Search results for: synchrotron-radiation

Synchrotron Radiation

Author : C. Kunz
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Synchrotron radiation as a spectroscopic research tool has undergone a most inter esting and astonishing historical development and has now come to the stage of an exciting boom. The machines which produce synchrotron radiation were built and de veloped exclusively for other purposes in the past, namely high-energy physics. At the same time, however, they involuntarily became better and better light sources for the spectral range from the visible to the hard x-ray region. Now we are at the point that the first few storage rings have gone into operation as machines dedicated to synchrotron radiation and several more are in the stage of construction and planning. All this was brought about by the successful research performed during the past fifteen years in which several groups allover the world haVe participated at dif ferent accelerator centers mostly symbiotic with high-energy physics. As it happens with a young and rapidly developing field, the number of reviews and monographs is still minute. The objective of this book is to fill an apparent gap and to provide a sound basis for those who are interested in synchrotron radiation and its applica tions.

Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Helmut Wiedemann
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In this book the characteristics of synchrotron radiation, including insertion device radiation, are described and derived from first principles. The reader is first introduced to the subject in an intuitive way in order to gain familiarity with the underlying physical processes. A rigorous mathematical derivation of the theory follows. Since the characteristics of synchrotron radiation are intimately connected with the parameters of the electron beam and its accelerator, a basic introduction to electron beam dynamics and accelerator design is included. The book is aimed at graduate students and scientists working with synchrotron radiation.

Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation for Condensed Matter Studies

Author : Jose Baruchel
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This second volume in the HERCULES Course on Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation for Condensed Matter Studies is devoted to selected applications in physics and chemistry of solids, with the fourteen chapters ranging from general considerations of symmetry in condensed matter to the most recent developments in magnetic excitations and electron spectroscopies in high Tc superconductors. The subjects were chosen either for their basic importance or because of interesting new developments, while the fifteen authors were selected both for their high scientific expertise and their teaching skills.

Medical Applications of Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Masami Ando
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Synchrotron radiation has important applications in medical imaging, especially in such areas as intravenous coronary angiography, mammography, bronchography, and monochromatic computed tomography. In medicine, phase contrast imaging is a particularly exciting development, with the potential to become a new X-ray eye in the 21st century. To discuss these and related topics, medical doctors met with physicists and other researchers in Haga, Japan, in August 1997. This volume contains the proceedings of the International Workshop on Medical Applications of Synchrotron Radiation (HAGA 97), where practitioners from the world of medicine could communicate directly with researchers from the world of physics to discuss practical and theoretical aspects of medical imaging with synchrotron radiation. This volume, presenting the outcome of the discussions and presentations in the workshop, is a valuable resource to all who are interested in medical imaging and physics.

Synchrotron Radiation Sources

Author : Herman Winick
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Specialists in the technical components of a synchrotron light source are usually well versed in their field and in the associated technical literature. However, with the rapid and continuing growth of synchrotron radiation research, and with new facilities coming online and being authorized for design and construction around the world, there is a need for a reference book that describes the various technical components of a synchrotron light source in a manner that will be useful to those who lack specialized technical background, but who have responsibility for some part of the design, construction, operation or development of such a facility. This would include technicians, engineers and physicists who have technical background in related fields but no specific experience with a synchrotron light source, and also project managers, laboratory directors, and government officials involved with synchrotron light facilities.College level scientific or engineering training or the equivalent experience is assumed and appropriate mathematics is used throughout. However, the basic concepts in each chapter are given in less technical language and a glossary of terms as well as an index will make the book useful for those with less technical training or experience.

Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Settimio Mobilio
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Synchrotron radiation is today extensively used for fundamental and applied research in many different fields of science. Its exceptional characteristics in terms of intensity, brilliance, spectral range, time structure and now also coherence pushed many experimental techniques to previously un-reachable limits, enabling the performance of experiments unbelievable only few years ago. The book gives an up-to-date overview of synchrotron radiation research today with a view to the future, starting from its generation and sources, its interaction with matter, illustrating the main experimental technique employed and provides an overview of the main fields of research in which new and innovative results are obtained. The book is addressed to PhD students and young researchers to provide both an introductory and a rather deep knowledge of the field. It will also be helpful to experienced researcher who want to approach the field in a professional way.

Magnetism and Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Eric Beaurepaire
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Advances in the synthesis of new materials with often complex, nano-scaled structures require increasingly sophisticated experimental techniques that can probe the electronic states, the atomic magnetic moments and the magnetic microstructures responsible for the properties of these materials. At the same time, progress in synchrotron radiation techniques has ensured that these light sources remain a key tool of investigation, e.g. synchrotron radiation sources of the third generation are able to support magnetic imaging on a sub-micrometer scale. With the Fifth Mittelwihr School on Magnetism and Synchrotron Radiation the tradition of teaching the state-of-the-art on modern research developments continues and is expressed through the present set of extensive lectures provided in this volume. While primarily aimed at postgraduate students and newcomers to the field, this volume will also benefit researchers and lecturers actively working in the field.

Synchrotron Radiation Research

Author : Herman Winick
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This book has grown out of our shared experience in the development of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL), based on the electron-positron storage ring SPEAR at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) starting in Summer, 1973. The immense potential of the photon beam from SPEAR became obvious as soon as experiments using the beam started to run in May, 1974. The rapid growth of interest in using the beam since that time and the growth of other facilities using high-energy storage rings (see Chapters 1 and 3) demonstrates how the users of this source of radiation are finding applications in an increasingly wide variety of fields of science and technology. In assembling the list of authors for this book, we have tried to cover as many of the applications of synchrotron radiation, both realized already or in the process of realization, as we can. Inevitably, there are omissions both through lack of space and because many projects are at an early stage. We thank the authors for their efforts and cooperation in producing what we believe is the most comprehensive treatment of synchrotron radiation research to date.

Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Philip Duke
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Synchroton radiation is the most important new source of electromagnetic radiation and has drastically transformed the study of the properties of materials. This book presents the properties of synchroton radiation in a clear and self-contained way and explains the advanced techniques which are required for its production.

Applications of Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Wolfgang Eberhardt
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This field has now matured from being an exotic experimental field into a well-established area of science. The spectroscopy of molecules and molecular adsorbates on surfaces is one area of science where synchrotron-radiation-related studies had made an impact on understanding the ground-state properties as well as the dynamics. With the new high-brightness synchrotron-radiation sources ahead, this will certainly continue to be a field of very active research.

Biophysics and Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Antonio Bianconi
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This book the second volume in the "Springer Series in Biophysics" col lects together contributions to the conference on "Biophysics and Syn chrotron Radiation" held in July 86 at Frascati. This meeting addressed the advances on the structure of biological molecules obtained by using synchrotron radiation. In fact it was most timely to review the results of the research in biophysics which is rapidly developing at synchrotron radiation facilities. Moreover, there was interest to discuss the new perspectives opened up by the future high brilliance synchrotron radia tion sources. With the use of synchrotron radiation, x-ray spectroscopy of biological molecules is firmly established in the techniques of EXAFS and XANES. Contributions to the detailed knowledge of local structure of active sites of metalloproteins by this approach are presented in this volume, together with a number of studies of -the interaction of metal ions with other important biological macromolecular systems. Structural determination of very large biological systems at high reso lution, including a protein and its substrate, are reported. The experi mental advances in protein crystallography presented here reduce the time for solving protein structures, thus satisfying a major require ment of the rapidly-expanding field of protein engineering.

The Physics of Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Albert Hofmann
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This book explains the underlying physics of synchrotron radiation and derives its main properties. It is divided into four parts. The first covers the general case of the electromagnetic fields created by an accelerated relativistic charge. The second part concentrates on the radiation emitted by a charge moving on a circular trajectory. The third looks at undulator radiation, covering plane weak undulators, strong undulators and other more general undulators. The final part deals with applications and investigates the optics of synchrotron radiation dominated by diffraction due to the small opening angle. It also includes a description of electron storage rings as radiation sources and the effect of the emitted radiation on the electron beam. This book provides a valuable reference for scientists and engineers in the field of accelerators, and all users of synchrotron radiation.

Synchrotron Radiation Research

Author : R.Z. Bachrach
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In the summer of 1972, I had the privilege and responsibility of organizing a Gordon Conference on the "High-Energy Spectroscopy of Solids." The Thursday evening session focused on future directions for high-energy spectroscopy. The possibilities associated with synchrotron radiation for future research became a central issue. I was asked to choose the members of the panel and chair the session. Although all five members of the panel went on to have distinguished careers using synchrotron radiation, at the time some of them were skeptical about the future role of synchrotron radiation sources in high-energy photon spectroscopy. The discussion became heated, and many members of the audience spoke, both pro and con. One member of the panel produced a detailed argument that synchrotron radiation would never rival standard X-ray tubes. We found out that there were estimates for properties of synchrotrons that differed by orders of magnitude from those of X-ray tubes. That much uncertainty was expressed at a meeting that took place less than twenty years ago. It is hard to believe that, even though at that time synchrotron radiation was already being used for photoemission studies of solids and surfaces and intershell excitations in solids, the potential impact and importance of this area was not fully realized even by the experts. Today synchrotron radiation is one of the primary tools for studying surfaces, and synchrotron radiation has affected many other areas of condensed-matter physics---even superconductivity.

Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Mineralogical Association of Canada
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Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Accademia nazionale dei Lincei
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Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Moskovskoe obshchestvo ispytateleĭ prirody. Sekt︠s︡ii︠a︡ fiziki
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An Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Philip Willmott, PhD
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This book introduces the reader to the basic concepts of thegeneration and manipulation of synchrotron light, its interactionwith matter, and the application of synchrotron light in the“classical” techniques, while including some of themost modern technological developments. As much as possible,complicated mathematical derivations and formulas are avoided. Amore heuristic approach is adopted, whereby the general physicalreasoning behind the equations is highlighted. Key features: A general introduction to synchrotron radiation andexperimental techniques using synchrotron radiation Contains many detailed “worked examples” from theliterature Of interest for a broad audience - synchrotrons are possiblyone of the best examples of multidisciplinary research Four-colour presentation throughout

Collective Phenomena in Synchrotron Radiation Sources

Author : Shaukat Khan
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This book helps dispel the notion that collective phenomena, which have become increasingly important in modern storage rings, are an obscure and inaccessible topic. The book serves as a valuable guide on how to improve synchrotrons and other storage rings. Despite an emphasis on synchrotron light sources, the basic concepts presented here are valid for other facilities as well.

Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation

Author : Jae-Young Choi
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The SRI2006 Proceedings features the most recent developments in present synchrotron radiation sources. It also features up-to-date free electron lasers atphoton energies from the infrared to hard X-rays, beamline instrumentation to transport the radiation to the experiments, as well as experimental techniques to utilize it. Further included are recent experimental results in synchrotron radiation sciences.

Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation

Author : E. Fontes
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The Tenth United States National Conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation was held June 17-20, 1997 at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. The SRI National meeting is held every two years, and this year was hosted by CHESS, the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source. As a national meeting, it serves as a venue for all light sources in the United States to discuss the latest, most advanced capabilities in the fields of X-ray and VUV synchrotron radiation. Topics for this year's meeting included: Facilities: history, status, and upgrades Sources: insertion devices, laser, excited and other High-tech: beam stabilization, beamline hardware, and control Optics: novel design, fabrication, testing and use Small stuff: making and imaging micro structures Real-time: in-situ measurements and materials characterization Detectors: large, small, fast, and energy-resolving