Search Results for "the-jury-under-fire-myth-controversy-and-reform-american-psychology-law-society-series"

The Jury Under Fire

The Jury Under Fire

Myth, Controversy, and Reform

  • Author: Brian H. Bornstein,Edie Greene
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190201363
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 320
  • View: 9690
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Although the jury is often referred to as one of the bulwarks of the American justice system, it regularly comes under attack. Recent changes to trial procedures, such as reducing jury size, allowing non-unanimous verdicts, and rewriting jury instructions in plain English, were designed to promote greater efficiency and adherence to the law. Other changes, such as capping damages and replacing jurors with judges as arbiters in complex trials, seem designed to restrict the role of laypeople in trial outcomes. Whether these innovations are implemented to facilitate the administration of justice or due to the belief that juries have excessive power and make irrational decisions, they raise a host of questions about their effects on juries' judgments and about justice. Policymakers sometimes make incorrect assumptions about jury behavior, with the result that some reform efforts have had surprising and unintended consequences. The Jury Under Fire reviews a number of controversial beliefs about juries as well as the implications of these views for jury reform. It reviews up-to-date research on both criminal and civil juries that uses a variety of research methodologies: simulations, archival analyses, field studies, and juror interviews. Each chapter focuses on a mistaken assumption or myth about jurors or juries, critiques these myths, and then uses social science research findings to suggest appropriate reforms. Chapters discuss the experience of serving as a juror; jury selection and jury size; and the impact of evidence from eyewitnesses, experts, confessions, and juvenile offenders. The book also covers the process of deciding damages and punishment and the role of emotions in jurors' decision making, and it compares jurors' and judges' decisions. Finally, it reviews a broad range of efforts to reform the jury, including the most promising reforms that have a solid backing in research. Featuring highly visible trials to illustrate key points, The Jury Under Fire will interest researchers in psychology and the law, practicing attorneys, and policymakers, as well as students and trainees in these areas.

The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Psychology

The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Psychology

  • Author: Kieran C. O'Doherty,Darrin Hodgetts
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
  • ISBN: 1526417081
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 672
  • View: 5206
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In the present epoch of global change, movement, interconnection and the intensification of social issues within and across many societies, applied social psychology is more relevant than ever. The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Psychology offers an overview of the field and the disparate and evolving approaches. Through an international team of contributors, the handbook brings prominent research literature together and organises it around ten key areas: Part 01: Culture, race, indigeneity Part 02: Gender & Sexuality Part 03: Politics Part 04: Health and mental health Part 05: Work Part 06: Ageing Part 07: Communication Part 08: Education Part 09: Environment Part 10: Criminal Justice, Law, & Crime This handbook is a uniting and invigorating resource for the field of Applied Social Psychology.

Criminal Juries in the 21st Century

Criminal Juries in the 21st Century

Psychological Science and the Law

  • Author: Cynthia Najdowski,Margaret Stevenson
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190658126
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 328
  • View: 1530
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The jury is often hailed as one of the most important symbols of American democracy. Yet much has changed since the Sixth Amendment in 1791 first guaranteed all citizens the right to a jury trial in criminal prosecutions. Experts now have a much more nuanced understanding of the psychological implications of being a juror, and advances in technology and neuroscience make the work of rendering a decision in a criminal trial more complicated than ever before. Criminal Juries in the 21st Century explores the increasingly wide gulf between criminal trial law, procedures, and policy, and what scientific findings have revealed about the human experience of serving as a juror. Readers will contemplate myriad legal issues that arise when jurors decide criminal cases as well as cutting-edge psychological research that can be used to not only understand the performance and experience of the contemporary criminal jury, but also to improve it. Chapter authors grapple with a number of key issues at the intersection of psychology and law, guiding readers to consider everything from the factors that influence the initial selection of the jury to how jurors cope with and reflect on their service after the trial ends. Together the chapters provide a unique view of criminal juries with the goal of increasing awareness of a broad range of current issues in great need of theoretical, empirical, and legal attention. Criminal Juries in the 21st Century will identify how social science research can inform law and policy relevant to improving justice within the jury system, and is an essential resource for those who directly study jury decision making as well as social scientists generally, attorneys, judges, students, and even future jurors.

The Behavioral Science of Firearms

The Behavioral Science of Firearms

A Mental Health Perspective on Guns, Suicide, and Violence

  • Author: Gianni Pirelli,Hayley Wechsler,Robert J. Cramer
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0190669780
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 304
  • View: 5882
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The Behavioral Science of Firearms focuses on applying behavioral science principles and knowledge to inform and improve firearm-related policy, practice, and research. The authors provide comprehensive coverage of relevant case law and legal statutes, as well as issues pertaining to violence, suicide, and gun safety. Additional topics include civilian firearm ownership suitability; considerations for relevant professions (such as the military, law enforcement, and corrections); self-care; and more. Concepts are presented via a best-practices model that promotes empirically-supported decision-making. Drawing on a range of arenas such as psychology, sociology, criminal justice, and law, The Behavioral Science of Firearms is an essential resource for a wide readership, including practitioners, institutional and law enforcement personnel, legislators, and academicians and students in fields such as psychology, criminal justice, and public health.

The Publishers' Trade List Annual

The Publishers' Trade List Annual

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: American literature
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5389
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Congressional Record

Congressional Record

Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5757
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The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)

Congressional Record

Congressional Record

Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress

  • Author: United States. Congress
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 1464
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America, History and Life

America, History and Life

Annual index

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: United States
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 833
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Provides historical coverage of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes information abstracted from over 2,000 journals published worldwide.

The Washington Post Index

The Washington Post Index

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Newspapers
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8789
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