Search results for: potters-and-communities-of-practice

Potters and Communities of Practice

Author : Linda S. Cordell
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The peoples of the American Southwest during the 13th through the 17th centuries witnessed dramatic changes in settlement size, exchange relationships, ideology, social organization, and migrations that included those of the first European settlers. Concomitant with these world-shaking events, communities of potters began producing new kinds of wares—particularly polychrome and glaze-paint decorated pottery—that entailed new technologies and new materials. The contributors to this volume present results of their collaborative research into the production and distribution of these new wares, including cutting-edge chemical and petrographic analyses. They use the insights gained to reflect on the changing nature of communities of potters as they participated in the dynamic social conditions of their world.

Pottery and Practice

Author : Suzanne L. Eckert
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Pottery and Practice examines decorated pottery and its production in prehispanic New Mexico's Lower Rio Puerco area through the lens of practice theory. Arguing that social relations can be interpreted from the mundane practice of everyday life, Eckert shows how the relationship between ethnicity, migration, and ritual practice combined to create a complexly patterned material culture among residents of two fourteenth-century Pueblo villages. Focusing specifically on the social boundaries that existed between immigrant and local Pueblo groups, she argues that tensions between these groups were articulated in potters' decisions of how to make and decorate their vessels. After providing the archaeological and temporal context of her study, Eckert defines communities of practice and communities of identity within Pottery Mound and Hummingbird Pueblo, and then examines these communities in light of migration and ritual practice.

Ancestral Zuni Glaze decorated Pottery

Author : Deborah L. Huntley
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In the Pueblo IV period (1275-1600) potters began to make distinctive polychrome vessels, which have been linked by archaeologists to new ideologies and religious practices in the area. This research examines interaction networks along settlement clusters in the Zuni region of west-central New Mexico in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, using analytical techniques such as INAA sourcing of ceramic pastes.

Maya Potters Indigenous Knowledge

Author : Dean E. Arnold
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Based on fieldwork and reflection over a period of almost fifty years, Maya Potters’ Indigenous Knowledge utilizes engagement theory to describe the indigenous knowledge of traditional Maya potters in Ticul, Yucatán, Mexico. In this heavily illustrated narrative account, Dean E. Arnold examines craftspeople’s knowledge and skills, their engagement with their natural and social environments, the raw materials they use for their craft, and their process for making pottery. Following Lambros Malafouris, Tim Ingold, and Colin Renfrew, Arnold argues that potters’ indigenous knowledge is not just in their minds but extends to their engagement with the environment, raw materials, and the pottery-making process itself and is recursively affected by visual and tactile feedback. Pottery is not just an expression of a mental template but also involves the interaction of cognitive categories, embodied muscular patterns, and the engagement of those categories and skills with the production process. Indigenous knowledge is thus a product of the interaction of mind and material, of mental categories and action, and of cognition and sensory engagement—the interaction of both human and material agency. Engagement theory has become an important theoretical approach and “indigenous knowledge” (as cultural heritage) is the focus of much current research in anthropology, archaeology, and cultural resource management. While Dean Arnold’s previous work has been significant in ceramic ethnoarchaeology, Maya Potters' Indigenous Knowledge goes further, providing new evidence and opening up different concepts and approaches to understanding practical processes. It will be of interest to a wide variety of researchers in Maya studies, material culture, material sciences, ceramic ecology, and ethnoarchaeology.

Knowledge in Motion

Author : Andrew P. Roddick
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"This book brings together archaeologists, historians, and cultural anthropologists to explore communities engaged in a range of practices, from spiritual mediums in east Africa, healers and fishermen in the Amazon, potters of the U.S. Southwest, and populations navigating climate change in the deep past, drawing on the growing interdisciplinary situated learning scholarship to explore processes of learning"--Provided by publisher.

Materiality Techniques and Society in Pottery Production

Author : Daniel Albero Santacreu
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Daniel Albero Santacreu presents a wide overview of certain aspects of the pottery analysis and summarizes most of the methodological and theoretical information currently applied in archaeology in order to develop wide and deep analysis of ceramic pastes. The book provides an adequate framework for understanding the way pottery production is organised and clarifies the meaning and role of the pottery in archaeological and traditional societies. The goal of this book is to encourage reflection, especially by those researchers who face the analysis of ceramics for the first time, by providing a background for the generation of their own research and to formulate their own questions depending on their concerns and interests. The three-part structure of the book allows readers to move easily from the analysis of the reality and ceramic material culture to the world of the ideas and theories and to develop a dialogue between data and their interpretation. Daniel Albero Santacreu is a Lecturer Assistant in the University of the Balearic Islands, member of the Research Group Arqueo UIB and the Ceramic Petrology Group. He has carried out the analysis of ceramics from several prehistoric societies placed in the Western Mediterranean, as well as the study of handmade pottery from contemporary ethnic groups in Northeast Ghana.

The Social Life of Pots

Author : Judith A. Habicht-Mauche
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The demographic upheavals that altered the social landscape of the Southwest from the thirteenth through the seventeenth centuries forced peoples from diverse backgrounds to literally remake their worlds—transformations in community, identity, and power that are only beginning to be understood through innovations in decorated ceramics. In addition to aesthetic changes that included new color schemes, new painting techniques, alterations in design, and a greater emphasis on iconographic imagery, some of the wares reflect a new production efficiency resulting from more specialized household and community-based industries. Also, they were traded over longer distances and were used more often in public ceremonies than earlier ceramic types. Through the study of glaze-painted pottery, archaeologists are beginning to understand that pots had “social lives” in this changing world and that careful reconstruction of the social lives of pots can help us understand the social lives of Puebloan peoples. In this book, fifteen contributors apply a wide range of technological and stylistic analysis techniques to pottery of the Rio Grande and Western Pueblo areas to show what it reveals about inter- and intra-community dynamics, work groups, migration, trade, and ideology in the precontact and early postcontact Puebloan world. Through material evidence, the contributors reveal that technological and aesthetic innovations were deliberately manipulated and disseminated to actively construct “communities of practice” that cut across language and settlement groups. The Social Life of Pots offers a wealth of new data from this crucial period of prehistory and is an important baseline for future work in this area.

Potter and Perry s Fundamentals of Nursing Second South Asia Edition E Book

Author : Sharma Suresh
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Fundamentals of Nursing by Potter and Perry is a widely appreciated textbook on nursing foundations/fundamentals. Its comprehensive coverage provides fundamental nursing concepts, skills and techniques of nursing practice and a firm foundation for more advanced areas of study. This Second South Asia edition of Potter and Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing not only provides the well-established, authentic content of international standards but also caters to the specific curriculum requirements of nursing students of the region. SALIENT FEATURES Fully compliant to the INC curriculum Easy-to-read, interesting and involving disposition, which leads the reader through various facets of nursing foundations/ fundamentals Improved layout, design and presentation A number of photographs replaced with the Indian ones to provide regional feel to the content Long Answer and Short Answer questions added at the end of every chapter

M moires de la Soci t finno ougrienne

Author : Suomalais-ugrilainen Seura
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Painted Pottery of Honduras

Author : Rosemary A Joyce
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Situating the Pot and Potter

Author : Katelyn Elizabeth Mather
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This study examines the pottery from two archaeological sites that date to the beginning of the early Late Woodland period. In order to understand the production and use of ceramic vessels at the sites, a wide range of ceramic attributes are recorded and analyzed. A second component of the research is to understand the settlement patterns at the site, in order to determine how space was organized at the sites. Through these analyses, I situate these sites within the wider context of southwestern Ontario in the 11th century A.D.I adopt a 'communities of practice' approach, and conclude that the similarities in ceramics throughout the Great Lakes during this time period can be seen as indicating high levels of social interaction, as well as overlapping communities of practice, in which potters may have moved across the landscape and continued their craft traditions in new communities.

Archaeology Without Borders

Author : Laurie D. Webster
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Archaeology without Borders presents new research by leading U.S. and Mexican scholars and explores the impacts on archaeology of the border between the United States and Mexico. Including data previously not readily available to English-speaking readers, the twenty-four essays discuss early agricultural adaptations in the region and groundbreaking archaeological research on social identity and cultural landscapes, as well as economic and social interactions within the area now encompassed by northern Mexico and the U.S. Southwest. Contributors examining early agriculture offer models for understanding the transition to agriculture, explore relationships between the spread of agriculture and Uto-Aztecan migrations, and present data from Arizona, New Mexico, and Chihuahua. Contributors focusing on social identity discuss migration, enculturation, social boundaries, and ethnic identities. They draw on case studies that include diverse artifact classes - rock art, lithics, architecture, murals, ceramics, cordage, sandals, baskets, faunal remains, and oral histories. Mexican scholars present data from Chihuahua, Durango, Zacatecas, Michoacan, Coahuila, and Nuevo Leon. They address topics including Spanish-indigenous conflicts, archaeological history, cultural landscapes, and interactions among Mesoamerica, northern Mexico, and the U.S. Southwest. Laurie D. Webster is a visiting scholar in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Arizona. Maxine E. McBrinn is a postdoctoral research scientist at the Field Museum in Chicago. Proceedings of the 2004 Southwest Symposium. Contributors include Karen R. Adams, M. Nicolás Caretta, Patricia Carot, John Carpenter, Jeffery Clark, Linda S. Cordell, William E. Doolittle, Suzanne L. Eckert, Gayle J. Fritz, Eduardo Gamboa Carrera, Leticia González Arratia, Arturo Guevara Sánchez, Robert J. Hard, Kelly Hays-Gilpin, Marie-Areti Hers, Amber L. Johnson, Steven A. LeBlanc, Patrick Lyons, Jonathan B. Mabry, A. C. MacWilliams, Federico Mancera, Maxine E. McBrinn, Francisco Mendiola Galván, William L. Merrill, Martha Monzón Flores, Scott G. Ortman, John R. Roney, Guadalupe Sanchez de Carpenter, Moisés Valadez Moreno, Bradley J. Vierra, Laurie D. Webster, and Phil C. Weigand.

Pottery Manufacturing Processes

Author : Alexandre Livingstone-Smith
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These seventeen papers, from a colloquium held at the XIVth UISPP Congress at the University of Liege in 2001, combine archaeological, ethnographic and technical approaches to present the current state of research in the study of pottery technology. The colloquium's aim was to highlight key topics, such as clay preparation, shaping techniques, decoration and firing and post-firing treatments, whilst addressing problems in methodologies. Ethnographic contributions present case studies from the Amazon, Sub-Saharan Africa, India, Gambi and Senegal; two papers present methods of technical identification; nine papers reconstruct and interpret pottery manufacturing processes in archaeological contexts. These examine assemblages from Neolithic and Chalcolithic sites in Belgium, France, Switzerland, Mauritania and the Levant. Nine papers in English, the rest in French; all have English and French abstracts.

Artisans Rule

Author : Ina Miloglav
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Craft production and its significance for understanding social relations are one of the essential topics in prehistoric archaeology. Standardization of raw materials, products, and manufacturing procedures, and the presence or absence of specialized artisans still challenge scholars engaged in the studies of technology, social archaeology, exchange and distribution networks and economy in the past. In this volume, seven case studies covering a chronological span from the Neolithic to La Tène Europe explore the notions of standardization and specialization, the nature of their interrelationship, the methods for assessing their presence in the archaeological record, and their significance for the reconstruction of social relations and emergence of social complexity, while two ethnoarchaeological studies focus on the organization of production and methods of estimation of a number of artisans. This volume brings together research from prominent scholars, based on different theoretical perspectives, thus giving new insight into the fundamental issues related to artisans and their crafts.

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

Author : Glenn Hinson
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Southern folklife is the heart of southern culture. Looking at traditional practices still carried on today as well as at aspects of folklife that are dynamic and emergent, contributors to this volume of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture examine a broad range of folk traditions. Moving beyond the traditional view of folklore that situates it in historical practice and narrowly defined genres, entries in this volume demonstrate how folklife remains a vital part of communities' self-definitions. Fifty thematic entries address subjects such as car culture, funerals, hip-hop, and powwows. In 56 topical entries, contributors focus on more specific elements of folklife, such as roadside memorials, collegiate stepping, quinceanera celebrations, New Orleans marching bands, and hunting dogs. Together, the entries demonstrate that southern folklife is dynamically alive and everywhere around us, giving meaning to the everyday unfolding of community life.

Not So Much a Pot More a Way of Life

Author : Christopher G. Cumberpatch
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There is more to artefact analysis than the study of chronology and provenance. This is the theme of these essays which are based on discussions at the Theoretical Archaeology Group conferences at Durham and Bradford in 1993 and 1994. The authors are concerned that some of the theoretical and practical orientations of artefact analysis are restrictive and of questionable validity. Contents include: Individual and community choice in present-day pottery production and exchange in the Andes (Bill Sillar); The social context of eating and drinking in early Roman Britain (Karen I Meadows); Historical, geographical and anthropological imaginations: early ceramics in southern Italy (M Z Pluciennik); From ceramic finishes to modes of production: Iron Age finewares from central France (Kevin Andrews); Why do excavation reports have finds catalogues? (Penelope M Allison); Family, household and production: the potters of the Saintonge, France, 1500 to 1800 (Elizabeth Musgrave); The social significance of imported medieval pottery (Duncan H Brown); Habitus, social identity and Anglo-Saxon pottery (P W Blinkhorn); Towards a phenomenological approach to the study of medieval pottery (C G Cumberpatch); Size is important: Iron Age vessel capacities in central and southern England (Ann Woodward & Paul Blinkhorn).

Archaeology and Apprenticeship

Author : Willeke Wendrich
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Demonstrates how archaeology can benefit from the understanding of the social dimensions of knowledge transfer. Also examines apprenticeship in archaeology against a backdrop of sociological and cognitive psychology literature.

Landscape and Social Practice

Author : Leigh Andrea Symonds
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The reconstruction of ancient landscapes is not just about physical entities, but also about conceptual ones. Based on her PhD dissertation, Symonds examines how material culture can be used to reflect on landscape and social practice, taking pottery production in 10th-century Lincolnshire as her case study. Taking a combined theoretical, geographical, historical, typological, GIS and statistical approach, she looks at the ways in which material culture structured social life and explores how daily practices, memory, perceptions of places, territory and movement can bring a better understanding of how landscapes were formed, used and perceived.

Journal of Anthropological Research

Author :
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Remembering Dennis Potter Through Fans Extras and Archives

Author : J. Garde-Hansen
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An accessible case study of television heritage, Remembering Dennis Potter Through Fans, Extras and Archive draws on the memories of fans and extras of Potter's productions. In providing insight into issues of visibility, memory and television production, it fulfils a vital need for better understanding of television production history as heritage.