Search results for: the-psychology-of-associative-learning-problems-in-the-behavioural-sciences

The Psychology of Associative Learning

Author : David R. Shanks
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It is hard to think of any significant aspect of our lives that is not influenced by what we have learned in the past. Of fundamental importance is our ability to learn the ways in which events are related to one another, called associative learning. This book provides a fresh look at associative learning theory and reviews extensively the advances made over the past twenty years. The Psychology of Associative Learning begins by establishing that the human associative learning system is rational in the sense that it accurately represents event relationships. David Shanks goes on to consider the informational basis of learning, in terms of the memorization of instances, and discusses at length the application of connectionist models to human learning. The book concludes with an evaluation of the role of rule induction in associative learning. This will be essential reading for graduate students and researchers in psychology and the behavioral sciences.

Cognitive behavioural Social Work in Practice

Author : Katy Cigno
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Cognitive-Behavioural Social Work in Practice appears at an interesting time for social work and social services. More than ever, practitioners are required to provide evidence for the effectiveness of what they do, while the rights of service users to ethically competent practice in which they are partners is high on the agenda. Drawing on a wide area of research, as well as the practice experience of its 18 contributors, it covers a broad range of cognitive-behavioural intervention with different client groups in a variety of settings, including child care, family work, probation and offending behaviour, mental health, disability and issues concerning older people. The first chapter sets out lucidly the theoretical and research basis for cognitive-behavioural practice and is rich in case examples. Each subsequent chapter adopts a case study approach to its subject, either by providing a single case study or by the detailed exploration of an area of practice combined with case examples. The volume is unique in not only bringing together practitioners and academics but in presenting the work of the 'academic, reflective practitioner'. It is thus an accessible, informative guide for professionals, students and educators who, with all their working pressures and constraints, strive to provide help based on best evidence.

A Textbook of Social Work

Author : Brian Sheldon
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Where did professional social work originate from? How effective are social work interpretations in the lives of vulnerable people? A Textbook of Social Work provides a comprehensive discussion of social work practice and its evidence-base. It strikes a balance between the need for social workers to understand the social, economic, cultural, psychological and interpersonal factors which give rise to clients’ problems, and the need for them to know how best to respond with practical measures. Divided into three parts: the text covers the history and of social work as a movement and profession in the first, and social work methods and approaches in the second. The final part looks at the major specialisms, including, among others, chapters on: Children and families Youth Offenders and substance misusers Social work and mental health Disabled people Older People Providing a comprehensive guide to conceptual and methodological issues in social work and containing plentiful case studies and examples, this book is an essential read for social work students, as well as a valuable resource for practitioners and academics.

Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors

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Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory

Author : Todd R Schachtman, PhD
File Size : 77.21 MB
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Organisms survive and succeed because of their ability to learn and adapt to changing circumstances and new demands. As discussed in the chapters of the present volume, an appreciation of the mechanisms and principles of learning and conditioning is fundamental to any analysis of normal behavior as well as to an informed understanding of our well being (including examination of such issues as anxiety and fear, brain-immune system interactions, drug addiction and abuse, emotional learning, and social behavior) and mental health (for example, autism, depression, helplessness and schizophrenia). The twenty-three chapters in this volume, written by a distinguished collection of internationally renowned scholars, articulate the basic, yet sophisticated, way in which learning and conditioning processes influence our everyday behaviors, both normal and maladaptive, and help explain a variety of clinically important phenomena and disorders.

Animal Learning and Cognition

Author : Nestor A. Schmajuk
File Size : 66.21 MB
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This text gives several mechanistic descriptions of complex cognitive behaviors, and shows how neural networks permit the development of useful brain models.

Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors

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Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors

Author : Educational Resources Information Center (U.S.)
File Size : 75.12 MB
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The first print edition in more than 5 years contains a total of 10,773 vocabulary terms with 206 descriptors and 210 "use" references that are new to this thesaurus for locating precise terms from the controlled vocabulary used to index the ERIC database.

The Concise Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology and Behavioral Science

Author : W. Edward Craighead
File Size : 54.23 MB
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Edited by high caliber experts, and contributed to by quality researchers and practitioners in psychology and related fields. Includes over 500 topical entries Each entry features suggested readings and extensive cross-referencing Accessible to students and general readers Edited by two outstanding scholars and clinicians

EBOOK Psychology The Science of Mind and Behaviour

Author : Nigel Holt
File Size : 58.35 MB
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Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behaviour is here with a new, fully updated and revised third edition. Bringing new developments in the field and its renowned pedagogical design, the third edition offers an exciting and engaging introduction to the study of psychology.This book’s scientific approach, which brings together international research, practical application and the levels of analysis framework, encourages critical thinking about psychology and its impact on our daily lives. Key features: Fully updated research and data throughout the book as well as increased cross cultural referencesRestructured Chapter 3 on Genes, Environment and Behaviour, which now starts with a discussion of Darwinian theory before moving on to Mendelian geneticsCore subject updates such as DSM-5 for psychological disorders and imaging techniques on the brain are fully integratedRevised and updated Research Close Up boxesCurrent Issues and hot topics such as, the study of happiness and schizophrenia, intelligence testing, the influence of the media and conflict and terrorism are discussed to prompt debates and questions facing psychologists todayNew to this edition is Recommended Reading of both classic and contemporary studies at the end of chapters Connect™ Psychology: a digital teaching and learning environment that improves performance over a variety of critical outcomes; easy to use and proven effective. LearnSmart™: the most widely used and intelligent adaptive learning resource that is proven to strengthen memory recall, improve course retention and boost grades. SmartBook™: Fuelled by LearnSmart, SmartBook is the first and only adaptive reading experience available today.