Search Results for "plant-variation-and-evolution"

Plant Variation and Evolution

Plant Variation and Evolution

  • Author: David Briggs,Stuart Max Walters
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110760222X
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 600
  • View: 2374
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A long-awaited fourth edition of a classic text, now fully revised and updated for the molecular era.

Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms

Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms

Toward a New Synthesis 50 Years after Stebbins

  • Author: National Academy of Sciences
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 9780309172264
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 5012
DOWNLOAD NOW »
"The present book is intended as a progress report on [the] synthetic approach to evolution as it applies to the plant kingdom." With this simple statement, G. Ledyard Stebbins formulated the objectives of Variation and Evolution in Plants, published in 1950, setting forth for plants what became known as the "synthetic theory of evolution" or "the modern synthesis." The pervading conceit of the book was the molding of Darwin's evolution by natural selection within the framework of rapidly advancing genetic knowledge. At the time, Variation and Evolution in Plants significantly extended the scope of the science of plants. Plants, with their unique genetic, physiological, and evolutionary features, had all but been left completely out of the synthesis until that point. Fifty years later, the National Academy of Sciences convened a colloquium to update the advances made by Stebbins. This collection of 17 papers marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Stebbins' classic. Organized into five sections, the book covers: early evolution and the origin of cells, virus and bacterial models, protoctist models, population variation, and trends and patterns in plant evolution.

Plant Variation 2ed

Plant Variation 2ed

  • Author: D. Briggs,S. M. Walters
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521257060
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 416
  • View: 5788
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Considers how the study of variation in plants has developed over the last 300 years. Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.

Plant Breeding Systems

Plant Breeding Systems

  • Author: A. J. Richards
  • Publisher: Garland Science
  • ISBN: 9780412574504
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 529
  • View: 1762
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This illustrated text attempts to provide a unified and comprehensive coverage of plant breeding systems, a subject vital to plant geneticists, plant breeders, taxonomists, evolutionists and conservationists.

Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens

Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens

Ecology, Evolution, and Genetics

  • Author: Robert S. Fritz,Ellen L. Simms
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226265537
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 590
  • View: 2719
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Far from being passive elements in the landscape, plants have developed many sophisticated chemical and mechanical means of deterring organisms that seek to prey on them. This volume draws together research from ecology, evolution, agronomy, and plant pathology to produce an ecological genetics perspective on plant resistance in both natural and agricultural systems. By emphasizing the ecological and evolutionary basis of resistance, the book makes an important contribution to the study of how phytophages and plants coevolve. Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens not only reviews the literature pertaining to plant resistance from a number of traditionally separate fields but also examines significant questions that will drive future research. Among the topics explored are selection for resistance in plants and for virulence in phytophages; methods for studying natural variation in plant resistance; the factors that maintain intraspecific variation in resistance; and the ecological consequences of within-population genetic variation for herbivorous insects and fungal pathogens. "A comprehensive review of the theory and information on a large, rapidly growing, and important subject."—Douglas J. Futuyma, State University of New York, Stony Brook

Variable plants and herbivores in natural and managed systems

Variable plants and herbivores in natural and managed systems

  • Author: Robert Denno
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • ISBN: 0323142877
  • Category: Nature
  • Page: 734
  • View: 3478
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Variable Plants and Herbivores in Natural and Managed Systems examines individual, population, species, and community responses of herbivores to plant variation, with emphasis on insects, fungi, bacteria, and viruses. It is divided into five parts encompassing 18 chapters that discuss variability as a mechanism of defense used by plants against their parasites and the effects of variability on herbivores at several different levels of complexity. After a brief discussion on plant-herbivore interactions, the first part of this book considers sources of within-plant variation and effects on the distribution and abundance of herbivores. Part II examines interplant variation, the co-evolutionary problems it poses for herbivores, and the ecological and evolutionary responses of these animals. It discusses the effects of host-plant variability on the fitness of sedentary herbivorous insects. Part III discusses the role of host variability in the evolution of feeding specialization, genetic differentiation, and race formation. The importance of host variation to the organization of herbivore communities and the manipulation of host-plant variability for the management of herbivore pest populations are presented in the remaining parts. This book will be helpful to agriculturists, silviculturists, biologists, and researchers who wish to expand their knowledge in dynamics of plant-herbivore relationships.

Invasive Plant Ecology i...

Invasive Plant Ecology i...

  • Author: Booth, B.D.,Murphy, S.D.,Swanton, C.J.
  • Publisher: CABI
  • ISBN: 1780640668
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3958
DOWNLOAD NOW »

Molecular Systematics of Plants

Molecular Systematics of Plants

  • Author: Pamela S. Soltis,Douglas E. Soltis,J.J. Doyle
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780412022418
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 448
  • View: 8168
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The application of molecular techniques is rapidly transforming the study of plant systematics. The precision they offer enables researchers to classify plants that have not been subject to rigorous classification before and thus allows them to obtain a clearer picture of evolutionary relationships. Plant Molecular Systematics is arranged both conceptually and phylogenetically to accommodate the interests not only of general systematists, but also those of people interested in a particular plant family. The first part discusses molecular sequencing; the second reviews restriction site analysis and the sequencing of mitochondrial DNA. A third section details the analysis of ribosomal DNA and chloroplast DNA. The following section introduces model studies involving well-studied families such as the Onagraceae, Compositae and Leguminosae. The book concludes with a section addressing theoretical topics such as data analysis and the question of morphological vs. molecular data.

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

  • Author: Mary Jane West-Eberhard
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780198028567
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 916
  • View: 5236
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behavior, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics to show the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to relate environmentally sensitive development to the genetic theory of adaptive evolution and to explain major patterns of change. In this book development includes not only embryology and the ontogeny of morphology, sometimes portrayed inadequately as governed by "regulatory genes," but also behavioral development and physiological adaptation, where plasticity is mediated by genetically complex mechanisms like hormones and learning. The book shows how the universal qualities of phenotypes--modular organization and plasticity--facilitate both integration and change. Here you will learn why it is wrong to describe organisms as genetically programmed; why environmental induction is likely to be more important in evolution than random mutation; and why it is crucial to consider both selection and developmental mechanism in explanations of adaptive evolution. This book satisfies the need for a truly general book on development, plasticity and evolution that applies to living organisms in all of their life stages and environments. Using an immense compendium of examples on many kinds of organisms, from viruses and bacteria to higher plants and animals, it shows how the phenotype is reorganized during evolution to produce novelties, and how alternative phenotypes occupy a pivotal role as a phase of evolution that fosters diversification and speeds change. The arguments of this book call for a new view of the major themes of evolutionary biology, as shown in chapters on gradualism, homology, environmental induction, speciation, radiation, macroevolution, punctuation, and the maintenance of sex. No other treatment of development and evolution since Darwin's offers such a comprehensive and critical discussion of the relevant issues. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is designed for biologists interested in the development and evolution of behavior, life-history patterns, ecology, physiology, morphology and speciation. It will also appeal to evolutionary paleontologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and teachers of general biology.

Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology

Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology

  • Author: David Gibson
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191651230
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 2163
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The field of plant population ecology has advanced considerably in the last decade since the first edition was published. In particular there have been substantial and ongoing advances in statistics and modelling applications in population ecology, as well as an explosion of new techniques reflecting the availability of new technologies (e.g. affordable and accurate Global Positioning Systems) and advances in molecular biology. This new edition has been updated and revised with more recent examples replacing older ones where appropriate. The book's trademark question-driven approach has been maintained and some important topics such as the metapopulation concept which are missing entirely from the current edition are now included throughout the text.