Search results for: the-landscape-archaeology-of-anglo-saxon-england

The Landscape Archaeology of Anglo Saxon England

Author : N. J. Higham
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The Anglo-Saxon period was crucial to the development of the English landscape, but is rarely studied. The essays here provide radical new interpretations of its development.

Tradition and Transformation in Anglo Saxon England

Author : Susan Oosthuizen
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Explores the origins ofAnglo-Saxon England between 400 and 900 AD through the organisation of arableand commons.

Perceptions of the Prehistoric in Anglo Saxon England

Author : Sarah Semple
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Represents an unparalleled exploration of the place of prehistoric monuments in the Anglo-Saxon psyche, and examines how Anglo-Saxon communities perceived and used these monuments during the period AD 400-1100.

The Oxford Handbook of Anglo Saxon Archaeology

Author : Helena Hamerow
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Written by a team of experts and presenting the results of the most up-to-date research, The Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology will both stimulate and support further investigation into a society poised at the interface between prehistory and history.

Rural Settlements and Society in Anglo Saxon England

Author : Helena Hamerow
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The first major synthesis of the evidence for Anglo-Saxon settlements from across England and throughout the Anglo-Saxon period, and a study of what it reveals about the communities who built and lived in them.

Farming Transformed in Anglo Saxon England

Author : Mark McKarracher
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Anglo-Saxon farming has traditionally been seen as the wellspring of English agriculture, setting the pattern for 1000 years to come – but it was more important than that. A rich harvest of archaeological data is now revealing the untold story of agricultural innovation, the beginnings of a revolution, in the age of Bede. Armed with a powerful new dataset, Farming Transformed explores fundamental questions about the minutiae of early medieval farming and its wider relevance. How old were sheep left to grow, for example, and what pathologies did cattle sustain? What does wheat chaff have to do with lordship and the market economy? What connects ovens in Roman Germany with barley maltings in early medieval Northamptonshire? And just how interested were Saxon nuns in cultivating the opium poppy? Farming Transformed is the first book to draw together the variegated evidence of pollen, sediments, charred seeds, animal bones, watermills, corn-drying ovens, granaries and stockyards on an extensive, regional scale. The result is an inter-disciplinary dataset of unprecedented scope and size, which reveals how cereal cultivation boomed, and new watermills, granaries and ovens were erected to cope with – and flaunt – the fat of the land. As arable farming grew at the expense of pasture, sheep and cattle came under closer management and lived longer lives, yielding more wool, dairy goods, and traction power for plowing. These and other innovations are found to be concentrated at royal, aristocratic and monastic centers, placing lordship at the forefront of agricultural innovation, and farming as the force behind kingdom-formation and economic resurgence in the seventh and eighth centuries.

Environment Society and Landscape in Early Medieval England

Author : Tom Williamson
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Annotation Environment and geography are shown to have played a crucial role in shaping Anglo-Saxon history and culture.

Anglo Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History

Author : David Griffiths
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Papers included in this volume of Anglo-Saxon Studies are:"Anglo-Saxon Pagan Shrines and their Prototypes" by John Blair; "Pagan English Sanctuaries, Place-Names and Hundred Meeting-Places" by Audrey Meaney; "The Alderwerke and Minster at Shelford, Cambridgeshire" by Cyril Hart; "Literacy in Anglo-Saxon England: the Evidence from Inscriptions" by Elisabeth Okasha; "The North-West Mercian burhs : a Reappraisal" by David Griffiths; "Metal-Detector Finds and Fieldwork on Anglo-Saxon Sites in Suffolk" by John Newman; "Where are the Anglo-Saxons in the Gododdin Poem?" by Criag Cressford; "Entrances to Sunken-floored Structures in Anglo-Saxon Times" by Philip H. Dixon; "Re-interpreting Mucking: Countering the Black Legend" by Paul M. Barford; and "From Artefact to Interpretation using Correspondance Analysis" by Karen Híilund Nielson.

Anglo Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History 14

Author : Sarah Semple
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Volume 14 of the Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History series is dedicated to the archaeology of early medieval death, burial and commemoration. Incorporating studies focusing upon Anglo-Saxon England as well as research encompassing western Britain, Continental Europe and Scandinavia, this volume originated as the proceedings of a two-day conference held at the University of Exeter in February 2004. It comprises of an Introduction that outlines the key debates and new approaches in early medieval mortuary archaeology followed by eighteen innovative research papers offering new interpretations of the material culture, monuments and landscape context of early medieval mortuary practices. Papers contribute to a variety of ongoing debates including the study of ethnicity, religion, ideology and social memory from burial evidence. The volume also contains two cemetery reports of early Anglo-Saxon cemeteries from Cambridgeshire.

The Landscape of Anglo Saxon England

Author : Della Hooke
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This book concerns the landscape that surrounded early medieval man, often described as he saw and experienced it. The Anglo-Saxon period was one of considerable change in settlement and land use patterns but the landscape regions that emerge, documented for the first time in history, are still familiar to us today. The image conjured up, and for the present it can hardly be any more than an image, is tentative and incomplete, for many more threads have been embroidered upon it in the thousand succeeding years; but the early patterns often guided the latter and occasionally still show through. This book examines the Anglo-Saxon's view of his natural surroundings and how he utilized the resources available -- the cropland, woodland and marginal land of pasture and fen -- and how this is reflected in administrative patterns, how it influenced settlement, communications and trade and, moreover, influenced the landscape patterns of successive ages.

Place names Language and the Anglo Saxon Landscape

Author : N. J. Higham
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An exploration of the landscape of Anglo-Saxon England, particularly through the prism of place-names and what they can reveal.

Building Anglo Saxon England

Author : John Blair
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A radical rethinking of the Anglo-Saxon world that draws on the latest archaeological discoveries This beautifully illustrated book draws on the latest archaeological discoveries to present a radical reappraisal of the Anglo-Saxon built environment and its inhabitants. John Blair, one of the world's leading experts on this transformative era in England's early history, explains the origins of towns, manor houses, and castles in a completely new way, and sheds new light on the important functions of buildings and settlements in shaping people's lives during the age of the Venerable Bede and King Alfred. Building Anglo-Saxon England demonstrates how hundreds of recent excavations enable us to grasp for the first time how regionally diverse the built environment of the Anglo-Saxons truly was. Blair identifies a zone of eastern England with access to the North Sea whose economy, prosperity, and timber buildings had more in common with the Low Countries and Scandinavia than the rest of England. The origins of villages and their field systems emerge with a new clarity, as does the royal administrative organization of the kingdom of Mercia, which dominated central England for two centuries. Featuring a wealth of color illustrations throughout, Building Anglo-Saxon England explores how the natural landscape was modified to accommodate human activity, and how many settlements--secular and religious—were laid out with geometrical precision by specialist surveyors. The book also shows how the Anglo-Saxon love of elegant and intricate decoration is reflected in the construction of the living environment, which in some ways was more sophisticated than it would become after the Norman Conquest.

Anglo Saxon Deviant Burial Customs

Author : Andrew Reynolds
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Anglo-Saxon Deviant Burial Customs is the first detailed consideration of the ways in which Anglo-Saxon society dealt with social outcasts. Beginning with the period following Roman rule and ending in the century following the Norman Conquest, it surveys a period of fundamental social change, which included the conversion to Christianity, the emergence of the late Saxon state, and the development of the landscape of the Domesday Book. While an impressive body of written evidence for the period survives in the form of charters and law-codes, archaeology is uniquely placed to investigate the earliest period of post-Roman society - the fifth to seventh centuries - for which documents are lacking. For later centuries, archaeological evidence can provide us with an independent assessment of the realities of capital punishment and the status of outcasts. Andrew Reynolds argues that outcast burials show a clear pattern of development in this period. In the pre-Christian centuries, 'deviant' burial remains are found only in community cemeteries, but the growth of kingship and the consolidation of territories during the seventh century witnessed the emergence of capital punishment and places of execution in the English landscape. Locally determined rites, such as crossroads burial, now existed alongside more formal execution cemeteries. Gallows were located on major boundaries, often next to highways, always in highly visible places. The findings of this pioneering national study thus have important consequences on our understanding of Anglo-Saxon society. Overall, Reynolds concludes, organized judicial behaviour was a feature of the earliest Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, rather than just the two centuries prior to the Norman Conquest.

Planning in the Early Medieval Landscape

Author : John Blair
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The extent to which Anglo-Saxon society was capable oflarge-scale transformations of the landscape is hotly disputed. Thisinterdisciplinary book - embracing archaeological and historical sources -explores this important period in our landscape history and the extent to whichbuildings, settlements and field systems were laid out using sophisticatedsurveying techniques. In particular, recent research has found new and unexpectedevidence for the construction of building complexes and settlements ongeometrically precise grids, suggesting a revival of the techniques of theRoman land-surveyors (Agrimensores).Two units of measurement appear to have been used: the 'short perch' of 15 feetin central and eastern England, where mostcases occur, and the 'long perch' of 18 feet at the small number of examplesidentified in Wessex. This technically advanced planning is evident during twoperiods: c.600-800, when it may have been a mostlymonastic practice, and c.940-1020, when it appears to have been revived in amonastic context but then spread to a wider range of lay settlements. Planning in the Early Medieval Landscape is a completely new perspective on how villages and other settlement were formed. It combines map and field evidence with manuscript treatises on land-surveying to show that the methods described in the treatises were not just theoretical, but were put into practice. In doing so it reveals a major aspect of previously unrecognised early medieval technology.

Anglo Saxon Settlement and Landscape

Author : Trevor Rowley
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Remembering the Dead in Anglo Saxon England

Author : Zoe Devlin
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This study uses sociological theories of personal memory to show how Anglo-Saxon burial practices enabled the grieving process, and ensured the remembrance of the dead.

The Grubenhaus in Anglo Saxon England

Author : Jess Tipper
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Trees in Anglo Saxon England

Author : Della Hooke
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A powerful exploration of trees in both the real and the imagined Anglo-Saxon landscape.

Anglo Saxon Oxfordshire

Author : John Blair
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In the eleventh century Oxford was one of the most important English provincial towns, and was of considerable political and economic significance. The book draws heavily on the wealth of recently discovered archaeological material, especially in the Thames Valley, and incorporates the latest work on place-names, charter boundaries, tribal groupings and ecclesiastical organization. A short final chapter describes the Norman impact on the city and county.

Later Anglo Saxon England

Author : Andrew Reynolds
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This study examines the progression from fragmented kingdoms to organised nation state in England.'