Search results for: the-physiology-of-crop-yield

The Physiology of Crop Yield

Author : Robert K. M. Hay
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First published in 1989, Physiology of Crop Yield was the first student textbook to digest and assimilate the many advances in crop physiology, within a framework of resource capture and use. Retaining the central core of the first edition, this long-awaited second edition draws on recent developments in areas such as phenology, canopy dynamics and crop modelling, and the concepts of sustainable crop production. A broad perspective is developed, from the gene through the plant and crop to the ecosystem, covering: Advances in molecular biology relating to crop science Limitation of crop yield by the supply of water or nitrogen Global climate change and its impact on crop modelling Physiological aspects of crop quality A wider range of species, with emphasis on wheat, maize and soybean This book will be a valuable tool for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students of agricultural science, plant science, applied ecology and environmental science. It will be an essential addition to all libraries in universities and relevant research establishments.

Physiology of Crop Production

Author : N.K. Fageria
File Size : 37.22 MB
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This single volume explores the theoretical and the practical aspects of crop physiological processes around the world The marked decrease over the past century in the land available for crop production has brought about mounting pressure to increase crop yields, especially in developing nations. Physiology of Crop Production provides cutting-edge research and data for complete coverage of the physiology of crop production, all in one source, right at your fingertips. This valuable reference gives the extensive in-depth information soil and crop professionals need to maximize crop productivity anywhere the world. Leading soil and plant scientists and researchers clearly explain theory, practical applications, and the latest advances in the field. Crop physiology is a vital science needed to understand crop growth and development to facilitate increases of plant yield. Physiology of Crop Production presents a wide range of information and references from varying regions of the world to make the book as complete and broadly focused as possible. Discussion in each chapter is supported by experimental data to make this book a superb resource that will be used again and again. Chapter topics include plant and root architecture, growth and yield components, photosynthesis, source-sink relationship, water use efficiency, crop yield relative to water stress, and active and passive ion transport. Several figures and tables accompany the extensive referencing to provide a detailed, in-depth look at every facet of crop production. Physiology of Crop Production explores management strategies for: ideal plant architecture maximizing root systems ideal yield components maximizing photosynthesis maximizing source-sink relationship sequestration of carbon dioxide reducing the effects of drought improving N, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S nutrition improving micronutrient uptake Physiology of Crop Production is an essential desktop resource for plant physiologists, soil and crop scientists, breeders, agronomists, agronomy administrators in agro-industry, educators, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students.

Crop Yield

Author : Donald L. Smith
File Size : 66.38 MB
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This book has been prepared for those seeking a better understanding of the functioning of crop plants, particularly the processes that lead to the genera tion of products valued by human beings. The contributors, who are among the world's foremost experts on the important crops upon which humanity depends for food or fibre, address the relevant processes for their specific crop. Currently, the world population is continuing to increase. It is projected to plateau around the middle of the next century, and while there is considerable controversy regarding the population level when this plateau is achieved, most estimates are in the area of 10 000 000 000. At present, there are about 800000000 people in the world who do not have secure access to food. Over the last 50 years various aspects of agricultural research have been combined to increase the output of world crops approximately 2.5-fold. Given the need to feed the increasing population, and to provide better access, it is predicted that during the next 50 years the agricultural research community must repeat this achievement.

An Introduction to the Physiology of Crop Yield

Author : Robert K. M. Hay
File Size : 71.68 MB
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Reviews and analyzes recent advances in in our knowledge of the functioning of crop plants in the field. Emphasis is on north-temperate cropping (although examples are included from other regions), material being drawn from both the laboratory and the field. Also covered are crop simulation and interactions between plant disease and plant physiology, with thoughtful discussion of the complexity of crop/environment/management relationships.

An Introduction to the Physiology of Crop Yield

Author : Robert K. M. Hay
File Size : 87.84 MB
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Crop physiology is one of the foundationds of the improvement of crops and cropping systems, whether the aim is to increase yield or improve the efficiency of use of resources. Great strides forward have been made in the understanding of the functioning of crop plants in the field over the last decade, and this book is unique in reviewing and analysing these advances at a level which can be assimilated by degree students. The emphasis is on north–temperate cropping, although examples are drawn from elsewhere, and the authors have used a combination of findings from the laboratory and the field. Other features include an introduction to crop simulation and consideration of the interactions between plant disease and crop physiology. Overall the book provides a clear explanation of difficult concepts, bearing in mind the complexity of crop/environment/management relationships.

Physiology and Determination of Crop Yield

Author : K. J. Boote
File Size : 27.12 MB
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The Physiology of Tropical Crop Production

Author : Geoffrey R. Squire
File Size : 33.22 MB
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Control of development. The leaf canopy and root system. Dry matter production by interception and conversion of solar radiation. Transpiration and dry matter production. Partition of assimilate. Environmental and physiological control of yield.

Crop Yield

Author : Donald L. Smith
File Size : 78.23 MB
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This book has been prepared for those seeking a better understanding of the functioning of crop plants, particularly the processes that lead to the genera tion of products valued by human beings. The contributors, who are among the world's foremost experts on the important crops upon which humanity depends for food or fibre, address the relevant processes for their specific crop. Currently, the world population is continuing to increase. It is projected to plateau around the middle of the next century, and while there is considerable controversy regarding the population level when this plateau is achieved, most estimates are in the area of 10 000 000 000. At present, there are about 800000000 people in the world who do not have secure access to food. Over the last 50 years various aspects of agricultural research have been combined to increase the output of world crops approximately 2.5-fold. Given the need to feed the increasing population, and to provide better access, it is predicted that during the next 50 years the agricultural research community must repeat this achievement.

Crop Physiology

Author : Victor Sadras
File Size : 37.81 MB
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From climate change to farming systems to genetic modification of organisms, Crop Physiology, Second Edition provides a practical tool for understanding the relationships and challenges of successful cropping. With a focus on genetic improvement and agronomy, this book addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international concern. The second edition of Crop Physiology continues to provide a unique analysis of these topics while reflecting important changes and advances in the relevant science and implementation systems. Contemporary agriculture confronts the challenge of increasing demand in terms of quantitative and qualitative production targets. These targets have to be achieved against the background of soil and water scarcity, worldwide and regional shifts in the patterns of land use driven by both climate change and the need to develop crop-based sources of energy, and the environmental and social aspects of agricultural sustainability. Provides a view of crop physiology as an active source of methods, theories, ideas, and tools for application in genetic improvement and agronomy Written by leading scientists from around the world Combines environment-specific cropping systems and general principles of crop science to appeal to advanced students, and scientists in agriculture-related disciplines, from molecular sciences to natural resources management

Crop Physiology

Author : L. T. Evans
File Size : 75.34 MB
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Crops and world food supply, crop evolution, and the origins of crop physiology; maize; sugar cane; rice; wheat; soybean; pea; potato; sugar beet; cotton; The physiological basis of crop yield.

Respiration and Crop Productivity

Author : Jeffrey S. Amthor
File Size : 68.73 MB
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Respiration is a large and important component of the carbon economy of crops. There are already several good books dealing with the biochemistry and physiol ogy of plant respiration, but there are none I know of that are devoted to the rela tionship between respiration and crop productivity, although this relationship is more and more frequently being studied with both experiment and simulation. Crop physiology books do cover respiration, of course, but the treatment is limited. The purpose of the present book is to fill this void in the literature. The approach taken here is to use the popular two-component functional model whereby respiration is divided between growth and maintenance components. Mter thoroughly reviewing the literature, I came to the conclusion that at present this is the most useful means of considering respiration as a quantitative compo nent of a crop's carbon economy. This functional distinction is used as the frame work for describing respiration and assessing its role in crop productivity. Discussions and critiques of the biochemistry and physiology of respiration serve primarily as a means of more fully understanding and describing the functional approach to studying crop respiration. It is assumed that the reader of this book is familiar with the fundamentals of plant physiology and biochemistry. The research worker in crop physiology should find this an up-to-date summary of crop respiration and the functional model of respiration. This book is not, however, a simple review of existing data.

Wheat

Author : E H Satorre
File Size : 43.7 MB
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Discussing the latest processes involved in researching yield generation, Wheat: Ecology and Physiology of Yield Determination will help you design various types of crop production systems for maximum yield. Featuring information on developing high-yielding, low-input, and quality-oriented systems, this book offers you both physiological and ecological approaches that will help you understand the crop as well as increase its production. Discussing aspects of wheat growth for specific regions around the world, Wheat provides you with information that will improve the size and quality of your crops, including: how temperature, vernalization, and the photoperiod affect the development of wheat using the correct amount of nitrogen fertilizers for wheat crops an explanation of the reproduction and nitrogen cycles of wheat how elements and conditions such as lipids, proteins, nitrogen, and climate enhance grain quality estimating and determining optimal sowing dates examining factors that may affect wheat yield-density relationships, such as planting arrangement and date of sowing preventing seed decay and examining effects of mildews and leaf blights examining historical trends of the crop to see what further research needs to be done You'll also receive information on the genetic gains in wheat research that are improving the physiological traits and numerical components of this essential grain. Within Wheat, you'll find data and methods from international experts in the field that will improve the yield and growth of the world's most important crop.

Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops

Author : Victor Sadras
File Size : 26.25 MB
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Crop Physiology: Case Histories of Major Crops updates the physiology of broad-acre crops with a focus on the genetic, environmental and management drivers of development, capture and efficiency in the use of radiation, water and nutrients, the formation of yield and aspects of quality. These physiological process are presented in a double context of challenges and solutions. The challenges to increase plant-based food, fodder, fiber and energy against the backdrop of population increase, climate change, dietary choices and declining public funding for research and development in agriculture are unprecedented and urgent. The proximal technological solutions to these challenges are genetic improvement and agronomy. Hence, the premise of the book is that crop physiology is most valuable when it engages meaningfully with breeding and agronomy. With contributions from 92 leading scientists from around the world, each chapter deals with a crop: maize, rice, wheat, barley, sorghum and oat; quinoa; soybean, field pea, chickpea, peanut, common bean, lentil, lupin and faba bean; sunflower and canola; potato, cassava, sugar beet and sugarcane; and cotton. A crop-based approach to crop physiology in a G x E x M context Captures the perspectives of global experts on 22 crops

Crop Physiology

Author : Victor O. Sadras
File Size : 80.63 MB
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From climate change to farming systems to genetic modification of organisms, Crop Physiology, Second Edition provides a practical tool for understanding the relationships and challenges of successful cropping. With a focus on genetic improvement and agronomy, this book addresses the challenges of environmentally sound production of bulk and quality food, fodder, fiber, and energy which are of ongoing international concern. The second edition of Crop Physiology continues to provide a unique analysis of these topics while reflecting important changes and advances in the relevant science and implementation systems. Contemporary agriculture confronts the challenge of increasing demand in terms of quantitative and qualitative production targets. These targets have to be achieved against the background of soil and water scarcity, worldwide and regional shifts in the patterns of land use driven by both climate change and the need to develop crop-based sources of energy, and the environmental and social aspects of agricultural sustainability. Provides a view of crop physiology as an active source of methods, theories, ideas, and tools for application in genetic improvement and agronomy Written by leading scientists from around the world Combines environment-specific cropping systems and general principles of crop science to appeal to advanced students, and scientists in agriculture-related disciplines, from molecular sciences to natural resources management

Physiology and Determination of Crop Yield

Author : K. J. Boote
File Size : 89.14 MB
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Modeling Physiology of Crop Development Growth and Yield

Author : Afshin Soltani
File Size : 59.67 MB
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Model studies focus experimental investigations to improve our understanding and performance of systems. Concentrating on crop modelling, this book provides an introduction to the concepts of crop development, growth, and yield, with step-by-step outlines to each topic, suggested exercises and simple equations. A valuable text for students and researchers of crop development alike, this book is written in five parts that allow the reader to develop a solid foundation and coverage of production models including water- and nitrogen-limited systems.

Stress Physiology in Crop Plants

Author : International Conference on Stress Physiology in Crop Plants
File Size : 90.85 MB
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Organization and conduct of plant stress research to increase agricultural productivity. Disease tolerance: reducing the impact of disease-induced stress on crop yields. Thigmomorphogenesis: the effect of mechanical pertubation on the growth of plants, with special reference to anatomical changes, the role of ethylene, and interaction with other environmental stresses. Differential aluminum tolerance in crop plants. Comparative responses of field grown crops to phosphate concentrations in soil solutions. Production of food plants in areas supplied with highy saline water: problems and prospects. Salt resistance in agricultural crops. Effects of freezing and cold acclimation on membrane structure and function. Cold resistance and injury in winter cereals. Strategies for altering chilling sensitivity as a limiting factor in crop production. Frost hardiness: a discussion of possible molecular causes of injury with particular reference to deep supercooling of water. Breeding potatoes for tolerance to stress: heat and frost. Selecting for drought and heat resistance in grain sorghum. Drought stress of cowpea and soybean under tropical conditions. Effects of water and heat stress on carbon metabolism of plants with C3 and C4 photosynthesis. Air pollution stress. Drought resistance and adaptation to water deficits in crop plants. Drought resistance in cereals - rice: a case study. Stomatal behavior and breeding fro drought resistance. Genetic improvement of drought resistance in crop plants: a case for sorghum. Testing and selecting for drought resistance in wheat. Growth and development of chickpeas under progressive moisture stress.

Maximizing Crop Yields

Author : N. K. Fageria
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Details the physiological, agronomical, and environmental factors needed to maintain or increase the productivity and sustainability of agricultural systems. Addressed to scientists in the agriculture industry, and graduate and advanced undergraduate students, rather than to farmers. Explores the ba

Crop Physiology Some Case Histories

Author : L. T. EVANS (ed)
File Size : 57.31 MB
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Crops and world food supply, crop evolution, and the origins of crop physiology, Maize, Sugar cane, Rice, Wheat, Soybean, Pea, Potato, Sugar beet, Cotton, The physiology basis of crop yield.

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology

Author : Mohammad Pessarakli
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Continuous discoveries in plant and crop physiology have resulted in an abundance of new information since the publication of the third edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology. Following its predecessors, the fourth edition of this well-regarded handbook offers a unique, comprehensive, and complete collection of topics in the field of plant and crop physiology. Divided into eleven sections, for easy access of information, this edition contains more than 90 percent new material, substantial revisions, and two new sections. The handbook covers the physiology of plant and crop growth and development, cellular and molecular aspects, plant genetics and production processes. The book presents findings on plant and crop growth in response to climatic changes, and considers the potential for plants and crops adaptation, exploring the biotechnological aspects of plant and crop improvement. This content is used to plan, implement, and evaluate strategies for increasing plant growth and crop yield. Readers benefit from numerous tables, figures, case studies and illustrations, as well as thousands of index words, all of which increase the accessibility of the information contained in this important handbook. New to the Edition: Contains 37 new chapters and 13 extensively revised and expanded chapters from the third edition of this book. Includes new or modified sections on soil-plant-water-nutrients-microorganisms physiological relations; and on plant growth regulators, both promoters and inhibitors. Additional new and modified chapters cover the physiological responses of lower plants and vascular plants and crops to metal-based nanoparticles and agrichemicals; and the growth responses of plants and crops to climate change and environmental stresses. With contributions from 95 scientists from 20 countries, this book provides a comprehensive resource for research and for university courses, covering plant and crop physiological responses under normal and stressful conditions ranging from cellular aspects to whole plants.