Search results for: sir-john-vanbrugh-and-the-vitruvian-landscape

Sir John Vanbrugh and the Vitruvian Landscape

Author : Caroline Dalton
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Sir John Vanbrugh (1664-1726) was one of the most important figures in English garden history although he is rarely recognised as such. An eclectic early career as a merchant, a soldier and a dramatist preceded Vanbrugh�s acceptance of the role of architect to the Third Earl of Carlisle in 1699. His impact on architecture was paralleled by a revolution in landscape design as Vanbrugh shifted the place of the architect from the house to the grounds. He used the ancient rules of proportion combined with an empathetic approach to Nature to create innovative layouts that were geometric, but bore no relation to the formal gardens of the seventeenth century. In Sir John Vanbrugh and the Vitruvian Landscape Caroline Dalton seeks to explain Vanbrugh�s distinctive style of landscape architecture. The natural and moral philosophy of Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (Vitruvius), Euclid, Plato and Epicurus is traced through the Arabic scientists of the Middle Ages into the Italian Renaissance. The book examines the impact of science and humanism on the landscape ethos of Leon Battista Alberti in the Quattrocento and of Andrea Palladio a century later, and looks for parallels with the early Enlightenment in England from 1660 onwards. It becomes clear that the scientific advances and the political, social and economic changes associated with the Enlightenment created an atmosphere where Vanbrugh could thrive. By reference to the writing of Vitruvius, Alberti and Palladio and by utilizing his innate skills as an artist, Vanbrugh combined the science of Vitruvian geometry with the philosophy of the Ancients to create a new English landscape. The text is illustrated throughout with a hundred images, including eighteenth-century maps and plans which have not previously been published, alongside geometrical analysis and computer-generated reconstructions of Vanbrugh�s landscapes. The author has combined her extensive knowledge of information technology with her experience as a landscape historian, to produce an innovative work which questions our previous understanding of the first English landscape architect. The book is essential reading for students studying the history of the eighteenth-century landscape, as well as appealing to those with a general interest in garden history.

Sir John Vanbrugh and Landscape Architecture in Baroque England 1690 1730

Author : Christopher Ridgway
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"Including the fruits of new research, this book provides a reassessment of Vanbrugh's place in landscape architectural history that will necessitate a rethinking of Baroque landscape design. It is for academics and students and, with its illustrations and insights into many of England's most famous sites, will also appeal to the numerous visitors to Vanbrugh's most famous creations."--BOOK JACKET.

Ichnographia Rustica

Author : William Alvis Brogden
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One of the most significant occurrences in the history of design was the creation of the English Landscape Garden. Accounts of its genesis...the surprising structural change from the formal to a seeming informal are numerous. But none has ever been quite convincing and none satisfactorily placed the contributions of Stephen Switzer. Unlike his contemporaries, Switzer - an 18th century author of books on gardening and agricultural improvement - grasped a quite new principle: that the fashionable pursuit of great gardens should be "rural and extensive", rather than merely the ornamentation of a particular part of an estate. Switzer saw that a whole estate could be enjoyed as an aesthetic experience, and by the process of improving its value, could increase wealth. By encouraging improvers to see the garden in his enlarged sense, he opened up the adjoining countryside, the landscape, and made the whole a subject of unified design. Some few followed his advice immediately, such as Bathurst at Cirencester. But it took some time for his ideas to become generally accepted. Could this vision, and its working out in practice between 1710 and 1740 be the very reason for such changes? 300 years after the first volume of his writings began to be published; this book offers a timely critical examination of lessons learned and Switzer’s roles. In major influential early works at Castle Howard and Blenheim, and later the more "minor" works such as Spy Park, Leeswood or Rhual, the relationships between these designs and his writings is demonstrated. In doing so, it makes possible major reassessment of the developments, and thus our attitudes to well-known works. It provides an explanation of how he, and his colleagues and contemporaries first made what he had called Ichnographia Rustica, or more familiarly Modern Gardening from the mid-1740s, land later landscape gardens. It reveals an exceptional innovator, who by transforming the philosophical way in which nature was viewed, integrated good design with good farming and horticultural practice for the first time. It raises the issue of the cleavage in thought of the later 18th century, essentially whether the ferme ornee as the mixture of utile and dulci was the perfect designed landscape, or whether this was the enlarged garden with features of "unadorned nature"? The book discusses these considerable and continuing contrary influences on later work, and suggests Switzer has many lessons for how contemporary landscape and garden design ought be perceived and practised.

Gardens of Court and Country

Author : David Jacques
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Gardens of Court and Country provides the first comprehensive overview of the development of the English formal garden from 1630 to 1730. Often overshadowed by the English landscape garden that became fashionable later in the 18th century, English formal gardens of the 17th century displayed important design innovations that reflected a broad rethinking of how gardens functioned within society. With insights into how the Protestant nobility planned and used their formal gardens, the domestication of the lawn, and the transformation of gardens into large rustic parks, David Jacques explores the ways forecourts, flower gardens, bowling greens, cascades, and more were created and reimagined over time. This handsome volume includes 300 illustrations - including plans, engravings, and paintings - that bring lost and forgotten gardens back to life.

Nerd Ecology Defending the Earth with Unpopular Culture

Author : Anthony Lioi
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Drawing on a wide range of examples from literature, comics, film, television and digital media, Nerd Ecology is the first substantial ecocritical study of nerd culture's engagement with environmental issues. Exploring such works as Star Trek, Tolkien's Lord of the Rings, The Matrix, Joss Whedon's Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Firefly, the fiction of Thomas Pynchon, The Hunger Games, and superhero comics such as Green Lantern and X-Men, Anthony Lioi maps out the development of nerd culture and its intersections with the most fundamental ecocritical themes. In this way Lioi finds in the narratives of unpopular culture - narratives in which marginalised individuals and communities unite to save the planet - the building blocks of a new environmental politics in tune with the concerns of contemporary ecocritical theory and practice.

Landscape in the Gardens and the Literature of Eighteenth century England

Author : David C. Streatfield
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Sculpture and the Garden

Author : Patrick Eyres
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Although the integration of sculpture in gardens is part of a long tradition dating back at least to antiquity, the sculptures themselves are often overlooked, both in the history of art and in the history of the garden. This collection of essays considers the changing relationship between sculpture and gardens over the last three centuries, focusing on four British archetypes: the Georgian landscape garden, the Victorian urban park, the outdoor spaces of twentieth-century modernism and the late-twentieth century sculpture park. Through a series of case studies exploring the contemporaneous audiences of gardens, the book uncovers the social, political and gendered messages revealed by sculpture's placement and suggests that the garden can itself be read as a sculptural landscape.

The English Landscape Garden

Author : H. F. Clark
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A history and description of English landscape gardening. Includes descriptions of Chiswick Park, Castle Howard, Woburn Farm, Pains Hill, The Leasowes, Claremont, Stoew, Nuneham Park, and Woburn Abbey.

English Gardens and Landscapes 1700 1750

Author : Christopher Hussey
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Architecture and Landscape

Author : Clemens M. Steenbergen
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Resource added for the Landscape Horticulture Technician program 100014.

Capability Brown and the Eighteenth Century English Landscape

Author : Roger Turner
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Traces the life of the eighteenth-century landscape architect, describes the rigid, geometric style of gardens before Brown, and discusses the influence of his flowing, more natural designs

The Complete Works of Sir John Vanbrugh The preface Introduction The letters

Author : Sir John Vanbrugh
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English Homes Period IV v 2 The work of Sir John Vanbrugh and his school 1699 1736 1928

Author : Henry Avray Tipping
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The English Landscape Garden

Author : Miles Hadfield
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Country Life

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The Royal Collection

Author : Mark L. Evans
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John Gay s Trivia and the Urban Landscape Poem

Author : Dianne Sigler Ames
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The Picturesque Garden and Its Influence Outside the British Isles

Author : Nikolaus Pevsner
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Land Into Landscape

Author : John Michael Hunter
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Charles Bridgeman and the English Landscape Garden

Author : Peter Willis
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Charles Bridgeman was a key figure in the establishment of le jardin anglais, that remarkable English invention which was to sweep 18th century Europe. Bridgeman's role in the transition from the geometric layouts of the early 1700s to the freer designs of Capability Brown was a crucial one. His activities as Royal Gardener to George II and Queen Caroline embraced Hampton Court, Kensinton Gardens, Hyde Park and Richmond, while for private patrons he was active at Claremont, Eastbury, Wimpole, Marble Hill and a host of other country houses.