Search results for: the-jim-crow-laws-and-racism-in-united-states-history

The Jim Crow Laws and Racism in United States History

Author : David K. Fremon
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In 1954, the Supreme Court rejected the notion of "separate by equal" facilities in the famous BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION decision. Highlighting the efforts of both blacks and whites to promote racial equality in the face of violent attempts to preserve white supremacy, Author David K. Fremon shows how segregation made the South a caste system. He traces the history of racial discrimination from the end of the Civil War through the Jim Crow era of segregation. After years of enduring separate facilities—including water fountains, telephone books, hospitals, and cemeteries—for whites and blacks, Fremon shows how African Americans and their white supporters were eventually able to win the battle for equal rights. This book is developed from THE JIM CROW LAWS AND RACISM IN AMERICAN HISTORY to allow republication of the original text into ebook, paperback, and trade editions.

The Jim Crow Laws and Racism in American History

Author : David K. Fremon
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Traces the struggles of African Americans from the end of slavery through the period of Jim Crow segregation in the South, to the civil rights movement and legal equality.

The Jim Crow Laws and Racism in United States History

Author : David K. Fremon
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This book shows how segregation made the South a caste system, tracing the history of racial discrimination from the end of the Civil War through the Jim Crow era of segregation.

Race and Racism

Author : R. Perry
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'Race' and Racism examines the origins and development of racism in North America. It addresses the inception and persistence of the concept of 'race' and discusses the biology of human variance, addressing the fossil record of human evolution, the relationship between creationism and science, population genetics, 'race'-based medicine, and other related issues. The book explores the diverse ways in which people in a variety of cultures have perceived, categorized, and defined one another without reference to any concept of 'race.' It follows the history of American racism through slavery, the perceptions and treatment of Native Americans, Jim Crow laws, attitudes toward Irish and Southern European immigrants, the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II, the civil rights era, and numerous other topics.

An American Health Dilemma

Author : W. Michael Byrd
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At times mirroring and at times shockingly disparate to the rise of traditional white American medicine, the history of African-American health care is a story of traditional healers; root doctors; granny midwives; underappreciated and overworked African-American physicians; scrupulous and unscrupulous white doctors and scientists; governmental support and neglect; epidemics; and poverty. Virtually every part of this story revolves around race. More than 50 years after the publication of An American Dilemma, Gunnar Myrdal's 1944 classic about race relations in the USA, An American Health Dilemma presents a comprehensive and groundbreaking history and social analysis of race, race relations and the African-American medical and public health experience. Beginning with the origins of western medicine and science in Egypt, Greece and Rome the authors explore the relationship between race, medicine, and health care from the precursors of American science and medicine through the days of the slave trade with the harrowing middle passage and equally deadly breaking-in period through the Civil War and the gains of reconstruction and the reversals caused by Jim Crow laws. It offers an extensive examination of the history of intellectual and scientific racism that evolved to give sanction to the mistreatment, medical abuse, and neglect of African Americans and other non-white people. Also included are biographical portraits of black medical pioneers like James McCune Smith, the first African American to earn a degree from a European university, and anecdotal vignettes,like the tragic story of "the Hottentot Venus", which illustrate larger themes. An American Health Dilemma promises to become an irreplaceable and essential look at African-American and medical history and will provide an invaluable baseline for future exploration of race and racism in the American health system.

The Jim Crow Encyclopedia Greenwood Milestones in African American History 2 volumes

Author : Nikki L. M. Brown
File Size : 34.46 MB
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Jim Crow refers to a set of laws in many states, predominantly in the South, after the end of Reconstruction in 1877 that severely restricted the rights and privileges of African Americans. As a caste system of enormous social and economic magnitude, the institutionalization of Jim Crow was the most significant element in African American life until the 1960s Civil Rights Movement led to its dismantling. Racial segregation, as well as responses to it and resistance against it, dominated the African American consciousness and continued to oppress African Americans and other minorities, while engendering some of the most important African American contributions to society. This major encyclopedia is the first devoted to the Jim Crow era. The era is encapsulated through more than 275 essay entries on such areas as law, media, business, politics, employment, religion, education, people, events, culture, the arts, protest, the military, class, housing, sports, and violence as well as through accompanying key primary documents excerpted as side bars. This set will serve as an invaluable, definitive resource for student research and general knowledge. The authoritative entries are written by a host of historians with expertise in the Jim Crow era. The quality content comes in an easy-to-access format. Readers can quickly find topics of interest, with alphabetical and topical lists of entries in the frontmatter, along with cross-references to related entries per entry. Further reading is provided per entry. Dynamic sidebars throughout give added insight into the topics. A chronology, selected bibliography, and photos round out the coverage. Sample entries include Advertising, Affirmative Action, Armed Forces, Black Cabinet, Blues, Brooklyn Dodgers, Bolling v. Sharpe, Confederate Flag, Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Detroit Race Riot 1943, Ralph Ellison, Eyes on the Prize, G.I. Bill, Healthcare, Homosexuality, Intelligence Testing, Japanese Internment, Liberia, Minstrelsy, Nadir of the Negro, Poll Taxes, Rhythm and Blues, Rural Segregation, Sharecropping, Sundown Towns, Booker T. Washington, Works Project Administration, World War II.


Author : George M. Fredrickson
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Are antisemitism and white supremacy manifestations of a general phenomenon? Why didn't racism appear in Europe before the fourteenth century, and why did it flourish as never before in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries? Why did the twentieth century see institutionalized racism in its most extreme forms? Why are egalitarian societies particularly susceptible to virulent racism? What do apartheid South Africa, Nazi Germany, and the American South under Jim Crow have in common? How did the Holocaust advance civil rights in the United States? With a rare blend of learning, economy, and cutting insight, George Fredrickson surveys the history of Western racism from its emergence in the late Middle Ages to the present. Beginning with the medieval antisemitism that put Jews beyond the pale of humanity, he traces the spread of racist thinking in the wake of European expansionism and the beginnings of the African slave trade. And he examines how the Enlightenment and nineteenth-century romantic nationalism created a new intellectual context for debates over slavery and Jewish emancipation. Fredrickson then makes the first sustained comparison between the color-coded racism of nineteenth-century America and the antisemitic racism that appeared in Germany around the same time. He finds similarity enough to justify the common label but also major differences in the nature and functions of the stereotypes invoked. The book concludes with a provocative account of the rise and decline of the twentieth century's overtly racist regimes--the Jim Crow South, Nazi Germany, and apartheid South Africa--in the context of world historical developments. This illuminating work is the first to treat racism across such a sweep of history and geography. It is distinguished not only by its original comparison of modern racism's two most significant varieties--white supremacy and antisemitism--but also by its eminent readability.

I Can t Breathe

Author : Ernie Braveboy
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You Are About To Discover The Dark, Frustrating And Uncertain Life That Black People In America Live That Will Make You To Understand Why Millions Of Americans Have Been On The Streets Across The Different States Protesting That Black Lives Matter! Names are always being published every day of recent victims of racism in the country, and more people are emerging from the shadows to speak out their horrifying experiences under the hands of white supremacists and indoctrinated police officers. And no, it didn't start with the death of George Floyd or the 25-year old Ahmaud Arbery who was maimed while jogging through Glynn County, Ga. Throughout history, blacks have been living their lives like victims, dodging physical and emotional bullets and this book will explain to you how and why. Living in America as a black is indeed different from what most people around the world think. It's hardly the land of opportunity or the land of the free, nor is it the land of the brave -and in a minute, you're going to see what I mean. So if you've been asking yourself: What does the typical life of a black in America look like? How are they discriminated exactly? What's the historical background of racism in America? Does it mean the Jim Crow laws still persist? Are politics shaped to favor racism? ...then this book will answer all these questions comprehensively to give you an accurate account of life in the United States that most people (including those living in this country) aren't familiar with. More precisely, you'll learn: How it is living in America as a black person, including chilling stories that will make you wonder why some things should be happening in 2020 and beyond How being black affects your job, leisure activities and shopping, told in a way that will spur in you positive rage to want to champion for change How blacks die in America, including the sad story of George Floyd Whether or not black lives matter The history of the discrimination of blacks, from the time the first black people came to America, through the independence years and to-date to show you just how nothing has changed How racism works and why it is so engrained in American culture, systems, laws and society in general How blacks have been creatively set up by the laws of the land and condemned to a life of discrimination in a way that the situation is saddeningly helpless The effects of systematic racism on black lives How to fight racism - what you can do to improve the situation and make America the land of the free and brave that we all tell the world it is when it is not Politics and systemic racism, including why no single leader can change everything overnight and what can be done to fast track changes ...And much more! Indeed, fear, anger and hopelessness are some of the expressions that have become the default physiognomy of an average black in America, the same way protests in the U.S. against systemic racism and police brutality against the blacks are becoming a normal occurrence and a way of life. Even if you think you've heard countless racist stories, this book's level of detail will help you understand the deep rot in the system and American culture that may take years to end. Ready to begin? Scroll up and click Buy Now With 1-Click or Buy Now enlighten yourself!

Jim Crow A Historical Encyclopedia of the American Mosaic

Author : Nikki L. M. Brown
File Size : 81.47 MB
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This one-volume reference work examines a broad range of topics related to the establishment, maintenance, and eventual dismantling of the discriminatory system known as Jim Crow. • Provides a one-stop source of information for students researching the period of American history dominated by the discriminatory system of Jim Crow laws • Puts phenomena such as "Sundown towns" within a larger framework of official discrimination • Documents the methods used to create, maintain, and dismantle Jim Crow

Confronting Racism

Author : Maryellen Lo Bosco
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Racial discrimination is a significant problem worldwide. Despite the United States' long and painful racial history, the country is today an inclusive society, even as it still struggles to remedy the historical effects of slavery and oppression of people of color. This authoritative book teaches young people what they can do when confronted by racism, providing a history of racial discrimination and its legal and social remedies. This text prescribes safe and effective measures to counteract racism and teach people the values of fairness and equality, featuring Myths and Facts and 10 Great Questions to Ask a Specialist.