Search results for: the-economics-of-organisation-and-bureaucracy

Organisation and Bureaucracy

Author : Nicos P. Mouzelis
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Originally presented as the author's thesis (Ph. D.--London School of Economics).

Bureaucratic Management

Author : Julia Schiller
File Size : 34.43 MB
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Essay from the year 2007 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, University of Bradford, 29 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The theory of bureaucracy is one of the fundamental elements of the study of organisations and derives from the work of the German sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920) (Toye, 2006). A bureaucratic organisation is typified by formal processes, standardisation, hierarchic procedures, and written communication. When operated sensibly, bureaucracy is efficient because it benefits from economies of scale and avoids duplication of effort, whilst maintaining standards of quality (Ballé, 1999). Aim of this essay is to provide an overall understanding of bureaucratic management by illustrating why bureaucratic systems developed in the 19th century; how bureaucracy solved the problems and satisfied the needs of the last two centuries; which advantages and disadvantages derive from the main characteristics of bureaucracy; and to which extend bureaucratic management form is able to survive in the modern ever changing world. The first section of this paper comments on the Weberian characteristics of bureaucracy, in the way it has been used in recent organisation literature. Development and importance of those characteristics will be introduced and main advantages and disadvantages will be identified. In the second part reasons for the development of the bureaucratic model will be analysed and changes in the 19th century which caused the need for a bureaucratic approach will be illustrated. Moreover it will be shown how and to which extent the bureaucratic approach solved the problems of those times. The third section will demonstrate whether or not we are now working in a post-bureaucratic management tradition. The modern times, with its challenging environment and changing technologies will be analysed, along with the post-bureaucratic concept and its characteristics. As well the academic literature will be consulted in order to understand whether or not we are living in a post-bureaucratic management tradition.

Evolution of the Post Bureaucratic Organization

Author : Malizia, Pierfranco
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Continuous improvements in business operations have allowed companies more opportunities to grow and expand. This not only leads to higher success in increasing day-to-day profits, but it enhances overall organizational productivity. Evolution of the Post-Bureaucratic Organization is a pivotal source of research containing integrated and consistent theoretical frameworks on post-bureaucratic organizations, multidisciplinary perspectives, and provides case studies related to the critical aspects of the emergence of post-bureaucratic organizations. Featuring extensive coverage across a range of relevant perspectives and topics, such as business ethics, organizational communication, and cultural perspectives, this book is ideally designed for scholars, PhD and post-graduate university students, managers, and practitioners.

Bureaucratic Approach towards Managing Contemporary Organisations Case Study of Walmart

Author : Joe Wessh
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Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2018 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 4.6, The University of Maryland, language: English, abstract: The paper comprises two major sections. First, the paper will discuss the bureaucracy theory as proposed by Max Weber. By illustrating the theory, the paper will highlight the characteristics of bureaucratic organizations and how they operate. This will help to understand how the bureaucratic approach is applied in contemporary organizations. Second, the paper will discuss the application of bureaucratic approach in the selected contemporary organization –Walmart. The discussion will encompass the brief description of the cases as well as the pros and cons of a bureaucratic approach in each of the cases.

Critical Studies in Organization and Bureaucracy

Author : Frank Fischer
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Contemporary scholarship and classic essays focus on the continuing crises in bureaucratic organizations and managerial authority. Rethinking and innovation in private, public, and nonprofit organizations emerge from case studies on schools, multicultural and feminist organizations, private corporations, environmental planning and regulation, alternative services, and attempts to "reinvent government." Author note: Frank Fischer teaches Political Science and Public Administration at Rutgers University and has published several books, including Technocracy and the Politics of Expertise and The Argumentative Turn in PolicyAnalysis and Planning.Carmen Sirianni teaches Sociology at Brandeis University and is co-editor of the Labor and Social Change series at Temple University Press. His books include Worker Participation and the Politics of Reform (Temple) and Working Time in Transition (Temple).

Bureaucracy and Public Choice

Author : Jan-Erik Lane
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Bureaucracy and Public Choice gives a theoretical and empirical appraisal of modern bureaucracy. It argues that bureaucracies and bureaucrats are indispensable in the making and implementation of public choice. Explanations of bureaucracy range from the Weberian model - with bureaucracy maximising rationality - to the interpretation of the garbage-can' scholars - presenting bureaucracy as organized chaos. The book first considers approaches to understanding bureaucratic behaviour in organizational sociology, economics, and decision-making theory. The concepts of bureaucratic efficiency and accountability are discussed at length. The political culture of a country is shown to influence the relationship between bureaucrats, politicians and the electorate, affecting both their efficiency and accountability. The status of bureaucracies is shown to depend on whether they deliver the goods according to normative criteria. The book makes these criteria explicit and assesses the extent to which bureaucracies are capable of meeting them.

Making Policy Work

Author : Peter John
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Many tools are on offer to politicians and other policy-makers when they seek to change policy outcomes. Often they choose to concentrate on one set of tools, but fail to see the costs as well as the benefits – and may not consider the available evidence regarding their effectiveness. This innovative new textbook clearly sets out the main tools of government, and provides an analysis of their efficacy when applied to public problems. Each chapter examines the relative benefits and costs of using a key tool that is available to improve policy outcomes, drawing on a diverse literature, a large number of empirical studies and a range of contexts. Areas covered include: governments and policy outcomes law and regulation public spending and taxation bureaucracy and public management institutions information, persuasion and deliberation networks and governance. Offering a clear and comprehensive evaluation, and highlighting the set of powerful tools commonly available, this text encourages students to consider the most effective combination in order to manage key issues successfully. Including a useful glossary of key terms, this book will be of great interest to all students of public policy, administration and management.

The Economics of Intellectual Property

Author : Ruth Towse
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This authoritative four-volume collection presents the most important published articles and papers on the economics of intellectual property - a subject that is of increasing interest to both economists and lawyers. Interest is growing in the relationship of innovation and knowledge to economic growth as well as the challenges to copyright being posed by the new electronic media. International in scope, this set should be a valuable source of reference to both economists and lawyers concerned with the rapidly developing field of intellectual property.

Bureaucracy

Author : David Beetham
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What is bureaucracy? Are people right to see it as synonymous with red-tape, feather-bedding and inefficiency? Can it be controlled by politicians, or made more responsive to citizens? Is it only confined to the public sector, or is it pervasive throughout all modern organizations? These are only some of the questions addressed in David Beetham's concise and wide-ranging study. This second edition provides a clear guide through the disciplines of economics, sociology and political science, and through competing social theories, including structural, cultural and rational choice approaches. It also offers its own synthesis which goes beyond them. The second edition has been revised and updated in the light of recent academic and political developments. For anyone who wants a lucid introduction to the meaning and significance of bureaucracy, and its relation to democracy, this book is essential reading.

Organization and Bureaucracy

Author : T.A.J. Nicholson
File Size : 70.8 MB
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The American Journal of Sociology says of this book "Mouzelis knows and handles the literature well and accurately brings the reader up to the early sixties. A summarizer, synthesizer, and historian of modern theories, he serves his novice well. The more initiated student of formal organizations will appreciate the critiques of his favorite theorists: Mouzelis cuts clean and bold. Along with order, he does add critical insight to his borrowed materials."This book is a carefully integrated and very straightforward guide to the labyrinth of theory on organizational phenomena, and surveys the most important approaches to the study of organizations and the manner in which these approaches are interrelated. The author's interest is in showing the successive stages of theory generation and development in the two major traditions of thought on this subject, thereby providing a coherent overview of the field, a method for systematically investigating it, and an unusually broadening supplement to the standard treatment of organizations in undergraduate and graduate courses.The author discusses the writings of such theorists as Marx, Weber, and Michels who, from a very wide perspective, tried to assess the impact of large-scale bureaucracy on the power structure of modern society. He also examines the other tradition of organizational writings that starts with Taylor and the movement of scientific management. Finally, an analysis is made of recent theoretical trends that indicate a certain convergence of the bureaucracy and the managerial lines of thought.In emphasizing the conceptual frameworks that underlie organization theory and in showing the dynamics of theory progression, the author provides students with invaluable assistance in understanding the levels of theoretical analysis, the variables to be taken into consideration, and the manner in which these variables may be accounted for in a systematic manner.