Search Results for "the-evolved-apprentice"

The Evolved Apprentice

The Evolved Apprentice

  • Author: Kim Sterelny
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262302814
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 264
  • View: 2238
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Over the last three million years or so, our lineage has diverged sharply from those of our great ape relatives. Change has been rapid (in evolutionary terms) and pervasive. Morphology, life history, social life, sexual behavior, and foraging patterns have all shifted sharply away from those of the other great apes. In The Evolved Apprentice, Kim Sterelny argues that the divergence stems from the fact that humans gradually came to enrich the learning environment of the next generation. Humans came to cooperate in sharing information, and to cooperate ecologically and reproductively as well, and these changes initiated positive feedback loops that drove us further from other great apes. Sterelny develops a new theory of the evolution of human cognition and human social life that emphasizes the gradual evolution of information-sharing practices across generations and how these practices transformed human minds and social lives. Sterelny proposes that humans developed a new form of ecological interaction with their environment, cooperative foraging. The ability to cope with the immense variety of human ancestral environments and social forms, he argues, depended not just on adapted minds but also on adapted developmental environments.

Religion in the Anthropocene

Religion in the Anthropocene

  • Author: Celia Deane-Drummond,Sigurd Bergmann,Markus Vogt
  • Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • ISBN: 1498291910
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 362
  • View: 8774
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This book charts a new direction in humanities scholarship through serious engagement with the geopolitical concept of the Anthropocene. Drawing on religious studies, theology, social science, history and philosophy, and what can be broadly termed the environmental humanities, this collection represents a groundbreaking critical analysis of diverse narratives on the Anthropocene. The contributors to this volume recognize that the Anthropocene began as a geological concept, the age of the humans, but that its implications are much wider than this. Will the Anthropocene have good or bad ethical outcomes? Does the Anthropocene idea challenge the possibility of a sacred Nature, which shores up many religious approaches to environmental ethics? Or is the Anthropocene a secularized theological anthropology more properly dealt with through traditional concepts from Catholic social teaching on human ecology? Do theological traditions, such as Christology, reinforce negative aspects of the Anthropocene? Not all contributors in this volume agree with the answers to these different questions. Readers will be challenged, provoked, and stimulated by this book.

Responsive Becoming: Moral Formation in Theological, Evolutionary, and Developmental Perspective

Responsive Becoming: Moral Formation in Theological, Evolutionary, and Developmental Perspective

  • Author: Angela Carpenter
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 0567685977
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 200
  • View: 6621
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This volume offers an interdisciplinary study of Reformed sanctification and human development, providing the foundation for a constructive account of Christian moral formation that is attentive both to divine grace and to the significance of natural, embodied processes. Angela Carpenter's argument also addresses the impressions that such theologies give; namely either solitude in the face of adversity, or sheer passivity. Through careful examination of the doctrine of sanctification in three Reformed theologians - John Calvin, John Owen and Horace Bushnell-Carpenter argues that human responsiveness in the context of fellowship with the triune God provides a basic framework for a theological account of moral transformation. Her relational approach brings together divine and human agency in a dynamic process where both are indispensable. Supplying an account of moral formation located within Christian salvation, while also being attentive to embodied human nature and the sciences, this book is vital to all those interested in spiritual formation and the human capacity for love.

From Object to Experience

From Object to Experience

The New Culture of Architectural Design

  • Author: Harry Francis Mallgrave
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1350059544
  • Category: Architecture
  • Page: 256
  • View: 1139
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Harry Francis Mallgrave combines a history of ideas about architectural experience with the latest insights from the fields of neuroscience, cognitive science and evolutionary biology to make a powerful argument about the nature and future of architectural design. Today, the sciences have granted us the tools to help us understand better than ever before the precise ways in which the built environment can affect the building user's individual experience. Through an understanding of these tools, architects should be able to become better designers, prioritizing the experience of space - the emotional and aesthetic responses, and the sense of homeostatic well-being, of those who will occupy any designed environment. In From Object to Experience, Mallgrave goes further, arguing that it should also be possible to build an effective new cultural ethos for architectural practice. Drawing upon a range of humanistic and biological sources, and emphasizing the far-reaching implications of new neuroscientific discoveries and models, this book brings up-to-date insights and theoretical clarity to a position that was once considered revolutionary but is fast becoming accepted in architecture.

A Talent for Friendship

A Talent for Friendship

Rediscovery of a Remarkable Trait

  • Author: John Edward Terrell
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199386471
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 288
  • View: 4353
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This lively, provocative text presents a new way to understand friendship. Professor John Terrell argues that the ability to make friends is an evolved human trait not unlike our ability to walk upright on two legs or our capacity for speech and complex abstract reasoning. Terrell charts how this trait has evolved by investigating two unique functions of the human brain: the ability to remake the outside world to suit our collective needs, and our capacity to escape into our own inner thoughts and imagine how things might and ought to be. The text is richly illustrated and written in an engaging style, and will appeal to students, scholars, and general readers interested in anthropology, evolutionary and cognitive science, and psychology more broadly.

A Million Years of Music

A Million Years of Music

The Emergence of Human Modernity

  • Author: Gary Tomlinson
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 1935408658
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 362
  • View: 7004
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What is the origin of music? In the last few decades this centuries-old puzzle has been reinvigorated by new archaeological evidence and developments in the fields of cognitive science, linguistics, and evolutionary theory. Starting at a period of human prehistory long before Homo sapiens or music existed, Tomlinson describes the incremental attainments that, by changing the communication and society of prehuman species, laid the foundation for musical behaviors in more recent times. He traces in Neandertals and early sapiens the accumulation and development of these capacities, and he details their coalescence into modern musical behavior across the last hundred millennia

Contracts of Fiction

Contracts of Fiction

Cognition, Culture, Community

  • Author: Ellen Spolsky
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190232161
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Page: 336
  • View: 3411
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The Contracts of Fiction reconnects our fictional worlds to the rest of our lives. Countering the contemporary tendency to dismiss works of imagination as enjoyable but epistemologically inert, the book considers how various kinds of fictions construct, guide, and challenge institutional relationships within social groups. The contracts of fiction, like the contracts of language, law, kinship, and money, describe the rules by which members of a group toggle between tokens and types, between their material surroundings - the stuff of daily life - and the abstractions that give it value. Rethinking some familiar literary concepts such as genre and style from the perspective of recent work in the biological, cognitive, and brain sciences, the book displays how fictions engage bodies and minds in ways that help societies balance continuity and adaptability. Being part of a community means sharing the ways its members use stories, pictures, plays and movies, poems and songs, icons and relics, to generate usable knowledge about the people, objects, beliefs and values in their environment. Exposing the underlying structural and processing homologies among works of imagination and life processes such as metabolism and memory, Ellen Spolsky demonstrates the seamless connection of life to art by revealing the surprising dependence of both on disorder, imbalance, and uncertainty. In early modern London, for example, reformed religion, expanding trade, and changed demographics made the obsolescent courts a source of serious inequities. Just at that time, however, a flood of wildly popular revenge tragedies, such as Hamlet, by their very form, by their outrageous theatrical grotesques, were shouting the need for change in the justice system. A sustained discussion of the genre illustrates how biological homeostasis underpins the social balance that we maintain with difficulty, and how disorder itself incubates new understanding.

Emergence and Diversity of Modern Human Behavior in Paleolithic Asia

Emergence and Diversity of Modern Human Behavior in Paleolithic Asia

  • Author: Yousuke Kaifu,Masami Izuho,Ted Goebel,Hiroyuki Sato,Akira Ono
  • Publisher: Peopling of the Americas Publi
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 600
  • View: 1824
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Despite the obvious geographic importance of eastern Asia in human migration, its discussion in the context of the emergence and dispersal of modern humans has been rare. Emergence and Diversity of Modern Human Behavior in Paleolithic Asia focuses long-overdue scholarly attention on this under-studied area of the world. Arising from a 2011 symposium sponsored by the National Museum of Nature and Science in Tokyo, this book gathers the work of archaeologists from the Pacific Rim of Asia, Australia, and North America, to address the relative lack of attention given to the emergence of modern human behavior as manifested in Asia during the worldwide dispersal from Africa.

"Nosso Lar", the Astral City

The Story of a Doctor's Odyssey in the Spirit World

  • Author: Francisco Cândido Xavier,André Luiz (Spirit)
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Eschatology
  • Page: 196
  • View: 5879
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How Institutions Evolve

How Institutions Evolve

The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan

  • Author: Kathleen Thelen
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521546744
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 333
  • View: 2329
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This book tracks change in training institutions in four democracies over a century of development.