Search results for: polyamines-in-plants

Plant Polyamines

Author : Taku Takahashi
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Polyamines are small organic compounds found in all living organisms. In recent years, there have been many exciting advances in our understanding of plant polyamines, such as the determination of the biosynthetic and catabolic pathways of plant polyamines and the identification of the roles that plant polyamines play in cellular processes. This Special Issue contains six original research papers and three review articles, providing valuable insights and information for future polyamine-related research.

The Physiology of Polyamines

Author : Uriel Bachrach
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The state of the art in the area of polyamines is presented in this useful, two-volume publication. Basic information describing the role of polyamines in the processes of growth and differentiation is given. Also included are data on the regulation of polyamine biosynthesis and metabolism and their interactions with nucleic acids. Several chapters are devoted to the role of polyamines in various aspects of plant biology, with a special emphasis on their participation in the response of plants to extreme environments. Special attention is given to the use of inhibitors of polyamine biosynthesis as potential antitumor and antiproliferative agents. Additionally, recent progress in the molecular biology and genetic engineering of genes coding for polyamine biosynthetic enzymes is described. Cancer researchers, biologists, geneticists, biochemists, physiologists, and clinicians will find this volume indispensible. Contents VOLUME II: POLYAMINES IN MICROBES. Polyamines and the Growth of Bacteria and Viruses. Polyamines in Thermophiles. Propylamine Transfer Reactions in Thermophilic Archaebacteria: Enzymological Aspects and Comparative Biochemistry. Microbial Mutants Deficient in Polyamine Synthesis. Regulation of the Putrescine Biosynthetic Genes (SpeA, speB, and speC) in Escherichia coli. Utilization of L-Arginine, L-Ornithine, Agmatine, and Putrescine as the Major Source of Nitrogen and Its Control in Escherichia coli. POLYAMINES AND PLANTS. Polyamines and Plant Response to Stress. Polyamines and Plant Growth and Development. Polyamines and Plant Hormones. Polyamines in Plant Mutants. POLYAMINES AND DISEASES. Polyamines in Health and Disease. Polyamine Metabolism and Neoplastic Growth: A Programmed Deregulation? Polyamines as Markers of Malignancy. Polyamines as Indicators of Disease Activity and Response to Therapy in Cancer Patients. Inhibitors of Polyamine Biosynthesis as Therapeutic Agents. Clinical Studies of a- Difluoromethylornithine and a-Interferon in Cancer Patients. Changes in Polyamine Metabolism in Tumor-Bearing Hosts with Total Parenteral Nutrition and Intravenous Infusion of a-Difluoromethylornithine. Index. c. 328 pp., 7x10, due February 1989, ISBN-0-8493-6809-X.

Polyamines in Plants

Author : Arthur W. Galston
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Biochemistry and Physiology of Polyamines in Plants

Author : Robert D. Slocum
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Biochemistry and Physiology of Polyamines in Plants provides a comprehensive introduction to commonly used methods in polyamine research and the problems unique to plant studies. Topics discussed include polyamine metabolism in plants, the functions of polyamines in plant growth and development, and an examination of analytical methods for polyamines and enzymes of polyamine metabolism. Agronomists, plant physiologists, and biochemists interested in polyamines in plants will find this book to be a valuable reference resource.

Polyamines in Plants

Author : Arthur W. Galston
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Polyamines in Plant Biotechnology Food Nutrition and Human Health

Author : Rubén Alcázar
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Plant polyamines in stress and development

Author : Rubén Alcázar
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Polyamines are small aliphatic polycations which have been involved in key stress and developmental processes in plants. In the recent years, compelling genetic and molecular evidences point to polyamines as essential metabolites required for resistance to drought, freezing, salinity, oxidative stress among other type of abiotic and biotic stresses. In addition to their role as stress-protective compounds, polyamines participate in key developmental processes mediated by specific signaling pathways or in cross-regulation with other plant hormones. Our Research Topic aims to integrate the multiple stress and developmental regulatory functions of polyamines in plants under a genetic, molecular and evolutionary perspective with special focus on signaling networks, mechanisms of action and metabolism regulation.

Polyamines

Author : Tomonobu Kusano
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This book covers key topics in polyamine research from a range of organisms, including plants, mammals, and prokaryotes such as bacteria and archaea. The book provides an introduction to general concepts in the field of polyamine research, as well as more detailed information. With the availability of genome sequence data from a broad range of organisms, the evolution of the genes involved in polyamine metabolism is discussed. The mode of action of polyamines has been shown to be dependent on cation channels, and this mechanism is described in the book. The origin of polyamine transporters (from bacteria, yeasts, and plants) is described. The various effects of polyamines on growth and survival are also documented. The book details the mechanisms of polyamine homeostasis and the role of polyamine molecules as precursors of secondary metabolites such as plant alkaloids and toxins derived from spiders and wasps. The role of polyamines in longevity and disease is discussed. A link between polyamine contents and cancer progression is reported, as is the use of polyamine metabolites as diagnostic markers in the initial stages of cancer. Moreover, a novel approach that utilizes the polyamine pathway of a parasite as a drug target in African sleeping sickness is described. Therefore, this book is a valuable resource, both as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students and also as a reference book for front-line polyamine researchers.

Hazardous and Trace Materials in Soil and Plants

Author : M. Naeem
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Hazardous and Trace Materials in Soil and Plants: Sources, Effects and Management explores the latest advancements in reducing, avoiding and eliminating soil contaminants that challenge the health and safety of agricultural plants. With a focus on minimizing the production of those hazardous substances, controlling their distribution and ensuring safe utilization, the book explores each contributing area and provides insights toward improved, sustainable and secure production. This is an excellent reference resource on both current research and future directions from laboratory research to field applications. The combined impacts of climate change and industrialization have led to increased and diversified threats to the health of the soil in which our food crops are grown, as well as in the plants themselves. This dual-hazard scenario is increasingly recognized as a threat to not just the environment, but to global food security as agricultural soils contaminated with pollutants alter plant metabolism, thus resulting in reduced crop quality and production quantity. Addresses the challenges of mitigating toxic substances in plants, including agricultural crops Presents current status and future prospects for managing biotic and abiotic environmental stress factors through plant stress tolerance mechanisms Includes chapters that address both biotic and abiotic stresses, agricultural and environmental science, toxicology, biotechnology, nanotechnology, and molecular studies Integrates insights and developments between environmental and plant science

Progress in Plant Growth Regulation

Author : C.M. Karssen
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The current growing interest of molecular biologists in plant hormone research is undoubtedly the most promising development of recent times. Many papers were presented during the 14th International Conference on Plant Growth Substances illustrating the impact of this new approach on our understanding of hormone-controlled processes. The specific character is the integrated study of plant growth regulation at all levels ranging from single molecules to the entire plant and its functioning in the environment. Hormones play an essential role in the regulation, but not an exclusive one. Other compounds and factors, such as Ca2+, for instance are often of equal relevance, because they may take part in the signal transduction pathway. Moreover, regulation of the regulator by non-hormonal factors is an essential part of any control mechanism. The present volume reflects the change in interest from plant growth substances to plant growth regulation.