Search results for: tariff-and-science-policies

Tariff and Science Policies

Author : Donald J. Daly
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Tariff and Science Policies

Author : Donald James Daly
File Size : 42.40 MB
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This controversial analysis of economic nationalism will interest economists and those concerned with nationalism and the competitive position of Canadian manufacturing. It is the first attempt to test empirically an economic model of nationalism, a model which implies than an emphasis on nationalism ultimately reduces economic efficiency - with low-income groups bearing most of the resultant cost - and redistributes income from lower - to upper-income individuals. Applying the model to federal commercial and science policies, the authors argue that these policies have contributed to the high costs and low productivity of Canadian manufacturing and retarded the adoption of new processes and improved techniques. They find that the costs of these are borne by the urban workers and the consumer, while the major beneficiaries are Canadian managers, scientists, and engineers. The efficiency and competitive position of Canadian industry are reduced and income redistributed from lower- to upper-income groups. Science policies designed to increase, at high cost, a broad range of Canadian research and development capabilities are related to the slower adoption of new manufacturing processes in Canada than in the United States and Europe. The authors conclude that greater trade liberalization and increased industrial specialization would benefit Canada and Ontario, that more emphasis should be placed on rapid diffusion of innovation, and that research should be concentrated in fields where Canada has a potential competitive advantage.

Natural Resources In U s canadian Relations Volume 1

Author : Carl E. Beigie
File Size : 39.34 MB
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International Science and Technology Insight

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File Size : 55.63 MB
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Staples and Beyond

Author : Mel Watkins
File Size : 65.99 MB
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This collection brings together Watkins' most important scholarly articles. In Staples and Beyond Watkins addresses the "staple thesis" of Canadian economic and political development and, in particular, the effort to extend Harold Innis' work by giving more explicit consideration to class relations and the role of the state. He considers the historical nature of Canada's economic dependency in relation to tariff barriers, foreign investment, the multi-national corporation, and wide-ranging free trade and investment agreements. He also examines the evolution of economics and political economy as academic disciplines and reflects on the relationship between intellectual scholarship and political activism.

The International Cartel as an Influence in Tariff Policies

Author : D. Domerztzky
File Size : 42.10 MB
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The Impact of International Trade and Investment on Employment

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File Size : 33.36 MB
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Trade Among Multinationals RLE International Business

Author : Donald C MacCharles
File Size : 29.56 MB
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In the 1980s many developed countries were increasingly tempted to improve their national competitiveness by adopting protectionist policies. This book demonstrates that such policies would be mistaken and do serious damage to industries in the countries concerned. This book, based on extensive original research provides important empirical evidence concerning the proportion of all trade which is intra-industry trade; concerning the key role of multinationals in the growth of intra-industry trade and concerning the contrasting response – particularly between those companies which are multinational parents and those which are multinational subsidiaries – to the changing competitive conditions.

Scale in Production Systems

Author : John A. Buzacott
File Size : 72.33 MB
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IIASA Proceedings Series, Volume 15: Scale in Production Systems focuses on the applications of scale in the industries. The book is based on a workshop held at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in June 1979 as part of the research program of the Management and Technology Area. The selection first underscores the problems of scale and revision of approaches in the evaluation of scale economies in industry. Discussions focus on empirical perspectives on improving appraisals of scale effects; analytical limitations of past theory and empirical findings; interpretation of analytical findings; and approaches to the study of scale problems. The text then takes a look at the problems of scale in international air transportation and optimal size of subcritical fossil-fueled electric generating units. The publication ponders on the implications of plant scale in the chemical industry, with particular reference to ethylene plants, and scale, technology, and the learning curve. The evolution of manufacturing systems and sources of the learning curve are identified. The manuscript then elaborates on the aspects of determining the scale of an organization; problems of determining production scale in Soviet industry; and industry scale, free trade, and protection. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the use of scale in production systems.

Key to Economic Science and Managerial Sciences

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