Search results for: the-contingent-valuation-of-natural-parks

The Contingent Valuation of Natural Parks

Author : Paulo Augusto Lourenço Dias Nunes Nunes
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Suggesting that contingency valuation techniques (based on stated preference methods) are useful tools for examining environmental goods and services, Nunes (environmental economics, Free U., The Netherlands) focuses on the modeling of the "warmglow" effect (the pleasure of protecting the environment). He tests whether warmglow is an underlying driving force of individual contingency valuation responses. The goal is to separate warmglow from willingness-to-pay (WTP) mean estimates in order to compute a purer WTP. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Applications of the Contingent Valuation Method in Developing Countries

Author : Anna Alberini
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Agriculture, in addition to producing food, hides and fibre, also provides many other goods and services not priced in the market. These include environmental outputs such as rural amenities and disamenities, but also social and cultural functions. The economic value of these non-market goods and services of agriculture can be assessed by estimating how much purchasing power people would be willing to give up to acquire those outputs if they were forced to make a choice. The contingent valuation method (CVM) is one of the most widely used methodologies developed for the measurement of the value of non-market goods.

Contingent Valuation

Author : R. Carson
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This major reference work the first of its kind provides a comprehensive and authoritative introduction to the large and growing literature on contingent valuation. It includes entries on over 7,500 contingent valuation papers and studies from over 130 countries covering both the published and grey literatures. This book provides an interpretive historical account of the development of contingent valuation, the most commonly used approach to placing a value on goods not normally sold in the marketplace. The major fields catalogued here include culture, the environment, and health application. This bibliography is an ideal starting point for researchers wanting to find other studies that have valued goods or used techniques similar to those they are interested in. For those wanting to conduct meta analyses, the book will serve as an invaluable guide to source material. For those wanting to conduct meta analyses, the book will serve as an invaluable guide to source material. In addition to the print edition we offer access, for purchasers of the book, to a website providing the contents of as a searchable Word document and in a variety of standard bibliographic database forms. Contingent Valuation is an indispensable reference source for researchers, scholars and policymakers concerned with survey approaches to the problem of environmental valuation.

The Economic Value of Natural and Environmental Resource

Author : Frew Hailu
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2013 im Fachbereich VWL - Umweltökonomie, , Veranstaltung: Environmental Economics, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Monetary valuation of environmental goods has by now become the subject of numerous economic books and articles. Interest in the topic seems to be increasing in the economics profession, and theoretical insight, methodological improvements and the numbers of empirical findings are expanding rapidly. The aim of such valuation is usually to incorporate environmental concerns into a cost-benefit analysis. Another purpose is to construct environmentally adjusted national income measures Environmental value estimates have also been combined with macroeconomic models, e.g. to estimate welfare effects of a climate treaty Further, estimated willingness to pay is now accepted in the USA as a basis for legal compensation claims for damages to natural resources caused by spill of hazardous substances (Nyborg, 1996) Valuation can simply be defined “as an attempt to put monetary values or to environmental goods and services or natural resources”. It is a key exercise in economic analysis and its results provide important information about values of environmental goods and services. This information can be used to influence decisions about wise use and conservation of forests and other ecosystems. The basic aim of valuation is to determine people’s preferences by gauging how much they are willing to pay (WTP) for given benefits or certain environmental attributes e.g. keep a forest ecosystem intact. In other words, valuation also tries to gauge how much worse off they would consider themselves to be as a result of changes in the state of the environment such as degradation of a forest. Economic valuation never refers to a stock, but only the change in a stock. If one speaks of the economic value of biodiversity, then one always means the economic value of a change of biodiversity. It is not a question of determining the ‘true’ value of biodiversity or ecosystems but valuing changes and comparing them with their alternatives, e.g. with a golf course vs without a golf course. Thus it is non-sense to ask “how much are the African National Parks worth?” A plausible question in this case would be: ‘WWF has proposed a new policy to prevent the huge losses of wildlife species from African National Parks. What is the monetary value of the benefits of this policy (i.e., the economic damages avoided)? Economists thus stress that the valuation should focus on changes rather than levels of biodiversity or ecosystem. [...]

Valuing U S National Parks and Programs

Author : Linda J. Bilmes
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This book provides the first comprehensive economic valuation of U.S. National Parks (including monuments, seashores, lakeshores, recreation areas, and historic sites) and National Park Service (NPS) programs. The book develops a comprehensive framework to calculate the economic value of protected areas, with particular application to the U.S. National Park Service. The framework covers many benefits provided by NPS units and programs, including on-site visitation, carbon sequestration, and intellectual property such as in education curricula and filming of movies/ TV shows, with case studies of each included. Examples are drawn from studies in Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, Everglades National Park, and Chesapeake Bay. The editors conclude with a chapter on innovative approaches for sustainable funding of the NPS in its second century. The framework serves as a blueprint of methodologies for conservationists, government agencies, land trusts, economists, and others to value public lands, historical sites, and related programs, such as education. The methodologies are relevant to local and state parks, wildlife refuges, and protected areas in developed and developing countries as well as to national parks around the world. Containing a series of unique case studies, this book will be of great interest to professionals and students in environmental economics, land management, and nature conservation, as well as the more general reader interested in National Parks.

Estimating Community Willingness to Pay for Environmental Conservation

Author : Chrispus Mayora
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This work provides an understanding of how the contingent valuation approach could be utilized to estimate the willingness to pay for environmental protection and conservation initiatives by the local communities that directly and indirectly benefit from the environment. The Thesis provides an entry point into the realm of qualitative and quantitative estimation of the value of non-market benefits provided to society by nature. It tries to locate the approach of environmental valuation from economic theory, and offers a reasonable range of examples of studies that have successfully applied contingent valuation across a range of public policy themes. This thesis is particularly important to the extent that it focuses on an issue that has increasingly gained prominence on the environmental policy agenda, namely; how best communities could be brought on board as part of galvanizing efforts for better environmental management.This material will be found useful particularly for environmental policy makers, Third year undergraduate students of Economics, as well as First year Master of Economics students whose interest lie in environmental and natural resource Economics.

Sustainable Urban Development The environmental assessment methods

Author : S. R. Curwell
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This second title of a three-volume series based on research by the influential BEQUEST network examines the methodology of environmental assessment, providing unique insight into critical aspects to sustainable urban development.

Sustainable Urban Development Volume 2

Author : Mark Deakin
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In this book, the second of a three-volume series, leading authorities on the methodology of environmental assessment provide a unique insight into questions of critical importance to sustainable urban development. Using the framework and protocols set out in Volume 1, Volume 2 examines how well the environmental assessment methods evaluate the ecological integrity of urban development and equity of the resulting resource distribution. The examination focuses on: the instruments of environmental assessment approaches to environmental assessment based in systems-thinking methods for environmental, economic and social assessments their use in evaluating the sustainability of urban development. The Sustainable Urban Development Series contains the research and debate of the BEQUEST (Building, Environmental Quality Evaluation for Sustainability) network funded by the European Commission. Together the books provide a framework, set of protocols, environmental assessment methods and toolkit for policy makers, academics, professionals and advanced level students in urban planning and studies, as well as other areas of the built environment.

Values and Functions for Future Cities

Author : Giulio Mondini
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This book features a selection of the best papers presented at two SIEV seminars held in Venice, Italy, in September 2017 and 2018, in the context of the Urbanpromo Green events. Bringing together experts from a diverse range of fields – economics, appraisal, architecture, energy, urban planning, sociology, and the decision sciences – and government representatives, the seminars encouraged reflections on the role of future cites in terms of sustainable development, with a particular focus on improving collective and individual well-being. The book provides a multidisciplinary approach to contemporary green urban agendas and urban sustainability, and addresses the demand for policies and strategies to strengthen resilience through concrete measures to reduce energy consumption, mitigate pollution, promote social inclusion and create urban identity.

Contingent Valuation and Endangered Species

Author : Kristin M. Jakobsson
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This comprehensive appraisal of the problems and economics of biodiversity conservation will be welcomed by researchers and practitioners as an explicit hands-on application of the contingent valuation method.