Search results for: perspectives-in-biotechnology

Perspectives in Biotechnology

Author : J.M. Cardoso Duarte
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This book is the proceedings of a NATO Advanced Studies Institute organized jointly by LNETI, the National Laboratories of the Ministry of Industry of the Portuguese Government and The Institute for Biotechnological Studies in the UK. The ASI was held in 1985 on the beautiful peninsula of Troia, once the site of a flourishing Roman salt industry. The course was the first in the NATO "Double Jump Programme" specifically aimed to promote industrial and academic participation and cooperation. As such, contributions across the whole field of biotechnology were planned and the present volume represents perspectives from specialists in different areas. Biotechnology has been defined in a recent OECD publication as "the application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials by biological agents to provide goods and services" and the contents of this book, which often describe research from interdisciplinary groups, reflect this title. The value of the ASI was further enhanced by many first class poster contributions from the participants.

Perspectives in Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology

Author : Daham I. Alani
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Upon an invitation from Arab Bureau of Education for the Gulf States "ABEGS"; an International Conference on Biotechnology and Applied Microbiol ogy was held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 12-15 November 1984. The Conference was sponsored by ABEGS and organized through coopera tion with Saudi Biological Society "SBS". ABEGS was established in 1976 with the aim of coordinating, unifying and developing all aspects of Education, Culture and Science in the Gulf States. In the field of publications, ABEGS is publishing various books, pamphlets and two scientific journals, one in Arabic and the other in English entitled: the Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research. This volume contains topics presented by the invited speakers and selected papers from among those submitted by participants. Selection was done on basis of some of the invited talks. Main topics of the conference were grouped into sections representing seven themes of Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology: - production of microbial proteins - utilization of microorganisms for the production of chemicals - microbial treatment and utilization of waste - continuous culture - application of biotechnology in plant science - applied microbiology and environment and - applied microbiology and biotechnology: international cooperation - tween developed and developing countries. Some of the topics in this volume present surveys of recent developments in several important areas of biotechnology and applied microbiology, while the remaining papers carry detailed research contributions.

Food Biotechnology in Ethical Perspective

Author : Paul B. Thompson
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Developments in food technology are not just the concern of scientists & manufacturers. Media attention has increased public awareness & demands for more regulations. This text covers the debate on the moral implications of developments in human food.

Fermentation Biotechnology Industrial Perspectives

Author : Subhash Chand
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What Can Nanotechnology Learn From Biotechnology

Author : Kenneth David
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What Can Nanotechnology Learn From Biotechnology? presents diverse perspectives on biotechnology and nanotechnologies. Avoiding extreme perspectives, unwarranted hype and absolute rejection, this book explores the diverse territory of proponents and opponents of challenging but potentially risky technologies. Contributions from recognized experts in their fields represent the perspectives of a diverse range of stakeholders. This book details the lessons to be learned from the controversy over genetically modified foods, and how those lessons can be applied to developing nanotechnologies, particularly agricultural and other food-related applications. Exploring the environmental, social and ethical impact of nanotechnology in addition to the technical and economical impacts, it an ideal reference for any scientist, engineer, research program administrator, resource allocator, and NGO advocate. Addresses the growing concern over the responsibility of science to the impacted population Uses real-world experience to outline practical approaches for emerging technologies Addresses the concerns of science as well as social science

Potato Biology and Biotechnology

Author : Dick Vreugdenhil
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In the past 15-20 years major discoveries have been concluded on potato biology and biotechnology. Important new tools have been developed in the area of molecular genetics, and our understanding of potato physiology has been revolutionized due to amenability of the potato to genetic transformation. This technology has impacted our understanding of the molecular basis of plant-pathogen interaction and has also opened new opportunities for the use of the potato in a variety of non-food biotechnological purposes. This book covers the potato world market as it expands further into the new millennium. Authors stress the overriding need for stable yields to eliminate human hunger and poverty, while considering solutions to enhance global production and distribution. It comprehensively describes genetics and genetic resources, plant growth and development, response to the environment, tuber quality, pests and diseases, biotechnology and crop management. Potato Biology is the most valuable reference available for all professionals involved in the potato industry, plant biologists and agronomists. Offers an understanding of the social, economic and market factors that influence production and distribution Discusses developments and useful traits in transgenic biology and genetic engineering The first reference entirely devoted to understanding new advances in potato biology and biotechnology

Nanobiotechnology

Author : Christof M. Niemeyer
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Nanotechnology is the key technology of the 21st century. The possibility to exploit the structures and processes of biomolecules for novel functional materials, biosensors, bioelectronics and medical applications has created the rapidly growing field of nanobiotechnology. Designed as a broad survey of the field, this book combines contributions from bioorganic and bioinorganic chemistry, molecular biology, materials science and bioanalytics to fathom the full scope of current and future developments. It is divided into four main sections: * Interphase Systems * Protein-based Nanostructures * DNA-based Nanostructures * Nanoanalytics Each chapter describes in detail currently available methods and contains numerous references to the primary literature, making this the perfect "field guide" for chemists, biologists and materials scientists who want to explore the fascinating world of nanobiotechnology.

Petroleum Biotechnology

Author : Rafael Vazquez-Duhalt
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This book is one of a kind in the field of petroleum biorefining and biological upgrade of petroleum; it presents a critical review as well as an integrated overview of the potential biochemical processes, bridging the gap between academia and industry. It addresses today’s demanding production challenges, taking into account energy efficient and environmentally friendly processes, and also looks at the future possibility of implementing new refinery systems. Suitable for those practitioners the petroleum industry, students and researchers interested in petroleum biotechnology. * Covers a new application field for biotechnology * Looks at innovative processes for the petroleum industry * Presents examples of modern environmental processes

Monocultures of the Mind

Author : Vandana Shiva
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Vandana Shiva has established herself as a leading independent thinker and voice for the South in that critically important nexus where questions of development strategy, the environment and the posititon of women in society coincide. In this new volume, she brings together her thinking on the protection of biodiversity, the implications of biotechnology, and the consequences for agriculture of the global pre-eminence of Western-style scientific knowledge. In lucid and accessible fashion, she examines the current threats to the planet's biodiversity and the environmental and human consequences of its erosion and replacement by monocultural production. She shows how the new Biodiversity Convention has been gravely undermined by a mixture of diplomatic dilution during the process of negotiation and Northern hi-tech interests making money out of the new biotechnologies. She explains what these technologies involve and gives examples of their impact in practice. She questions their claims to improving natural species for the good of all and highlights the ethical and environmental problems posed. Underlying her arguments is the view that the North's particular approach to scientific understanding has led to a system of monoculture in agriculture - a model that is not being foisted on the South, displacing its societies' ecologically sounder, indigenous and age-old experiences of truly sustainable food cultivation, forest management and animal husbandry. This rapidly accelerating process of technology and system transfer is impoverishing huge numbers of people, disrupting the social systems that provide them with security and dignity, and will ultimately result in a sterile planet in both North and South, In a policy intervention of potentially great significance, she calls instead for a halt, at international as well as local level, to the aid and market incentives to both large-scale destruction of habitats where biodiversity thrives and the introduction of centralised, homogenous systems of cultivation.

Technology Transfer in Biotechnology

Author : Prabuddha Ganguli
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Here, the world's top experts impart their knowledge and experience, many in print for the first time. By considering developing country markets, this book is the first truly global guide to technology transfer, helping companies all around the world to avoid costly mistakes in product development and to recover investments quickly. Individual sections treat trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights, technology transfer in health and healthcare as well as in agriculture and the environment.

Food and Agricultural Biotechnology in Ethical Perspective

Author : Paul B. Thompson
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This 3rd edition of Food and Agricultural Biotechnology in Ethical Perspective updates Thompson’s analysis to reflect the next generation of biotechnology, including synthetic biology, gene editing and gene drives. The first two editions of this book, published as Food Biotechnology in Ethical Perspective in 1997 and 2007, were the first comprehensive philosophical studies of genetic engineering applied to food systems. The book is structured with chapter length treatments of risk in four categories: food safety, to animals, to the environment and socio-economic risks. These chapters are preceded by two chapters providing orientation to the uses of gene technology in food and agriculture, and to the goals, methods and background assumptions of technological ethics. There is also a chapter covering all four types of risk as applied to the first US technology, recombinant bovine somatotropin. The last four chapters take up 1) intellectual property debates, 2) religious, metaphysical and “intrinsic” objections to biotechnology, 3) issues in risk and trust and 4) a review of ethical issues in synthetic biology, gene editing and gene drives, the three key technologies that have emerged since the book was last revised.

Transgenic Crops

Author : Muhammad Sarwar Khan
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Transgenic crops are the basis of modern agricultural biotechnology. Traits impossible to introduce by conventional breeding techniques are tailored in crops using genetic manipulation and transformation approaches. Using the technology, agronomic and medicinal traits have been developed in plants. The pace of -omics with robust methods for gene discovery and genome sequencing and more recently the use of CRISPR/Cas and gRNA/Cas technologies have widened this field to improve the genetic makeup of crops. Identification of transformation events and biosafety assessment of the introduced traits are vital for stewardship and acceptability of transgenic crops.

Animal Toxins

Author : Maria Elena de Lima
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Pharmaceutical and Medical Biotechnology

Author : Rajmund Orlicki
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This book includes information about the express assessment of cell viability in biological preparations, interfacial tension, and phase behaviour in emulsions of associative biopolymers. Also discussed are the conditions of shear flow, and interaction and structure formation of gelatin type A with thermo aggregates of bovine serum albumin, and perspectives of application of multi-angle laser light scattering and methods for quality control of medicines. A new approach to the creation of biocompatible magnetically targeted nanosystems for a smart delivery of therapeutic products, polyelectrolyte microsensors as a new tool for metabolites detection, and improvement of the functional properties of lysozyme by interaction with 5-methylresorcinol is also reviewed. The methods of study of the processes of the issue of the optical information biological object, polyelectrolyte enzyme-bearing microdiagnosticum, and a new step in clinical-biochemistry analysis and introductions in culture in in-vitro rare bulbous plants of the Sochi Black Sea Coast (Scilla, Muscari, Galanthus) are studied.

Biotechnology for Beginners

Author : Reinhard Renneberg
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Offering an exciting and colorful overview of biotechnology for professionals and students in a wide array of the life sciences, this book also appeals to the lay reader without a scientific background who is interested in an entertaining and informative introduction to the key aspects of biotechnology.

Microbial Biotechnology

Author : Ratul Saikia
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Microbial Biotechnology is wide-ranging, multi-disciplinary activities which include recombinant DNA techniques, cloning and the application of microbes to the production of goods from bread to antibiotics. This book is an attempt to highlight the significant aspects of the vast subject area of microbial biotechnology likes bioinformatics tool for PCR primer designing, fungal biotransformations, bioremediation by microbes, natural products from fungi, microbial diversity etc to provide a complete overview of the subject. It also addresses the role of bacterial plasmid in xenobiotic degradation, antimicrobial resistance in bacteria, ultraviolet-B radiation effect on microbes and human health. The book will be valuable to the researchers, biologist, microbiologist, scientists, post graduate students of microbiology, agriculture, biotechnology and medical science also.

Research Perspectives

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Status and perspectives in marine fisheries research in India

Author : M. Mohan Joseph
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Contributed articles.

Biotechnology in New Zealand a Business Perspective

Author : New Zealand. Department of Trade and Industry
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Gaia ecological perspectives for science and society

Author :
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