Search results for: promoters-and-politicians

Promoters and politicians

Author : Brian J. Young
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Promoters and Politicians

Author : Brian J. Young
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The Conceptual Politics of Democracy Promotion

Author : Christopher Hobson
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How do different meanings of the concept of ‘democracy’ operate in democracy promotion? How do conceptual decisions influence real political events? How is policy and reflection on democracy promotion shaped by the way different practitioners and scholars understand democracy? The Conceptual Politics of Democracy Promotion explores the way in which the meaning, content and context of ‘democracy’ are interpreted by different actors in democracy promotion, and how these influence political decisions. Introducing a theoretically new approach to the study of democracy promotion, the volume shows how the alternate ways that democracy can be understood reflects specific interpretations of political and normative ideals, as well as being closely tied to social power relations, interests, and struggles between political actors. With original contributions from some of the most prominent specialists on democracy promotion and democratization, the book examines a number of concrete cases of democracy promotion and contestation over democracy’s meaning. Re-examining democracy promotion at its time of crisis, this book will be of interest scholars and students of democracy and democratization, politics and international relations, international law, development studies and political theory.

Promoters and Politicians

Author : Brian J. Young
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The history of the north-shore railways provides a case study in the complexities of industrial development in nineteenth-century Quebec. As this study so clearly demonstrates, Quebec paid a high price in making its contribution to linking Canada by steel a mari usque ad mare.

Israel and Palestine Political Report

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The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion

Author : Jonas Wolff
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Though scholarly attention to democracy promotion is increasing, there is still little comparative and theoretically-based work on the protagonists of democracy promotion. This book investigates the motives that drive democracy promotion in a comparative and theoretically oriented manner, exploring how democracy promoters deal with conflicting objectives and the factors that shape their behaviour. It also addresses the more policy-oriented debate on the contemporary challenges to democracy promotion, focusing on US and German policies towards three kinds of challenges: the emergence of ‘radical’ leftist governments in Bolivia and Ecuador, the political rise of Islamist movements in Turkey and Pakistan, and the consolidation of (semi-)authoritarian rule in Belarus and Russia. In each case, North-Western democracy promoters have been confronted with serious conflicts of objectives between security, economic interests and democracy promotion. The analysis and comparison of such situations in which democracy promoters have to deal with competing objectives and make tough decisions provides powerful evidence as to the factors that shape democracy promotion. The Comparative International Politics of Democracy Promotion will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, comparative politics, democratization studies and foreign policy.

The Politics of Promotion

Author : Bonnie Marcus
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Break into the power circle and build relationships that advancecareers The Politics of Promotion offers women the tools andguidance they need to successfully navigate the realities of theirorganization, emphasizing the need to understand office politics toget the promotions and recognition they deserve. Written by BonnieMarcus, a professional coach who focuses on helping women advancetheir careers, this book demonstrates the impact of relationshipsand sponsorship on career trajectory. Readers will learn whyexcellence and achievement aren't propulsion enough to get ahead,and how networking with power and intention can make all thedifference in perception, reputation, and promotion. Far beyond thetypical advice of "be assertive" and "embrace ambition," this bookprovides a unique and proven method for becoming a bigger player inthe workplace and avoiding unexpected trip-ups that can add yearsto the climb—or end it for good. Many women focus on performance, thinking that good work garnerspromotion. Too often, they're left outside of the circles of powerand influence where decisions are made that affect their careers.The Politics of Promotion provides a framework for breakinginto that circle, and taking control of one's own career path,specifically showing how to: Navigate office politics successfully Build and nurture key relationships Get comfortable with self-promotion Avoid potentially disastrous "blindsides" Women who want to advance cannot afford to view politics as"dirty." It's the reality of the workplace, one that differsbetween organizations and fluctuates over time. Although beingsavvy about office politics is important for both genders,unconscious bias and stereotypes create special challenges forwomen. Learning to navigate these complex rules and customs is thekey to professional recognition for women, fostering relationshipsthat reach far beyond the next evaluation. Women looking to getahead will find that the insights in The Politics ofPromotion can help smooth the way.

Gender Maya Identity and the Multi level Politics of Forming Community Health Promoters in Highland Guatemala

Author : Heidi Maria Zavatone-Veth
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This dissertation examines the process and politics of training community health promoters in three non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working in the Kaqchikel Maya-speaking region of Guatemala's central highlands in the mid-1990s. Although prior research on community health worker (CHW) programs has tended to focus on the role of either local-level culture or macro-level political economy in affecting CHW participation, this comparative NGO analysis highlights the critical role of local organizations in linking macro and micro-level influences and in shaping the patterns and meaning of CHW participation. In particular, I found that different training approaches had a significant impact on the characteristics of trainees, including their gender and life cycle stage. I argue that from their founding, Guatemalan health promoter programs have helped determine who took on this new health role. I examine three major debates within these programs regarding health promotion, traditional Maya medicine, and women's involvement to elucidate how these NGOs helped form distinct images of health, gender, and ethnic identity through their training philosophies and procedures, thereby contributing to changes in individual promoter lives and to broader social identity movements. I suggest that conflicts over the debate issues arose from shifting and often contradictory ideas and material conditions at different levels regarding health work, Maya identity, and gender, which often left NGO trainers and promoters caught in the middle. In addition to revealing inconsistencies in macro-level policies, this study demonstrates variability in views and practices at the local community level, belying any simple conclusions about the impact of â€local culture.†Furthermore, the NGO comparison highlights how organization traits including the health promotion philosophy, training scale, and staff composition influenced the ways organizations approached health, gender, and Maya identity. By showing the multi-level dynamics involved, this research calls into question common assumptions about the ability of local NGOs and CHWs to connect easily with local communities and represent community interests. I argue that the complex, multi-level politics of CHW participation has implications for theory, ethics, and practice in the fields of anthropology and international health.

Trade Liberalization and the Politics of Financial Development

Author : Matias Braun
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"A well developed financial system enhances competition in the industrial sector by allowing easier entry. The impact varies across industries, however. For some, small changes in financial development quickly induce entry and dissipate incumbents' rents, generating strong incentives to oppose improvement of the financial system. In other sectors incumbents may even benefit from increased availability of external funds. The relative strength of promoters and opponents determines the political equilibrium level of financial system development. This may be perturbed by the effect of trade liberalization in the strength of each group. Using a sample of 41 trade liberalizers Braun and Raddatz conduct an event study and show that the change in the strength of promoters vis--̉vis opponents is a very good predictor of subsequent financial development. The result is not driven by changes in demand for external funds, or by the success of the trade policy. The relationship is mediated by policy reforms, the kind that induces competition in the financial sector, in particular. Real effects follow not so much from capital deepening but mainly through improved allocation. The effect is stronger in countries with high levels of governance, suggesting that incumbents resort to this costly but more subtle way of restricting entry where it is difficult to obtain more blatant forms of anti-competitive measures from politicians. This paper--a product of the Investment and Growth Team, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the group to understand the relation between finance and the macroeconomy"--World Bank web site.

Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science

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