Search results for: software-architecture-knowledge-management

Software Architecture Knowledge Management

Author : Muhammad Ali Babar
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A software architecture manifests the major early design decisions, which determine the system’s development, deployment and evolution. Thus, making better architectural decisions is one of the large challenges in software engineering. Software architecture knowledge management is about capturing practical experience and translating it into generalized architectural knowledge, and using this knowledge in the communication with stakeholders during all phases of the software lifecycle. This book presents a concise description of knowledge management in the software architecture discipline. It explains the importance of sound knowledge management practices for improving software architecture processes and products, and makes clear the role of knowledge management in software architecture and software development processes. It presents many approaches that are in use in software companies today, approaches that have been used in other domains, and approaches under development in academia. After an initial introduction by the editors, the contributions are grouped in three parts on "Architecture Knowledge Management", "Strategies and Approaches for Managing Architectural Knowledge", and "Tools and Techniques for Managing Architectural Knowledge". The presentation aims at information technology and software engineering professionals, in particular software architects and software architecture researchers. For the industrial audience, the book gives a broad and concise understanding of the importance of knowledge management for improving software architecture process and building capabilities in designing and evaluating better architectures for their mission- and business-critical systems. For researchers, the book will help to understand the applications of various knowledge management approaches in an industrial setting and to identify research challenges and opportunities.

Understanding Software Architecture Decisions from an Approach Based on Knowledge Management

Author : Gilberto Pedraza García
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"The architecture of a software system is the result of balancing a set of concerns expressed by stakeholders in its construction through a decision-making process. Each architectural decision is motivated by a set of design concerns that a team of architects must satisfy. The software architecture community accepts that architectural decisions are true knowledge. Although the importance of architectural decisions and their justification has been recognized, there are few mechanisms and tools for systematic management. As a result, these decisions are intuitive and informal, their quality depends on the architect-s experience and there is a high risk of not considering all aspects to achieve a better solution. On the other hand, knowledge management is a systematic approach that provides a conceptual and practical framework for managing the knowledge lifecycle using concepts and tools for capturing, representing, reusing, distributing, retrieving and inferring the knowledge needed to support software architecture design activities. Several proposals address the implementation of knowledge management in software architecture, but very few refer to sharing and distributing architectural knowledge; there is also little empirical evidence on how to use this knowledge. This study aims to validate whether the introduction of knowledge management activities in the decision making process of software architecture design improves the understanding of decisions, with less effort and greater satisfaction for participating architects. To achieve this goal, we propose a set of strategies and techniques to capture, retrieve, represent and share architectural design decisions as knowledge."--Tomado del Formato de Documento de Grado.

Software Architecture

Author : Muhammad Ali Babar
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Welcome to the European Conference on Software Architecture (ECSA), which is the premier European software engineering conference. ECSA provides researchers and practitioners with a platform to present and discuss the most recent, innovative, and significant findings and experiences in the field of software architecture research and practice. The fourth edition of ECSA was built upon a history of a successful series of European workshops on software architecture held from 2004 through 2006 and a series of European software architecture conferences from 2007 through 2009. The last ECSA was merged with the 8th Working IEEE/IFIP Conference on Software Architecture (WICSA). Apart from the traditional technical program consisting of keynote talks, a main - search track, and a poster session, the scope of the ECSA 2010 was broadened to incorporate other tracks such as an industry track, doctoral symposium track, and a tool demonstration track. In addition, we also offered several workshops and tutorials on diverse topics related to software architecture. We received more than 100 submissions in the three main categories: full research and experience papers, emerging research papers, and research challenges papers. The conference attracted papers (co-)authored by researchers, practitioners, and academics from 30 countries (Algeria, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hong Kong, I- land, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, United Kingdom, United States).

Software Architecture

Author : Flavio Oquendo
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First European Conference on Software Architecture, ECSA 2007, held in Aranjuez, Spain. The 12 revised long papers presented together with four short papers cover description languages and metamodels, architecture-based code generation, run-time monitoring, requirements engineering, service-oriented architectures, aspect-oriented software architectures, ontology-based approaches, autonomic systems, middleware and web services.

Agile Software Architecture

Author : Muhammad Ali Babar
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Agile software development approaches have had significant impact on industrial software development practices. Today, agile software development has penetrated to most IT companies across the globe, with an intention to increase quality, productivity, and profitability. Comprehensive knowledge is needed to understand the architectural challenges involved in adopting and using agile approaches and industrial practices to deal with the development of large, architecturally challenging systems in an agile way. Agile Software Architecture focuses on gaps in the requirements of applying architecture-centric approaches and principles of agile software development and demystifies the agile architecture paradox. Readers will learn how agile and architectural cultures can co-exist and support each other according to the context. Moreover, this book will also provide useful leads for future research in architecture and agile to bridge such gaps by developing appropriate approaches that incorporate architecturally sound practices in agile methods. Presents a consolidated view of the state-of-art and state-of-practice as well as the newest research findings Identifies gaps in the requirements of applying architecture-centric approaches and principles of agile software development and demystifies the agile architecture paradox Explains whether or not and how agile and architectural cultures can co-exist and support each other depending upon the context Provides useful leads for future research in both architecture and agile to bridge such gaps by developing appropriate approaches, which incorporate architecturally sound practices in agile methods

Relating System Quality and Software Architecture

Author : Ivan Mistrik
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System Quality and Software Architecture collects state-of-the-art knowledge on how to intertwine software quality requirements with software architecture and how quality attributes are exhibited by the architecture of the system. Contributions from leading researchers and industry evangelists detail the techniques required to achieve quality management in software architecting, and the best way to apply these techniques effectively in various application domains (especially in cloud, mobile and ultra-large-scale/internet-scale architecture) Taken together, these approaches show how to assess the value of total quality management in a software development process, with an emphasis on architecture. The book explains how to improve system quality with focus on attributes such as usability, maintainability, flexibility, reliability, reusability, agility, interoperability, performance, and more. It discusses the importance of clear requirements, describes patterns and tradeoffs that can influence quality, and metrics for quality assessment and overall system analysis. The last section of the book leverages practical experience and evidence to look ahead at the challenges faced by organizations in capturing and realizing quality requirements, and explores the basis of future work in this area. Explains how design decisions and method selection influence overall system quality, and lessons learned from theories and frameworks on architectural quality Shows how to align enterprise, system, and software architecture for total quality Includes case studies, experiments, empirical validation, and systematic comparisons with other approaches already in practice.

Aligning Enterprise System and Software Architectures

Author : Mistrik, Ivan
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"This book covers both theoretical approaches and practical solutions in the processes for aligning enterprise, systems, and software architectures"--Provided by publisher.

Economics Driven Software Architecture

Author : Ivan Mistrik
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Economics-driven Software Architecture presents a guide for engineers and architects who need to understand the economic impact of architecture design decisions: the long term and strategic viability, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of applications and systems. Economics-driven software development can increase quality, productivity, and profitability, but comprehensive knowledge is needed to understand the architectural challenges involved in dealing with the development of large, architecturally challenging systems in an economic way. This book covers how to apply economic considerations during the software architecting activities of a project. Architecture-centric approaches to development and systematic evolution, where managing complexity, cost reduction, risk mitigation, evolvability, strategic planning and long-term value creation are among the major drivers for adopting such approaches. It assists the objective assessment of the lifetime costs and benefits of evolving systems, and the identification of legacy situations, where architecture or a component is indispensable but can no longer be evolved to meet changing needs at economic cost. Such consideration will form the scientific foundation for reasoning about the economics of nonfunctional requirements in the context of architectures and architecting. Familiarizes readers with essential considerations in economic-informed and value-driven software design and analysis Introduces techniques for making value-based software architecting decisions Provides readers a better understanding of the methods of economics-driven architecting

Software Architecture for Big Data and the Cloud

Author : Ivan Mistrik
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Software Architecture for Big Data and the Cloud is designed to be a single resource that brings together research on how software architectures can solve the challenges imposed by building big data software systems. The challenges of big data on the software architecture can relate to scale, security, integrity, performance, concurrency, parallelism, and dependability, amongst others. Big data handling requires rethinking architectural solutions to meet functional and non-functional requirements related to volume, variety and velocity. The book's editors have varied and complementary backgrounds in requirements and architecture, specifically in software architectures for cloud and big data, as well as expertise in software engineering for cloud and big data. This book brings together work across different disciplines in software engineering, including work expanded from conference tracks and workshops led by the editors. Discusses systematic and disciplined approaches to building software architectures for cloud and big data with state-of-the-art methods and techniques Presents case studies involving enterprise, business, and government service deployment of big data applications Shares guidance on theory, frameworks, methodologies, and architecture for cloud and big data

Modern Software Engineering Concepts and Practices Advanced Approaches

Author : Dogru, Ali H.
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Software engineering has advanced rapidly in recent years in parallel with the complexity and scale of software systems. New requirements in software systems yield innovative approaches that are developed either through introducing new paradigms or extending the capabilities of well-established approaches. Modern Software Engineering Concepts and Practices: Advanced Approaches provides emerging theoretical approaches and their practices. This book includes case studies and real-world practices and presents a range of advanced approaches to reflect various perspectives in the discipline.

Web based Support Systems

Author : JingTao Yao
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Web-based Support Systems (WSS) are an emerging multidisciplinary research area in which one studies the support of human activities with the Web as the common platform,mediumandinterface.TheInternetaffectseveryaspectofourmodernlife. Moving support systems to online is an increasing trend in many research domains. One of the goals of WSS research is to extend the human physical limitation of information processing in the information age. Research on WSS is motivated by the challenges and opportunities arising from the Internet. The availability, accessibility and ?exibility of information as well as the tools to access this information lead to a vast amount of opportunities. H- ever, there are also many challenges we face. For instance, we have to deal with more complex tasks, as there are increasing demands for quality and productivity. WSS research is a natural evolution of the studies on various computerized support systems such as Decision Support Systems (DSS), Computer Aided Design (CAD), and Computer Aided Software Engineering (CASE). The recent advancement of computer and Web technologies make the implementation of more feasible WSS. Nowadays, it is rare to see a system without some type of Web interaction. The research of WSS is classi?ed into four groups. • WSS for speci?c domains.

Managing Trade offs in Adaptable Software Architectures

Author : Ivan Mistrik
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Managing Trade-Offs in Adaptable Software Architectures explores the latest research on adapting large complex systems to changing requirements. To be able to adapt a system, engineers must evaluate different quality attributes, including trade-offs to balance functional and quality requirements to maintain a well-functioning system throughout the lifetime of the system. This comprehensive resource brings together research focusing on how to manage trade-offs and architect adaptive systems in different business contexts. It presents state-of-the-art techniques, methodologies, tools, best practices, and guidelines for developing adaptive systems, and offers guidance for future software engineering research and practice. Each contributed chapter considers the practical application of the topic through case studies, experiments, empirical validation, or systematic comparisons with other approaches already in practice. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, how to architect a system for adaptability, software architecture for self-adaptive systems, understanding and balancing the trade-offs involved, architectural patterns for self-adaptive systems, how quality attributes are exhibited by the architecture of the system, how to connect the quality of a software architecture to system architecture or other system considerations, and more. Explains software architectural processes and metrics supporting highly adaptive and complex engineering Covers validation, verification, security, and quality assurance in system design Discusses domain-specific software engineering issues for cloud-based, mobile, context-sensitive, cyber-physical, ultra-large-scale/internet-scale systems, mash-up, and autonomic systems Includes practical case studies of complex, adaptive, and context-critical systems

Model and Data Engineering

Author : Alfredo Cuzzocrea
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Model and Data Engineering, MEDI 2013, held in Amantea, Calabria, Italy, in September 2013. The 19 long papers and 3 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 61 submissions. The papers specifically focus on model engineering and data engineering with special emphasis on most recent and relevant topics in the areas of model-driven engineering, ontology engineering, formal modeling, security, and database modeling.

Semantic Knowledge Management An Ontology Based Framework

Author : Zilli, Antonio
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"This book addresses the Semantic Web from an operative point of view using theoretical approaches, methodologies, and software applications as innovative solutions to true knowledge management"--Provided by publisher.

Knowledge Management Organizational Memory and Transfer Behavior Global Approaches and Advancements

Author : Jennex, Murray E.
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"This book captures an in-depth knowledge base on the most current and useful concepts, applications, and processes relevant to the successful management of knowledge assets"--Provided by publisher.

Knowledge Management Systems

Author : Ronald Maier
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Knowledge management promises concepts and instruments that help organizations support knowledge creation, sharing and application. This book offers a comprehensive account of the many facets, concepts and theories that have influenced knowledge management and integrates them into a framework consisting of strategy, organization, systems and economics guiding the design of successful initiatives. The third edition extends coverage of the two pillars of implementing knowledge management initiatives, organization and systems.

Strategic Knowledge Management in Multinational Organizations

Author : O'Sullivan, Kevin
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"This book presents a comprehensive set of investigations of a wide range of environmental factors, both internal and external, that contribute to the key challenge of complexity in KM. These factors include culture, technology, communications, infrastructure, and learning and leadership structures"--Provided by publisher.

Relating Software Requirements and Architectures

Author : Paris Avgeriou
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Why have a book about the relation between requirements and software architecture? Understanding the relation between requirements and architecture is important because the requirements, be they explicit or implicit, represent the function, whereas the architecture determines the form. While changes to a set of requirements may impact on the realization of the architecture, choices made for an architectural solution may impact on requirements, e.g., in terms of revising functional or non-functional requirements that cannot actually be met. Although research in both requirements engineering and software architecture is quite active, it is in their combination that understanding is most needed and actively sought. Presenting the current state of the art is the purpose of this book. The editors have divided the contributions into four parts: Part 1 “Theoretical Underpinnings and Reviews” addresses the issue of requirements change management in architectural design through traceability and reasoning. Part 2 “Tools and Techniques” presents approaches, tools, and techniques for bridging the gap between software requirements and architecture. Part 3 “Industrial Case Studies” then reports industrial experiences, while part 4 on “Emerging Issues” details advanced topics such as synthesizing architecture from requirements or the role of middleware in architecting for non-functional requirements. The final chapter is a conclusions chapter identifying key contributions and outstanding areas for future research and improvement of practice. The book is targeted at academic and industrial researchers in requirements engineering or software architecture. Graduate students specializing in these areas as well as advanced professionals in software development will also benefit from the results and experiences presented in this volume.

Knowledge Based Software Engineering

Author : Tatjana Welzer
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The book captures the latest developments in the areas of knowledge engineering and software engineering. Particular emphasis is placed upon applying knowledge-based methods to software engineering problems. The Conference, from which the papers are coming, originated in order to provide a forum in which the latest developments in the field of knowledge-based software engineering could be discussed. Although initially targeting scientists from Japan, the CIS countries and countries in Central and Eastern Europe, the authors come from many countries throughout the world. JCKBSE 2002 continues with this tradition and is anticipating even wider international participation. Furthermore, the scope of the conference as indicated by its topics has been updated to reflect the recent development in all the three covered areas, i.e. knowledge engineering, software engineering, and knowledge based software engineering

Software Architecture

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