Search results for: regular-polytopes

Regular Polytopes

Author : H. S. M. Coxeter
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Foremost book available on polytopes, incorporating ancient Greek and most modern work. Discusses polygons, polyhedrons, and multi-dimensional polytopes. Definitions of symbols. Includes 8 tables plus many diagrams and examples. 1963 edition.

Abstract Regular Polytopes

Author : Peter McMullen
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Abstract regular polytopes stand at the end of more than two millennia of geometrical research, which began with regular polygons and polyhedra. They are highly symmetric combinatorial structures with distinctive geometric, algebraic or topological properties; in many ways more fascinating than traditional regular polytopes and tessellations. The rapid development of the subject in the past 20 years has resulted in a rich new theory, featuring an attractive interplay of mathematical areas, including geometry, combinatorics, group theory and topology. Abstract regular polytopes and their groups provide an appealing new approach to understanding geometric and combinatorial symmetry. This is the first comprehensive up-to-date account of the subject and its ramifications, and meets a critical need for such a text, because no book has been published in this area of classical and modern discrete geometry since Coxeter's Regular Polytopes (1948) and Regular Complex Polytopes (1974). The book should be of interest to researchers and graduate students in discrete geometry, combinatorics and group theory.

Geometric Regular Polytopes

Author : Peter McMullen
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Regular polytopes and their symmetry have a long history stretching back two and a half millennia, to the classical regular polygons and polyhedra. Much of modern research focuses on abstract regular polytopes, but significant recent developments have been made on the geometric side, including the exploration of new topics such as realizations and rigidity, which offer a different way of understanding the geometric and combinatorial symmetry of polytopes. This is the first comprehensive account of the modern geometric theory, and includes a wide range of applications, along with new techniques. While the author explores the subject in depth, his elementary approach to traditional areas such as finite reflexion groups makes this book suitable for beginning graduate students as well as more experienced researchers.

Regular Polytopes

Author : Harold Scott Macdonald Coxeter
File Size : 47.53 MB
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Hamiltonian Submanifolds of Regular Polytopes

Author : Felix Effenberger
File Size : 57.27 MB
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This work is set in the field of combinatorial topology, sometimes also referred to as discrete geometric topology, a field of research in the intersection of topology, geometry, polytope theory and combinatorics. The main objects of interest in the field are simplicial complexes that carry some additional structure, forming combinatorial triangulations of the underlying PL manifolds. In particular, polyhedral manifolds as subcomplexes of the boundary complex of a convex regular polytope are investigated. Such a subcomplex is called k-Hamiltonian if it contains the full k-skeleton of the polytope. The notion of tightness of a PL-embedding of a triangulated manifold is closely related to its property of being a Hamiltonian subcomplex of some convex polytope. Tightness of a triangulated manifold is a topological condition, roughly meaning that any simplex-wise linear embedding of the triangulation into Euclidean space is ``as convex as possible''. It can thus be understood as a generalization of the concept of convexity. In even dimensions, there exist purely combinatorial conditions which imply the tightness of a triangulation. In this work, other sufficient and purely combinatorial conditions which can be applied to the odd-dimensional case as well are presented.

Regular Polytopes

Author : Harold Scott Macdonald Coxeter
File Size : 69.49 MB
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Regular Polytopes

Author : Harold Scott Macdonald Coxeter
File Size : 70.92 MB
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Analytical Treatment of the Polytopes Regularly Derived from the Regular Polytopes

Author : Pieter Hendrik Schoute
File Size : 23.52 MB
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Geometrical Deduction of Semiregular from Regular Polytopes and Space Fillings

Author : Alicia Boole Stott
File Size : 23.68 MB
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Regular Complex Polytopes

Author : Coxeter
File Size : 82.96 MB
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Convex and Discrete Geometry

Author : Peter M. Gruber
File Size : 36.5 MB
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Convex and Discrete Geometry is an area of mathematics situated between analysis, geometry and discrete mathematics with numerous relations to other subdisciplines. This book provides a comprehensive overview of major results, methods and ideas of convex and discrete geometry and its applications. Besides being a graduate-level introduction to the field, it is a practical source of information and orientation for convex geometers, and useful to people working in the applied fields.

The Geometry of Higher Dimensional Polytopes

Author : Zhizhin, Gennadiy Vladimirovich
File Size : 29.87 MB
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The majority of the chemical elements form chemical compounds with molecules of higher dimension (i.e., substantially exceeding three). This fact is very important for the analysis of molecular interactions in various areas: nanomedicine, nanotoxicology, and quantum biology. The Geometry of Higher-Dimensional Polytopes contains innovative research on the methods and applications of the structures of binary compounds. It explores the study of geometry polytopes from a higher-dimensional perspective, taking into account the features of polytopes that are models of chemical compounds. While highlighting topics including chemical compounds, symmetry transformation, and DNA structures, this book is ideally designed for researchers, academicians, and students seeking current research on dimensions present in binary compounds.

Polytopes

Author : Tibor Bisztriczky
File Size : 89.38 MB
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The aim of this volume is to reinforce the interaction between the three main branches (abstract, convex and computational) of the theory of polytopes. The articles include contributions from many of the leading experts in the field, and their topics of concern are expositions of recent results and in-depth analyses of the development (past and future) of the subject. The subject matter of the book ranges from algorithms for assignment and transportation problems to the introduction of a geometric theory of polyhedra which need not be convex. With polytopes as the main topic of interest, there are articles on realizations, classifications, Eulerian posets, polyhedral subdivisions, generalized stress, the Brunn--Minkowski theory, asymptotic approximations and the computation of volumes and mixed volumes. For researchers in applied and computational convexity, convex geometry and discrete geometry at the graduate and postgraduate levels.

Constructing Realizations of Abstract Regular Polytopes from Character Tables

Author : Roxane Kim Clancy
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Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry Second Edition

Author : Csaba D. Toth
File Size : 68.68 MB
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While high-quality books and journals in this field continue to proliferate, none has yet come close to matching the Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, which in its first edition, quickly became the definitive reference work in its field. But with the rapid growth of the discipline and the many advances made over the past seven years, it's time to bring this standard-setting reference up to date. Editors Jacob E. Goodman and Joseph O'Rourke reassembled their stellar panel of contributors, added manymore, and together thoroughly revised their work to make the most important results and methods, both classic and cutting-edge, accessible in one convenient volume. Now over more then 1500 pages, the Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, Second Edition once again provides unparalleled, authoritative coverage of theory, methods, and applications. Highlights of the Second Edition: Thirteen new chapters: Five on applications and others on collision detection, nearest neighbors in high-dimensional spaces, curve and surface reconstruction, embeddings of finite metric spaces, polygonal linkages, the discrepancy method, and geometric graph theory Thorough revisions of all remaining chapters Extended coverage of computational geometry software, now comprising two chapters: one on the LEDA and CGAL libraries, the other on additional software Two indices: An Index of Defined Terms and an Index of Cited Authors Greatly expanded bibliographies

Kaleidoscopes

Author : F. Arthur Sherk
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H.S.M. Coxeter is one of the world's best-known mathematicians who wrote several papers and books on geometry, algebra and topology, and finite mathematics. This book is being published in conjunction with the 50th anniversary of the Canadian Mathematical Society and it is a collection of 26 papers written by Dr. Coxeter.

Global Methods for Combinatorial Isoperimetric Problems

Author : L. H. Harper
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Certain constrained combinatorial optimization problems have a natural analogue in the continuous setting of the classical isoperimetric problem. The study of so called combinatorial isoperimetric problems exploits similarities between these two, seemingly disparate, settings. This text focuses on global methods. This means that morphisms, typically arising from symmetry or direct product decomposition, are employed to transform new problems into more restricted and easily solvable settings whilst preserving essential structure. This book is based on Professor Harper's many years' experience in teaching this subject and is ideal for graduate students entering the field. The author has increased the utility of the text for teaching by including worked examples, exercises and material about applications to computer science. Applied systematically, the global point of view can lead to surprising insights and results, and established researchers will find this to be a valuable reference work on an innovative method for problem solving.

Fivefold Symmetry

Author : Istv n Hargittai
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Fivefold symmetry is common in flowers, fruits, molecules, logos, and buildings, but it is a forbidden symmetry in the world of crystals. A few years ago, the so-called quasicrystals were discovered displaying fivefold symmetry, and it caused a minirevolution in crystallography. There has been increased awareness of fivefold symmetry in all domains of human interest ever since. The present book brings together authors and ideas on a common theme from mathematics, the sciences, design, and anthropology to history, literature, and the arts. Its 29 chapters are an offering by scientists and humanists from 13 countries to a broad readership of professionals and laypersons about fivefold symmetry and the areas that are being bridged by this unique concept.

Polytopes and Symmetry

Author : Stewart A. Robertson
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This book describes a fresh approach to the classification of of convex plane polygons and of convex polyhedra according to their symmetry properties, based on ideas of topology and transformation group theory. Although there is considerable agreement with traditional treatments, a number of new concepts emerge that present classical ideas in a quite new way.

Large scale 3D Data Integration

Author : Sisi Zlatanova
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Large-Scale 3D Data Integration: Challenges and Opportunities examines the fundamental aspects of 3D geo-information, focusing on the latest developments in 3D GIS (geographic information) and AEC (architecture, engineering, construction) systems. This book addresses policy makers, designers and engineers, and individuals that need to overco