Search results for: the-book-of-learning-and-forgetting

The Book of Learning and Forgetting

Author : Frank Smith
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A renowned educator explains how schools and educational authorities systematically obstruct the powerful inherent learning abilities of children, creating handicaps that often persist through life. This book will help educators and parents to combat sterile attitudes toward teaching and learning and prevent current practices from doing further harm.

The Book of Learning and Forgetting

Author : Frank Smith
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Learning and Forgetting in Development NGOs

Author : Tiina Kontinen
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Learning and Forgetting in Development NGOs draws on a range of theoretical approaches and empirical evidence to explore how development organisations learn or fail to learn from experience. Despite the overwhelming discourses of NGOs as learning organisations, little is known about the phenomenon of learning within NGOs. As constantly changing buzzwords and institutional approaches abound and old ideas and concepts are "re-discovered", development NGOs are often accused of trying to reinvent the wheel as they struggle to escape from the challenges of development amnesia. Based on detailed empirical data on the everyday practices and accounts of development practitioners, this book moves between the boundaries of organisational institutionalism, learning theories, management and ethnographies of NGOs practices to investigate the many faces of organisational learning in an attempt to counteract development amnesia. Learning and Forgetting in Development NGOs will be an essential guide for students, scholars and development practitioners with an interest in development management and organisational theory.

Remembering and Forgetting

Author : T. H. Pear
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REMEMBERING AND FORGETTING REMEMBERING AND FORGETTING BY T. H. PEAR.. M. A., B. Sc. PROFESSOR OP PSYCHOLOGY IN THE UNIVERSITY OP MANCHESTER WITH NINE DIAGRAMS METHUEN m CO. LTD. 36 ESSEX STREET W. C, LONDON TO MY FATHER AND MOTHER PREFACE WHATEVER there may be of definiteness in the structure of this book is due to the circum stances under which its first draft was made. It was necessary to compress into a few lectures enough information about ordinary remembering and forgetting to enable officers of the R. A. M. C. to estimate the abnor mality of these functions in their patients. It might have been better if the book had appeared in that shape but more than three years have now passed, and the temp tation to add to these lectures as new information has arrived from time to time has been irresistible. These additions have naturally obscured the original outlines of the book. At first, however, it was the medical man to whom these chapters were addressed, and if they now help him in any way this must be accredited to the Medical Research Council, whose grant facilitated the giving of these lectures at the Maghull Military Hospital, near Liverpool, and to the encouragement of its late commanding officer, Dr. R. G. Rows. In thanking those friends who have helped me, I wish to acknowledge first my great debt of gratitude to the late Dr. W. H. R. Rivers, the loss of whom to psychology is incalculable. He not only gave to the viii REMEMBERING AND FORGETTING manuscript his painstaking Attention and the benefit of his wide knowledge, but discussed several parts of it at length with me. To Mr. R. H. Thouless, who has very kindly read the proofs to Miss Evelyn Chorlton, who rendered me invaluable secretarial help during two years when pressure of other duties made book-writing very difficult to my wife, who helped me considerably with the book in its early stages and to Miss Mair Jones and Mr. L. B. Yates, who have prepared much of the typescript, I offer my best thanks. I am indebted to the editor and the publishers of the British Journal of Psychology for their kind permis sion to reprint chapter viii., with its illustrative dia grams, and parts of chapters ix. and xii. to the editor and the publishers of Discovery for a similar courtesy in regard to part of chapter v. to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, who have allowed me to reproduce from their Memoirs chapter xi. with dia grams and to the University of London for permis sion to reproduce Plate III from Sir Francis Galtons Inquiries into Human Faculty By the students of psychology who have been privi leged to learn their subject from Dr. C. S. Myers the influence of his teaching upon this book will certainly be discernible. I wish to acknowledge here how much I owe to his friendship, help, and advice since the days when his lectures, convincing a student of the physical sciences that the problem of the observer is no less in teresting than that of the observed, led me to the study of the mind. T. H. P. . MANCHESTER August, 19m CONTENTS CHAPTER PAGE I. WHAT is MEMORY i II. THE APPARATUS OF REMEMBERING .... 14 III. THE PERCEPT AND THE IMAGE .... 3 IV. THE FUNCTIONS OF THE IMAGE .... 44 V. THE MODERN STUDY OF DREAMS .... 69 VI. THE MECHANISM OF DREAMS 86 VII. RIVERSS VIEW OF THE DREAM Summary of Chap ters V, VI, VII 102 VIII. THE ANALYSIS OF A DREAM 119 IX. How WE FORGET 134 APPENDIX X. SYN ESTHESIA 178 XL NUMBER-FORMS 188 XII. THE INTELLECTUAL RESPECTABILITY OF MUSCULAR SKILL . . 205 XIII. THE SIGNIFICANCE FOR THE PROBLEMS OF RE MEMBERING AND FORGETTING OF CERTAIN EXPERIMENTS ON THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. . 232 INDEX 237 INTRODUCTION IN no sense is this a text-book upon the subject of memory. It has been written in the hope that it may serve as a guide-book to some of Memorys most interesting facts helping the uninitiated to find their way through, and pointing out attractive items in a vast collection which has not yet been satis factorily arranged or labelled...


Author : Sergio Della Sala
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Memory and forgetting are inextricably intertwined. In order to understand how memory works we need to understand how and why we forget. The topic of forgetting is therefore hugely important, despite the fact that it has often been neglected in comparison with other features of memory. This volume addresses various aspects of forgetting, drawing from several disciplines, including experimental and cognitive psychology, cognitive and clinical neuropsychology, behavioural neuroscience, neuroimaging, clinical neurology, and computational modeling. The first chapters of the book discuss the history of forgetting, its theories and accounts, the difference between short-term and long-term forgetting as well as the relevance of forgetting within each of the numerous components of memory taxonomy. The central part summarizes and discusses what we have learned about forgetting from animal work, from computational modeling, and from neuroimaging. Further chapters discuss pathological forgetting in patients with amnesia and epilepsy, as well as psychogenic forgetting. The book concludes by focusing on the difference between forgetting of autobiographical memories versus collective memory forgetting. This book is the first to address the issue of forgetting from an interdisciplinary point of view, but with a particular emphasis on psychology. The book is scientific and yet accessible in tone, and as such is suitable for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students of psychology and related subjects, such as science and neuroscience.

Schools Or Markets

Author : Deron R. Boyles
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This book challenges readers to consider the consequences of commercialism and business influences on and in schools. Critical essays examine the central theme of commercialism via a unique multiplicity of real-world examples. Topics include: *privatization of school food services; *oil company ads that act as educational policy statements; *a parent's view of his child's experiences in a school that encourages school-business partnerships; *commercialization and school administration; *teacher union involvement in the school-business partnership craze currently sweeping the nation; *links between education policy and the military-industrial complex; *commercialism in higher education, including marketing to high school students, intellectual property rights of professors and students, and the bind in which professional proprietary schools find themselves; and *the influence of conservative think tanks on information citizens receive, especially concerning educational issues and policy. Schools or Markets?: Commercialism, Privatization, and School-Business Partnerships is compelling reading for all researchers, faculty, students, and education professionals interested in the connections between public schools and private interests. The breadth and variety of topics addressed make it a uniquely relevant text for courses in social and cultural foundations of education, sociology of education, educational politics and policy, economics of education, philosophy of education, introduction to education, and cultural studies in education.

How We Learn

Author : Benedict Carey
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In the tradition of The Power of Habit and Thinking, Fast and Slow comes a practical, playful, and endlessly fascinating guide to what we really know about learning and memory today—and how we can apply it to our own lives. From an early age, it is drilled into our heads: Restlessness, distraction, and ignorance are the enemies of success. We’re told that learning is all self-discipline, that we must confine ourselves to designated study areas, turn off the music, and maintain a strict ritual if we want to ace that test, memorize that presentation, or nail that piano recital. But what if almost everything we were told about learning is wrong? And what if there was a way to achieve more with less effort? In How We Learn, award-winning science reporter Benedict Carey sifts through decades of education research and landmark studies to uncover the truth about how our brains absorb and retain information. What he discovers is that, from the moment we are born, we are all learning quickly, efficiently, and automatically; but in our zeal to systematize the process we have ignored valuable, naturally enjoyable learning tools like forgetting, sleeping, and daydreaming. Is a dedicated desk in a quiet room really the best way to study? Can altering your routine improve your recall? Are there times when distraction is good? Is repetition necessary? Carey’s search for answers to these questions yields a wealth of strategies that make learning more a part of our everyday lives—and less of a chore. By road testing many of the counterintuitive techniques described in this book, Carey shows how we can flex the neural muscles that make deep learning possible. Along the way he reveals why teachers should give final exams on the first day of class, why it’s wise to interleave subjects and concepts when learning any new skill, and when it’s smarter to stay up late prepping for that presentation than to rise early for one last cram session. And if this requires some suspension of disbelief, that’s because the research defies what we’ve been told, throughout our lives, about how best to learn. The brain is not like a muscle, at least not in any straightforward sense. It is something else altogether, sensitive to mood, to timing, to circadian rhythms, as well as to location and environment. It doesn’t take orders well, to put it mildly. If the brain is a learning machine, then it is an eccentric one. In How We Learn, Benedict Carey shows us how to exploit its quirks to our advantage.

The Book of Laughter and Forgetting

Author : Milan Kundera
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Rich in its stories, characters, and imaginative range, The Book of Laughter and Forgetting is the novel that brought Milan Kundera his first big international success in the late 1970s. Like all his work, it is valuable for far more than its historical implications. In seven wonderfully integrated parts, different aspects of human existence are magnified and reduced, reordered and emphasized, newly examined, analyzed, and experienced.

Rediscovering Psychoanalysis

Author : Thomas H. Ogden
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contributions through the exploration, explication, and extension of the work of Bion, Loewald, and Searles." --Book Jacket.

Memory and Forgetting

Author : John Henderson
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Memory and Forgetting explains the main models of memory and the various approaches used in the study of memory. This is followed by a discussion of theories of forgetting and the practical applications of memory research.

Successful Remembering and Successful Forgetting

Author : Aaron S. Benjamin
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This volume provides a window into cutting-edge research in cognitive psychology on inhibition in memory, metacognition, educational applications of basic memory research, and many other topics related to the groundbreaking research of Robert Bjork. It will appeal to graduate students and researchers in learning and memory.

The Power of Forgetting

Author : Mike Byster
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An uncommon guide for accomplishing more every day by engaging the unique skill of forgetting, from the creator of the award-winning memory training system Brainetics Is it possible that the answer to becoming a more efficient and effective thinker is learning how to forget? Yes! Mike Byster will show you how mastering this extraordinary technique—forgetting unnecessary information, sifting through brain clutter, and focusing on only important nuggets of data—will change the quality of your work and life balance forever. Using the six tools in The Power of Forgetting, you’ll learn how to be a more agile thinker and productive individual. You will overcome the staggering volume of daily distractions that lead to to brain fog, an inability to concentrate, lack of creativity, stress, anxiety, nervousness, angst, worry, dread, and even depression. By training your brain with Byster’s exclusive quizzes and games, you’ll develop the critical skills to become more successful in all that you do, each and every day.

Strategic Memory

Author : Chong Chen
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Do you know how your brain operates to store memories?Do you know how it works to recall them?Would you like to be able to improve your memory? The memory is a crucial function of the brain and is essential for many of the things we do on a daily basis. Without a memory we would be unable to recall names, places, favorite foods and a whole host of other things we take for granted. In his book, Strategic Memory: The Natural History of Learning and Forgetting, Dr. Chong Chen takes a look at memories, their functions and how they work in 5 parts; The process of memory The encoding and storage of memory Schema and systems consolidation Memory retrieval and reconsolidation Mnemonics With references to state-of-the-art scientific knowledge on memory and data of many of the groundbreaking studies conducted in the past 150 years, Strategic Memory is a look into the past as well as a guide to the future. With it you can become familiar with the numerous strategies that will go towards ensuring you can develop your own superior memory.

Fluent Forever

Author : Gabriel Wyner
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Presents a series of techniques for acquiring a foreign language, including news ways of training the tongue for pronunciation, use of visual imagery for connecting sounds and spelling, and spaced-repetition methods for learning new vocabulary.

Learning Curves

Author : Mohamad Y. Jaber
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Written by international contributors, Learning Curves: Theory, Models, and Applications first draws a learning map that shows where learning is involved within organizations, then examines how it can be sustained, perfected, and accelerated. The book reviews empirical findings in the literature in terms of different sources for learning and partial assessments of the steps that make up the actual learning process inside the learning curve. Traditionally, books on learning curves have focused either on cost accounting or production planning and control. In these books, the learning curve has been treated as a forecasting tool. This book synthesizes current research and presents a clear picture of organizational learning curves. It explores how organizations improve other measures of organizational performance including quality, inventory, and productivity, then looks inside the learning curve to determine the actual processes through which organizations learn.

Unlimited Memory Forget Forgetting

Author : Prof N L Shraman
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How the World's Top Memory Experts Concentrate and Remember Any Information at Will, and How You Can Too Do you ever feel like you're too busy, too stressed or just too distracted to concentrate and get work done? In Unlimited Memory, you'll learn how the world's best memory masters get themselves to concentrate at will, anytime they want. When you can easily focus and concentrate on the task at hand, and store and recall useful information, you can easily double your productivity and eliminate wasted time, stress and mistakes at work. In this book, you'll find all the tools, strategies and techniques you need to improve your memory. Here’s just a taste of the memory methods you'll learn in this book: The 3 bad habits that keep you from easily remembering important information How a simple pattern of thinking can stop you from imprinting and remembering key facts, figures and ideas, and how to break this old pattern so you’ll never again be known as someone with a “bad memory” How to master your attention so you can focus and concentrate longer, even during challenging or stressful situations How to use your car to remember anything you want (like long lists or information you need to remember for your studies or personal life) without writing anything down Simple methods that allow you to nail down tough information or complex concepts quickly and easily How to combine your long-term memory (things you already know and will never forget) and short-term memory (information you want to remember right now) to create instant recall for tests, presentations and important projects The simple, invisible mental technique for remembering names without social awkwardness or anxiety How using your imagination to bring boring information to life can help you dramatically improve your attention span and recall An incredible strategy for remembering numbers (the same system Kevin used to remember Pi to 10,000 digits and beat the world memory record by 14 minutes) How to use a mental map to lock in and connect hundreds or even thousands of ideas in your long-term memory (this method will allow you to become a leading expert in your field faster than you ever dreamed possible) If you're ready to harness the incredible power of your mind to remember more in less time, this book is for you.

Memory a Contribution to Experimental Psychology

Author : Hermann Ebbinghaus
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2011 Reprint of 1913 Edition. Full facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition Software. Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850-1909) was a German psychologist who pioneered the experimental study of memory, and is known for his discovery of the forgetting curve and the spacing effect. He was also the first person to describe the learning curve. In 1885, he published his groundbreaking Uber das Gedachtnis ("On Memory," later translated to English as "Memory: A Contribution to Experimental Psychology") in which he described experiments he conducted on himself to describe the processes of learning and forgetting. Ebbinghaus made several findings that are still relevant and supported to this day. First, arguably his most famous finding, the forgetting curve. The forgetting curve describes the exponential curve that illustrates how fast we tend to forget the information we had learned. The sharpest decline is in the first twenty minutes, then in the first hour, and then the curve evens off after about one day.

A Study Guide for Milan Kundera s The Book of Laughter and Forgetting

Author : Gale, Cengage Learning
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A Study Guide for Milan Kundera's "The Book of Laughter and Forgetting," excerpted from Gale's acclaimed Novels for Students. This concise study guide includes plot summary; character analysis; author biography; study questions; historical context; suggestions for further reading; and much more. For any literature project, trust Novels for Students for all of your research needs.

Learning to re member the Things We ve Learned to Forget

Author : Cynthia B. Dillard
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The power of our cultural memories: New visions -- The seduction of forgetfulness: re-membering body, mind and spirit -- The need to love Blackness: healing cultural memories of African beauty -- The power of rituals and traditions: re-membering African culture, re-membering African knowledge -- The importance of naming: spirituality, the sacred, and new questions for endarkened transnational feminist research (with Chinwe Okpalaoka) -- Pedagogies of community are pedagogies of the spirit: living Ubuntu -- The ability to create anew: re-membering to make the world we.

Learning by Doing While Remembering Forgetting with Reminders from Pakistan Manufacturing Data

Author : A. R. Kemal
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The process of subsidized industrialization in many LDCs has been taking place for a sufficiently long time that it is becoming possible to test empirically whether these new and initially inefficient industries have been "learning by doing." Such tests are beginning to appear. Unfortunately, they are bedeviled by the difficulty of quantifying the concept, "learning." The surrogates usually used lead to the strange implication that learning is unbounded and hence that the merest iota of capital and labor is ultimately capable of learning how to produce infinite outputs (and doing it). Furthermore, the learning variable usually selected is highly collinear with time and hence is econometrically quite unsatisfactory. this paper explores these demerits and presents a new method that overcomes these problems by remembering forgetting. This new approach is employed to examine various learning hypothese for sixteen manufacturing industries and the total manufacturing sector of Pakistan.