Search results for: the-horse-in-celtic-culture

The Horse in Celtic Culture

Author : Sioned Davies
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"The subjects covered are: the symbolic horse in pagan Celtic Europe; horses in the early historic period; words for 'horse' in the Celtic languages; the horse in the Welsh law texts; horses in medieval Welsh court poetry; the evidence of the Triads of the Horses; horses in the Mabinogion; poems of request and thanks for horses; the horse in Welsh folklore."--Back cover.

Celtic Culture A Celti

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The Horse in Premodern European Culture

Author : Anastasija Ropa
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This volume provides a unique introduction to the most topical issues, advances, and challenges in medieval horse history. Medievalists who have a long-standing interest in horse history, as well as those seeking to widen their understanding of horses in medieval society will find here informed and comprehensive treatment of chapters from disciplines as diverse as archaeology, legal, economic and military history, urban and rural history, art and literature. The themes range from case studies of saddles and bridles, to hippiatric treatises, to the medieval origins of dressage literary studies. It shows the ubiquitous – and often ambiguous – role of the horse in medieval culture, where it was simultaneously a treasured animal and a means of transport, a military machine and a loyal companion. The contributors, many of whom have practical knowledge of horses, are drawn from established and budding scholars working in their areas of expertise.

Horse Symbolism The Horse in Mythology Religion Folklore and Art

Author : Gloria Austin
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With this book, you will travel through cultures, mythologies, and history to explore the enchanting concepts of the horse as a symbol in our lives. Explore the horse as a representation of power and wealth through connections in stories from around the world. You can discover the meaning of common folklore of the horse as a symbol of intelligence. The effect of the horses' colors as an interpretation of events and an agent of prophecy. This book examines the many symbolic meanings of the horse. Horses are present in most cultures. Interestingly, they represent similar concepts like freedom and power. White horses represent the balance of wisdom and power in many religions and cultures. In some sects of Christianity, a white horse is a symbol of death. The horse represents freedom without restraint, travel, movement, and desire. If you had a horse, you were free to travel unfettered. To the native tribes of the Americas, horses represent power. Tribes that owned horses won more battles and controlled more territory. Consequently, a tribe's horse herd defined their wealth. Indigenous cultures often viewed the horse as an emblem of war. In almost every mythology, the horse is present. To the Romans, the horse was related to Mars, the god of war. The sun god's chariot was drawn by horses. The Celts saw horses as good luck and bringers of good fortune. Celtic mythology also reveres the white horse. Strongly associated with Rhiannon and Epona, these gods were known to take the form of a white horse. Common folklore says that when horses are seen standing together, it is a portent of stormy weather. This is not superstition, horses often group together for protection from oncoming storms. Bible verses characterize the horse as a symbol of intelligence. Color affects horse symbolism. A red horse symbolized destruction. The mare is a maternal archetype. In dreams, the "black horse of death" is synonymous with misery. Horses represent aspects of the earth, sun, moon, water, air, and wind depending upon the culture and situation. Come to know the horse as cultures Worldwide see it in this overview of the horse symbolism.

Animals in Celtic Life and Myth

Author : Miranda Green
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Animals played a crucial role in many aspects of Celtic life: in the economy, hunting, warfare, art, literature and religion. Such was their importance to this society, that an intimate relationship between humans and animals developed, in which the Celts believed many animals to have divine powers. In Animals in Celtic Life and Myth, Miranda Green draws on evidence from early Celtic documents, archaeology and iconography to consider the manner in which animals formed the basis of elaborate rituals and beliefs. She reveals that animals were endowed with an extremely high status, considered by the Celts as worthy of respect and admiration.

Celtic Fashions

Author : Tom Tierney
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Scores of carefully rendered illustrations depict more than 4,000 years of Celtic apparel-from cloaks worn by European Celts ca. 2000 b.c. to the plaid tunics of British-Celtic farm women (100 b.c.) and the elaborately embroidered costume of a 20th-century Irish step dancer. Fascinating, ready-to-color archive with detailed captions also includes illustrations of period headgear, footwear, and jewelry.

The Celtic Encyclopedia

Author : Harry Mountain
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The Mabinogion

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Then they took the flowers of the oak, and the flowers of the broom, and the flowers of the meadowsweet, and from those they conjured up the fairest and most beautiful maiden that anyone had ever seen. Celtic mythology, Arthurian romance, and an intriguing interpretation of British history — these are just some of the themes embraced by the anonymous authors of the eleven tales that make up the Welsh medieval masterpiece known as the Mabinogion. They tell of Gwydion the shape-shifter, who can create a woman out of flowers; of Math the magician whose feet must lie in the lap of a virgin; of hanging a pregnant mouse and hunting a magical boar. Dragons, witches, and giants live alongside kings and heroes, and quests of honour, revenge, and love are set against the backdrop of a country struggling to retain its independence. Sioned Davies' lively translation recreates the storytelling world of medieval Wales and re-invests the tales with the power of performance.

The Last King of Wales

Author : Michael Davies
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Gruffudd ap Llywelyn was a mighty king, yet 1,000 years after his birth he is all but forgotten. In 1055 he led a great army into England, burning Hereford and forcing King Edward the Confessor to seek peace. Gruffudd united Wales and conquered border land that had been in English hands for centuries, turning the Viking threat into a powerful weapon. In 1063, however, he was betrayed and beheaded by the forebears of the princes who have entered history as Wales’ national heroes, leaving the country in chaos on the eve of the arrival of the Normans. The death of the last king of Wales would nevertheless also lead to the downfall at Hastings of England’s last Anglo-Saxon king, Harold II.

History of the Celts

Author : Clayton N Donoghue
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Despite all the books that have been written on the Celts there is still new material to learn about these mysterious people who lived in Europe 2,000 years ago. In this book you will see for yourself just how much there is to discover. It is written in an easy, light manner that anyone can enjoy and is short enough that it won't take long to get through. The objective of this story is to provide a fresh perspective and to dispell some old beliefs; especially in areas like the Druids. They were not that bizarre as many have come to believe. Sit back and be pleasantly surprised.

Advances in Animal Welfare Science 1986 87

Author : M.W. Fox
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This third volume of articles dealing with advances in animal welfare science and philosophy covers a wide variety of topics. Major areas of discussion include the ethics and use of animals in biomedical research, farm animal behavior and welfare, and wildlife conservation. Three articles dealing with aspects of equine behavior and welfare cover new ground for this companion species. An in-depth study of the destruction of Latin America's tropical rain forests links the need for conservation and wildlife protection with the devastating impact of the international beef (hamburger) industry, and also highlights serious welfare problems in the husbandry of cattle in the tropics. Papers from a recent symposium at Moorhead State University, Animals and Humans: Ethical Perspectives have been included in this volume. Many of these are "benchmark" papers presenting the most up-to-date and documented evidence in support of animal welfare and rights. Articles oppos ing these position papers are included since they were part of the symposium, and because they provide the reader with a deeper understanding of the arguments given in support of various forms of animal exploitation. While there is no intent to endorse these views by publishing them, it should be acknowledged that without an open and scholarly exchange of opposing of constructive exchange and conflict resolution will views, the possibility remain remote.

Celtic Lore Spellcraft of the Dark Goddess

Author : Stephanie Woodfield
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Invoke the Morrigan—the Celtic embodiment of the victory, strength, and power of the Divine Feminine—and be transformed by her fierce and magnificent energy. In this comprehensive, hands-on guide to Celtic Witchcraft, Stephanie Woodfield invites you to explore the Morrigan's rich history and origins, mythology, and magic. Discover the hidden lessons and spiritual mysteries of the Dark Goddess as you perform guided pathworkings, rituals, and spells compatible with any magical path. Draw on the unique energies of the Morrigan's many expressions—her three main aspects of Macha, Anu, and Badb; the legendary Morgan Le Fay; and her other powerful guises. From shapeshifting and faery magic to summoning a lover and creating an Ogham oracle, the dynamic and multifaceted Dark Goddess will bring empowering wisdom and enchantment to your life and spiritual practice.

The Horse the Wheel and Language

Author : David W. Anthony
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Roughly half the world's population speaks languages derived from a shared linguistic source known as Proto-Indo-European. But who were the early speakers of this ancient mother tongue, and how did they manage to spread it around the globe? Until now their identity has remained a tantalizing mystery to linguists, archaeologists, and even Nazis seeking the roots of the Aryan race. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language lifts the veil that has long shrouded these original Indo-European speakers, and reveals how their domestication of horses and use of the wheel spread language and transformed civilization. Linking prehistoric archaeological remains with the development of language, David Anthony identifies the prehistoric peoples of central Eurasia's steppe grasslands as the original speakers of Proto-Indo-European, and shows how their innovative use of the ox wagon, horseback riding, and the warrior's chariot turned the Eurasian steppes into a thriving transcontinental corridor of communication, commerce, and cultural exchange. He explains how they spread their traditions and gave rise to important advances in copper mining, warfare, and patron-client political institutions, thereby ushering in an era of vibrant social change. Anthony also describes his fascinating discovery of how the wear from bits on ancient horse teeth reveals the origins of horseback riding. The Horse, the Wheel, and Language solves a puzzle that has vexed scholars for two centuries--the source of the Indo-European languages and English--and recovers a magnificent and influential civilization from the past.

Brady s Book of Fixed Stars

Author : Bernadette Brady
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For the first time, this book offers astrologers: Paran Maps and Star Phases for over 60 stars; new insights into the natal use of fixed stars, as well as their use in mundane astrology; extensive appendices of Heliacal Rising and Acronychal Settinggraphs and tables so that, for any given location, the dates of these risings and settings can be found; a list of 176 stars with their 21st century Ptolemaic precessed positions versus their commonly-considered positions based on Ulugh Beg's methods.

The Celts of the British Isles

Author : Tammy Gagne
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Of all the people of the ancient world, the Celts are definitely one of the most interesting groups. These brave warriors spent centuries moving throughout Central and Western Europe, defeating virtually everyone they encountered along the way. Although they remained in separate groups, often even warring with one another, the Celts were bound by a shared culture. Their language, religion, and even artwork and jewelry were truly their own. Much of this culture lives on today, especially in Britain, Ireland, and Scotland, in the artifacts the Celts left behind and the history that they made together.


Author : P. D. MacKenzie Cook
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Epona: Hidden Goddess of the Celts reflects the importance of gender in ancient religion, and the author explores the primacy of the Feminine through Epona's sovereignty as Horse Goddess among the Celts; her identity as "Mistress of Animals" in her love affairs and working relationships, and the surprising role she apparently played in the ancient Greek and Roman Mysteries. P.D. Mackenzie Cook's unique study of Epona positions her in a broad cross-cultural context. The story he presents is at the same time historical, speculative, and deeply personal - at once a scholarly survey, intriguing detective story, and spiritual message to be taken to heart. The author offers fresh and original perspectives on Epona's historical origins and her "birth" in human form. He explores her early presence in southern Italy; investigates her probable identity as "Macha" in Ireland and "Rhiannon" in Wales as well as her indirect influences on the ideals of chivalry and courtly love in the Middle Ages. We are then introduced to Epona's possible presence in a set of mysterious caves in the New World, and finally to her rediscovery by present-day equestrians, and in the personal lives and accounts of modern priestesses and men devoted to her. Written by someone whose "Celtic bones" resonate deeply with Epona, his talents as scholar, story-teller and poet-seer all contribute to this, the first full-length book in English devoted entirely to this fascinating Goddess. Epona: Hidden Goddess of the Celts is dedicated to the hidden goddess in every woman, and to men who genuinely love them in all their depth, complexity and nuance.

A History of the Scottish Highlands

Author : Sir John Scott Keltie
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The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture

Author : Edwin Bryant
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Western scholars have argued that Indian civilization was the joint product of an invading Indo-European people--the "Indo-Aryans"--and indigenous non-Indo European peoples. Although Indian scholars reject this European reconstruction of their country's history, Western scholarship gives little heed to their argument. In this book, Edwin Bryant explores the nature and origins of this fascinating debate.

The Cultivated Wilderness Or What is Landscape

Author : Paul Shepheard
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"Paul Shepheard can make any subject arresting, whether it is ski resorts, cell division, theories of settlement or masterpieces of building. This is an exhilarating book, unlike any other." -- Robert Harbison Paul Shepheard's previous book, "What is Architecture?," was about making real, material things in the world--landscapes, buildings, and machines. "The Cultivated Wilderness" is about those landscapes, and about the strategies that govern what we've done in shaping them. In the author's words, this book is about "seeing things that are too big to see." His emphasis on strategy makes landscape fundamental--he says that every architectural move is set in a landscape. Norman England, for example, was constructed as a network of strong points, in a strategy of occupation. The eighteenth-century grid cities of the New World reflect a strategy of reason. Our current strategy is the economic exploitation of the Earth, an intricately woven blanket of commerce that covers up a multitude of other possibilities, many other ways to treat the surface of the globe--some of which are the landscapes revealed in this book. In a series of first-person narratives, reminiscent of his last book, the author pairs six landscapes, in order of descending scale from global to local, from the seven wonders of the ancient world to the condensed destruction of World War I's Western Front. In an engaging style, Shepheard takes the reader on an odyssey through these landscapes, meeting people and seeing places. He states that now, at the end of a century in which the appropriate landscape was sought but never found, the strategy of turningthe land to profit is under review--and offers this book as his contribution to that review.

Celtic Art in Europe

Author : Christopher Gosden
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The ancient Celtic world evokes debate, discussion, romanticism and mythicism. On the one hand it represents a specialist area of archaeological interest, on the other, it has a wide general appeal. The Celtic world is accessible through archaeology, history, linguistics and art history. Of these disciplines, art history offers the most direct message to a wider audience. This volume of 37 papers brings together a truly international group of pre-eminent specialists in the field of Celtic art and Celtic studies. It is a benchmark volume the like of which has not been seen since the publication of Paul JacobsthalÕs Early Celtic Art in 1944. The papers chart the history of attempts to understand Celtic art and argue for novel approaches in discussions spanning the whole of Continental Europe and the British Isles. This new body of international scholarship will give the reader a sense of the richness of the material and current debates. Artefacts of rich form and decoration, which we might call art, provide a most sensitive set of indicators of key areas of past societies, their power, politics and transformations. With its broad geographical scope, this volume offers a timely opportunity to re-assess contacts, context, transmission and meaning in Celtic art for understanding the development of European cultures, identities and economies in pre- and proto-history.