Search results for: the-art-of-precast-concrete

The Art of Precast Concrete

Author : David Bennett
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As a building material, precast concrete allows a wide range of sculptural forms and design options. By treating the surface in various ways, fascinating textures and fine finishes can be produced. This book provides a systematic overview of the variety of applications for such concrete elements throughout Europe. Author David Bennett provides in-depth information on newly developed, especially lightweight forms of concrete such as GRC (Glass-Fibre Reinforced Concrete), Ductal and CRC (Compact Reinforced Composite). A selection of some 24 projects which are of particular significance, are documented in detail and provide a wealth of inspiring design ideas. The appendix comprises an overview of the building practices in the individual European countries and the availability of concrete elements. Amongst the buildings documented are the Scottish Parliament Building in Edinburgh by Enric Miralles Benedetta Tagliabue, the Synagogue in Dresden by Wandel, Hoefer, Lorch + Hirsch, and the Mexican Embassy in Berlin by González de León.

Precast Concrete Bridges

Author : fib Fédération internationale du béton
File Size : 64.79 MB
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This report was drafted by fib Task Group 6.4, Precast bridges: José Calavera (Convenor, Spain) André De Chefdebien (CERIB, France), David Fernández-Ordóñez (Prefabricados Castelo, S.A., Spain, Secretary), Antonello Gasperi (Consulting engineer, Italy), Jorge Ley (INTEMAC, Spain), Fritz Mönnig (Prof. Bechert & Partner, Germany), Pierre Passeman (CERIB, France), C. Quartel (Spanbeton BV, The Netherlands), Ladislav Sasek (VPU DECO Praha, Czech Republic), George Tootell (Buchan Concrete Ltd., UK), Arnold Van Acker (Belgium)

The state of the art of precast prestressed integral bridges

Author : Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute. Subcommittee on Integral Bridges
File Size : 90.58 MB
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Seismic Design of Precast Concrete Building Structures

Author : fib Fédération internationale du béton
File Size : 81.87 MB
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The aim of this state-of-art report is to present current practices for use of precast and prestressed concrete in countries in seismic regions, to recommend good practice, and to discuss current developments. The report has been drafted by 30 contributors from nine different countries. This state-of-art report covers: state of the practice in various countries; advantages and disadvantages of incorporating precast reinforced and prestressed concrete in construction; lessons learned from previous earthquakes; construction concepts; design approaches; primary lateral load resisting systems (precast and prestressed concrete frame systems and structural walls including dual systems) diaphragms of precast and prestressed concrete floor units; modelling and analytical methods; gravity load resisting systems; foundations; and miscellaneous elements (shells, folded plates, stairs and architectural cladding panels). Design equations are reported where necessary, but the emphasis is on principles. Ordinary cast-in-place reinforced concrete is not considered in this report. This fib state-of-the-art report is intended to assist designers and constructors to provide safe and economical applications of structural precast concrete and at the same time to allow innovation in design and construction to continue. This Bulletin N° 27 was approved as an fib state-of-art report in autumn 2002 byfib Commission 7, Seismic design.

Precast Insulated Sandwich Panels

Author : fib Fédération internationale du béton
File Size : 52.95 MB
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During the mid-20th century, with the rise of industrial prefabrication, precast concrete sandwich panels started being used as cladding for buildings. Since then, society and construction industry have become increasingly aware of energy efficiency in all fields, including affordability and sustainability consciousness, while maintaining the buildings’ durability. As such, buildings have been subject to increasingly stringent requirements which has kept the technology of sandwich panels continually at the forefront of building envelope evolution. Nowadays, sandwich panels have reached the highest standards of functional performance and aesthetic appeal. In building construction, these sandwich panel attributes combine with the well-known advantages of prefabrication including structural efficiency, flexibility in use, speed of construction, quality consciousness, durability, and sustainability. Sandwich panels have gained more exposure, thus representing quite a significant application within the prefabrication industry and a vital component of the precast market. The fib Commission “Prefabrication” is eager to promote the development of all precast structural concrete products and to share the knowledge and experience gained, to aid with practical design and construction. By issuing this comprehensive overview, “Guide to Good Practice”, a better understanding of design considerations, structural analysis, building physics, use of materials, manufacturing methods, equipment usage and field performance will be provided. This document contains the latest information currently available worldwide. The Commission is particularly proud that this document is a result of close cooperation with PCI and that it is published by both the fib and PCI. This cooperation started six years ago, first with comparing the different approaches to several issues, then progressively integrating and producing common documents, like this one, that hasn’t yet been treated in a specific Guide by either body. This Guide is intended to be the reference document to all who are interested in utilising the advantages of Precast Sandwich wall panels. In conjunction with the previously published Planning and Design Handbook on Precast Building Structures, the designer will have significant resources to integrate sandwich wall panels into any applicable structure.

State of the art Report on Full depth Precast Concrete Bridge Deck Panels

Author : PCI Committee on Bridges
File Size : 35.8 MB
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Precast Concrete Railway Track Systems

Author : fib Fédération internationale du béton
File Size : 65.17 MB
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In 1986, the FIP Commission on Prefabrication issued the state-of-art report "Concrete Railway Sleepers", which included design considerations, manufacturing methods, rail fastening systems and field performance. During the two decades since that report, precast concrete has gained importance in the field of railway track systems for plain track, switches and crossings, tunnels and other applications. Developments in production methods for concrete sleepers in switch and crossing layouts to cope with the complex geometry and the industry's confidence in their performance have contributed to the huge increase in the use of this type of sleeper. The use of slab track for high-speed track has also grown, particularly where either new track is built or where existing track is renewed and long periods of track possession are possible. There has also been progress in the development of plant and equipment for the installation, renewal and maintenance of concrete sleepered track. With machines now able to replace existing track at a rate of 5000 sleepers (over 3 km track) per day, choosing concrete sleepers can reduce the time on site, meaning tracks can be reopened quickly whilst reducing labour requirements and costs. Today, precast concrete is considered to be the best performing and preferred material for railway sleepers, due to the following factors: long-term durability; improved geometric retention of track and greater weight vital for high-speed and heavy freight lines; improved elasticity of track; improved ride quality; low first cost; minimum life cycle cost; low cost of maintenance; environmental friendliness - no chemical treatment required and can be recycled. As all aspects of precast concrete railway track systems, from design through manufacture to installation and maintenance, have progressed since the publication of the FIP report, an update was considered timely, in order to provide a synthesis of currently available information. This new edition covers quality, design, production, durability, maintenance and environmental considerations, and includes survey on the use of precast concrete track systems in over 30 countries.

Precast tunnel segments in fibre reinforced concrete

Author : fib Fédération Internationale du Béton
File Size : 30.58 MB
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With the publication of this bulletin, fib Commission 1 is initiating a new series of documents related to the use of structural concrete in underground construction, where structural concrete plays a major and increasingly important role. The usage of underground space is more than ever a key issue of urban planning and fib decided to start addressing the issues related to the design and construction of concrete structures in this particular environment. In this context one the most significant applications of structural concrete is tunnel lining, for which the properties of reinforced concrete are particularly well suited through compressive strength, water tightness, ductility, and durability. Reinforced concrete tunnels linings have mostly been traditionally cast in situ, but the development of Tunnel Boring Machines has lead to the invention of precast concrete segmental lining technology, which is nowadays one of the most promising applications of Fibre Reinforced Concrete (FRC). Thanks to the courage and dedication of innovative designers and contractors, a number of large tunnels have already been built around the World with FRC precast linings, and this report presents the experience acquired with these projects, and also provides guidance about the way to apply 2010 fib Model Code recommendations on FRC to these structures. The main drivers of this evolution from RC to FRC are a better ductility, more durability, and easier fabrication and construction process. As Commission 1 chair, I am very grateful to Alberto Meda and to all members of this task group for opening the way to this new field of underground structures within our commission, and to have efficiently produced a document that will be useful to our members and to the construction community around the World.

The Art and Science of Structural Concrete Design

Author : S. Ali Mirza
File Size : 87.76 MB
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Extending Span Ranges of Precast Prestressed Concrete Girders

Author : Reid W. Castrodale
File Size : 42.32 MB
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An Integral Abutment Bridge with Precast Concrete Piles

Author : Robert Emil Abendroth
File Size : 57.89 MB
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This report presents the details of the first integral abutment bridge in the state of Iowa that utilized precast, prestressed concrete piles in the abutment. The bridge, which was constructed in Tama County in 2000, consists of a 110 ft. long, 30 ft. wide, single-span PC girder superstructure with a left-side-ahead 20 degree skew angle. The bridge was instrumented with a variety of strain gages, displacement sensors, and thermocouples to monitor and help in the assessment of structural behavior. The results of this monitoring are presented, and recommendations are made for future application of precast, prestressed concrete piles in integral abutment bridges.

Architectural Precast Concrete Drafting Handbook

Author : Prestressed Concrete Institute. Committee on Architectural Precast Concrete Shop Drawings
File Size : 49.45 MB
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State of the art Report on Prestressed Concrete Ties for North American Railroads

Author : Amir Naoum Hanna
File Size : 20.95 MB
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Guide to the CEB

Author : Euro-International Committee for Concrete
File Size : 78.83 MB
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PCI Journal

Author :
File Size : 21.40 MB
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Journal of the American Concrete Institute

Author : American Concrete Institute
File Size : 44.52 MB
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Manufacturing of Concrete Products and Precast Elements

Author : Helmut Kuch
File Size : 76.32 MB
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The flexible use of prefabricated concrete products requires a continuously increasing diversity with regard to fresh concrete mix designs and properties, moulding processes, surface finishes and product characteristics. This trend imposes ever-higher requirements on manufacturers of the associated production equipment and on precast plants. The main goal is to implement a flexible production system in all processing stages. The relevant correlations and interactions need to be thoroughly considered and evaluated in order to ensure that concrete products and precast elements are manufactured to the required quality standard. To date, no comprehensive description of these correlations has been published in the relevant literature. This richly illustrated book closes the gap by describing the basic principles of the production processes, the fundamentals of materials, the composition of the concrete mix, and the equipment used for concrete production. Clearly arranged chapters detail the production processes and equipment used to manufacture small concrete products, concrete pipes and manholes, and precast elements. The authors have used their many years of experience in the field of precast technology and their close ties to the industry. Their aim was to integrate modern testing and calculation methods from neighbouring disciplines into precast technology. This includes, for instance, modelling and simulation of the workability behaviour of mixes, implementation of the latest advancements in machine dynamics to the design and engineering of production equipment, and the use of stateof-the-art measuring and automation technology for quality control purposes.

Multi storey Precast Concrete Framed Structures

Author : Kim S. Elliott
File Size : 41.28 MB
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Precast concrete design, manufacture and construction is carried out to the highest standards of exactness--and yet much of the knowledge is restricted to the precast industry itself. Hence there is a need for a comprehensive reference work for structural engineers and architects. This book provides just such a work, covering the design, detailing and construction of precast skeletal structures. Architectural matters, such as integrated structural building facades, are explained against a background of recent case studies. Structural design methods featured include frame and component analysis, precast floors, composite construction, diaphragm action, connections and frame stability. There are also chapters on design for robustness and temporary stability during frame erection. The text contains state-of-the-art information, together with numerous worked examples borne out of the author's many years of practical experience in precast concrete design and construction. These include the preliminary design of a four story structure, and over 14 problems in connection design alone.

Prestressed Concrete

Author : Edward G. Nawy
File Size : 73.10 MB
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Completely revised to reflect the new ACI 318-08 Building Code and International Building Code, IBC 2009, this popular book offers a unique approach to examining the design of prestressed concrete members in a logical, step-by-step trial and adjustment procedure. KEY TOPICS: Integrates handy flow charts to help readers better understand the steps needed for design and analysis. Includes a revised chapter containing the latest ACI and AASHTO Provisions on the design of post-tensioned beam end anchorage blocks using the strut-and-tie approach in conformity with ACI 318-08 Code. Offers a new complete section with two extensive design examples using the strut-and-tie approach for the design of corbels and deep beams. Features an addition to the elastic method of design, with comprehensive design examples on LRFD and Standard AASHTO designs of bridge deck members for flexure, shear and torsion, conforming to the latest AASHTO specifications. Includes a revised chapter on slender columns, including a simplified load-contour biaxial bending method which is easier to apply in desiign, using moments rather than loads in the reciprocal approach. MARKET: A useful construction reference for engineers.

Sustainability of precast structures

Author : FIB – International Federation for Structural Concrete
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Sustainability is a crucial concept. Sustainability was first introduced in the fib by creating a Special Activity Group under the convenorship of Prof Sakai. This group encouraged and helped all fib commissions to create their own groups dealing with sustainability. The fib Commission 6 “Prefabrication” took up this challenge and created a Task Group called “Sustainability of Structures with Precast Elements” in 2012. The group was created as a joint group with PCI (Precast Concrete Institute of USA), with the then-active fib Commission 3 “Environmental aspects of design and construction”, and the fib’s SAG8 on Sustainability. Therefore, this Bulletin 88 is a joint publication between PCI and fib. The aim of the work was to gather and study the most recent work that has been developed regarding sustainability – and more particularly Life Cycle Assessment - of structures in which precast elements are used. The final aim of the group would be to provide recommendations for the study and assessment of structures built with precast elements. It will cover all aspects of this kind of structure, from planning, design, execution, use, maintenance and remedial activities to deconstruction, reuse, demolition and recycling. The fib holds sustainability as a high priority, which triggered the creation of a new Commission 7 “Sustainability” during the 2015 fib commissions reorganisation. This commission has been chaired since then by Prof Hájek. Sustainability concepts were already introduced in the Model Code 2010 and are a key part in the elaboration of the Model Code 2020. Experts from many parts of the world contributed to this fib Bulletin 88 which gives the document a broad overview of sustainability sensibilities across different continents. Bulletin 88 starts with a description of the importance of environmental concepts and developments in the world today and the reason why sustainability is a crucial concept that will be even more important in the future. The document then focuses on the different advances of standards and regulations that have been developed or are in the process of being implemented. ISO, European regulations, North American regulations, Brazilian implementation in real precast companies and the developments of the fib Model Codes have been considered in this bulletin. After that, the bulletin examines life cycle aspects of precast structures, taking former fib bulletins as a basis. Then, it moves on to an in-depth study of specific sustainability aspects of precast structures. Then, the bulletin deals with the special methodologies and tools that are available around the world to handle sustainability in general and with precast structures in particular. A selection of tools is described in this chapter. The Task Group also developed proposals about how to deal with the sustainability of precast structures. Some of the proposals are described conceptually in the text. The final chapter compiles several case studies or examples of sustainability applications of precast structures. The examples differ and are grouped by category: buildings, infrastructure and special works.v The task group continues to work on developing other documents that will focus on the detailed practical application of some of the sustainability models described in this document.