Search Results for "scientific-cosmology-and-international-orders"

Scientific Cosmology and International Orders

Scientific Cosmology and International Orders

  • Author: Bentley B. Allan
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108416616
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3569
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A history of how scientific ideas have transformed international politics since 1550.

Practice Theory and International Relations

Practice Theory and International Relations

  • Author: Silviya Lechner,Mervyn Frost
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108586457
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 6125
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Are social practices actions, or institutional frameworks of interaction structured by common rules? How do social practices such as signing a cheque differ from international practices such as signing a peace treaty? Traversing the fields of international relations (IR) and philosophy, this book defends an institutionalist conception of practices as part of a general practice theory indebted to Oakeshott, Wittgenstein and Hegel. The proposed practice theory has two core aspects: practice internalism and normative descriptivism. In developing a philosophical analysis of social practices that has a special relevance for international relations, Silviya Lechner and Mervyn Frost depart from Pierre Bourdieu's sociology of practice that dominates the current 'practice turn' in IR. The authors show that the contemporary global realm is constituted by two distinct macro practices - the practice of sovereign states and that of global rights.

Science and Synthesis

Science and Synthesis

An International Colloquium organized by Unesco on the Tenth Anniversary of the Death of Albert Einstein and Teilhard de Chardin

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 3642952062
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 208
  • View: 7792
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume is a collection of the lectures and discussions at an international colloquium organized by Unesco on the theme of Science and Synthesis to mark the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the death of both Einstein and Teilhard de Chardin, also the 50th anniversary of the theory of general relativity. Despite the great gulf which lies between the work of Einstein and Teilhard de Chardin, the coincidence in the dates provided an opportunity to examine the urge towards a synthesis of the scientific and philosophical approaches which lies at the very heart of the work of these two great men. It was, indeed, their common desire for an all-embracing concept of the universe which led them both to try to construct a cosmology for the modern world. So it seemed that the best way of honoring Einstein and Teilhard de Chardin was to arrange a free discussion of the current likelihood of effecting a syn thesis of scientific knowledge which would bring together some of today's most eminent scholars, inspired by the wish to make their research more meaningful by philosophic reflection. The resulting give and take of ideas would go far beyond mere commemoration; it would bring their ideas to life by setting them against the present state of science.

Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium Particles, Strings and Cosmology

Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium Particles, Strings and Cosmology

PASCOS 99, Lake Tahoe, California, 10-16 December 1999

  • Author: Kingman Cheung,John Francis Guion,Stephen Mrenna
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9789810243883
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 563
  • View: 835
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The PASCOS (International Symposium on Particles, Strings and Cosmology) series brings together the leading experts and most active young researchers in the closely related fields of elementary particle physics, string theory and cosmology/astrophysics. These areas of research have become increasingly intertwined in recent years, each having direct impact on the others. In particular, there has been a dramatic expansion of ideas from particle theory and string theory that have vast impact on cosmology, especially our picture of the early universe and its evolution. Correspondingly, the proliferation of data regarding the early universe, and its increasing precision, has begun to strongly constrain the theoretical models. Meanwhile, observations of neutrino oscillations and cosmic ray excesses, and limits on new physics from colliders and other particle experiments, as well as the resulting restrictions on theoretical and phenomenological modeling, are becoming ever stronger. During PASCOS99, it became clear that the long-awaited era of convergence of these fields is truly at hand.The proceedings of PASCOS 99 reflect the accelerating overlap and convergence of the fields of elementary particles physics, string theory and cosmology/astrophysics. Plenary reviews by leading figures in these fields provide perspectives on these interrelationships and up-to-the-minute summaries of recent progress in the various areas. Parallel talk summaries focus on many of the topics within each field of greatest current interest and activity. Both the plenary and parallel writeups are designed to be descriptive in nature and avoid being overly technical. As a result, the volume can serve as a useful reference for students and professionals in all three fields. Careful referencing allows further pursuit of a given topic. Overall, the proceedings are unique in that they not only bring together in a single volume comprehensive overview of the great progress being made in all three of these very exciting fields, but also provide a snapshot of how particles, strings and cosmology are increasingly impacting one another.

Cosmology and Controversy

Cosmology and Controversy

The Historical Development of Two Theories of the Universe

  • Author: Helge Kragh
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691005461
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 500
  • View: 5400
DOWNLOAD NOW »
For over three millennia, most people could understand the universe only in terms of myth, religion, and philosophy. Between 1920 and 1970, cosmology transformed into a branch of physics. With this remarkably rapid change came a theory that would finally lend empirical support to many long-held beliefs about the origins and development of the entire universe: the theory of the big bang. In this book, Helge Kragh presents the development of scientific cosmology for the first time as a historical event, one that embroiled many famous scientists in a controversy over the very notion of an evolving universe with a beginning in time. In rich detail he examines how the big-bang theory drew inspiration from and eventually triumphed over rival views, mainly the steady-state theory and its concept of a stationary universe of infinite age. In the 1920s, Alexander Friedmann and Georges Lemaître showed that Einstein's general relativity equations possessed solutions for a universe expanding in time. Kragh follows the story from here, showing how the big-bang theory evolved, from Edwin Hubble's observation that most galaxies are receding from us, to the discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation. Sir Fred Hoyle proposed instead the steady-state theory, a model of dynamic equilibrium involving the continuous creation of matter throughout the universe. Although today it is generally accepted that the universe started some ten billion years ago in a big bang, many readers may not fully realize that this standard view owed much of its formation to the steady-state theory. By exploring the similarities and tensions between the theories, Kragh provides the reader with indispensable background for understanding much of today's commentary about our universe.

Cosmology and Gravitation

Cosmology and Gravitation

Xth Brazilian School of Cosmology and Gravitation; 25th Anniversary (1977-2002), Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,

  • Author: Mario Novello,Santiago E. Bergliaffa
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780735401310
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 305
  • View: 4268
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This volume contains a series of topical lectures in general relativity, cosmology, astrophysics, and field theory, with contributions from theorists and experimentalists.

The New Physics and Cosmology

The New Physics and Cosmology

Dialogues with the Dalai Lama

  • Author: Arthur Zajonc
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199882835
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 264
  • View: 1822
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What happens when the Dalai Lama meets with leading physicists and a historian? This book is the carefully edited record of the fascinating discussions at a Mind and Life conference in which five leading physicists and a historian (David Finkelstein, George Greenstein, Piet Hut, Arthur Zajonc, Anton Zeilinger, and Tu Weiming) discussed with the Dalai Lama current thought in theoretical quantum physics, in the context of Buddhist philosophy. A contribution to the science-religion interface, and a useful explanation of our basic understanding of quantum reality, couched at a level that intelligent readers without a deep involvement in science can grasp. In the tradition of other popular books on resonances between modern quantum physics and Zen or Buddhist mystical traditions--notably The Dancing Wu Li Masters and The Tao of Physics, this book gives a clear and useful update of the genuine correspondences between these two rather disparate approaches to understanding the nature of reality.

Particles, Strings and Cosmology

Particles, Strings and Cosmology

11th International Symposium on Particles, Strings and Cosmology; PASCOS 2005

  • Author: Kiwoon Choi,Jihn E. Kim,Dongchul Son
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780735402959
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 490
  • View: 3197
DOWNLOAD NOW »
PASCOS is an interdisciplinary symposium on the interface of Particle physics, String theory and Cosmology. This book provides coherent discussions of developments on the interface of the three disciplines and also on their interconnections. It includes such topics as dark matter and dark energy, baryogenesis, flavor and CP violation, and more.

Sustainable Development: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy

Sustainable Development: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy

  • Author: J. Lemons,Donald A. Brown
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9401584923
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 284
  • View: 1362
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Of all the books written about the problems of sustainable development and environmental protection, Sustainable Development: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy is one of the first to examine the role of science, economics and law, and ethics as generally applied to decision making on sustainable development, particularly in respect to the recommendations contained in Agenda 21. Specifically, the book examines the role, capabilities, and certain strengths and weaknesses of these disciplines and their ethical implications in the context of sustainable development problems. Such an analysis is necessary to determine whether sustainable development problems create important new challenges and problems for government so that, where appropriate, new tools or approaches may be designed to overcome limitations or take advantage of the strengths of current scientific, economic and legal capabilities. Audience: Environmental professionals, whether academic, governmental or industrial, or in the private consultancy sector. Also suitable as an upper level text or reference.

Background Microwave Radiation and Intracluster Cosmology

Background Microwave Radiation and Intracluster Cosmology

  • Author: F. Melchiorri,Y. Rephaeli
  • Publisher: IOS Press
  • ISBN: 1614990158
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 528
  • View: 1995
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This study is devoted to the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (S-Z) effect, and important related topics in cluster and CMB research. S-Z science is about to be significantly enhanced by unique, multi-faceted cluster and cosmological yield, at a level of precision in accord with the high standards of the current era that was heralded by spectacular achievements in cosmological CMB research. The pedagogical reviews and technical seminars included in this volume represent most of the important current topics in S-Z work and in the astrophysics of clusters. The publication touches upon all relevant aspects of the S-Z effect and its use as a precise cluster and cosmological probe. To commemorate the 40th anniversary of the detection of the CMB by Penzias and Wilson (in 1964), there is a chapter devoted to the history of this discovery. In his fascinating account of their work, he outlines also some lessons pertinent to current scientific issues. Other chapters discuss very interesting related observational work in Europe and the US.