Search results for: reforming-us-drone-strike-policies

Reforming U S Drone Strike Policies

Author : Micah Zenko
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Douglas Dillon Fellow Micah Zenko analyzes the potentially serious consequences, both at home and abroad, of a lightly overseen drone program and makes recommendations for improving its governance.

Armed Drones and Globalization in the Asymmetric War on Terror

Author : Fred Aja Agwu
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This book is a critical exploration of the war on terror from the prism of armed drones and globalization. It is particularly focused on the United States’ use of the drones, and the systemic dysfunctions that globalization has caused to international political economy and national security, creating backlash in which the desirability of globalization is not only increasingly questioned, but the resultant dissension about its desirability appears increasingly militating against the international consensus needed to fight the war on terror. To underline the controversial nature of the "war on terror" and the pragmatic weapon (armed drones) fashioned for its prosecution, some of the elements of this controversy have been interrogated in this book. They include, amongst others, the doubt over whether the war should have been declared in the first place because terrorist attacks hardly meet the United Nations’ casus belli – an armed attack. There are critics, as highlighted in this book, who believe that the "war on terror" is not an armed conflict properly so called, and, thus, remains only a "law enforcement issue." The United States and all the states taking part in the war on terror are obligated to observe International Humanitarian Law (IHL). It is within this context of IHL that this book appraises the drone as a weapon of engagement, discussing such issues as "personality" and "signature" strikes as well as the implications of the deployment of spies as drone strikers rather than the Defence Department, the members of the U.S armed forces. This book will be of value to researchers, academics, policymakers, professionals, and students in the fields of security studies, terrorism, the law of armed conflict, international humanitarian law, and international politics.

Drones and the Ethics of Targeted Killing

Author : Kenneth R. Himes
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Drones have become an essential part of U.S. national security strategy, but most Americans know little about how they are used, and we receive conflicting reports about their outcomes. In Drones and the Ethics of Targeted Killing, ethicist Kenneth R. Himes provides not only an overview of the role of drones in national security but also an important exploration of the ethical implications of drone warfare—from the impact on terrorist organizations and civilians to how piloting drones shapes soldiers. Targeted killings have played a role in politics from ancient times through today, so the ethical challenges around how to protect against threats are not new. Himes leads readers through the ethics of targeted killings in history from ancient times to the contemporary Israeli-Palestinian conflict, then looks specifically at the new issues raised through the use of drones. This book is a powerful look at a pressing topic today.

Analyzing the Drone Debates Targeted Killing Remote Warfare and Military Technology

Author : James DeShaw Rae
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The book examines principal arguments for and against the use of unmanned aerial vehicles for surveillance and 'targeted killing.' Addressing both sides of the argument with clear and cogent details, the book provides a thorough introduction to ongoing debate about the future of warfare and its ethical implications.

Precision Strike Warfare and International Intervention

Author : Mike Aaronson
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This book explores whether the new capabilities made possible by precision-strike technologies are reshaping approaches to international intervention. Since the end of the Cold War, US technological superiority has led to a more proactive and, some would argue, high risk approach to international military intervention. New technologies including the capacity to mount precision military strikes from high-level bombing campaigns and, more recently, the selective targeting of individuals from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have facilitated air campaigns, supported by Special Forces, without the commitment of large numbers of troops on the ground. Such campaigns include, for example, NATO’s high-level aerial bombardment of Milosevic’s forces in Kosovo in 1999 and of Gaddafi’s in Libya in 2011, and the US operation involving Special Forces against Osama Bin Laden. The development of UAVs and electronic data intercept technologies has further expanded the potential scope of interventions, for example against Islamic militants in the tribal areas of Pakistan. This volume examines three key and interrelated dimensions of these new precision-strike capabilities: (1) the strategic and foreign policy drivers and consequences; (2) the legal and moral implications of the new capabilities; and (3), the implications for decision-making at the strategic, operational and tactical levels. This book will be of much interest to students of war and technology, air power, international intervention, security studies and IR.

Essentials of Strategic Intelligence

Author : Loch K. Johnson
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A highly valuable resource for students of intelligence studies, strategy and security, and foreign policy, this volume provides readers with an accessible and comprehensive exploration of U.S. espionage activities that addresses both the practical and ethical implications that attend the art and science of spying. • Provides a comprehensive, up-to-date examination of all aspects of intelligence by experts in the field, from collection-and-analysis and counterintelligence to covert action and accountability • Probes into how the United States' intelligence agencies attempt to protect the nation from cyberattacks by foreign nations and terrorist groups—and documents the successes and failures • Documents the involvement of the National Security Agency (NSA) in bulk "metadata" collection of information on the telephone records and social media communications of American citizens • Examines the effects that have resulted from major leaks in the U.S. government, from Wikileaks to the NSA Snowden leaks

The Five Front War

Author : Daniel Byman
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A comprehensive look at the War on Terror and the best way to a safer future Scholar Daniel Byman offers a new approach to fighting the war on terrorism. He convincingly argues that two of the main solutions to terrorism offered by politicians-military intervention and the democratization of the Arab world-shouldn't even be our top priorities. Instead, he presents a fresh way to face intelligence and law enforcement challenges ahead: conduct counterinsurgency operations, undermine al-Qaeda's ideology, selectively push for reforms, and build key lasting alliances. Daniel Byman (Washington, DC) directs the Security Studies Program and the Center for Peace and Security Studies at Georgetown University. He is a Senior Fellow at the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution and also served on the 9/11 Commission. He regularly writes about terrorism and the Middle East for the Washington Post, Slate, and other publications.

Syria the United States and the War on Terror in the Middle East

Author : Robert G. Rabil
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Ever since Syria won its independence from France in 1946, it has been a crucial player in Middle Eastern politics. Over the years, relations between the United States and Syria have fluctuated as Washington has tried to balance its commitment to Israel's security with its support for Arab regimes in order to protect vital and strategic interests in the Arab world. Rabil provides a history of the modern U.S.-Syrian relationship, putting the latest events in the context of contemporary history, and placing the relationship in the context of Middle Eastern politics.

Deadly Embrace

Author : Bruce Riedel
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Pakistan and the United States have been locked in a deadly embrace for decades. Successive American presidents from both parties have pursued narrow short-term interests in the South Asian nation, and many of the resulting policies proved counterproductive in the long term, contributing to political instability and a radicalized public. This background has helped set the stage for the global jihad confronting much of the world today. In Deadly Embrace, Bruce Riedel explores the forces behind these developments, explaining how and why the history of Pakistan-U.S. relations has unfolded as it has. He explains what the United States can do now to repair the damage and how it can avoid making similar mistakes in dealing with extremist forces in Pakistan and beyond. Riedel is one of America's foremost authorities on U.S. security, South Asia, and terrorism, and he helped to craft President Obama's 2009 speech referring to the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands as the "most dangerous region of the world." He follows up The Search for al Qaeda, his influential 2008 analysis of the terror network's ideology and leadership, with a sober, authoritative, and sometimes alarming look at the history, importance, and current role of Pakistan, epicenter of the global jihad movement, beginning with the history of U.S.-Pakistan relations since the partitioning of the subcontinent in 1947. The relationship between Pakistan and America is a fascinating yet muddled story, meandering through periods of friendship and enmity, symbiosis and distrust: it's no wonder that people in both nations are confused. Deadly Embrace explains how the United States, on several occasions, actually helped the foes of democracy in Pakistan and aided in the development of the very enemies it is now fighting in the region. The book seeks to unravel this paradox, revealing and interpreting the tortuous path of relations between two very different nations, which remain, in many ways, stuck with each other.

Congressional Record

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Author : Afshin Ellian
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Terrorism: Ideology, Law and PolicyEdited by Afshin Ellian, Gelijn Molier and David SuurlandLeiden UniversityInternational Relations Studies Series, 13(International Studies Library, 30)Unlike many other books on the topic of terrorism or counter-terrorism, this book aims to offer an interdisciplinary approach and integrated analysis by a wide variety of international scholars on the rapidly evolving subject matter of terrorism and counter-terrorism policies. It is structured on three concepts that should form the fundaments of any counter-terrorism approach namely: ideology, law and policy. In the first part of the book authors offer their analyses of the origins and ideological foundations of Islamic terrorism. The second part of the book makes an inventory and efficiency analysis of the body of legal counterterrorism instruments. The third part of the book looks at the practical nature of terrorism and the prevention and repression policies that have been developed to combat it. Since none of these research areas in itself will suffice to answer questions pertaining to Islamic terrorism and counter-terrorism strategies, this book attempts to look beyond the boundaries of each separate research field and thus aims to show the interconnectedness of their different paradigms.Table of ContentsNotes on the contributorsAbbreviationsChapter 1: General Introduction - by Gelijn Molier and David SuurlandPART I: IDEOLOGYIntroductionChapter 2: From Old Jihad To New Jihad: The transformation of classical jihad to terrorist jihadism and its significance to Europe - by Bassam TibiChapter 3: High Hurdles Faced by Islamic Radicalism: The insightful Indonesian case - by Giora ElirazChapter 4: A Genealogy of Radical Islamic Theory and Practice - by David SuurlandChapter 5: Religious Roots of Muslim Violence - by Johannes J.G. JansenChapter 6: The Legal Order of Political Religion: A Comparative Study of Political Islam and Political Christendom - by Afshin EllianPART II: LAWIntroductionChapter 7: In Search of Motive: Conceptual hazards in the quest for a proper definition of terrorism - by Harmen van ver WiltChapter 8: The Post-9/11 UN Initiatives to combat Terrorism: Adapting and expanding the legal framework to deal with new challenges - by Larissa van den Herik and Nico SchrijverChapter 9: Towards a Comprehensive and Effective Counter-Terrorism Policy within the United Nations - by Bibi Van GinkelChapter 10: The War on Terror and Self-Defence Against Non-State Actors: An international law perspective - by Gelijn MolierChapter 11: Multiculturalism and Religious Extremism: Whose human rights do we protect? - by Amos N. GuioraPART III: POLICYIntroductionChapter 12: Modern Terrorism and Modern Counter Terrorism in the Netherlands - by Erwin MullerChapter 13: Jihadi Terrorism in the Netherlands: Growth, growing resilience and international links - by Edwin BakkerChapter 14: Thwarted, Failed and Successful Plots by Muslim Extremists in the European Union - by Rob De Wijk and Carla RelkChapter 15: Cultural Counter-Terrorism - by Paul CliteurIndexAbout Editor(s)Afshin Ellian is professor of Social Cohesion, Citizenship and Multiculturalism at the Institute for the Interdisciplinary Study of the Law at Leiden University, has published extensively on terrorism and radical Islam.Gelijn Molier, LLM, is a lecturer at the Department of International Public Law. He also belongs to the staff of the Institute for the Interdisciplinary Study of the Law at Leiden University, as a Lecturer and an Academic researcher.David Suurland, LLM, is aPhD fellow at the Institute for the Interdisciplinary Study of the Law at Leiden University, is finishing his PhD on the comparison of secular totalitarian and radical Islamic ideologies.

Nuclear Weapons

Author : A. J. Edwards
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This is a clear, non-technical and comprehensive study of nuclear strategy and the balance of power. The book is intended for both supporters and opponents of nuclear deterrence—indeed for all who believe that nuclear issues cannot be wished away or laid aside but must be addressed with knowledge, even if this means thinking about the unthinkable. Within a coherent system of thought, this volume addresses the most fundamental issues of our time, such as the first-strike advantage, arms-control agreements, the Star Wars program, the “nuclear winter” hypothesis, and nuclear conflict itself. The book is packed with valuable factual information, including notes, diagrams, illustrations, and appendices.

Terror in the Balance

Author : Eric A. Posner
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In Terror in the Balance, Posner and Vermeule take on civil libertarians of both the left and the right, arguing that the government should be given wide latitude to adjust policy and liberties in the times of emergency. They emphasize the virtues of unilateral executive actions and argue for making extensive powers available to the executive as warranted. The judiciary should neither second-guess security policy nor interfere on constitutional grounds. In order to protect citizens, government can and should use any legal instrument that is warranted under ordinary cost-benefit analysis. The value gained from the increase in security will exceed the losses from the decrease in liberty. At a time when the 'struggle against violent extremism' dominates the United States' agenda, this important and controversial work will spark discussion in the classroom and intellectual press alike.

The New York Times Index

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Our Home Front 1939 45

Author : Andrew Bolt
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Foreword by Geoffrey Blainey, afterword by Joan Kirner.