Search results for: the-international-economy-since-1945

The International Economy Since 1945

Author : W. M. Scammell
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The International Economy Since 1945

Author : Sidney Pollard
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In The International Economy Since 1945, Sidney Pollard describes the most important global developments in economics during the last half century. In this comprehensive history the author covers all geographical regions and considers the effects of the major countries on each other. The International Economy Since 1945 analyses institutional issues, such as monetary policy or the multinational company, as well as worldwide issues. The author considers the impact of policies on economic life and includes discussion of: * the threat to the environment caused by economic change * advances in technology as they relate to growth * fluctuations in standards of living in all parts of the world * policies pursued and how they influence growth * reactions of other nations to the plight of the Third World * the Communist and Far Eastern economies * the impact of World War II on the global economy. The International Economy Since 1945 debates the key issues of current global and national policy-making and the effects of greater economic integration on inflation and employment.

International Economic Relations since 1945

Author : Catherine R. Schenk
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This second edition has been updated to include an assessment of economic relations up to the COVID-19 pandemic. It focuses on three main threads that tie national economies together: flows of goods, of people and of finance. Since the end of the Second World War, the international economy transformed from a tightly controlled trading system to the financial globalization of the late 20th century. This book traces the organisation of international economic relations from the 1944 Bretton Woods conference through to the 2008 financial crisis and its aftermath. By outlining the development of economic policy of both national and international institutions like the International Monetary Fund and the European Union, this volume examines how the global system was constructed and explores the sources of inequality and instability. The changing political context is also emphasised, especially the Cold War and its end, the rise of China and other emerging market economies and the prospect of a retreat from globalisation in the wake of the 2008 crisis. Using non-technical language and providing clear examples and evidence, the book is an accessible introduction to international economic relations that will be useful for all students of modern world history since 1945.

International Economic Relations Since 1945

Author : Catherine Ruth Schenk
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The international economy since 1945 has endured dramatic changes in its balance of power, from the early period of prosperity for industrialised nations, to the 2008/9 global crisis. In this volume Catherine Schenk outlines these huge changes, examines how the world�s economic leaders have tried to organise and influence the international economy and presents the key frameworks in which international economic relations have developed. Focusing on the pattern of international trade, international investment and the changing organisation of the international monetary system, this volume takes a chronological approach of key time-frames, and shows how policy has impacted the balance of the international economy. Major events such as European integration in the 1960�s, the collapse of the international monetary system and oil crisis in the 1970�s the return of China to the international economy in the 1980�s and emerging market crises in the 1990s are discussed within the context of key themes including global economic and regulatory co-ordination, the role of American economic hegemony, the evolution of exchange rate policy and unequal development. International Economic Relations since 1945 is the perfect guide for all students of economic history and international history, and for those seeking to understand recent economic trends in a longer term perspective.

The International Economy Since 1945

Author : William McConnell Scammell
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The European Economy Since 1945

Author : Barry J. Eichengreen
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The International Economy Since 1945

Author : W. M. Scammell
File Size : 63.51 MB
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The Political Economy of Policy Coordination

Author : Michael C. Webb
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Michael C. Webb explores a central question about postwar economic history: how has the growth of international markets affected the coordination of economic policy among nations? His analysis overturns the popular assumption that policy coordination has eroded as American hegemony has receded. Instead, he argues that the growing mobility of capital forced governments to abandon the strategies they had used in the 1950s and 60s to insulate monetary and fiscal policies from international influences, and to move toward more direct coordination of central economic strategies. Webb shows that since 1945 there has been a crucial shift in the pattern of international collaboration. He focuses on three types of adjustment policy: trade and capital controls, balance-of-payment lending and intervention in foreign-exchange markets, and monetary and fiscal policies. Noting that the first two types are no longer effective, he demonstrates that governments now rely more on monetary and fiscal policy coordination to regulate the global economy. As the expansion of international finance created greater turbulence in the global economy in the 1980s, the liberal system of international trade threatened to collapse. Webb examines in particular how the United States, Japan, and Germany took unprecedented steps to coordinate monetary and fiscal policies in the late 1980s and early 1990s, although domestic political obstacles—not any decline in U.S. power—limited the impact of this policy coordination. He concludes by assessing the effectiveness of these attempts to reconcile the goal of a stronger liberal system of economic exchange with the desire to maintain national autonomy.

The United States and the Global Economy Since 1945

Author : Henry C. Dethloff
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This book is a brief introduction to economic changes of a truly global dimension..... Since World War II, the world has become a much more homogenous, interrelated, and integrated place. The United States had much to do with changing that world.... A careful examination of this text provides a better understanding of the dynamics of U.S. history. It should help explain what has happened to U.S. businesses and consumers since World War II. Globalization has been the primary force affecting change in American life over the past half-century. This book explores those factors that have been critical catalysts in the rise of the new global economy. It also seeks to provide a definition or characterization of that global economy.... -Pref.

The International Economy since 1945

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The Global Economic System since 1945

Author : Larry Allen
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The strictly mathematical foundation of conventional economic theories has resulted in circumscribed analyses of world economic history. Larry Allen's groundbreaking The Global Economic System since 1945, in contrast, re-evaluates world economic history in a context that recognizes and avoids the inherent limitations of mathematical models. The Global Economic System since 1945 does not shun economic theory, but rather uses it as a tool to reassess recent world economic history. Allen describes how, starting at the end of World War Two, powerful corporations lobbied governments in an effort to reduce the perceived constraints of regulation. In the past twenty-five years these voices have grown increasingly influential, as governments worldwide adopted free-market policies, reduced economic regulation, and promoted the virtues of free-market capitalism. The Global Economic System since 1945 presents a fresh and wide-ranging synthesis of economic history and theory that will be valuable to both scholars and curious participants in today's global economy.

The World Economy Since the War

Author : E. A. Brett
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The global economic system is failing. Third world nations are saddled with debts they cannot pay thus threatening the world banking system. Europe is suffering from an overvalued dollar and the U.S. is fast becoming the largest debtor nation in the world. "The World Economy Since The War" studies global economics since 1945 from a world systems perspective. The author integrates specific research on particular aspects of the world economy into a unified, coherent discussion, demonstrating the ways in which these seemingly disparate aspects are in fact related. Brett's work points out that the global economic system is in need of major restructuring. In his carefully considered and theoretically informed work, he suggests a democratically controlled global oriented international planning mechanism to rationally and equitably distribute resources.

Growth of the International Economy 1820 1960 The

Author : A. G. Kenwood
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Here is an introduction to the study of the international economy as a mechanism for diffusing modern economic growth between nations. It is divided into three parts, of which the first examines the workings of the system in the years before 1914. This includes an analysis of the conditions favorable to the growth of international economic relations during the period, examines the changing character of the international flows of labor, capital and trade, and surveys contemporary commercial and international monetary policies. This first part concludes with a chapter analyzing the international economy as a mechanism for diffusing economic growth, and another chapter examining the nature of the economic trends and fluctuations associated with this phase in the growth of the international economic system. The second part gives an account of the collapse of the international economy during the interwar years, and traces the causes of collapse to changes in the structure and functioning of the system brought about by World War I and the depression of the 1930s. The final part takes the story beyond World War II. It describes the wartime and post-war efforts to reconstruct the international economic system, and examines the working of the new system in the period after 1945, bringing out both its strengths and its weaknesses.

American Economic Development Since 1945

Author : Samuel Rosenberg
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This clearly-written book provides an historical analysis of postwar economic development in the United States, helping the reader to understand the nation's current economic position. Samuel Rosenberg investigates three postwar phases: the creation of an institutional framework setting the stage for prosperity in the U.S. after World War II; the forces undermining this institutional framework and the resulting stagflation of the 1970s; and the recreation of a new institutional structure in the 1980s. Basic economic concepts are introduced and explained throughout and specific attention is paid to macroeconomic policy, industrial relations, the role of the U.S. in the world economy, social and labour policy, the structure of the labour force, and the distribution of income by race and gender.

Exorbitant Privilege

Author : Barry Eichengreen
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For more than half a century, the U.S. dollar has been not just America's currency but the world's. It is used globally by importers, exporters, investors, governments and central banks alike. Nearly three-quarters of all $100 bills circulate outside the United States. The dollar holdings of the Chinese government alone come to more than $1,000 per Chinese resident. This dependence on dollars, by banks, corporations and governments around the world, is a source of strength for the United States. It is, as a critic of U.S. policies once put it, America's "exorbitant privilege." However, recent events have raised concerns that this soon may be a privilege lost. Among these have been the effects of the financial crisis and the Great Recession: high unemployment, record federal deficits, and financial distress. In addition there is the rise of challengers like the euro and China's renminbi. Some say that the dollar may soon cease to be the world's standard currency--which would depress American living standards and weaken the country's international influence. In Exorbitant Privilege, one of our foremost economists, Barry Eichengreen, traces the rise of the dollar to international prominence over the course of the 20th century. He shows how the greenback dominated internationally in the second half of the century for the same reasons--and in the same way--that the United States dominated the global economy. But now, with the rise of China, India, Brazil and other emerging economies, America no longer towers over the global economy. It follows, Eichengreen argues, that the dollar will not be as dominant. But this does not mean that the coming changes will necessarily be sudden and dire--or that the dollar is doomed to lose its international status. Challenging the presumption that there is room for only one true global currency--either the dollar or something else--Eichengreen shows that several currencies have shared this international role over long periods. What was true in the distant past will be true, once again, in the not-too-distant future. The dollar will lose its international currency status, Eichengreen warns, only if the United States repeats the mistakes that led to the financial crisis and only if it fails to put its fiscal and financial house in order. The greenback's fate hinges, in other words, not on the actions of the Chinese government but on economic policy decisions here in the United States. Incisive, challenging and iconoclastic, Exorbitant Privilege, which was shortlisted for the FT Goldman Sachs 2011 Best Business Book of the Year, is a fascinating analysis of the changes that lie ahead. It is a challenge, equally, to those who warn that the dollar is doomed and to those who regard its continuing dominance as inevitable.

The World Since 1945

Author : Daniel R. Brower
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This book explores, chronologically, the intertwined international, political, and economic aspects of contemporary world history from 1945 to the 1990s--showing how these three factors taken together explain in large measure the evolution of global conflict and cooperation--from the alliances of the Second World War, to the appearance of the superpowers following the Second World War, to regional peacekeeping after the end of the Cold War. Considers: The Second Twentieth Century and the Second World War; The Beginning of the Cold War, 1945-1947; The Resurgence of East Asia; New Nations in South Asia; Africa and Latin America in the Third World; Nationalism and War in the Middle East; The West and the Soviet Empire in the cold War, 1953- 1991; and Local Wars, Global Economy: The World in the Late Twentieth Century. Includes separate essays that explain or illuminate the significance of crucial events in a period or that introduce individuals (both powerful actors and powerless victims) whose experiences and beliefs bring to life the human dimensions of the events discussed. Makes frequent use of contemporary opinions and images of trends"--in the form of quotes from political leaders and observers, or reproductions of political posters and photographs. For anyone interested in Contemporary World History and World History Since 1945.

US Economic History Since 1945

Author : Michael French
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The period since 1945 has seen the US economy evolve from an expanding consumer society in which affluence was more widely distributed than before, through to the economic challenges of recessions in the 1970s, and 1980's and the competitive challenge from overseas rivals, notably Japan.

The Globalizers

Author : Ngaire Woods
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"The IMF and the World Bank have integrated a large number of countries into the world economy by requiring governments to open up to global trade, investment, and capital. They have not done this out of pure economic zeal. Politics and their own rules and habits explain much of why they have presented globalization as a solution to challenges they have faced in the world economy."—from the Introduction The greatest success of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank has been as globalizers. But at whose cost? Would borrowing countries be better off without the IMF and World Bank? This book takes readers inside these institutions and the governments they work with. Ngaire Woods brilliantly decodes what they do and why they do it, using original research, extensive interviews carried out across many countries and institutions, and scholarship from the fields of economics, law, and politics. The Globalizers focuses on both the political context of IMF and World Bank actions and their impact on the countries in which they intervene. After describing the important debates between U.S. planners and the Allies in the 1944 foundation at Bretton Woods, she analyzes understandings of their missions over the last quarter century. She traces the impact of the Bank and the Fund in the recent economic history of Mexico, of post-Soviet Russia, and in the independent states of Africa. Woods concludes by proposing a range of reforms that would make the World Bank and the IMF more effective, equitable, and just.

A History of the World from the 20th to the 21st Century

Author : John Ashley Soames Grenville
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Provides a comprehensive survey of the key events and personalities of this period.

The Economies of the Arab World

Author : Yusuf A. Sayigh
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This book, a comprehensive study of twelve of the economies of key countries of the Arab world, has three main objectives: to record the developmental achievements and failings of each country; to examine the main issues arising in the drive for development; and to assess the future outlook for development for each country. Most of the countries studied only gained independence from their colonial masters in recent decades, and the process of economic development has necessarily been accompanied by political development. First published in 1978.