Search results for: particle-technology-and-textiles

Particle Technology and Textiles

Author : Jean Cornier
File Size : 31.17 MB
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This book focuses on innovative textile materials and is a perfect guide for professionals in the textile industry and scientists alike. An overview of particle technology is provided before addressing all topics relevant to particle-enhanced textiles, i.e. the properties and application of micro/nanoparticles in textiles, production techniques, safety, as well as regulatory and intellectual property aspects.

Small Particles Technology

Author : Jan-Erik Otterstedt
File Size : 75.53 MB
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It is difficult to imagine modem technology without small particles, 1-1000 nm in size, because virtually every industry depends in some way on the use of such materials. Catalysts, printing inks, paper, dyes and pigments, many medicinal products, adsorbents, thickening agents, some adhesives, clays, and hundreds of other diverse products are based on or involve small particles in a very fundamental way. In some cases finely divided materials occur naturally or are merely a convenient form for using a material. In most cases small particles play a special role in technology because in effect they constitute a different state of matter because of the basic fact that the surface of a material is different from the interior by virtue of the unsaturated bonding interactions of the outermost layers of atoms at the surface of a solid. Whereas in a macroscale particle these differences are often insignificant, as the 9 surface area per unit mass becomes larger by a factor of as much as 10 , physical and chemical effects such as adsorption become so pronounced as to make the finely divided form of the bulk material into essentially a different material usually one that has no macroscale counterpart.

The Complete Book on Textile Processing and Silk Reeling Technology

Author : H. Panda
File Size : 55.21 MB
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Textile industry in India is the second largest employment generator after agriculture. It holds significant status in India as it provides one of the fundamental necessities of the people. Textile processing is one of the important industries related with textile manufacturing operations. It is a general term that covers right from singeing to finishing & printing of fabric apart from giving huge value-addition at every stage of processing. A number of new innovations have led to the industrialization of the textile industry. The silk reeling techniques are excellent methods to produce superior grade raw silk which is used by the textile industry to produce exotic fabric. Silk reeling is the final and purely commercial phase of sericulture. It is concerned with unwinding of the silk filaments of the cocoon. The sericulture industry is agro based and flourishing mostly in rural areas. More than 50 per cent of silk is reeled by a villager using country charka which forms the cottage industry. Silk provides much needed work in several developing and labour rich countries. The textile industry is primarily concerned with the production of yarn, and cloth and the subsequent design or manufacture of clothing and their distribution. The raw material may be natural or synthetic using products of the chemical industry. Some of the fundamentals of the book are chemical modification of textile celluloses, fabric varieties, silk as a textile fibre, silk reeling technology, silk re-reeling technology, fluidized beds to textile processing, high alpha cellulose pulp for viscose rayon, reaction of cellulose with cross linking agents, textiles adhesives, flame retardants for textiles, halogenated flame retardants, antinomy and other organic compounds, surfactants, chemical used in textiles, etc. This book contains fabric varieties, silk reeling technology, cellulose ethers, and crease resistance of cellulose textiles, tone and shade control in textile, textiles adhesives, flame retardants for textiles, chemical used in textiles. This book will be resourceful to upcoming entrepreneur, Seri culturist, existing industries, technical institutions etc.

Simulation in Textile Technology

Author : D Veit
File Size : 52.85 MB
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The use of mathematical modelling and computer simulation can vastly improve the quality, efficiency and economic success of textile technology. Simulation in textile technology provides a comprehensive review of the key principles, applications and benefits of modelling for textile production. After an introduction to modelling and simulation, Simulation in textile technology goes on to review the principles and applications of the main types of model. The book first discusses neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic. It then considers computational fluid dynamics and finite element modelling. The modelling of fibrous structures and yarns are considered in the following chapters, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures. The book concludes by reviewing the simulation of textile processes and machinery. With its distinguished editor and team of expert contributors, Simulation in textile technology is a valuable reference tool for all those involved in both developing models of textile processes and those applying them to improve process efficiency and product quality. Provides a comprehensive review of the key principles, applications and benefits of modelling for textile production Discusses neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic Considers the modelling of fibrous structures and yarns, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures

Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing

Author : John T Williams
File Size : 77.1 MB
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Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing provides systematic coverage of the key types of finishes and high performance materials, from conventional wax and silicone, through controversial, but widely used fluoropolymers and advanced techniques, such as atmospheric plasma deposition and sol-gel technology. The book is an essential resource for all those engaged in garment development, production and finishing, and for academics engaged in research into apparel technology and textile science. Rapid innovation in this field is driving new performance demands in many areas, including the sporting and military sectors. However, another innovation driver is the regulatory framework in the USA, Europe and globally, addressing both health concerns (e.g. with PFOS / PFOA) and environmental impacts (e.g. C8 fluorocarbon finishes). Both of these aspects are fully covered, along with the replacement materials / technologies currently available and under development. In addition, oleophobic and multifunctional coatings are discussed, as are aspects of performance, testing and applications in sportswear, protective clothing, and footwear. Introduces innovative materials and technologies, exploring their current and potential use across different sectors Provides expert guidance on the health and environmental aspects of key waterproof materials and coatings and their associated regulations Demystifies testing processes and design principles

Advances in Modern Woven Fabrics Technology

Author : Savvas G. Vassiliadis
File Size : 28.51 MB
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The importance of woven fabrics increases constantly. Starting from traditional uses mainly in clothing applications, woven fabrics today are key materials for structural, electronic, telecommunications, medical, aerospace and other technical application fields. The new application fields of the woven fabrics is directly reflected in the contents of the book. A selected collection of papers in the technological state-of-the-art builds the book Advances in Modern Woven Fabrics Technology. It is written by internationally recognized specialists and pioneers of the particular fields. The chapters embrace technological areas with major importance, while maintaining a high scientific level. This interdisciplinary book will be useful for the textile family member as well as for the experts of the related engineering fields. The open access character of the book will allow a worldwide and direct access to its contents, supporting the members of the academic and industrial community.

Science in Design

Author : Tarun Grover
File Size : 81.55 MB
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There is an important overlap between science and design. The most significant technological developments cannot be produced without designers to conceptualize them. By the same token, designers cannot do their job properly without a good understanding of the scientific or technical principles that are being developed within the product. Science in Design: Solidifying Design with Science and Technology reveals the significance of the essential yet understudied intersection of design and scientific academic research and encompasses technological development, scientific principles, and the point of overlap between science and design. Encourages readers to comprehend the role of science in all facets of design Discusses the fundamental involvement of science required for engineering and design irrespective of whether the design is from an individual, business, or social perspective Covers the ontology, characteristics, and application of science in major fields of design education and design research, with an introduction of emerging practices transforming sustainable growth through applied behavioral models Depicts the art and science of material selection using new design techniques and technology advances like augmented reality, AI, and decision-support toolkits This unique book will benefit scientists, technologists, and engineers, as well as designers and professionals, across a variety of industries dealing with scientific analysis of design research methodology, design lifecycle, and problem solving.

Current Awareness in Particle Technology

Author :
File Size : 63.6 MB
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Modelling and Predicting Textile Behaviour

Author : Xiaogang Chen
File Size : 34.13 MB
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The textile industry can experience a vast array of problems. Modelling represents a group of techniques that have been widely used to explore the nature of these problems, it can highlight the mechanisms involved and lead to predictions of the textile behaviour. This book provides an overview of how textile modelling techniques can be used successfully within the textile industry for solving various problems. The first group of chapters reviews the different types of models and methods available for predicting textile structures and behaviour. Chapters include modelling of yarn, woven and nonwoven materials. The second group of chapters presents a selection of case studies, expressing the strengths and limitations and how various models are applied in specific applications. Case studies such as modelling colour properties for textiles and modelling, simulation and control of textile dyeing are discussed. With its distinguished editor and international range of contributors, Modelling and predicting textile behaviour is essential reading material for textile technologists, fibre scientists and textile engineers. It will also be beneficial for academics researching this important area. Provides an overview of the different types of models and methods that can be used successfully within the textile industry Reviews the structural hierarchy in textile materials fundamental to the modelling of textile fibrous structures Assesses the strengths and weaknesses of different textile models and how specific models are applied in different situations

Particle Technology and Engineering

Author : Jonathan P.K. Seville
File Size : 79.98 MB
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Particle Technology and Engineering presents the basic knowledge and fundamental concepts that are needed by engineers dealing with particles and powders. The book provides a comprehensive reference and introduction to the topic, ranging from single particle characterization to bulk powder properties, from particle-particle interaction to particle-fluid interaction, from fundamental mechanics to advanced computational mechanics for particle and powder systems. The content focuses on fundamental concepts, mechanistic analysis and computational approaches. The first six chapters present basic information on properties of single particles and powder systems and their characterisation (covering the fundamental characteristics of bulk solids (powders) and building an understanding of density, surface area, porosity, and flow), as well as particle-fluid interactions, gas-solid and liquid-solid systems, with applications in fluidization and pneumatic conveying. The last four chapters have an emphasis on the mechanics of particle and powder systems, including the mechanical behaviour of powder systems during storage and flow, contact mechanics of particles, discrete element methods for modelling particle systems, and finite element methods for analysing powder systems. This thorough guide is beneficial to undergraduates in chemical and other types of engineering, to chemical and process engineers in industry, and early stage researchers. It also provides a reference to experienced researchers on mathematical and mechanistic analysis of particulate systems, and on advanced computational methods. Provides a simple introduction to core topics in particle technology: characterisation of particles and powders: interaction between particles, gases and liquids; and some useful examples of gas-solid and liquid-solid systems Introduces the principles and applications of two useful computational approaches: discrete element modelling and finite element modelling Enables engineers to build their knowledge and skills and to enhance their mechanistic understanding of particulate systems