Search Results for "the-human-superorganism"

The Human Superorganism

The Human Superorganism

How the Microbiome Is Revolutionizing the Pursuit of a Healthy Life

  • Author: Rodney Dietert, PhD
  • Publisher: Penguin
  • ISBN: 1101983914
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 352
  • View: 6240
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"Eyeopening... Fascinating... may presage a paradigm shift in medicine.” —Kirkus Reviews (starred review) "Teeming with information and big ideas... Outstanding.” —Booklist (starred review) The origin of asthma, autism, Alzheimer's, allergies, cancer, heart disease, obesity, and even some kinds of depression is now clear. Award-winning researcher on the microbiome, professor Rodney Dietert presents a new paradigm in human biology that has emerged in the midst of the ongoing global epidemic of noncommunicable diseases. The Human Superorganism makes a sweeping, paradigm-shifting argument. It demolishes two fundamental beliefs that have blinkered all medical thinking until very recently: 1) Humans are better off as pure organisms free of foreign microbes; and 2) the human genome is the key to future medical advances. The microorganisms that we have sought to eliminate have been there for centuries supporting our ancestors. They comprise as much as 90 percent of the cells in and on our bodies—a staggering percentage! More than a thousand species of them live inside us, on our skin, and on our very eyelashes. Yet we have now significantly reduced their power and in doing so have sparked an epidemic of noncommunicable diseases—which now account for 63 percent of all human deaths. Ultimately, this book is not just about microbes; it is about a different way to view humans. The story that Dietert tells of where the new biology comes from, how it works, and the ways in which it affects your life is fascinating, authoritative, and revolutionary. Dietert identifies foods that best serve you, the superorganism; not new fad foods but ancient foods that have made sense for millennia. He explains protective measures against unsafe chemicals and drugs. He offers an empowering self-care guide and the blueprint for a revolution in public health. We are not what we have been taught. Each of us is a superorganism. The best path to a healthy life is through recognizing that profound truth. From the Hardcover edition.

Big Brains and the Human Superorganism

Big Brains and the Human Superorganism

Why Special Brains Appear in Hominids and Other Social Animals

  • Author: Niccolo Leo Caldararo
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • ISBN: 1498540880
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 266
  • View: 8410
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This book examines why humans have big brains and how brains are associated with complex society and behavior in other animals. It compares brain evolution in social animals and examines the evolution of the human brain in social and historical contexts.

Dynamics Of Complex Systems

Dynamics Of Complex Systems

  • Author: Yaneer Bar-yam
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 0429697589
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Page: 864
  • View: 3557
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This book aims to develop models and modeling techniques that are useful when applied to all complex systems. It adopts both analytic tools and computer simulation. The book is intended for students and researchers with a variety of backgrounds.

Type 1 Diabetes, An Issue of Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America, E-Book

Type 1 Diabetes, An Issue of Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America, E-Book

  • Author: Desmond A. Schatz,Michael Haller,Mark Atkinson
  • Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
  • ISBN: 1455700274
  • Category: Medical
  • Page: 232
  • View: 1783
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This issue of Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America provides the endocrinologist with essential updates on treatment of type 1 diabetes, with an eye toward future trends and developments. The Guest Editors brought together a remarkable group of notable authors, such as Paul Robertson, President of the National Diabetes Association. Topics covered include epidemiology; economics; contemporary management; inpatient management; update on insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitoring systems; update on studies aimed at interdicting and preventing type 1 diabetes; advances in the prediction, natural history, and mechanisms leading to type 1 diabetes; complications; hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes; new lessons from animal models; the role of the gut in the genesis of type 1 diabetes and other autoimmune diseases; and an update on transplantation for reversing type 1 diabetes.

The Coherence Factor

The Coherence Factor

Linking Emotion and Cognition When Individuals Think as a Group

  • Author: Thomas R. Flanagan,Craig H. Lindell
  • Publisher: IAP
  • ISBN: 1641134585
  • Category: Education
  • Page: 269
  • View: 2811
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Cogito, ergo sum. ("I think, therefore I am.") When Descartes quipped this, he erroneously split thinking from feeling. He assumed thoughts emerge from a substance other than feeling. This is a historic tragedy, and it is unnecessary. It brings us to a risky end-game. When we attempt to meld preconceived thought with evoked feelings, we come to the craft of "spin doctors." Instead, there is a natural path for connecting thinking and feeling. It involves emotional reflection at the time that understandings are created. This book draws attention to a form of dialogue which is called design dialogue. Design dialogue constructs new meaning from the bottom up. Individuals construct new meanings through individual thinking. In design dialogue, meaning results from group thinking. Group thinking is not as simple as thinking individually while being present within a group. The design process results in a series of co-constructed learning artifacts which, ultimately, constitute a new understanding. The process is concurrently emotional and cognitive, and melding emotion and cognition is achievable with effective design dialogue methods. The first chapter introduces emotion as the catalyst for considering questions, persisting in reflection, and concluding a cycle of thought. This chapter fills in gaps with the treatment of emotion and cognition. The second chapter lays out the sequence of observation-taking, sensemaking, meaning-making, and perspective-taking that are essential steps in thinking. Frameworks for thinking in educational traditions focus not so much on the neurological mechanics of the thought process but rather on the overall internalization of a "way" of understanding things. A third chapter presents a methodology for managing a design dialogue. Group facilitators generally invent and modify their own approaches for leading design projects. This chapter presents a codified approach that offers an advantage of supporting continuous improvement of complex design management methodology. And the final chapter considers the emergence of a sapient group-mind through the agency of design dialogue. This conjectured group-mind is considered in the context of the civic infrastructure that is needed to sustain the continual growth of the human superorganism structure. As humanity has moved from tribes, to cities, to institutions, and now to globally connected networks, each leap forward has been accompanied by profound changes in social practices and belief systems. Recent findings from the field of cognitive science have confirmed a suspicion that we have long held about each other. Individual thinking is biased and flawed. Inclusive and democratically managed discussion, deliberation and design all help to identify and dampen flawed understandings. The individual mind, an essential ingredient in the human spirit, is now, as a matter of practical necessity, bending to the wisdom of a well-informed group mind. The speed and strength of newly emerging social forces and evolving civic trends point to the conclusion that we are on the threshold for a new way of being. This book seeks to evoke reflection on how we can start communicating in a way that prepares us for life in that new future.

The Biologist's Imagination

The Biologist's Imagination

Innovation in the Biosciences

  • Author: William Hoffman,Leo Furcht
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199361320
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 296
  • View: 448
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Scholars and policymakers alike agree that innovation in the biosciences is key to future growth. The field continues to shift and expand, and it is certainly changing the way people live their lives in a variety of ways. With a large share of federal research dollars devoted to the biosciences, the field is just beginning to live up to its billing as a source of innovation, economic productivity and growth. Vast untapped potential to imagine and innovate exists in the biosciences given new tools now widely available. In The Biologist's Imagination, William Hoffman and Leo Furcht examine the history of innovation in the biosciences, tracing technological innovation from the late eighteenth century to the present and placing special emphasis on how and where technology evolves. Place is often key to innovation, from the early industrial age to the rise of the biotechnology industry in the second half of the twentieth century. The book uses the distinct history of bioinnovation to discuss current trends as they relate to medicine, agriculture, energy, industry, ecosystems, and climate. Fast-moving research fields like genomics, synthetic biology, stem cell research, neuroscience, bioautomation and bioprinting are accelerating these trends. Hoffman and Furcht argue that our system of bioscience innovation is itself in need of innovation. It needs to adapt to the massive changes brought about by converging technologies and the globalization of higher education, workforce skills, and entrepreneurship. The Biologist's Imagination is both a review of past models for bioscience innovation and a forward-looking, original argument for what future models should take into account.

Is the Planet Full?

Is the Planet Full?

  • Author: Ian Goldin
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • ISBN: 0191017450
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 264
  • View: 9139
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What are the impacts of population growth? Can our planet support the demands of the ten billion people anticipated to be the world's population by the middle of this century? While it is common to hear about the problems of overpopulation, might there be unexplored benefits of increasing numbers of people in the world? How can we both consider and harness the potential benefits brought by a healthier, wealthier and larger population? May more people mean more scientists to discover how our world works, more inventors and thinkers to help solve the world's problems, more skilled people to put these ideas into practice? In this book, leading academics with a wide range of expertise in demography, philosophy, biology, climate science, economics and environmental sustainability explore the contexts, costs and benefits of a burgeoning population on our economic, social and environmental systems.

An Epidemic of Absence

An Epidemic of Absence

A New Way of Understanding Allergies and Autoimmune Diseases

  • Author: Moises Velasquez-Manoff
  • Publisher: Simon and Schuster
  • ISBN: 1439199396
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 397
  • View: 2114
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A controversial, revisionist approach to autoimmune and allergic disorders considers the perspective that the human immune system has been disabled by twentieth-century hygiene and medical practices.

I, Superorganism

I, Superorganism

Learning to love your inner ecosystem

  • Author: Jon Turney
  • Publisher: Icon Books Ltd
  • ISBN: 1848318235
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 320
  • View: 6342
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Every human body carries a secret cargo: a huge population of microorganisms living in the mouth, on the skin, in the gut. They help digest our food. They make essential vitamins. They break down toxins and metabolise drugs. They exert an invisible influence on our hormones, our immune systems, perhaps even our brains. This is the human microbiome – a living, shifting system of previously unimagined importance and complexity. In this first book-length account of this new realm of human biology, award-winning science writer Jon Turney explores the microbiome in detail, charting its birth and development, investigating how it works, and assessing its many implications for our health, including its potential to shed new light on conditions such as bowel diseases, cancer, allergies and asthma. He considers the potential impacts of our modern disinfectant and antibiotic obsessions, and ponders a future of designer microbiomes and mood-altering probiotics. This book will make you think again about your relationship with your body, your habits – even your sense of who and what you are – as it reveals what it means to be a 21st century superorganism.

Powerful Peace

Powerful Peace

A Navy SEAL's Lessons on Peace from a Lifetime at War

  • Author: J. Robert DuBois
  • Publisher: Morgan James Publishing
  • ISBN: 161448189X
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 226
  • View: 3175
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A Special Forces veteran and security advisor shares what he’s learned about dealing with conflict: “A powerful book” (Peter Bergen). In this honest, hard-hitting look at war and peace, a Navy SEAL and experienced security consultant explains that force is sometimes necessary, that persuasion is more powerful, and that some conflict is unnecessary and preventable. The goal of Powerful Peace is to open the reader’s mind about other cultures to comprehend that different does not have to mean wrong—and that an individual’s life can be richer and more enjoyable when conflicts are handled wisely. Never before has a book been written by a SEAL with the intent of reducing conflict and its painful consequences for innocent victims. Powerful Peace addresses the hot topic of American fatigue from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan—and, in a political environment that has soured many citizens’ confidence in the direction of our national leadership, it offers hope that real solutions are available. “Folks in Washington know Rob DuBois, ‘The Velvet Glove.’ Now you can know the iron fist inside that glove.” —Rear Adm. Brian Losey, Commander, Special Operations Command Africa “Who else but a warrior could write so elegantly about peace?” —Reza Aslan