a great thirst for knowledge on the topic both among professionals and lay people living in a world that has become a less safe place over the past few years. The fascinating data presented about changes that have occurred all over the world since 9/11, about the short and long impact of terrorism on organizations and individuals, about managing terrorism attacks, facilitating organizational recovery and developing individual and organizational resilience in preparation for such an attack, should be of interest to every intellectually curious reader. They are a must read for terrorism and crisis management researchers and practitioners, for organizational leaders and for human resource managers. Ayala Malach-Pines, Ben-Gurion University, Israel This original collection examines the managerial and organizational implications of international terrorism and threats to security. When Islamic terrorists flew hijacked airplanes into the World Trade Center on 9/11, it changed much of the world forever. The number of deaths and the financial losses resulting from the attack was unprecedented. 9/11 highlighted how risky life in organizations had become. The book reviews events since 9/11, which sets the foundation for the rest of the book. It scrutinizes the central role of governments as targets, agents and protectors of citizens, then considers the impact of terrorism on people and organizations based on research evidence from the US, Spain, and Israel. The authors examine how to increase individual coping resources, maintain work motivation in trying times and develop worksite emergency procedures. They also identify the key qualities of organizations that were able to recover quickly following devastating loss. International Terrorism and Threats to Security will be an invaluable resource for scholars of organizational behaviour, international management, conflict management, international relations and public policy.

Terrorism and the Economy

Author : Loretta Napoleoni
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Economist and best-selling author Loretta Napoleoni traces the link between the finances of the war on terror and the global economic crisis, finding connections from Dubai to London to Las Vegas that politicians and the media have at best ignored. In launching military and propaganda wars in the Middle East, America overlooked the war of economic independence waged by Al-Qaeda. The Patriot Act boosted the black market economy, and the war on terror prompted a rise in oil prices that led to food riots and distracted governments from the trillion-dollar machinations of Wall Street. Consumers and taxpayers, spurred by propaganda fears, were lured into crushing global debt. Napoleoni shows that if we do not face up to the many serious connections between our response to 9/11 and the financial crisis, we will never work our way out of the looming global recession that now threatens our way of life. While we feared that Al-Qaeda might destroy our world, Wall Street ripped it apart.

Terrorism and the Media

Author : Brigitte Lebens Nacos
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Over the last fifteen years, incidents of terrorism have become increasingly common. Until recently, however, Americans believed that such violent acts would not occur on American soil. The 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center and the 1995 bombing of the Oklahoma City Federal Building were rude awakenings. In this important, up-to-date study, Brigitte L. Nacos contends that terrorists are very successful at exploiting the vital links among the news media, public opinion, and decision making - a pattern which the author calls a calculus of violence. She demonstrates that terrorism works because media coverage influences the American public to support government responses that protect the victims of terrorism, most of all hostages, at the expense of the national interest. In a new Preface for the paperback edition, Nacos includes important recent events, showing how right-wing radio talk shows, Penthouse, and The New York Times all played pivotal roles in articulating the causes of terrorists such as the Michigan Militia and the Unabomber.

The Challenges of Political Terrorism

Author : Kristopher Kyle Robison
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Abstract: Since September the 11th, 2001, terrorism has received renewed attention and study from the media, publics and scholars alike. While voluminous journalistic writings and some empirical research exists on the causes and structures of terrorism, comparatively little research has thoroughly explored the political and social impacts of terrorism and the responses societies and states have to terrorism. Conventional wisdom suggests that terrorism is born of political and economic grievance in poor, quasi-authoritarian states. Indeed, a large number of terrorist attacks are within developing nations. However, the relationship between structural conditions and terror may be more complicated. What if terrorism contributes to political and social disruption, which in turn leads to even more grievances that inspire further campaigns of political violence? In other words, does terrorism breed the very conditions that encourage insurgency in the first place, leading to a downward spiral of conflict and grievance thereby worsening the plight developing nations find themselves in? This dissertation project argues that a major period of terrorism within the developing world stimulates a series of important political and social crises that under certain specific conditions spawn broader and more intense forms of political conflict. I explore the relationships between terrorism and specific political outcomes for a large sample of developing nations over a thirty-five year period. I find evidence that non-state, civil-based terrorism plays an important role in altering political systems within several developing societies. For instance, on average terrorism tends to increase state repression over accommodative policies creating an atmosphere of state terrorism. Terrorism also raises the chances for irregular transfers of power (e.g., coup d'etats) and transforms into full-scale civil war under certain specific conditions. By focusing on the consequences of terrorism across a broad sample of the world's developing nations, this study expands our understanding of terrorism and terrorism's intended or unintended reach into society and politics. Thus this project should contribute to more prudent and analytically-informed polices that address both the origins of terrorism and lead to the construction of sound and responsible approaches to dealing with terror and its attendant social and political fallout.