Search results for: parallel-computation

The SIMD Model of Parallel Computation

Author : Robert Cypher
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1.1 Background There are many paradigmatic statements in the literature claiming that this is the decade of parallel computation. A great deal of research is being de voted to developing architectures and algorithms for parallel machines with thousands, or even millions, of processors. Such massively parallel computers have been made feasible by advances in VLSI (very large scale integration) technology. In fact, a number of computers having over one thousand pro cessors are commercially available. Furthermore, it is reasonable to expect that as VLSI technology continues to improve, massively parallel computers will become increasingly affordable and common. However, despite the significant progress made in the field, many funda mental issues still remain unresolved. One of the most significant of these is the issue of a general purpose parallel architecture. There is currently a huge variety of parallel architectures that are either being built or proposed. The problem is whether a single parallel computer can perform efficiently on all computing applications.

Structured Parallel Programming

Author : Michael D. McCool
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Programming is now parallel programming. Much as structured programming revolutionized traditional serial programming decades ago, a new kind of structured programming, based on patterns, is relevant to parallel programming today. Parallel computing experts and industry insiders Michael McCool, Arch Robison, and James Reinders describe how to design and implement maintainable and efficient parallel algorithms using a pattern-based approach. They present both theory and practice, and give detailed concrete examples using multiple programming models. Examples are primarily given using two of the most popular and cutting edge programming models for parallel programming: Threading Building Blocks, and Cilk Plus. These architecture-independent models enable easy integration into existing applications, preserve investments in existing code, and speed the development of parallel applications. Examples from realistic contexts illustrate patterns and themes in parallel algorithm design that are widely applicable regardless of implementation technology. The patterns-based approach offers structure and insight that developers can apply to a variety of parallel programming models Develops a composable, structured, scalable, and machine-independent approach to parallel computing Includes detailed examples in both Cilk Plus and the latest Threading Building Blocks, which support a wide variety of computers

Parallel Computing for Data Science

Author : Norman Matloff
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Parallel Computing for Data Science: With Examples in R, C++ and CUDA is one of the first parallel computing books to concentrate exclusively on parallel data structures, algorithms, software tools, and applications in data science. It includes examples not only from the classic "n observations, p variables" matrix format but also from time series, network graph models, and numerous other structures common in data science. The examples illustrate the range of issues encountered in parallel programming. With the main focus on computation, the book shows how to compute on three types of platforms: multicore systems, clusters, and graphics processing units (GPUs). It also discusses software packages that span more than one type of hardware and can be used from more than one type of programming language. Readers will find that the foundation established in this book will generalize well to other languages, such as Python and Julia.

Software for Parallel Computation

Author : Janusz S. Kowalik
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This volume contains papers presented at the NATO sponsored Advanced Research Workshop on "Software for Parallel Computation" held at the University of Calabria, Cosenza, Italy, from June 22 to June 26, 1992. The purpose of the workshop was to evaluate the current state-of-the-art of the software for parallel computation, identify the main factors inhibiting practical applications of parallel computers and suggest possible remedies. In particular it focused on parallel software, programming tools, and practical experience of using parallel computers for solving demanding problems. Critical issues relative to the practical use of parallel computing included: portability, reusability and debugging, parallelization of sequential programs, construction of parallel algorithms, and performance of parallel programs and systems. In addition to NATO, the principal sponsor, the following organizations provided a generous support for the workshop: CERFACS, France, C.I.R.A., Italy, C.N.R., Italy, University of Calabria, Italy, ALENIA, Italy, The Boeing Company, U.S.A., CISE, Italy, ENEL - D.S.R., Italy, Alliant Computer Systems, Bull RN Sud, Italy, Convex Computer, Digital Equipment Corporation, Rewlett Packard, Meiko Scientific, U.K., PARSYTEC Computer, Germany, TELMAT Informatique, France, Thinking Machines Corporation.

Parallel Computation

Author : Jens Volkert
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The Austrian Center for Parallel Computation (ACPC) is a cooperative research organization founded in 1989 to promote research and education in the field of software for parallel computer systems. The areas in which the ACPC is active include algorithms, languages, compilers, programming environments, and applications for parallel and high-performance computing systems. This volume contains the proceedings of the Second International Conference of the ACPC, held in Gmunden, Austria, October 1993. Authors from 17 countries submitted 44 papers, of which 15 were selected for inclusion in this volume, which also includes 4 invited papers by distinguished researchers. The volume is organized into parts on architectures (2 papers), algorithms (7 papers), languages (6 papers), and programming environments (4 papers).

Parallel Computation

Author : Peter Zinterhof
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Parallel Computation, ACPC'99, held in Salzburg, Austria in February 1999; the conference included special tracks on parallel numerics and on parallel computing in image processing, video processing, and multimedia. The volume presents 50 revised full papers selected from a total of 75 submissions. Also included are four invited papers and 15 posters. The papers are organized in topical sections on linear algebra, differential equations and interpolation, (Quasi-)Monte Carlo methods, numerical software, numerical applications, image segmentation and image understanding, motion estimation and block matching, video processing, wavelet techniques, satellite image processing, data structures, data partitioning, resource allocation and performance analysis, cluster computing, and simulation and applications.

Frontiers 95 the 5th Symposium on the Frontiers of Massively Parallel Computation

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The proceedings of the February 1995 symposium, sponsored by the IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Computer Architecture, comprise 56 refereed technical papers featuring current research in parallel software, architectures, applications, and algorithms. Also included is a minisymposium on

Limits to Parallel Computation

Author : Raymond Greenlaw
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This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the most important topics in parallel computation. It is written so that it may be used as a self-study guide to the field, and researchers in parallel computing will find it a useful reference for many years to come. The first half of the book consists of an introduction to many fundamental issues in parallel computing. The second half provides lists of P-complete- and open problems. These lists will have lasting value to researchers in both industry and academia. The lists of problems, with their corresponding remarks, the thorough index, and the hundreds of references add to the exceptional value of this resource. While the exciting field of parallel computation continues to expand rapidly, this book serves as a guide to research done through 1994 and also describes the fundamental concepts that new workers will need to know in coming years. It is intended for anyone interested in parallel computing, including senior level undergraduate students, graduate students, faculty, and people in industry. As an essential reference, the book will be needed in all academic libraries.

Languages and Compilers for Parallel Computing

Author : Utpal Banerjee
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This book contains papers selected for presentation at the Sixth Annual Workshop on Languages and Compilers for Parallel Computing. The workshop washosted by the Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology. All the major research efforts in parallel languages and compilers are represented in this workshop series. The 36 papers in the volume aregrouped under nine headings: dynamic data structures, parallel languages, High Performance Fortran, loop transformation, logic and dataflow language implementations, fine grain parallelism, scalar analysis, parallelizing compilers, and analysis of parallel programs. The book represents a valuable snapshot of the state of research in the field in 1993.

Alternating Sequential Parallel Processing

Author : Y. Wallach
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Parallel Computing Technologies

Author : Victor Malyshkin
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Congress on Parallel Computing Technologies, PaCT-99, held in St. Petersburg, Russia in September 1999. The 47 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from more than 100 submissions. The papers address all current issues in parallel processing ranging from theory, algorithms, programming, and software to implementation, architectures, hardware, and applications.

Parallel Computer Architecture

Author : David Culler
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The most exciting development in parallel computer architecture is the convergence of traditionally disparate approaches on a common machine structure. This book explains the forces behind this convergence of shared-memory, message-passing, data parallel, and data-driven computing architectures. It then examines the design issues that are critical to all parallel architecture across the full range of modern design, covering data access, communication performance, coordination of cooperative work, and correct implementation of useful semantics. It not only describes the hardware and software techniques for addressing each of these issues but also explores how these techniques interact in the same system. Examining architecture from an application-driven perspective, it provides comprehensive discussions of parallel programming for high performance and of workload-driven evaluation, based on understanding hardware-software interactions. synthesizes a decade of research and development for practicing engineers, graduate students, and researchers in parallel computer architecture, system software, and applications development presents in-depth application case studies from computer graphics, computational science and engineering, and data mining to demonstrate sound quantitative evaluation of design trade-offs describes the process of programming for performance, including both the architecture-independent and architecture-dependent aspects, with examples and case-studies illustrates bus-based and network-based parallel systems with case studies of more than a dozen important commercial designs

Proceedings of the 1993 International Conference on Parallel Processing

Author : Salim Hariri
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This three-volume work presents a compendium of current and seminal papers on parallel/distributed processing offered at the 22nd International Conference on Parallel Processing, held August 16-20, 1993 in Chicago, Illinois. Topics include processor architectures; mapping algorithms to parallel systems, performance evaluations; fault diagnosis, recovery, and tolerance; cube networks; portable software; synchronization; compilers; hypercube computing; and image processing and graphics. Computer professionals in parallel processing, distributed systems, and software engineering will find this book essential to complete their computer reference library.

Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics 93

Author : J. Hauser
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This volume contains the papers presented at the Parallel Computing Fluid Dynamics '93 Conference, Paris, 1993. A wide range of topics are covered including: networked computers, data parallel programming, domain decomposition, Euler and Navier-Stokes solvers. Researchers in this area will find this volume a useful reference in this rapidly developing field.

Parallel Computing Technology Trends

Author : I. Foster
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The year 2019 marked four decades of cluster computing, a history that began in 1979 when the first cluster systems using Components Off The Shelf (COTS) became operational. This achievement resulted in a rapidly growing interest in affordable parallel computing for solving compute intensive and large scale problems. It also directly lead to the founding of the Parco conference series. Starting in 1983, the International Conference on Parallel Computing, ParCo, has long been a leading venue for discussions of important developments, applications, and future trends in cluster computing, parallel computing, and high-performance computing. ParCo2019, held in Prague, Czech Republic, from 10 – 13 September 2019, was no exception. Its papers, invited talks, and specialized mini-symposia addressed cutting-edge topics in computer architectures, programming methods for specialized devices such as field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and graphical processing units (GPUs), innovative applications of parallel computers, approaches to reproducibility in parallel computations, and other relevant areas. This book presents the proceedings of ParCo2019, with the goal of making the many fascinating topics discussed at the meeting accessible to a broader audience. The proceedings contains 57 contributions in total, all of which have been peer-reviewed after their presentation. These papers give a wide ranging overview of the current status of research, developments, and applications in parallel computing.

Applied Mathematics and Parallel Computing

Author : Herbert Fischer
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The authors of this Festschrift prepared these papers to honour and express their friendship to Klaus Ritter on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday. Be cause of Ritter's many friends and his international reputation among math ematicians, finding contributors was easy. In fact, constraints on the size of the book required us to limit the number of papers. Klaus Ritter has done important work in a variety of areas, especially in var ious applications of linear and nonlinear optimization and also in connection with statistics and parallel computing. For the latter we have to mention Rit ter's development of transputer workstation hardware. The wide scope of his research is reflected by the breadth of the contributions in this Festschrift. After several years of scientific research in the U.S., Klaus Ritter was ap pointed as full professor at the University of Stuttgart. Since then, his name has become inextricably connected with the regularly scheduled conferences on optimization in Oberwolfach. In 1981 he became full professor of Applied Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics at the Technical University of Mu nich. In addition to his university teaching duties, he has made the activity of applying mathematical methods to problems of industry to be centrally important.

Languages and Compilers for Parallel Computing

Author : Samuel P. Midkiff
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This volume contains the papers presented at the 13th International Workshop on Languages and Compilers for Parallel Computing. It also contains extended abstracts of submissions that were accepted as posters. The workshop was held at the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York. As in previous years, the workshop focused on issues in optimizing compilers, languages, and software environments for high performance computing. This continues a trend in which languages, compilers, and software environments for high performance computing, and not strictly parallel computing, has been the organizing topic. As in past years, participants came from Asia, North America, and Europe. This workshop re?ected the work of many people. In particular, the members of the steering committee, David Padua, Alex Nicolau, Utpal Banerjee, and David Gelernter, have been instrumental in maintaining the focus and quality of the workshop since it was ?rst held in 1988 in Urbana-Champaign. The assistance of the other members of the program committee – Larry Carter, Sid Chatterjee, Jeanne Ferrante, Jans Prins, Bill Pugh, and Chau-wen Tseng – was crucial. The infrastructure at the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center provided trouble-free logistical support. The IBM T. J. Watson Research Center also provided ?nancial support by underwriting much of the expense of the workshop. Appreciation must also be extended to Marc Snir and Pratap Pattnaik of the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center for their support.

Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics

Author : Roman Wyrzykowski
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This volume comprises the proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics - PPAM 2005, which was held in Poznan, the industrial, academic and cultural center in the western part of Poland, during September 11–14, 2005.

Handbook of Parallel Computing

Author : Sanguthevar Rajasekaran
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The ability of parallel computing to process large data sets and handle time-consuming operations has resulted in unprecedented advances in biological and scientific computing, modeling, and simulations. Exploring these recent developments, the Handbook of Parallel Computing: Models, Algorithms, and Applications provides comprehensive coverage on a

Parallel Computation Systems for Robotics

Author : A. Fijany
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This book presents an extensive survey of the state-of-the-art research in parallel computational algorithms and architectures for robot manipulator control and simulation. It deals not only with specifics but also includes general and broader issues which serve as a useful foundation to the topic. The educational flavor of the book makes it a necessary resource for researchers, engineers and students wanting to be familiarized with the potential offered by the application of parallel processing to robotic problems, and its current issues and trends.