Search results for: the-bric-states-and-outward-foreign-direct-investment

The BRIC States and Outward Foreign Direct Investment

Author : David Collins
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This book examines the relatively recent and under-explored phenomenon of outward foreign direct investment (FDI) from the large emerging market countries, focusing on the four BRIC states (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) and on the services sector meaning primarily telecommunications, finance, and transport. It considers the international legal framework governing FDI, discussing the nature and extent of the bilateral and regional investment treaty commitments undertaken by each of the BRIC states, including their commitments under the WTO General Agreement on Trade in Services, as well as their obligations as members of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Drawing on trends observed in the regulatory approach of these countries to FDI in services, including the observed flow of FDI both to and now from the developing world, the book proposes a multilateral investment treaty aimed at the liberalization and protection of FDI in services. The treaty will capture the emerging equilibrium in global FDI patterns signifying a unified approach to the regulation of foreign investment in the growing services economy by developing and developed economies alike. The treaty will strengthen the legitimacy of investor-state dispute settlement and recognize public interest norms such as environmental protection and human rights as well as allow signatories to retain sovereignty over matters relating to national security and economic stability.

The BRIC States and Outward Foreign Direct Investment

Author : David Collins
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This book evaluates how the phenomenon of outward foreign direct investment in services from Brazil, Russia, India, and China has been and could be regulated in international law. It addresses the goal of further economic development, balanced against the key public interest issues that lead to much criticism of international investment law.

ODI from BRIC Countries

Author : Valeria Gattai
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In this book, the authors investigate the rise in outward direct investment (ODI) from four emerging economies, Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC). Over the last two decades, these countries have transformed from recipients of foreign direct investment (FDI) into important international investors. This new book explores the reasons behind the impressive surge in ODI from developing economies, and examines the characteristics of firms within BRIC countries by creating and testing a conceptual framework. Addressing the need for a greater understanding of aggregated ODI patterns, the authors focus on the different types of ODI being employed by firms within BRIC countries, covering details such as destinations and foreign ownership structures. By evaluating the correlation between ODI and a firm’s performance, this book will be a valuable read for anyone researching international business and emerging economies.

Foreign Direct Investments from Emerging Markets

Author : K. Sauvant
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Collected here are papers from the conference, Thinking Outward, which dealt with a range of issues related to the key players in this process - firms, home countries and host countries and the book will have a foreword from Jeffrey Sachs. In the wake of the financial crisis, these issues remain increasingly critical for developing countries.

The Rise of Transnational Corporations from Emerging Markets

Author : Karl P. Sauvant
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Having undertaken billions of FDI in many continents and nations, between Argentina and the PRC, I consider Dr Sauvant s book an eye-opener, a new page, showing us a new super highway. The OFDI volume of emerging markets today, surpassing the entire FDI volume of not even 20 years back, is a signal of success of the free market economy. It signals also the end of privileges for the Europeans. It reflects entrepreneurship at its best on the part of the fast developing nations of Asia. It shows that free access to know how and capital has permitted Asia to catch up at an unprecedented speed. Contrary to often repeated but wrong opinions, the poor of the world have benefited the most by globalization. A market place of unimaginable potential is under construction in the first half of the 21st century, accelerated by FDI. This book should find many readers, particularly among the political leaders of today and tomorrow. Carl H. Hahn, Chairman Emeritus of Volkswagen AG This comprehensive analysis deals with the range of issues raised by the rise of transnational corporations from emerging markets. This insightful book shows that foreign direct investment (FDI) from emerging markets has grown from negligible amounts in the early 1980s to $210 billion in 2007, with the stock of investment now being well over $1 trillion. This reflects the rise of firms from these economies to become important players in the world FDI market. The contributors to this book comprehensively analyze the rise of emerging market TNCs, the salient features of the transnational activities of these firms, the relationship of outward FDI and the competitiveness of the firms involved, their impact on host and home countries and implications for the international law and policy system. The subject of this study is both topical and important and poses a number of challenges that will require considerable policy attention in the future. It will appeal to academics interested in FDI as well as emerging markets. Karl P. Sauvant has gathered together a group of leading academics that makes this an informative and valuable read for anyone interested in the subject, including academics, students at all levels and private sector entities, as well as government officials dealing with outward FDI.

Emerging Market Multinationals in Europe

Author : Louis Brennan
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This book makes a timely and highly stimulating contribution to the discourse on emerging-market multinationals, (EMNCs), as Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Europe from emerging countries (especially from the BRICs - Brazil, Russia, India, China) continues to grow in significance. Unsurprisingly, the emergence of EMNCs from emerging economies raises a wide range of challenges and opportunities for scholars, business professionals, and policymakers alike. While explaining the sudden rise of these companies has become a major concern among scholars, we have very limited knowledge on drivers, motivations, strategies, and impact of these EMNCs in Europe and their policy implications. This volume provides fresh insights into EMNCs activities and their impact in Europe. The contributors argue that EMNCs combine various country specific advantages, existing firm-specific advantages (exploitation), and/or new FSAs (exploration) in their FDI, and that there is considerable heterogeneity across EMNCs, even those from the same southern economy. Highlighting the importance of considering this divergent behaviour when implementing future European FDI policies, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of European Politics, International Political Economy, International Business and European Integration.

Foreign Direct Investment in Central and Eastern Europe

Author : Balázs Szent-Iványi
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This book examines how foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows to Central and Eastern Europe have changed after the Great Recession. It argues that beyond their cyclical effects, the economic crisis and the changing competitiveness of Central and Eastern European countries have had structural impacts on FDI in the region. FDI has traditionally been viewed as the key driver of national development, but the apparent structural shift means that focusing on cheap labour as a competitive advantage is no longer a viable strategy for the countries in the region. The authors argue that these countries need to move beyond the narrative of upgrading (attracting FDI inflows with increasingly higher value added), and focus on ensuring greater value capture instead. A potential way for doing this is by developing the conditions in which innovative national companies can emerge, thrive and eventually develop into lead firms of global value chains. The book provides readers with a highly informative account of the reasons why this shift is necessary, as well as diverse perspectives and extensive discussions on the dynamics and structural impacts of FDI in post-crisis Central and Eastern Europe.

EconSouth

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The Rise of Indian Multinationals

Author : Karl P. Sauvant
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"India is growing a set of world class multinationals. These range from Tata's ownership of Jaguar to nimble entrepreneurial firms in high tech and knowledge based businesses. This book is an eye opener to those who still think that globalization is driven solely by Western multinationals: in fact emerging economies like India are now full partners in world economic development."--Alan M Rugman, Henley Business School, University of Reading "This remarkable collections essays by some of the sharpest analysts in the field sheds new light on the emergence of Indian multinational enterprises, a phenomenon of growing relevance for both global business and international political economy."--Mr. Andrea Goldstein, Deputy Director, Heiligendamm L'Aquila Process Support Unit, OECD, France.

The Journal of World Investment Trade

Author :
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Emerging Multinationals

Author : Peter Gammeltoft
File Size : 44.60 MB
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The contributions in this e-book engage with recent trends and drivers of outward foreign direct investment from emerging economies and motives, structures and strategies of their multinational firms. Based on studies of firms and industries as well as aggregate investment trends, especially for the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China) the contributions engage with different aspects of home and host country determinants and outcomes of the more and more intense activities of EMNCs.

Multinational Corporations from Emerging Markets

Author : A. Nölke
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The rise of multinational corporations (MNCs) from emerging markets has been a major development during the last decade. An important feature of emerging market MNCs is their close relationship with home states. The book investigates this special kind of relationship and explores how it affects the cross-border activities of these corporations.

Industrial Development for the 21st Century

Author : David O'Connor
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Industrial Development for the 21st century examines the new challenges and opportunities for developing countries arising from globalization, technological change and new international trade rules. It covers the traditional points of entry for late industrializers like textiles and clothing. The book also analyzes the increase in knowledge intensity across all spheres of economic activity, including agriculture and services, which can offer promising development paths for some developing countries. It concludes by addressing the social and environmental aspects of industrial development and examines how policies to promote industrial energy and materials efficiency can have positive impacts on both the environmental and financial performance of firms.

OECD Employment Outlook 2007

Author : OECD
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This 2007 edition of OECD's annual Employment Outlook presents a series of articles supporting the recommendation that rather than seeing globalisation as a threat, OECD governments should focus on improving labour regulations and social protection systems to help people adapt to job markets.

Inclusive Global Value Chains

Author : Ana Paula Cusolito
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This report is the first comprehensive framework on how to facilitate SMEs and LIDCs access to and upgrading within global value chains. It identifies policy interventions at the global level needed to support domestic reforms.

Multinational Enterprises and Emerging Challenges of the 21st Century

Author : John H. Dunning
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A cast of prestigious international business scholars explores here the emerging challenges and issues facing multinational enterprises. The book integrates the latest theories, thoughts and empirical evidence along with several case studies in international business in the 21st century. It is understood that countries view international business in different ways. The contributors reflect this by offering a wide variety of viewpoints and covering an array of issues, such as foreign direct investment, internationalization, trust and leadership, global education and knowledge transfer. Adding to its value are case studies ranging from American restaurant franchises on the world stage to the influence of the internet on Taiwanese SMEs. The book will be useful to scholars as a research resource, to practitioners as a modern guide and to students of international business as a comprehensive text.

The Challenge of BRIC Multinationals

Author : Rob van Tulder
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This PIBR volume examines a number of idiosyncratic elements in the internationalization strategies of BRIC MNEs and, in particular, in their relationship with home country policies.

Asian Perspective

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Journal of international development.

Trade Policy Research

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From World Factory to Global Investor

Author : Xuedong Ding
File Size : 81.54 MB
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Chinese outward direct investment (ODI) is growing rapidly in recent years. As an important phenomenon in the global economy, China’s ODI deserves more thorough analysis. This book looks at China’s ODI activities from multi-perspectives. With the rebalancing of China’s own structural growth and China’s shift towards a net capital exporter, her initiatives such as "One Belt One Road (OBOR)" have brought profound implications to the traditional super-sovereign or multilateral financial and investment cooperation mechanism. As her investment destinations and investment methods become more diversified and sophisticated, this book offers unique and refreshing insight into China’s ODI activities. The book covers the whole range of history and policy development of China’s ODI and analyses China’s ODI trends and characteristics in the recent years. It reviews China’s major policy changes after the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party and how they may impact China’s ODI strategy and activities. The book addresses potential challenges and risks of rising ODI activities from practitioners’ perspective, and discusses how recipient countries may react and respond to the surge of Chinese capital. The book also offers policy implications and future research agenda in relation to the Chinese investments.