Search results for: security-and-global-health

Security and Global Health

Author : Stefan Elbe
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Every era, it is said, has its defining malady. What will be ours? Will it be a new human pandemic caused by an animal-borne infectious disease, such as swine flu? Will it be a lethal microbe like anthrax deliberately released by terrorists bent on causing mass civilian casualties? Or will it be one of our new 'lifestyle' diseases - the epidemics of smoking, obesity and excessive alcohol consumption that threaten to engulf modern societies? Perhaps our era will even be remembered for its tragic neglect of certain health issues - endemic diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS that continue to ravage millions in developing countries. In this book Stefan Elbe shows that in the new millennium international politics is no longer characterized by its preoccupation with a single disease, but precisely by its need to urgently confront what is now an epidemic of epidemics. Over the past decade a whole host of diverse global health issues have raised the highest levels of political concern, provoking governments and international institutions to tackle such health threats through the prism of security - be it national security, biosecurity, or human security. This convergence between health issues and security concerns has also produced the new notion of health security, which has already begun to shape the way international health policy is formulated. The intersection of the worlds of health and security is beginning to change our very ideas of what security means and how it is achieved. At the outset of the twenty-first century, practising security increasingly demands that citizens become patients, that states resemble huge hospitals, and that security itself becomes a technology of medical control. It is this transformation of security, Elbe argues in an innovative and engaging re-conceptualization of the health-security nexus, that marks nothing short of the medicalization of security.

Global Health Security

Author : Anthony J. Masys
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With our highly connected and interdependent world, the growing threat of infectious diseases and public health crisis has shed light on the requirement for global efforts to manage and combat highly pathogenic infectious diseases and other public health crisis on an unprecedented level. Such disease threats transcend borders. Reducing global threats posed by infectious disease outbreaks – whether naturally caused or resulting from a deliberate or accidental release – requires efforts that cross the disaster management pillars: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. This book addresses the issues of global health security along 4 themes: Emerging Threats; Mitigation, Preparedness, Response and Recovery; Exploring the Technology Landscape for Solutions; Leadership and Partnership. The authors of this volume highlight many of the challenges that confront our global security environment today. These range from politically induced disasters, to food insecurity, to zoonosis and terrorism. More optimistically, the authors also present some advances in technology that can help us combat these threats. Understanding the challenges that confront us and the tools we have to overcome them will allow us to face our future with confidence.

Global Health Challenges for Human Security

Author : Charles Darwin Adams
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The goals of health and human security are fundamentally valued in all societies, yet the breadth of their interconnections are not properly understood. This volume explores the evolving relationship between health and security in today's interdependent world, and offers policy guidelines for global health action. This volume underscores three basic principles. First, recent developments in the changing security landscape present enormous challenges for human security and global health. Second, although the connections between health and security are long-standing, the current context of new conflicts, pervasive poverty, and accelerating global flows has brought the fields closer together. Finally, a human security approach dependent upon individual and collective action can identify new strategies for meeting the goals of global health and security. The distinguished contributions to this volume were commissioned by Harvard University's Global Equity Initiative, a research unit supporting the work of the International Commission on Human Security.

Global Health and Security

Author : Kathryn Bouskill
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The spread of infectious disease can be deadlier than world wars-the Spanish flu, for instance, killed millions more people than World War I, one of the deadliest conflicts in human history. Yet present threats to public health, though less overt, could be considered more insidious than a deadly pandemic. In this Perspective, the authors review the current scope and operation of global health security, identify emerging threats, and assess how adequately current visions of global health security account for these threats. The authors identify two main threats to global health security: slow-burn problems-whose long-term effects are underestimated, potentially causing them to receive insufficient attention until it is too late to reverse the damage-and emerging technologies that have beneficial uses but that also can be used as weapons. The authors propose that a broader definition of global health security should be considered-one that would extend well beyond the threats of pandemics and bioweapons of mass destruction. They also maintain that global health security requires greater systematic focus on the complex interlinkages among human physical and mental health, animal health, and the environment. Policymakers will face the challenge of balancing agility and rapid decisionmaking during times of crisis with a holistic scope that encompasses both imminent and future threats. The authors recommend that infectious disease remain a priority of global health security and that efforts to increase collaboration and trust among international leaders be fostered. In addition, the authors argue that global health security must not come at the expense of efforts to advance global public health, well-being, and human rights.

The Role of Functional Food Security in Global Health

Author : Ronald Ross Watson
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The Role of Functional Food Security in Global Health presents a collective approach to food security through the use of functional foods as a strategy to prevent under nutrition and related diseases. This approach reflects the views of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the World Health Organization, the World Heart Federation and the American Heart Association who advise Mediterranean, Paleolithic, plant food based diets, and European vegetarian diets for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. In addition, the book also emphasizes the inclusion of spices, herbs and millets, as well as animal foods. This book will be a great resource to the food industry as it presents the most efficient ways to use technology to manufacture slowly absorbed, micronutrient rich functional foods by blending foods that are rich in healthy nutrients. Provides greater knowledge on functional food security Highlights the necessary changes to the western diet that are needed to achieve food security Explains the utility and necessity of functional food security in the prevention of noncommunicable diseases Presents policy changes in food production for farmers and the larger food industry Offers suggestions on what can be done to enhance functional food production while simultaneously decreasing production costs

21st Century Global Health Diplomacy

Author : Thomas E Novotny
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Global health diplomacy begins with a recognition that the most effective international health interventions are carried out with sensitivity to historical, political, social, economic, and cultural differences. It focuses on the interplay of globalization, economic interdependence, social justice, and the enlightened self-interests of nations. Global health diplomacy can help sustain peace and economic stability in a globalized world, but the skills necessary for this endeavour are not taught in standard health sciences curricula or in Foreign Service academies. However, they bear directly on the success of international health cooperation, be it from the global north to the global south or south-to-south cooperation. Global health diplomacy can be a critical pathway to assure good global governance and improved international relations among the great powers and between these powers and the developing world. It can be a mechanism to avert conflict and to augment health, peace, solidarity, economic progress, and multinational cooperation. Contents:21st Century Health Diplomacy: A New Relationship Between Foreign Policy and Health (Ilona Kickbusch)A History of International Health Encounters: Diplomacy in Transition (Vincanne Adams)Governance and Actors in Global Health Diplomacy (Wolfgang Hein)Instruments of Health Diplomacy (Ebony Bertorelli, Steven A Solomon and Nick Drager)Global Health in International Politics (Harley Feldbaum)Health is an Integral Part of Foreign Policy (Santiago Alcázar and Paulo Buss)Global Health and Security (Kristofer Bergh and Bates Gill)Military Health Diplomacy (Eugene V Bonventre and Lt Col Valérie Denux)Health Diplomacy in Humanitarian Action (Valerie Percival)Key Factors in Negotiations for Health (Kelley Lee)Global Health Begins at Home: Policy Coherence (Gaudenz Silberschmidt and Thomas Zeltner)The Way Forward in Global Health Diplomacy: Definitions, Research, and Training (Thomas E Novotny and Sebastian Kevany) Readership: Graduate students in global health masters and PhD programs. Students doing short courses in health diplomacy. Keywords:Global Health;Global Health Diplomacy;Foreign Policy;Global Health GovernanceKey Features:This is the first time different perspectives of global health diplomacy (i.e. foreign policy, security, policy cohesion, and governance) are brought together in one volume. This volume clearly articulates the formation of global health diplomacy as a new field of studyReviews: "Health diplomacy is a complicated, multi-disciplinary challenge that needs both intellectual, and more importantly, practical attention from our best diplomats and public health professionals. Professors Novotny and Kickbusch have assembled such a group for this comprehensive review of all the components of this emerging field. 21st Century Health Diplomacy can serve as a valuable reference manual for students, researchers, and diplomats from across foreign policy, security, public health, history and political science disciplines." RADM Kenneth Bernard, MD, DTMH Assistant Surgeon General (Ret.) Former Special Assistant to the President for Health and Security "21st Century Global Health Diplomacy is a must read for those interested in how things now work in the complex architectures of public health, security, and foreign policy. Globalization has presented both challenges and opportunities in public health, and by better understanding the history, politics, governance issues, and trends regarding these challenges, we can embrace more effectively the opportunities now available in health diplomacy. Professors Novotny, Kickbusch, and colleagues have provided a remarkable set of readings that will be of great value to today's public health students, foreign policy scholars, and practicing health diplomats." Professor David L Heymann, CBE Head and Senior Fellow, Centre on Global Health Security, Chatham House, and Professor, Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine "‘Health diplomacy’ remains an awkward theme, lacking global consensus in both definition and implementation. All global health practitioners and observers are struggling with the political and economic sides of the diplomacy equation, while political leaders remain flummoxed regarding ‘health’ and governments' obligations to the well-being of their own citizenries, much less humanity, planet-wide. Novotny and Kickbusch's compendium of essays helps a great deal. The book reveals the facets of debate, and evolving thinking. I very much doubt we will reach any consensus on the boundaries and implementation of ‘global health diplomacy’ during my lifetime, but this book will help sort out many of the issues, and guide the debate." Laurie Garrett Senior Fellow for Global Health at the Council on Foreign Relations, and author of I HEARD THE SIRENS SCREAM: How Americans Responded to the 9/11 and Anthrax Attacks

Routledge Handbook of Global Health Security

Author : Simon Rushton
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This new Handbook presents an overview of cutting-edge research in the growing field of global health security. Over the past decade, the study of global health and its interconnection with security has become a prominent and rapidly growing field of research. Ongoing debates question whether health and security should be linked; which (if any) health issues should be treated as security threats; what should be done to address health security threats; and the positive and negative consequences of ‘securitizing’ health. In academic and policy terms, the health security field is a timely and dynamic one and this handbook will be the first work comprehensively to address this agenda. Bringing together the leading experts and commentators on health security issues from across the world, the volume comprises original and cutting-edge essays addressing the key issues in the field and also highlighting currently neglected avenues for future research. The book intends to provide an accessible yet sophisticated introduction to the key topics and debates and is organised into four key parts: Health Securities: the fundamental conceptual issues, historical links between health and security and the various ways of conceptualising health as a security issue Threats: those health issues which have been most frequently discussed in security terms Responses: the wide range of contemporary security-driven responses to health threats Controversies: the securitization of health, its impact on rights and justice and the potential distortion of the global health agenda This book will be of great interest to students of global health security, public health, critical security studies, and International Relations in general.

Global Health and Security

Author : Colleen O'Manique
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The past decade has witnessed a significant increase in the construction of health as a security issue by national governments and multilateral organizations. This book provides the first critical, feminist analysis of the flesh-and-blood impacts of the securitization of health on different bodies, while broadening the scope of what we understand as global health security. It looks at how feminist perspectives on health and security can lead to different questions about health and in/security, problematizing some of the ¿common sense¿ assumptions that underlie much of the discourse in this area. It considers the norms, ideologies, and vested interests that frame specific ¿threats¿ to health and policy responses, while exposing how the current governance of the global economy shapes new threats to health. Some chapters focus on conflict, war and complex emergencies, while others move from a ¿high political¿ focus to the domain of subtler and often insidious structural violence, illuminating the impacts of hegemonic masculinities and the neoliberal governance of the global economy on health and life chances. Highlighting the critical intersections across health, gender and security, this book is an important contribution to scholarship on health and security, global health, public health and gender studies.

Global Health and Global Health Ethics

Author : Solomon Benatar
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What can be done about the poor state of global health? How are global health challenges intimately linked to the global political economy and to issues of social justice? What are our responsibilities and how can we improve global health? Global Health and Global Health Ethics addresses these questions from the perspective of a range of disciplines, including medicine, philosophy and the social sciences. Topics covered range from infectious diseases, climate change and the environment to trade, foreign aid, food security and biotechnology. Each chapter identifies the ways in which we exacerbate poor global health and discusses what we should do to remedy the factors identified. Together, they contribute to a deeper understanding of the challenges we face, and propose new national and global policies. Offering a wealth of empirical data and both practical and theoretical guidance, this is a key resource for bioethicists, public health practitioners and philosophers.

Managing Global Health Security

Author : Adam Kamradt-Scott
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The author examines how the World Health Organization's approach to fulfilling its disease eradication mandate – now commonly described as 'global health security' – has changed and adapted over time. Drawing on constructivist and rationalist theories of international organization, as well as several case studies (malaria, smallpox, SARS, influenza, Ebola), the book explores how the organization's secretariat has exercised autonomy and authority to establish new customary practices and amend disease control policies and procedures in response to past failures and successes. Kamradt-Scott also investigates how the organization's member states have responded to these changes by imposing new constraints on the WHO's behaviour, and what these changes signal for the future.

Ending the Cycle of Crisis and Complacency in U S Global Health Security

Author : Kelly Ayotte
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When health crises strike—measles, MERS, Zika, dengue, Ebola, pandemic flu—and the American people grow alarmed, the U.S. government springs into action. But all too often, when the crisis fades and fear subsides, urgency morphs into complacency. Investments dry up, attention shifts, and a false sense of security takes hold. The CSIS Commission on Strengthening America’s Health Security urges the U.S. government to replace the cycle of crisis and complacency that has long plagued health security preparedness with a doctrine of continuous prevention, protection, and resilience. Such a strategic approach can restore U.S. leadership, strengthen financing and the speed of response, foster resilient health systems abroad, enhance the U.S. government’s ability to operate in disordered settings, and accelerate select technological innovations to secure the future.


Author : Andrew Lakoff
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"This book tells the story of how the fragile and still-uncertain machinery of global health security was cobbled together over a two-decade period, beginning in the early 1990s. It is neither a heroic account of visionary planning by enlightened health authorities, nor a sinister story of the securitization of disease by an ever-expansive governmental apparatus. Rather, it is a story of the assemblage of disparate elements - adapted from fields such as civil defense, emergency management and international public health - by well-meaning experts and officials, and of response failures that have typically led, in turn, to reforms that seek to strengthen or refocus the apparatus. The analysis centers on the ways that authorities - whether public health officials, national security experts, life scientists, or other privileged observers - conceptualize and act on an encroaching future of disease emergence. This uncertain future can be taken up and made into an object of present intervention according to multiple rationalities: as an object of probabilistic calculation, as a specter that must be avoided through precautionary intervention, or as a potential catastrophe that cannot be evaded but can only be prepared for. In the chapters that follow, we see how these various logics come into tension or combine in response to actual and anticipated disease emergencies."--Provided by publisher.

The Handbook of Global Health Policy

Author : Garrett W. Brown
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The Handbook of Global Health Policy provides adefinitive source of the key areas in the field. It examines theethical and practical dimensions of new and current policy modelsand their effect on the future development of global health andpolicy. Maps out key debates and policy structures involved in allareas of global health policy Isolates and examines new policy initiatives in global healthpolicy Provides an examination of these initiatives that captures boththe ethical/critical as well as practical/empirical dimensionsinvolved with global health policy, global health policy formationand its implications Confronts the theoretical and practical questions of ‘whogets what and why’ and ‘how, when andwhere?’ Captures the views of a wide array of scholars andpractitioners, including from low- and middle-income countries, toensure an inclusive view of current policy debates

Responsible Life Sciences Research for Global Health Security a Guidance Document

Author : Emmanuelle Tuerlings
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Global Health Governance

Author : Sophie Harman
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In the light of scares about potential pandemics such as swine fever and avian flu, the issue of global health and its governance is of increasing concern to scholars and practitioners of medicine, public health, social work, and international politics alike. Providing a concise and informative introduction to how global health is governed, this book: Explores the various ways in which we understand global health governance Explains the "nuts and bolts" of the traditional institutions of global health governance, highlights key frameworks and treaties and their relative successes and failings Examines the actors in global health governance, their purpose, influence and impact Offers an in depth analysis of the effectiveness of global health interventions, focusing particularly on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. Highlighting the wide variety of actors, issues and approaches involved, this work shows the complex nature of global health governance, forcing the reader to examine who or what really governs global health, to what outcome, and for whom.

Law and Global Health

Author : Michael Freeman
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Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems (now available in journal format), is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year leading scholars from around the world gather to discuss the relationship between law and another discipline of thought. Each colloquium examines how the external discipline is conceived in legal thought and argument, how the law is pictured in that discipline, and analyses points of controversy in the use, and abuse, of extra-legal arguments within legal theory and practice. Law and Global Health, the sixteenth volume in the Current Legal Issues series, offers an insight into the scholarship examining the relationship between global health and the law. Covering a wide range of areas from all over the world, articles in the volume look at areas of human rights, vulnerable populations, ethical issues, legal responses and governance.

Pandemics Pills and Politics

Author : Stefan Elbe
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Encapsulating security : pharmaceutical defenses against biological danger -- Discovering a virus's achilles heel : flu fighting at molecular scale -- The pill always wins: Gilead Sciences, Roche and the birth of Tamiflu -- What a difference a day makes : the margin call for regulatory agencies -- Virtual blockbuster : bird flu and the pandemic of preparedness planning -- In the eye of the storm : global access, generics and intellectual property -- 'Ode to Tamiflu' : side effects, teenage 'suicides' and corporate liabilities -- Data backlash : Roche and Cochrane square up over clinical trial data -- 'To boldly go...' : pharmaceutical enterprises and global health security -- Epilogue : pharmaceuticals, security and molecular life

Global Health

Author : Elizabeth A. Armstrong-Mensah
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Global Health Lecture Notes: Issues, Challenges and Global Action provides a thorough introduction to a wide range of important global health issues and explores the resources and skills needed for this rapidly expanding area. Global Health is a growing area that reflects the increasing interconnectedness of health and its determinants. Major socio-economic, environmental and technological changes have produced new challenges, and exacerbated existing health inequalities experienced in both developed and developing countries. This textbook focuses on managing and preventing these challenges, as well as analysing critical links between health, disease, and socio-economic development through a multi-disciplinary approach. Featuring learning objectives and discussion points, Global Health Lecture Notes is an indispensable resource for global health students, faculty and practitioners who are looking to build on their understanding of global health issues.

Innovation in Global Health Governance

Author : Professor Andrew F Cooper
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Analyzing twenty-first century innovations in global health governance, this volume addresses questions of pandemics, essential medicines and disease eradication through detailed case studies of critical and rapidly spreading infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and SARS and 'lifestyle' illnesses such as tobacco-related illnesses, all of which are at the centre of the current global health challenge. Given its contemporary focus and wide range of world leading experts, this study is highly suitable for courses on global governance generally and global public health specifically across political science, economics, law, medicine, nursing and related fields. Scholars, practitioners and clinicians seeking a context for their front line health care provision will find this volume invaluable.

Ethical Issues and Security Monitoring Trends in Global Healthcare Technological Advancements

Author : Brown, Steven A.
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"This book identifies practices and strategies being developed using the new technologies that are available and the impact that these tools might have on public health and safety practices"--Provided by publisher.