Search results for: reason-and-society-in-the-middle-ages

Reason and Society in the Middle Ages

Author : Alexander Murray
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The Middle Ages are remembered as an age of faith; but they were also an age of reason. This book concentrates on the 250 years between the late 11th and early 14th centuries and studies two key facets of the rationalistic tradition: mathematics, and the broader current represented by a literary education. The final section considers ascetic monasticism, a notably non-rationalistic tradition.

Angels and Angelology in the Middle Ages

Author : David Keck
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Recently angels have made a remarkable comeback in the popular imagination; their real heyday, however, was the Middle Ages. From the great shrines dedicated to Michael the Archangel at Mont-St-Michel and Monte Garano to the elaborate metaphysical speculations of the great thirteenth-century scholastics, angels dominated the physical, temporal, and intellectual landscape of the medieval West. This book offers a full-scale study of angels and angelology in the Middle Ages. Seeking to discover how and why angels became so important in medieval society, David Keck considers a wide range of fascinating questions such as: Why do angels appear on baptismal fonts? How and why did angels become normative for certain members of the church? How did they become a required course of study? Did popular beliefs about angels diverge from the angelologies of the theologians? Why did some heretics claim to derive their authority from heavenly spirits? Keck spreads his net wide in the attempt to catch traces of angels and angelic beliefs in as many portions of the medieval world as possible. Metaphysics and mystery plays, prayers and pilgrimages, Cathars and cathedrals-all these and many more disparate sources taken together reveal a society deeply engaged with angels on all its levels and in some unlikely ways.

Stages of Thought

Author : Michael Horace Barnes
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This work approaches the question of the relationship of religious to scientific thought. The author argues that they evolved together and are therefore complementary.

Images of Medieval Sanctity

Author : Debra Higgs Strickland
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This volume's essays together provide a rich investigation of the idea of sanctity and its many medieval manifestations across time (fifth through fifteenth centuries) and in different geographical locations (England, Scotland, France, Italy, the Low Countries) from multiple disciplinary perspectives.

The Medieval Culture of Disputation

Author : Alex J. Novikoff
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Through hundreds of published and unpublished sources, Alex J. Novikoff traces the evolution of disputation from its ancient origins to its broader influence in the scholastic culture and public sphere of the High Middle Ages.

The Work of Jacques Le Goff and the Challenges of Medieval History

Author : Miri Rubin
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Essays on medieval history inspired by, and engaging with, the work of Jacques Le Goff.

Western Society and the Church in the Middle Ages

Author : R. W. Southern
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The concept of an ordered human society, both religious and secular, as an expression of a divinely ordered universe was central to medieval thought. In the West the political and religious community were inextricably bound together, and because the Church was so intimately involved with the world, any history of it must take into account the development of medieval society. Professor Southern's book covers the period from the eighth to the sixteenth century. After sketching the main features of each medieval age, he deals in greater detail with the Papacy, the relations between Rome and her rival Constantinople, the bishops and archbishops, and the various religious orders, providing in all a superb history of the period.

The Foundations of Christian Bioethics

Author : Hugo Tristram Engelhardt
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For decades, Engelhardt has alluded to the ethics that binds moral friends. While his 'Foundations of Bioethics' explored the sparse ethics binding moral strangers, this long-awaited volume addresses the morality at the foundations of Christian bioethics. The volume opens with an analysis of the marginalization of Christian bioethics in the 1970s and the irremedial shortcomings of secular ethics in general. Drawing on the Christianity of the first millennium, Engelhardt provides the ontological and epistemological foundations for a Christian bioethics that can remedy the onesidedness of a secular bioethics and supply the bases for a Christian bioethics. The volume then addresses issues from abortion, third-party-assisted reproduction, and cloning, to withholding and withdrawing treatment, physician-assisted suicide, and euthanasia. Practices such as free and informed consent are relocated within a traditional Christian morality. Attention is also given to the allocation of scarce resources in health care, and to the challenge of maintaining the Christian identity of physicians, nurses, patients, and health care institutions in a culture that is now post-Christian.

Family Law and Society in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Contemporary Era

Author : Maria Gigliola di Renzo Villata
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This volume addresses the study of family law and society in Europe, from medieval to contemporary ages. It examines the topic from a legal and social point of view. Furthermore, it investigates those aspects of the new family legal history that have not commonly been examined in depth by legal historians. The volume provides a new 'global' interpretative key of the development of family law in Europe. It presents essays about family and the Christian influence, family and criminal law, family and civil liability, filiation (legitimate, natural and adopted children), and family and children labour law. In addition, it explores specific topics related to marriage, such as the matrimonial property regime from a European comparative perspective, and impediments to marriage, such as bigamy. The book also addresses topics including family, society and European juridical science.

Sex Dissidence and Damnation

Author : Jeffrey Richards
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"For the authorities in medieval Europe, both secular and ecclesiastical, dissent struck at the roots of an ordered, settled world. To allow a single heretic to escape just punishment would, it was believed, result in the decay and dissolution of the whole structure of society. So dissent was to be extirpated--initially by reason and argument, then with increasing savagery: by torture and imprisonment, fire and the sword. In examining the wretched lives of heretics, witches, Jews, lepers, and homosexuals, Jeffery Richards has uncovered a common motive for their persecution: supposed sexual aberrance."--Back cover.