Search results for: protein-synthesis

Protein synthesis

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The Eureka! Science, Corporation presents information on protein synthesis as part of I Can Do That!, which offers science facts for children. In protein synthesis, ribosomes use a messenger-RNA to determine which amino acid belongs where. A specific group of amino acids is then joined together to form a protein.

Initial steps of protein synthesis in vitro

Author : Nicolaas Jan Verhoef
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Protein Synthesis and Ribosome Structure

Author : Knud H. Nierhaus
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Knud Nierhaus, who has studied the ribosome for more than 30 years, has assembled here the combined efforts of several scientific disciplines into a uniform picture of the largest enzyme complex found in living cells, finally resolving many decades-old questions in molecular biology. In so doing he considers virtually all aspects of ribosome structure and function -- from the molecular mechanism of different ribosomal ribozyme activities to their selective inhibition by antibiotics, from assembly of the core particle to the regulation of ribosome component synthesis. The result is a premier resource for anyone with an interest in ribosomal protein synthesis, whether in the context of molecular biology, biotechnology, pharmacology or molecular medicine.

Cell free Protein Synthesis

Author : Alexander S. Spirin
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With its detailed description of membrane protein expression, high-throughput and genomic-scale expression studies, both on the analytical and the preparative scale, this book covers the latest advances in the field. The step-by-step protocols and practical examples given for each method constitute practical advice for beginners and experts alike.

Transfer RNA in Protein Synthesis

Author : Dolph Hatfield
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Transfer RNA in Protein Synthesis is a comprehensive volume focusing on important aspects of codon usage, selection, and discrimination in the genetic code. The many different functions of tRNA and the specialized roles of the corresponding codewords in protein synthesis from initiation through termination are thoroughly discussed. Variations that occur in the initiation process, in reading the genetic code, and in the selection of codons are discussed in detail. The book also examines the role of modified nucleosides in tRNA interactions, tRNA discrimination in aminoacylation, codon discrimination in translation, and selective use of termination codons. Other topics covered include the adaptation of the tRNA population to codon usage in cells and cellular organelles, the occurence of UGA as a codon for selenocysteine in the universal genetic code, new insights into translational context effects and in codon bias, and the molecular biology of tRNA in retroviruses. The contributions of outstanding molecular biologists engaged in tRNA research and prominent investigators from other scientific disciplines, specifically retroviral research, make Transfer RNA in Protein Synthesis an essential reference work for microbiologists, biochemists, molecular biologists, geneticists, and other researchers involved in protein synthesis research.

Fidelity of Protein Synthesis Transfer RNA During Aging

Author : Fay Dingley
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Structural Aspects of Protein Synthesis

Author : Anders Liljas
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This comprehensive and highly illustrated book provides a basic and up-to-date summary of translation on bacterial ribosomes, with emphasis on the structural insights. It is an attempt to present the ribosome and its functional activities in a coherent manner. Two types of illustrations are used to describe the translation field: simplified black-and-white illustrations to depict aspects of translation and color plates to give correct structural representations.The book presents essentially all aspects of the translation system, focusing on the relation between structure and function. Upper level undergraduates and graduate students with an interest in protein synthesis will find this lecture notes volume invaluable. The book is also an essential source of information for researchers who want to get an overview of translation.

Alcohol and Protein Synthesis

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RNA and Protein Synthesis

Author : Kivie Moldave
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RNA and Protein Synthesis is a compendium of articles dealing with the assay, characterization, isolation, or purification of various organelles, enzymes, nucleic acids, translational factors, and other components or reactions involved in protein synthesis. One paper describes the preparatory scale methods for the reversed-phase chromatography systems for transfer ribonucleic acids. Another paper discusses the determination of adenosine- and aminoacyl adenosine-terminated sRNA chains by ion-exclusion chromatography. One paper notes that the problems involved in preparing acetylaminoacyl-tRNA are similar to those found in peptidyl-tRNA synthesis, in particular, to the lability of the ester bond between the amino acid and the tRNA. Another paper explains a new method that will attach fluorescent dyes to cytidine residues in tRNA; it also notes the possible use of N-hydroxysuccinimide esters of dansylglycine and N-methylanthranilic acid in the described method. One paper explains the use of membrane filtration in the determination of apparent association constants for ribosomal protein-RNS complex formation. This collection is valuable to bio-chemists, cellular biologists, micro-biologists, developmental biologists, and investigators working with enzymes.

Protein Synthesis DNA Synthesis and Repair RNA Synthesis Energy linked ATPases Synthetases

Author : Paul D. Boyer
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The Use Of Radioautography in Investigating Protein Synthesis

Author : C Leblond
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The Use of Radioautography in Investigating Protein Synthesis represents the 1965 Symposium on The Use of Radioautography in Investigating Protein Synthesis, supported by the International Society for Cell Biology. This book is composed of four parts encompassing 18 chapters. The opening part deals first with the basic aspects and mode of operation of the radioautography technique. This part also examines the advantages and potentials of this technique compared to other cytological techniques. The next parts are devoted to the experimental methods of protein synthesis in nucleus and in cells of various types, as revealed by the electron microscope radioautography. The concluding part discusses the secretion and synthesis of protein enzymes by the acinar cells in rat pancreas and fibroblasts in wound healing. This part also considers the application of radioautography to determining the sites of synthesis of proteins. This book is of great value to cell biologists, biochemists, cytologists, histologists, and pathologists.

Enzyme Induction in Aging Protein Synthesis

Author : Richard C. Adelman
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Structural Aspects of Protein Synthesis

Author : Mans Ehrenberg
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This highly illustrated book provides an up-to-date description of the structure and function of the translation system including ribosomes, tRNAs, translation factors, antibiotics and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. Research on translation is undergoing rapid changes and is receiving significant attention as evidenced by the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009. The structural research by crystallography and cryo-EM forms part of an interactive framework that involves biochemistry and molecular computation. The book provides a comprehensive overview of translation in light of the structural results. It is a valuable resource for scientists in this and related fields, as well as for students taking courses with a focus on translation. There is no other book in this field currently except the previous edition of this book. The authors have for a long time worked in the field of structure and function of the translation system.Contents: The Basics of TranslationHistorical MilestonesMethods of Studying StructureThe Message ? mRNAThe Adaptor ? tRNAThe Workbench ? RibosomesThe Structure of the RibosomeRibosomal Sites and Ribosomal StatesThe Catalysts ? Translation FactorsInhibitors of Protein Synthesis ? Antibiotics, ResistanceThe Process ? TranslationProtein Processing, Folding and TargetingEvolution of the Translation Apparatus Readership: Upper level undergraduates and graduate students with an interest in protein synthesis; researchers in cell and molecular biology, biochemistry and biophysics who need to get an overview of translation.

Cell Free Protein Synthesis

Author : Kirill Alexandrov
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Cell-free protein expression promises to narrow the technological gap between DNA and protein technologies and provide a platform for broad application of synthetic biology principles in the Life Sciences. It is a rapid and high throughput methodology for the conversion of DNA encoded genetic information into protein-mediated biochemical activities. Cell-Free Protein Synthesis: Methods and Protocols brings together the key opinion leaders of cell-free technology development and provides case studies and detailed protocols for the application of cell-free methodology. Chapters cover the main directions in the development of cell-free technologies including several recently developed cell-free systems, as well as a number of applications of cell-free systems ranging from discovery of biofuel enzymes to in vitro assembly of viruses. Written in the successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and easily accessible, Cell-Free Protein Synthesis: Methods and Protocols seeks to serve a wide variety of scientists with its well-honed methodologies.

Novel Strategies for Protein Synthesis and Structural Alteration

Author : Bixun Wang
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Protein Synthesis

Author : Shana Katherine Mattson
File Size : 86.39 MB
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Regulation of Protein Synthesis Via Changes in Ribosome Conformation

Author : R. Andrew Marshall
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Evolution of the Protein Synthesis Machinery and Its Regulation

Author : Greco Hernández
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The “omics” era has given a new perspective to the findings on the origin and evolution of the process of translation. This book provides insight into the evolution of the translation process and machinery from a modern perspective. Written by leading experts in molecular biology, this text looks into the origins and evolution of the protein synthetic machinery.

Control of Ribosomal Protein Synthesis During Early Refeeding in Tetrahymena Pyriformis

Author : Leanne C. Ketcham
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Human Protein Metabolism

Author : Stephen Welle
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A succinct review of hundreds of studies on the regulation of protein mass and protein turnover in the human body. The book summarizes the biochemistry of protein synthesis and breakdown, and explains the methods that are used to examine protein metabolism in humans, together with their limitations. Chapters review the effects of nutrition, hormones, metabolic substrates, and physical activity, while various topics of clinical interest include cancer, diabetes, tissue injury, pregnancy, renal disease, muscular dystrophies, and other conditions. Normal values are presented for turnover of proteins in the whole body and individual organs, and for turnover of many individual proteins. This is thus a valuable resource for physiologists, nutritionists, and clinicians interested in the regulation of body protein stores in health and disease. For scientists primarily interested in the basic aspects of protein metabolism, it shows how the basic knowledge is being applied to the study of humans.