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Plant Breeding Reviews Volume 45

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Contents Antoine: Slave, Creole Gardener, and Expert Grafter of Pecan Trees 1 Hazelnut Breeding 9 Rewiring Network Plasticity to Improve Crops 143 Accelerating Crop Domestication in the Era of Gene Editing 185 Regional and Global Inter-Connectivity Among Common Bean Breeding Programs 213 The Plant Sciences Symposia Series: A Model for Private Sector Support for Graduate Education 255 Ideas in Genomic Selection with the Potential to Transform Plant Molecular Breeding: A Review 273 Genetic Revelations of a New Paradigm of Plant Domestication as a Landscape Level Process 321 Breeding for Acylsugar-Mediated Control of Insects and Insect-Transmitted Virus in Tomato 345

Plant Breeding Reviews Volume 45

Author : Irwin Goldman
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Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops.

Horticultural Reviews

Author : Ian Warrington
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Contributors ix Dedication: Jules Janick xiii Ian Warrington 1. THe Flowers of Fragaria × ananassa: Morphology, Response to Photoperiod, and Genetics of Induction 1 Andrew Petran and Emily Hoover I. INtroduction 2 II. STrawberry Growth, Reproduction, and Commercial Management 2 III. INflorescence Architecture 13 IV. GEnetics of Flower Induction 16 V. COnclusions 26 Literature Cited 27 2. SMall Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS): An Emerging Technology for Horticulture 33 James A. RObbins I. INtroduction 35 II. AIrcraft 36 III. SEnsors and Data Processing 42 IV. HOrticultural Applications 52 V. CHallenges 61 VI. COnclusions 64 Literature Cited 64 3. LEaf Blackening: A Serious Impediment to Long?]Term Cold Storage, Transport, and Extended Vase Life in Protea Cut Flowers 73 Eleanor W. HOffman, Waafeka Vardien, Gerard Jacobs, and Nicole E. WIndell I. INtroduction 74 II. VAriation in Expression of Leaf Blackening 76 III. PHysiological Causes of Leaf Blackening 80 IV. THe Biochemical Mechanisms of Leaf Blackening 87 V. COntrol of Leaf Blackening 90 VI. COnclusions 99 Literature Cited 100 4. SApota (Manilkara achras Forb.): Factors Influencing Fresh and Processed Fruit Quality 105 Babak Madani, Amin Mirshekari, Elhadi Yahia, and John B. GOlding I. INtroduction 107 II. NUtritive Value 111 III. PHysiological and Biochemical Changes During Fruit Maturation and Ripening 114 IV. PReharvest Effects on Postharvest Quality 120 V. PHysiological Disorders 121 VI. POstharvest Diseases 122 VII. POstharvest Technology 123 VIII. POstharvest Treatments 126 IX. N On?]Destructive Methods for Identifying Fruit Maturity and Quality 131 X. PRocessing 132 XI. SUmmary and Future Prospects 134 Literature Cited 136 5. THe Citron (Citrus medica L.) in China 143 David Karp and Xulan Hu I. INtroduction 145 II. HIstory and Culture 145 III. NOmenclature 147 IV. CUrrent Citron Cultivation in China 148 V. MAjor Cultivars of Chinese Citron and Select Citron Hybrids 158 VI. GErmplasm Status; Regional and Global Perspective 190 Literature Cited 192 6. APple Rootstocks: History, Physiology, Management, and Breeding 197 Richard P. MArini and Gennaro Fazio I. INtroduction 198 II. HIstory 199 III. ROotstock-Scion Interactions 204 IV. STresses Influencing Rootstock Performance 225 V. INterstems 259 VI. INfluence of Rootstock on Fruit Characteristics 262 VII. GEnetics and Breeding 266 VIII. ROotstock Evaluation 277 Literature Cited 282 7. CAnopy Growth and Development Processes in Apples and Grapevines: Responses to Temperature 313 Dennis H. GReer I. INtroduction 315 II. PHenology 316 III. DOrmant Buds in Apple Trees and Grapevines 317 IV. WInter Chilling in Apple Trees and Grapevines 319 V. BUdbreak and Shoot Development in Apple Trees and Grapevines 320 VI. FRuit Growth 332 VII. BIomass Partitioning 338 VIII. PHotosynthesis and the Carbon Economy 340 IX. ABiotic Stress Effects on Canopy Physiology 349 X. IMpact of Climate Change on Phenology 355 XI. COnclusions 357 Literature Cited 358 8. ORganic Acids in Fruits: Metabolism, Functions and Contents 371 Robert P. WAlker and Franco Famiani I. INtroduction 373 II. T He Function of the Flesh of Fruits and its Implication for their Organic Acid Contents 375 III. ACids that Contain a Benzene Ring: The Aromatic Acids 377 IV. T He Inter?]Related Acids: Ascorbic, Oxalic, Tartaric, and Galacturonic 385 V. FAtty Acids 398 VI. MAlic, Citric, and Metabolically Related Acids 399 VII. COnclusions 412 Literature Cited 413 Subject Index 431 Cumulative Subject Index 435 Cumulative Contributor Index 473

Plant Breeding Reviews

Author : Irwin Goldman
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Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops.

Plant Breeding Reviews

Author : Jules Janick
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Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops. It is a serial title that appears in the form of one or two volumes per year.

Plant Breeding Reviews

Author : Jules Janick
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Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops. It is a serial title that appears in the form of one or two volumes per year.

Plant Breeding Reviews

Author : Jules Janick
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Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant breeding and genetics covering horticultural, agronomic and forestry crops, incorporating both traditional and molecular methods. The contributions are authored by world authorities, anonymously reviewed, and edited by Professor Jules Janick of Purdue University, USA. The series is an indispensible resource for crop breeders, plant scientists, and teachers involved in crop improvement and genetic resources. Initiated in 1983, Plant Breeding Reviews is published in the form of one or two volumes per year. Recently published articles include: Epigenetics and Plant Breeding (v30) Enhancing Crop Gene Pools with Beneficial Traits Using Wild Relatives (v30) Coffee Germplasm Resources, Genomics and Breeding (v30) Molecular Genetics and Breeding for Fatty Acid Manipulation in Soybean (v30) Breeding Southern Highbush Blueberries (v30) Development of Fire Blight Resistance by Recombinant DNA Technology (v29)

Plant Breeding Reviews

Author : Jules Janick
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Plant Breeding Reviews is an ongoing series presenting state-of-the art review articles on research in plant genetics, especially the breeding of commercially important crops. Articles perform the valuable function of collecting, comparing, and contrasting the primary journal literature in order to form an overview of the topic. This detailed analysis bridges the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of plant scientists.

Plant Breeding Reviews

Author : Jules Janick
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This helpful book presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops.

Plant Breeding Reviews

Author : Jules Janick
File Size : 69.17 MB
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Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant breeding and genetics covering horticultural, agronomic and forestry crops, incorporating both traditional and molecular methods. The contributions are authored by world authorities, anonymously reviewed, and edited by Professor Jules Janick of Purdue University, USA. The series is an indispensible resource for crop breeders, plant scientists, and teachers involved in crop improvement and genetic resources.