Search results for: the-politics-of-terrorism-expertise

The Politics of Terrorism Expertise

Author : David Miller
File Size : 84.86 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 767
Read : 948
Download »
This book provides an account of the history, geopolitics, activities and impact of the terror experts. It outlines the emergence and development of a 'nexus' of terror experts - a group which collectively promote a particular view of political violence, and who are very well networked with think tanks, the security industry and official agencies. The book shows how the knowledge produced and the expertise provided by the experts are a product of the social and political forces which have sponsored the emergence of the field, and that in particular these experts are responsive to the strategic and ideological requirements of Western states, and the closely associated corporate interests represented by the private think-tanks and security companies which constitute what has been dubbed the 'terrorism industry'. The main themes of the book are the emergence and influence of the military-industrial-academic-complex, the relationship between knowledge and power, communicative strategies and the public realm, the politics of expertise and the legitimation and de-legitimation of political violence. The objectives are to pioneer a novel way of understanding the genesis and impact of terror expertise and to integrate into the body of critical literature on 'terrorism' work on think-tanks, the 'military-industrial-academic complex', media and communications and propaganda. This book will be of much interest to students of critical terrorism studies, political violence, media studies, sociology, and IR/politics in general.

The Politics of Terrorism Expertise

Author : David Miller
File Size : 89.96 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 390
Read : 1061
Download »

Disciplining Terror

Author : Lisa Stampnitzky
File Size : 75.8 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 675
Read : 935
Download »
Since 9/11 we have been told that terrorists are pathological evildoers, beyond our comprehension. Before the 1970s, however, hijackings, assassinations, and other acts we now call 'terrorism' were considered the work of rational strategic actors. Disciplining Terror examines how political violence became 'terrorism', and how this transformation ultimately led to the current 'war on terror'. Drawing upon archival research and interviews with terrorism experts, Lisa Stampnitzky traces the political and academic struggles through which experts made terrorism, and terrorism made experts. She argues that the expert discourse on terrorism operates at the boundary - itself increasingly contested - between science and politics, and between academic expertise and the state. Despite terrorism now being central to contemporary political discourse, there have been few empirical studies of terrorism experts. This book investigates how the concept of terrorism has been developed and used over recent decades.

Security Expertise

Author : Trine Villumsen Berling
File Size : 45.13 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 126
Read : 1148
Download »
This volume brings together scholars from different fields to explore the power, consequences and everyday practices of security expertise. Expertise mediates between different forms of knowledge: scientific and technological, legal, economic and political knowledge. This book offers the first systematic study of security expertise and opens up a productive dialogue between science and technology studies and security studies to investigate the character and consequences of this expertise. In security theory, the study of expertise is crucial to understanding whose knowledge informs security making and to reflect on the impact and responsibility of security analysis. In science and technology studies, the study of security politics adds a challenging new case to the agenda of research on expertise and policy. The contributors investigate cases such as academic security studies, security think tanks, the collaboration between science, anthropology and the military, transnational terrorism, and the ethical consequences of security expertise. Together they challenge our understanding of how expertise works and what consequences it has for security politics and international relations. This book will be of particular interest to students of critical security studies, sociology, science and technology studies, and IR/security studies in general.

The Terror Experts

Author : Liam Christopher McLean
File Size : 41.22 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 613
Read : 1035
Download »
This thesis examines the production and circulation of discourses related to (counter)terrorism at a university-affiliated terrorism and security studies research center in eastern Massachusetts. Drawing on participant observation, documentary analysis, and interviews with faculty and students at the research center, I suggest that expert discourses of (counter)terrorism at the center traffic in an archetypal construction of the terrorist that I call the "depoliticized radical." This construction locates the root of terrorism in individual morality and psychology, tending to abstract the terrorist from the political conditions in which they enact violence. I further propose that the depoliticized radical functions as a boundary object in Star and Griesemer's (1989) conception, serving the interests of both expert regimes that take the terrorist as a subject to be known and counterterror regimes that take the terrorist as a subject to be controlled and/or corrected. Through fine-grained case studies, I track the strategic deployment of the depoliticized radical by different actors at the center within distinctive professional contexts. My discussion of the practices by which actors at the center seek to consolidate their expertise within the contested fields of terrorism studies and security studies draws on and develops Gieryn's (1983) concept of "boundary-work" as a rhetorical and theatrical strategy for demarcating legitimate from illegitimate knowledges. I conclude by contemplating the political stakes of terrorism expertise as a project of knowledge production that seeks to establish the "terrorist" as an archetypal subject to be both known and controlled.

Countering Terrorism

Author : Michael Chandler
File Size : 32.62 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 181
Read : 189
Download »
Five years after 9/11, we question whether or not terrorist activity has actually decreased. Terrorist networks still span the globe and, some argue, they are more powerful than ever. Yet in this era of rigid security and U.S.-led wars on multiple continents, countries are at odds about how to deal with the looming threat—and chaotic aftermath—of terrorist acts. In Countering Terrorism, Rohan Gunaratna and Michael Chandler sift through political commentary, military maneuvering, and the tangled web of international diplomacy to put us on alert: The world has missed a prime opportunity to crush terrorism. Chandler and Gunaratna are among the world’s foremost experts on international terrorism, having logged between them over forty years of firsthand experience in the field and planning rooms, analyzing and dealing with an unceasing succession of terrorist threats and conflicts. Chandler and Gunaratna employ their unparalleled expertise to probe the catastrophic attacks so indelibly seared into the history of the early twenty-first century, from 9/11 to the Madrid bombings to deadly strikes in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Palestine, and elsewhere. They ask the hard questions we never hear on nightly newscasts: Why has the overall response to terrorism after 9/11 been “so abysmal, slow, piecemeal, and to a large extent far from effective?” Why have some countries, despite international criticism, disregarded universally accepted humanitarian norms when handling the prosecution of terrorist suspects? By allowing politics to trump the need for trans-national cooperation, the authors contend, the international community—and particularly the United States—has squandered an opportunity to combat terrorism with a united and powerful force. Thus what should have been a watershed moment in international relations vanished as effective long-term policies were shunned in favor of short-term political expediency. From arguing the Iraq War has been a “strategic defeat” to Afghanistan’s struggle against the Taliban to the rapidly growing geopolitical role of Iran, Countering Terrorism investigates the reality of the changes that followed the bombings and attacks and examines global terrorism from every angle, including the social and economic underpinnings of terror networks. Scholars, experts, and citizens have appealed for a re-evaluation of today’s increasingly ineffective “War on Terror” policies, and Chandler and Gunaratna answer this call with clear and concise proposals for future dealings with global terrorism. The projected end results of the wars, terrorist attacks, and political upheavals tearing nations apart today are rarely anything but bleak. But Countering Terrorism challenges today’s chaotic status quo, offering penetrating analysis and a radically new perspective essential to grappling with the complexities of terrorist activity and counterintelligence today. "A timely book that fills a lacuna in the counter-terrorism literature and has to be on the bookshelf of any decision-maker, scholar, student and anyone who is interested in understanding the current and the future trends of international terrorism and the strategies that has to be taken to combat this threat."--Dr. Boaz Ganor, author of The Counter-Terrorism Puzzle: A Guide for Decisionmakers

Terrorism and Political Violence

Author : Caroline Kennedy-Pipe
File Size : 87.62 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 955
Read : 588
Download »
This book introduces you to the key issues in contemporary studies on Terrorism. Its interdisciplinary approach provides a unique intellectual rigour which introduces readers to cutting-edge research. Bringing together chapters contributed by members of the Terrorism and Political Violence Association network, it offers an insight into a variety of traditional and critical perspectives. It also equips Undergraduate and Postgraduate students with the study skills needed to succeed in coursework and assignments, especially dissertation work. Drawing on the expertise of TAPVA members, this book: Explores contemporary issues, such as drone warfare, state violence, children and political violence, cyber-terrorism and de-radicalisation. Features case studies drawn from a range of international examples, lists of further reading, key concepts and questions for use in seminars and private study. Provides you with study skills content designed to help you complete your dissertation. This is the perfect textbook to guide you through your studies in terrorism, political violence, international security and strategic studies.

Terrorism Studies the United States and Terrorist Violence in the Global South

Author : Sam Raphael
File Size : 73.15 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 375
Read : 862
Download »
This thesis investigates the veracity of claims made by several prior studies - but adequately demonstrated by none thus far- that the research output from the mainstream academic field of 'terrorism studies' is highly selective, politically biased, and serves a distinct ideological function for prevailing political elites. It does this through employing an important case study throughout: the thesis explores the ways in which the research output from the field has reflected upon, framed and analysed terrorist violence within (and from) the global South. It achieves this by engaging in a systematic critical analysis of the research output from 16 prominent terrorism experts who have had a direct input into the counterterrorism policymaking process in the United States, between the years 1980 and 2005. -- In so doing, it finds that overall, and notwithstanding occasional exceptions and nuances within the expert literature, when assessing terrorism violence within (and from) the South this research output has been based upon a highly selective treatment of the subject. There has been, throughout, a primary focus by the experts on violence which is perceived to pose a threat to US national security interests. Moreover, through a heavy reliance upon official government sources, the recycling of 'facts' with little or no empirical foundation, and the widespread silencing of evidence which points to the use of terrorism by US-backed forces, the core expertise has served a distinct ideological function for the US Government. Specifically, it has largely, although not uniformly, acted to insulate US Government terrorism discourse and US counterterrorism practice from critique, and thereby legitimise US coercive intervention in the South under the rubric of multiple 'wars on terror'.

Aptitude for Destruction Volume 1

Author : Brian A. Jackson
File Size : 54.54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 134
Read : 1312
Download »
Better ways are needed to understand how terrorist groups become more effective and dangerous. Learning is the link between what a group wants to do and its ability to actually do it; therefore, a better understanding of group learning might contribute to the design of better measures for combating terrorism. This study analyzes current understanding of group learning and the factors that influence it and outlines a framework that should be useful in present analytical efforts and for identifying areas requiring further study.

Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Dynamics and Structures of Terrorist Threats in Southeast Asia Held at Kuala Lumpur Malaysia

Author :
File Size : 79.69 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 460
Read : 1047
Download »
This document presents the proceedings of the international symposium on "The Dynamics and Structures of Terrorist Threats in Southeast Asia," held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on 18-20 April 2005. The goals of the symposium were threefold: to lay the groundwork for establishing working relationships with scholars, analysts, journalists, and others with expertise in a variety of fields related to terrorism and political violence in the Southeast Asian region; to explore the possibilities of establishing more formal cooperative and collaborative links among academic, analytical, and government institutions dealing with the problem of countering terrorism and extremist political violence; and to bring the broadest possible spectrum of knowledge and experience to bear on the problem to the mutual benefit of all the institutions involved. The conference brought together academics, journalists, government experts, and military and law enforcement officers from across the region. The conference was organized into three thematic sessions: Part I -- The Landscape of the Terrorist Threat in Southeast Asia, Part II -- Leadership Dynamics in Terrorist Organizations, and Part III -- Radicalization of Political Islam in Southeast Asia. In the interest of building truly cooperative, international counter-terrorism approaches, the participants in the Kuala Lumpur conference agreed to form a Steering Committee to create a Council for Asian Terrorism Research (CATR). The guiding principle of the council will be to transform the diversity of perspectives on the problem of terrorism and militancy into a great strength in devising new approaches, building new capabilities, and building a global anti-terrorist environment. The purpose of the Council is to promote regional research on terrorism and counterterrorism, drawing equally on the unique strengths and perspectives of each nation in the region.

Writing Southeast Asian Security

Author : Jennifer Mustapha
File Size : 75.46 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 823
Read : 989
Download »
This book is a critical analysis of how the discursive and material practices of the "War on Terror" influenced security politics in Southeast Asia after 9/11. It explores how the US-led War on Terror, operating both as a set of material practices and as a larger discursive framework for security, influenced the security of both state and non-state actors in Southeast Asia after 9/11. Building on the author’s own critical security studies approach, which demands a historically and geographically contingent method of empirically grounded critique, Writing Southeast Asian Security examines some of the unexpected effects that the discourses and practices of the War on Terror have had on the production of insecurity in the region. The cases presented here demonstrate that forms of insecurity were constructed and/or abetted by the War on Terror itself, and often occurred in concert with the practices of traditional state-centric security. This work thus contributes to a larger critical project of revealing the violence intrinsic to the pursuit of security by states, but also demonstrates pragmatic opportunities for a functioning politics of theorizing security. This book will be of much interest to students of critical terrorism studies, critical security studies, East Asian, and Southeast Asian politics, US foreign policy, and IR in general.

Understanding Lone Actor Terrorism

Author : Michael Fredholm
File Size : 49.49 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 464
Read : 759
Download »
This volume examines the lone actor terrorist phenomenon, including the larger societal trends which may or may not have led to their acts of terrorism. With lone actor terrorism becoming an increasingly common threat, the contributors to this volume aim to answer the following questions: What drives the actions of individuals who become lone actor terrorists? Are ideological and cultural issues key factors, or are personal psychological motives more useful in assessing the threat? Do lone actors evolve in a broader social context or are they primarily fixated loners? What response strategies are available to security services and law enforcement? What is the future outlook for this particular terrorist threat? Although these issues are frequently discussed, few books have taken a global perspective as their primary focus. While many books focus on lone actor terrorists in relation to terrorist groups, such as Al-Qaida and the Islamic State, few, if any, cover lone actors of all ideological backgrounds, including the variants of active shooters and malicious insiders in information security, such as Edward Snowden – with both of these latter categories constituting an important variant of lone actors. Utilising the expertise of academics and practitioners, the volume offers a valuable multidisciplinary perspective. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism and counter-terrorism, political violence, criminology, security studies and IR.

The Law of the List

Author : Gavin Sullivan
File Size : 41.26 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 317
Read : 1058
Download »
The spread of violent extremism, 9/11, the rise of ISIL and movement of 'foreign terrorist fighters' are dramatically expanding the powers of the UN Security Council to govern risky cross-border flows and threats by non-state actors. New security measures and data infrastructures are being built that threaten to erode human rights and transform the world order in far-reaching ways. The Law of the List is an interdisciplinary study of global security law in motion. It follows the ISIL and Al-Qaida sanctions list, created by the UN Security Council to counter global terrorism, to different sites around the world mapping its effects as an assemblage. Drawing on interviews with Council officials, diplomats, security experts, judges, secret diplomatic cables and the author's experiences as a lawyer representing listed people, The Law of the List shows how governing through the list is reconfiguring global security, international law and the powers of international organisations.

Terrorizing Ourselves

Author : Benjamin H. Friedman
File Size : 59.90 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 686
Read : 835
Download »
Terrorizing Ourselves dismantles much of the flawed thinking that dominates U.S. counterterrorism policy today and lays out alternative approaches informed by experience, deliberation, and the well-established norms of a free society. Leading experts in the field contributed to this important new book, which shows that politicians use fear for political purposes and spend vast sums of money on dubious security measures. These experts explore the nature of modern terrorism, explain and decry our panicked responses to it, and offer sober alternatives. Beyond specific proposals for disrupting terror cells and improving homeland security efforts, Terrorizing Ourselves documents the many ways in which a climate of fear-mongering exacerbates the threat of terrorism. Terrorists, the authors note, get their name for a reason. Fear is their chief tactic. Political forces push U.S. policymakers to hype this fear, encouraging Americans to believe that terrorists are global super villains who can wreck American society unless we submit to their demands. This book shows that policies based on this fantasy are self-defeating and bring needless war, wasted wealth, and less freedom. The authors explore strategies to undermine support for these policies. They also sketch an alternative counterterrorism and homeland security strategy—one that makes us safer and plays to Americans’ confidence rather than our fears.

Inside Al Qaeda

Author : Rohan Gunaratna
File Size : 55.93 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 822
Read : 902
Download »
Inside Al Qaeda examines the leadership, ideology, structure, strategies, and tactics of the most violent politico-religious organization the world has ever seen. The definitive work on Al Qaeda, this book is based on five years of research, including extensive interviews with its members; field research in Al Qaeda-supported conflict zones in Central, South and Southeast Asia and the Middle East; and monitoring Al Qaeda infiltration of diaspora and migrant communities in North America and Europe. Although founded in 1988, Al Qaeda merged with and still works with several other extremist groups. Hence Al Qaeda rank and file draw on nearly three decades of terrorist expertise. Moreover, it inherited a full-fledged training and operational infrastructure funded by the United States, European, Saudi Arabian and other governments for use in the anti-Soviet Jihad. This book sheds light on Al Qaeda's financial infrastructure and how they train combat soldiers and vanguard fighters for multiple guerrilla, terrorist and semi-conventional campaigns in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, the Caucuses, and the Balkans. In addition, the author covers the clandestine Al Qaeda operational network in the West. Gunaratna reveals: how Osama bin Laden had his mentor and Al Qaeda founder, "Azzam", assassinated in order to take over the organization and that other Al Qaeda officers who stood in his way were murdered, Al Qaeda's long-range, deep-penetration agent handling system in Western Europe and North America for setting up safe houses, procuring weapons, and conducting operations, how the O55 Brigade, Al Qaeda's guerrilla organization, integrated into the Taliban, how the arrest of Zacarias Moussaoui forced Al Qaeda to move forward on September 11, how a plan to destroy British Parliament on 9/11 and to use nerve gas on the European Union Parliament were thwarted, how the Iran--Hezbollah--Al Qaeda link provided the knowledge to conduct coordinated, simultaneous attacks on multiple targets, including failed plans to destroy Los Angeles International Airport, the USS Sullivan, the Radisson Hotel in Jordan, and eleven US commercial airliners over the Pacific ocean, that one-fifth of international Islamic charities and NGOs are infiltrated by Al Qaeda, how the US response is effective militarily in the short term, but insufficient to counter Al Qaeda's ideology in the long-term. Finally, to destroy Al Qaeda, Gunaratna shows there needs to be a multipronged, multiagency, and multidimensional response by the international community.

The Mind of the Terrorist

Author : Jerrold M. Post
File Size : 49.66 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 550
Read : 329
Download »
In contrast to the widely held assumption that terrorists as crazed fanatics, Jerrold Post demonstrates they are psychologically "normal" and that "hatred has been bred in the bone". He reveals the powerful motivations that drive these ordinary people to such extraordinary evil by exploring the different types of terrorists, from national-separatists like the Irish Republican Army to social revolutionary terrorists like the Shining Path, as well as religious extremists like al-Qaeda and Aum Shinrikyo. In The Mind of the Terrorist, Post uses his expertise to explain how the terrorist mind works and how this information can help us to combat terrorism more effectively.

The Politics of Terrorism

Author : Michael Stohl
File Size : 41.37 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 773
Read : 722
Download »

The Politics of Terrorism Third Edition

Author : Michael Stohl
File Size : 38.1 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 979
Read : 481
Download »
This book provides the reader with an introduction to the concept and practice of terrorism embedded within a firm understanding of politics and social structure. It explores the major theories, typologies, strategies, ideologies, practices, and responses to contemporary political terrorism.

The SAGE Handbook of the History Philosophy and Sociology of International Relations

Author : Andreas Gofas
File Size : 76.14 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 803
Read : 602
Download »
Offering a panoramic view of the broad field of International Relations by integrating three distinct but interrelated foci. This handbook is a timely and innovative reference text for academics, researchers and practitioners in the world of International Relations.

Understanding Lone Wolf Terrorism

Author : Ramon Spaaij
File Size : 65.80 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 381
Read : 1152
Download »
What drives the lone wolf terrorist to commit mass violence? What are their ideologies and motivations? How do they plan and carry out their attacks, and who do they target? How can lone wolf terrorism be effectively countered? One of the first in-depth analyses of lone wolf terrorism, this publication sets out to answer these questions. Drawing on extensive international data and qualitative case studies, it examines the global patterns in and key features of lone wolf terrorism over the past four decades. This engaging text will be essential reading for students and researchers on terrorism and violent conflict and offers unique and invaluable insights to those working to prevent or minimize the effects of terrorism and political violence.