Search results for: the-demise-of-nuclear-energy

The Politics of Nuclear Power

Author : D.P. McCaffrey
File Size : 56.7 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 605
Read : 1240
Download »
Several individuals noted the potentially important civilian uses of atomic energy shortly after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. That year J. Robert Oppenheimer told a national radio audience that "in the near future" it would be possible to generate profitable electric power from "controlled nuclear chain reaction units" (reactors). It was suggested that, after fIfteen to twenty-five years of development, mature nuclear technology could provide virtually inexhaustible, cheap energy given the abundance of nuclear fuel. Admiral Lewis Strauss, the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, stated that atomic power would generate electricity "too cheap to meter" (A statement that, according to Brookhaven National Laboratories' physicist Herbert Kouts, immediately "caused consternation among his technical advisors" [Kouts, 1983: 3)). For a brief period it was thought that airplanes would fly using atomic power, and homes would install small nuclear reactors for heat and hot water. 1950s and early 1960s a small number of prototype nuclear In the reactors came on line in the United States. The first power plant protoype reactor began operation in Shippingport, Pennsylvania in 1957. It was followed by the Dresden 1 unit near Chicago in 1959, the Yankee plant in Rowe, Massachusetts (1960), and the Indian Point (New York) and Big Rock Point (Michigan) plants in 1%2. These five plants had a combined 800 megawatts (800 MW), or less than one generating capacity ofless than percent of the total American electricity generating capacity in 1962.

The International Atomic Energy Agency and World Nuclear Order

Author : Lawrence Scheinman
File Size : 79.43 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 239
Read : 1124
Download »
The International Atomic Energy Agency has had a leading responsibility in preventing the spread of nuclear weapons and misuse of materials intended for nuclear energy across the world. Originally published in 1987, in the wake of the Chernobyl disaster of 1986 which proved the utmost importance of the agency, Scheinman explores the function of the IAEA and the challenges it faced. This report also lists ways that the agency could be strengthened touching on topics such as leadership roles, support for safeguarding functions and prevention from the agency being overwhelmed by international and national political issues. This title will be of interest to students of Environmental Studies.

Nuclear Power and Energy Security in Asia

Author : Rajesh M. Basrur
File Size : 44.25 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 242
Read : 656
Download »
"The rising demand for energy, the higher costs of oil and gas, and the association of fossil fuels with adverse climate change have all brought a renewed interest in nuclear energy. Nuclear power, however, is itself controversial, because of its costs, its environmental effects and the security risks it poses. This book discusses these critical issues surrounding nuclear power in relation to Asia. It discusses also the politics of nuclear power and the activities of civil society organisations concerned about nuclear issues. Throughout the book the perspectives are included of both proponents and opponents of nuclear power on the key controversial issues."--Publisher's description.

Oversight Hearings on Nuclear Energy

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment
File Size : 35.1 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 626
Read : 791
Download »

Nuclear Energy

Author : Charles D. Ferguson
File Size : 43.7 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 462
Read : 314
Download »
Originally perceived as a cheap and plentiful source of power, the commercial use of nuclear energy has been controversial for decades. Worries about the dangers that nuclear plants and their radioactive waste posed to nearby communities grew over time, and plant construction in the United States virtually died after the early 1980s. The 1986 disaster at Chernobyl only reinforced nuclear power's negative image. Yet in the decade prior to the Japanese nuclear crisis of 2011, sentiment about nuclear power underwent a marked change. The alarming acceleration of global warming due to the burning of fossil fuels and concern about dependence on foreign fuel has led policymakers, climate scientists, and energy experts to look once again at nuclear power as a source of energy. In this accessible overview, Charles D. Ferguson provides an authoritative account of the key facts about nuclear energy. What is the origin of nuclear energy? What countries use commercial nuclear power, and how much electricity do they obtain from it? How can future nuclear power plants be made safer? What can countries do to protect their nuclear facilities from military attacks? How hazardous is radioactive waste? Is nuclear energy a renewable energy source? Featuring a discussion of the recent nuclear crisis in Japan and its ramifications, Ferguson addresses these questions and more in Nuclear Energy: What Everyone Needs to Know®, a book that is essential for anyone looking to learn more about this important issue. What Everyone Needs to Know® is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.

1978 ERDA authorization

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology
File Size : 70.28 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 100
Read : 214
Download »

Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer

Author : Helen Caldicott
File Size : 51.98 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 843
Read : 162
Download »
The renowned antinuclear activist delivers a “frighteningly convincing argument” against nuclear energy as a solution to climate change (Publishers Weekly). In a world torn apart by wars over oil, politicians have stepped up their search for alternative energy sources—and their leading choice is nuclear energy. But nuclear energy’s popularity as a green alternative is based on misinformation. People claim that nuclear-powered electricity does not cause global warming or pollution, that it is inexpensive, and that it is safe. These claims, as Helen Caldicott demonstrates, are untrue. In Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer, Caldicott digs beneath the nuclear industry’s propaganda to examine the actual costs and environmental consequences of nuclear energy. In fact, nuclear power does contribute to global warming; the cost is prohibitive, with taxpayers picking up most of the tab; there’s not enough uranium in the world to sustain it over the long term; and the potential for a catastrophic accident or a terrorist attack far outweighs any benefits. In concluding chapters, Caldicott details alternative sustainable energy sources that are the key to a clean, green future.

Future Survey Annual 1991

Author : Michael Marien
File Size : 50.93 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 466
Read : 397
Download »

Mobilizing Against Nuclear Energy

Author : Christian Joppke
File Size : 85.95 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 670
Read : 661
Download »
In the past two decades young people, environmentalists, church activists, leftists, and others have mobilized against nuclear energy. Anti-nuclear protest has been especially widespread and vocal in Western Europe and the United States. In this lucid, richly documented book, Christian Joppke compares the rise and fall of these protest movements in Germany and the United States, illuminating the relationship between national political structures and collective action. He analyzes existing approaches to the study of social movements and suggests an insightful new paradigm for research in this area. Joppke proposes a political process perspective that focuses on the interrelationship between the state and social movements, a model that takes into account a variety of forces, including differential state structures, political cultures, movement organizations, and temporal and contextual factors. This is an invaluable work for anyone studying the dynamics of social movements around the world.

Canadian Nuclear Energy Policy

Author : CRUISE Conference on the Future of Nuclear Energy in Canada (1999 : Ottawa, Ont.)
File Size : 89.74 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 372
Read : 421
Download »
Focusing on the federal government, but with special attention given to key changes in Ontario, the analytical core of this book identifies five key nuclear energy choices and challenges that face the federal government and other Canadian policy makers.

Dynamics and Control in Nuclear Power Stations

Author : British Nuclear Energy Society
File Size : 29.85 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 571
Read : 1280
Download »
This volume covers a wider view of the aspects of control of nuclear power stations by taking into consideration the plant as a whole and the protection systems employed therein. Authors with world-wide experience consider all the aspects of dynamics and control in the context of both fast and thermal power stations. The topics discussed include both the methods of development and applications within - analysis of plant behaviour, validation of mathematical models, plant testing, design and implementation of controls.

Sustainable Communities

Author : Hugh Barton
File Size : 60.40 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 277
Read : 365
Download »
'This book re-addresses the concepts of neighbourhood and community in a refreshing and challenging way. It will be of immense benefit, not only to town planners but also to al those professional and voluntary groups and politicians who seek to create the new communities of tomorrow' From the Foreword by Jed Griffiths, Past President of the Royal Town Planning Institute. There is widespread support for the principle of creating more sustainable communities, but much hazy, wishful-thinking about what this might mean in practice. In reality, we witness more the death of local neighbourhoods than their creation or rejuvenation, reflecting an increasingly mobile, privatized and commodified society. Sustainable Communities examines the practicalities of re-inventing neighbourhoods. It is neither an idealistic, utopian tract nor a designer's manual, but is, rather, a serious attempt to address the real issues. This collection of expert contributions: * examines the nature of local community and methods of building social capital * presents the findings of a world-wide survey of eco-neighbourhoods and eco-villages with case studies from the United Kingdom, Europe, America and Australia * develops a fresh perspective on the planning and design of neighbourhoods in urban areas, based on the eco-system approach * explores practical programmes for local resource management and the implications for community-based decision-making * provides a detailed appendix listing current eco-village and eco-neighbourhood schemes by country Written by an interdisciplinary team of social and environmental scientists, town planners and urban designers, this is a thought-provoking and important contribution to both the theory and practice of the development of sustainable communities.

Nuclear Energy

Author : David Bodansky
File Size : 40.33 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 904
Read : 1087
Download »
This second edition represents an extensive revision of the ?rst edition, - though the motivation for the book and the intended audiences, as described inthepreviouspreface,remainthesame. Theoveralllengthhasbeenincreased substantially, with revised or expanded discussions of a number of topics, - cluding Yucca Mountain repository plans, new reactor designs, health e?ects of radiation, costs of electricity, and dangers from terrorism and weapons p- liferation. The overall status of nuclear power has changed rather little over the past eight years. Nuclear reactor construction remains at a very low ebb in much of the world, with the exception of Asia, while nuclear power’s share of the electricity supply continues to be about 75% in France and 20% in the United States. However,therearesignsofaheightenedinterestinconsideringpossible nuclear growth. In the late 1990s, the U. S. Department of Energy began new programs to stimulate research and planning for future reactors, and many candidate designs are now contending—at least on paper—to be the next generation leaders. Outside the United States, the commercial development ofthePebbleBedModularReactorisbeingpursuedinSouthAfrica,aFrench- German consortium has won an order from Finlandfor the long-plannedEPR (European Pressurized Water Reactor), and new reactors have been built or planned in Asia. In an unanticipated positive development for nuclear energy, the capacity factor of U. S. reactors has increased dramatically in recent years, and most operating reactors now appear headed for 20-year license renewals.

Restoring U S Leadership in Nuclear Energy

Author : The CSIS Commission on Nuclear Energy Policy in the United States
File Size : 56.17 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 874
Read : 1066
Download »
America’s nuclear energy industry is in decline. Low natural gas prices, financing hurdles, failure to find a permanent repository for high-level nuclear waste, reactions to the Fukushima accident in Japan, and other factors are hastening the day when existing U.S. reactors become uneconomic. The decline of the U.S. nuclear energy industry could be much more rapid than policy makers and stakeholders anticipate.

Nuclear Energy

Author : Raymond Murray
File Size : 83.61 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 733
Read : 737
Download »
Nuclear Energy is one of the most popular texts ever published on basic nuclear physics, systems, and applications of nuclear energy. This newest edition continues the tradition of offering a holistic treatment of everything the undergraduate engineering student needs to know in a clear and accessible way. Presented is a comprehensive overview of radioactivity, radiation protection, nuclear reactors, waste disposal, and nuclear medicine. • New coverage on nuclear safety concerns following 9/11, including radiation and terrorism, nuclear plant security, and use of nuclear techniques to detect weapons materials • New facts on nuclear waste management, including the Yucca Mountain repository • New developments in the use of nuclear-powered systems for generating cheap and abundant hydrogen from water using nuclear technology • New information on prospects for new nuclear power reactors and their applications for electricity and desalination • New end-of-chapter Exercises and Answers, lists of Internet resources, and updated references. • New instructor web site including Solutions to Exercises and PowerPoint slides • New student web site containing computer programs for use with Computer Exercises

Nuclear Power and the Environment

Author : Roy M. Harrison
File Size : 40.36 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 239
Read : 518
Download »
This book is concerned with reviewing the political and social context for nuclear power generation, the nuclear power fuel cycles and their implications for the environment.

Career Opportunities in the Energy Industry

Author : Allan Taylor
File Size : 72.2 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 936
Read : 554
Download »
Career profiles include electrical and electronics installer and repairer, geoscience technician, hazardous materials removal worker, hot-cell technician, natural gas processing plant operator, nuclear engineer, oil well driller, petroleum engineer, power distributor and dispatcher, solar engineer, and more.

Human Security and Japan s Triple Disaster

Author : Paul Bacon
File Size : 31.43 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 481
Read : 1276
Download »
Japan has been one of the most important international sponsors of human security, yet the concept has hitherto not been considered relevant to the Japanese domestic context. This book applies the human security approach to the specific case of the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear accident that struck Japan on 11 March 2011, which has come to be known as Japan's ‘triple disaster’. This left more than 15,000 people dead and was the most expensive natural disaster in recorded history. The book identifies the many different forms of human insecurity that were produced or exacerbated within Japan by the triple disaster. Each chapter adds to the contemporary literature by identifying the vulnerability of Japanese social groups and communities, and examining how they collectively seek to prevent, respond to and recover from disaster. Emphasis is given to analysis of the more encouraging signs of human empowerment that have occurred. Contributors draw on a wide range of perspectives, from disciplines such as: disaster studies, environmental studies, gender studies, international relations, Japanese studies, philosophy and sociology. In considering this Japanese case study in detail, the book demonstrates to researchers, postgraduate students, policy makers and practitioners how the concept of human security can be practically applied at a policy level to the domestic affairs of developed countries, countering the tendency to regard human security as exclusively for developing states.

The Nuclear Lion

Author : John Jagger
File Size : 21.52 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 970
Read : 219
Download »
. . . human kind cannot bear very much reality. T. S. ELIOT, Four Quartets When I was a little child, I lived in an old and somewhat rickety house by the sea. When the winter wind blew, the house would shake and tremble, and cold drafts would whistle through cracks in the walls. You might have thought that lying in bed in a dark room on such cold, windy nights would have frightened me. But it had just the opposite effect: having known this en vironment since birth, I actually found the shaking of the house, the whistling of the wind, and the crashing of the sea to be comforting, and I was lulled to sleep by these familiar sounds. They signaled to me that all was right with the world and that the forces of nature were operating in the normal way. But I did have a problem. On the dimly lit landing of the staircase leading up to my bedroom, there was a large and dark picture of a male lion, sitting as such lions do with his massive paws in front of him and his head erect, turned slightly to the right, and staring straight out at you with yellow blazing eyes. I had great difficulty getting past that lion. Someone would have to hold my hand and take me up to bed, past the dreaded picture.

Nuclear Energy

Author : John Tabak
File Size : 60.20 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 464
Read : 512
Download »
Explores the future of nuclear power as a source of energy, discussing the pros and cons of its use, how it works, the history of its use, and new developments.