Search results for: social-nature

The Social Nature of Man falsifiable Die soziale Natur des Menschen falsifizierbar

Author : Peter Schlötter
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The author's fundamental empirical study of system constellations with life-sized figures from the year 2005 could also be realised in China in 2015. In this book, he proves that the perception of the position in a space actually follows the generally comprehensible semantics of a language and this is hardly any different in China than it is in Germany. Thus, gestural language can be described as a "global language". It is concerned with the exploration of the social nature of man as well as human social gravitational forces with the help of the new research discipline "sociothesie". Thereby, the concept of a "social affected space" can be empirically substantiated. Die grundlegende empirische Studie des Autors über Systemaufstellungen mit lebensgroßen Figuren aus dem Jahr 2005 konnte 2015 auch in China realisiert werden. Er weist in diesem Buch nach, dass die Wahrnehmung der Position im Raum tatsächlich der allgemein verständlichen Semantik einer Sprache folgt und dies in China kaum anders ist als in Deutschland. Die Zeichensprache kann demnach als "Weltsprache" bezeichnet werden. Es geht um die Erforschung der sozialen Natur des Menschen sowie der humanen sozialen Schwerkräfte mit Hilfe der neuen Forschungsdisziplin "Soziothesie". Damit kann das Konzept eines "sozialen Wirkraumes" empirisch begründet werden.

The Social Nature of Mental Illness

Author : Dr. Leonard Bowers
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This is a critical scrutiny of the keenly-debated issue of whether mental illness is a physiological brain disorder or a disorder that is socially defined.

The Social Nature of Emotion Expression

Author : Ursula Hess
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This book provides an overview of theoretical thinking about the communicative scope of emotional expressions as well as an overview of the state of the art research in emotional psychology. For many years, research in emotional psychology has been primarily concerned with the labeling of emotion expressions and the link between emotion expressions and the expresser’s internal state. Following recent trends in research devoting specific attention to the social signal value of emotions, contributors emphasize the nature of emotion expressions as information about the person and the situation, including the social norms and standards relevant to the situation. Focusing on the role of emotion expressions as communicative acts, this timely book seeks to advance a line of theoretical thinking that goes beyond the view of emotion expressions as symptoms of an intrapersonal phenomenon to focus on their interpersonal function. The Social Nature of Emotion Expression will be of interest to researchers in emotional psychology, as well as specialists in nonverbal behavior, communication, linguistics, ethology and ethnography.

The Interpersonal Cognitive and Social Nature of Depression

Author : Thomas E. Joiner
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To date, no other book has truly integrated the interpersonal, cognitive, and social perspectives on depression research. This book provides that integration and will hopefully stimulate it further. This book also showcases a wide variety of research.

The Social Nature of Emotions

Author : Gerben A. van Kleef
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Emotion is a defining aspect of the human condition. Emotions pervade our social and professional lives, they affect our thinking and behavior, and they profoundly shape our relationships and social interactions. Emotions have traditionally been conceptualized and studied as individual phenomena, with research focusing on cognitive and expressive components and on physiological and neurological processes underlying emotional reactions. Over the last two decades, however, an increasing scholarly awareness has emerged that emotions are inherently social – that is, they tend to be elicited by other people, expressed at other people, and regulated to influence other people or to comply with social norms (Fischer & Manstead, 2008; Keltner & Haidt, 1999; Parkinson, 1996; Van Kleef, 2009). Despite this increasing awareness, the inclusion of the social dimension as a fundamental element in emotion research is still in its infancy (Fischer & Van Kleef, 2010). We therefore organized this special Research Topic on the social nature of emotions to review the state of the art in research and methodology and to stimulate theorizing and future research. The emerging field of research into the social nature of emotions has focused on three broad sets of questions. The first set of questions pertains to how social-contextual factors shape the experience, regulation, and expression of emotions. Studies have shown, for instance, that the social context influences the emotions people feel and express (Clark, Fitness, & Brissette, 2004; Doosje, Branscombe, Spears, & Manstead, 2004; Fischer & Evers, 2011). The second set of questions concerns social-contextual influences on the recognition and interpretation of emotional expressions. Studies have shown that facial expressions are interpreted quite differently depending on the social context (e.g., in terms of status, culture, or gender) in which they are expressed (Elfenbein & Ambady, 2002; Hess & Fischer, 2013; Mesquita & Markus, 2004; Tiedens, 2001). The third set of questions has to do with the ways in which people respond to the emotional expressions of others, and how such responses are shaped by the social context. Studies have shown that emotional expressions can influence the behavior of others, for instance in group settings (Barsade, 2002; Cheshin, Rafaeli & Bos, 2011; Heerdink, Van Kleef, Homan, & Fischer, 2013), negotiations (Sinaceur & Tiedens, 2006; Van Kleef, De Dreu, & Manstead, 2004), and leadership (Sy, Côté, & Saavedra, 2005; Van Kleef, Homan, Beersma, & Van Knippenberg, 2010). This Research Topic centers around these and related questions regarding the social nature of emotions, thereby highlighting new research opportunities and guiding future directions in the field. We bring together a collection of papers to provide an encyclopedic, open-access snapshot of the current state of the art of theorizing and research on the social nature of emotion. The state of the art work that is presented in this e-book helps advance the understanding of the social nature of emotions. It brings together the latest cutting-edge findings and thoughts on this central topic in emotion science, as it heads toward the next frontier.

Social Nature

Author : Noel Castree
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This groundbreaking collection brings together for the first time diverse geographical work on the social construction of nature. Eleven leading contributors not only discuss social nature, but look at the concrete ways in which it is made and the political implications of its construction. Brings together for the first time diverse geographical work on the social construction of nature. Eleven leading contributors not only discuss social nature, but look at the concrete ways in which it is made and the political implications of its construction. Uses international case studies to illustrate the theoretical positions. A helpful introduction by the editors sets the chapters in context. Enables teachers and students to explore the ways in which social nature is evident and to engage with the direct implications of this for human lives, ecologies and politics.

Social Nature

Author : Arun Agrawal
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The Church Considered in Its Relation to the Social Nature of Man A Sermon on Eph Iv 11 13

Author : William Digby SADLEIR
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The Social Evolution of Human Nature

Author : Harry Smit
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This book sheds new light on the problem of how the human mind evolved. Harry Smit argues that current studies of this problem misguidedly try to solve it by using variants of the Cartesian conception of the mind, and shows that combining the Aristotelian conception with Darwin's theory provides us with far more interesting answers. He discusses the core problem of how we can understand language evolution in terms of inclusive fitness theory, and investigates how scientific and conceptual insights can be integrated into one explanatory framework, which he contrasts with the alternative Cartesian-derived framework. He then explores the differences between these explanatory frameworks with reference to co-operation and conflict at different levels of biological organization, the evolution of communicative behaviour, the human mind, language, and moral behaviour. His book will interest advanced students and scholars in a range of subjects including philosophy, biology and psychology.

The Social Nature of Written Text

Author : Melanie Sperling
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Author : R. A. Hudson
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New edition of widely-acclaimed textbook, including new sections on up-to-date topics for the 1990s.

Man s Social Nature

Author : Norbert Waszek
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The four leading members of the Scottish Enlightenment (Francis Hutcheson, David Hume, Adam Smith, Adam Ferguson) not only agreed in regarding human life as essentially social life: they even shared the conviction that man's -social- (defined as altruistic or benevolent) propensities would prevail in the operation of society. Throughout their accounts of man, discussed in part one, a distinct tone of optimism is perceptible. The second part attempts to explain the predominance of this optimism among the Scottish intellectuals of the Enlightenment period. A full exposition of eighteenth-century Scottish history shows the philosophers' optimism to be in line with the climate of opinion belonging to an age of improvement."

Discourses on All the Principal Branches of Natural Religion and Social Virtue

Author : James Foster
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Author : Bertell Ollman
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Revised throughout with an entirely new chapter, "In Defense of Internal Relations," and with replies to critical comments on the 1st edition, which the N.Y. Review of Books called "a remarkable book...brilliant and illuminating."

Social and Gender Analysis in Natural Resource Development

Author : Ronnie Vernooy
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This volume presents encounters with rural men and women in South Asian and Southeast Asian countries working for local and national governments and for non-governmental organizations. The six case studies-drawn from India, Nepal, China, Viet Nam and Mongolia-highlight a diversity of efforts to integrate social and gender analysis into natural resource management research. They represent "learning stories" for those involved in farming and livestock interventions in the upland areas of Asia.

Children s Development Within Social Context Metatheory and theory

Author : Lucien T. Winegar
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These companion volumes bring together research and theoretical work that addresses the relations between social context and the development of children. They allow for the in-depth discussion of a number of vital metatheoretical, theoretical, and methodological issues that have emerged as a result of increased investigation in these areas. For example: Which methodological and statistical procedures are appropriate and applicable to studies of social context and processes of development? Should the nature of social context be reconceptualized as something more than different levels of some social independent variable? Are theories of development that do not consider social context incomplete? Will the increasingly finer definitions of social context lead to extreme situationism and contextualism? As developmental theory and investigation continues to address relationships between social and cognitive development, it becomes increasingly important that issues concerning social context be elaborated and discussed. sed.

Is Human Nature Obsolete

Author : Arthur L. Caplan
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An interdisciplinary exploration of whether modern genetics and bioengineering are leading us to a posthuman future.

Durkheim Through the Lens of Aristotle

Author : Douglas F. Challenger
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This text re-examines Durkheim's science of morality as it is illuminated by Aristotle's philosophy. The author demonstrates, by examining previously unappreciated aspects of the latter's moral sociology, that Durkheim's theory can be compatible with postmodernism.

Social Structures Aging and Self Regulation in the Elderly

Author : K. Warner Schaie, PhD
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This collection considers ways in which societal contexts influence aging by influencing self-regulatory processes. No one doubts that the social contexts in which individuals develop exert strong influence on life trajectories. Those born into environments that provide high quality education, supportive social relations, and economic assets do better in old age than those born into environments bereft of such resources. The extent of this influence, however, is only beginning to be revealed. Recent research shows that life experiences influence basic brain structures (e.g. the effect of musical training on neural organization) and functions (e.g. inflammatory processes), and that social embeddedness may even protect against Alzheimer's disease. Similarly, education increasingly appears to have a "real" effect on neural integrity. Thus, societal contexts may not simply open or close doors for individuals, but may influence self-regulatory processes at the most basic levels of functioning. Although social structures are generally seen as the independent variables that affect individual aging, it is also possible to think of a lifetime development of self-regulatory processes leading to behaviors in old age that can have impact on and modify societal structures. Two parts of this book consider self-regulation as the dependent variable, asking how social contexts influence cognitive, emotional, and self-regulatory processes. The third part reverses the question, treating self-regulation as the independent variable and retirement and physical health as dependent variables. In this part, consideration is given to how the effectiveness of self-regulation influences physical and economic outcomes in old age.

Becoming a Word Learner

Author : Roberta Michnick Golinkoff
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Language acquisition is a contentious field of research occupied by cognitive and developmental psychologists, linguists, philosophers, and biologists. Perhaps the key component to understanding how language is mastered is explaining word acquisition. At twelve months, an infant learns new words slowly and laboriously but at twenty months he or she acquires an average of ten new words per day. How can we explain this phenomenal change? A theory of word acquisition will not only deepen our understanding of the nature of language but will provide real insight into the workings of the developing mind. In the latest entry in Oxford's Counterpoints series, Roberta Golinkoff and Kathryn Hirsh-Pasek will present competing word acquisition theories that have emerged in the past decade. Each theory will be presented by the pioneering researcher. Contributors will include Lois Bloom of Columbia University, Linda Smith of Indiana University, Amanda Woodward of the University if Chicago, Nameera Akhtar of the University of California, Santa Cruz and Michael Tomasello of the Max Planck Institute. The editors will provide introductory and summary chapters to help assess each theoretical model. Roberta Golinkoff has been the director of The Infant Language Project at the University of Delaware since 1974. For the past decade she has collaborated with Kathryn Hirsh-Pasek of Temple University to solve the question of language acquisition in children.