Search Results for "the-social-construction-of-what"

The Social Construction of What?

The Social Construction of What?

  • Author: Ian Hacking,Emeritus University Professor Ian Hacking,Jan Hacking
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674812000
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 261
  • View: 2905
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Often lost in the debate over the validity of social construction is the question of what is being constructed. Particularly troublesome in this area is the status of the natural sciences, where there is conflict between biological and social approaches to mental illness, and in other areas. Ian Hacking looks at the issue of child abuse, and examines the ways in which advanced research on new weapons influences not the content but the form of science. In conclusion, Hacking comments on the "culture wars" in anthropology, in particular the spat between leading enthnographers over Hawaii and Captain Cook.

The Social Construction of Reality

The Social Construction of Reality

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge

  • Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann
  • Publisher: Open Road Media
  • ISBN: 1453215468
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 219
  • View: 6975
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The classic work that redefined the sociology of knowledge and has inspired a generation of philosophers and thinkers In this seminal book, Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann examine how knowledge forms and how it is preserved and altered within a society. Unlike earlier theorists and philosophers, Berger and Luckmann go beyond intellectual history and focus on commonsense, everyday knowledge—the proverbs, morals, values, and beliefs shared among ordinary people. When first published in 1966, this systematic, theoretical treatise introduced the term social construction,effectively creating a new thought and transforming Western philosophy.

The Social Construction of Technological Systems

The Social Construction of Technological Systems

New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology

  • Author: Wiebe E. Bijker,Thomas Parke Hughes,Trevor J. Pinch
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262521376
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 405
  • View: 4401
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"The impact of technology on society is clear and unmistakeable. The influence of society on technology is more subtle. The 13 essays in this book have been written by a diverse group of scholars united by a common interest in creating a new field - the sociology of technology. They draw on a wide array of case studies - from cooking stoves to missile systems, from 15th-century Portugal to today's Al labs - to outline an original research program based on a synthesis of ideas from the social studies of science and the history of technology. Together they affirm the need for a study of technology that gives equal weight to technical, social, economic, and political questions"--Back cover.

The Social Construction of Gender

The Social Construction of Gender

  • Author: Judith Lorber,Susan A. Farrell,SAGE Publishing
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 374
  • View: 4809
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Essentialist notions of gender difference are being challenged increasingly by research on the social construction of gender. Lorber and Farrell present a key collection of current research which illustrates how the constructivist approach has been applied to a variety of issues, including those centred on the family, the workplace, social class, ethnic identity and politics. Much of the recent work in this area has appeared in the journal Gender and Society which is the genesis of most of the papers in this volume.

The Social Construction of Intellectual Disability

The Social Construction of Intellectual Disability

  • Author: Mark Rapley
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521005296
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 246
  • View: 6920
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Intellectual disability is usually thought of as a form of internal, individual affliction, little different from diabetes, paralysis or chronic illness. This study, the first book-length application of discursive psychology to intellectual disability, shows that what we usually understand as being an individual problem is actually an interactional, or social, product. Through a range of case studies, which draw upon ethnomethodological and conversation analytic scholarship, the book shows how persons categorized as 'intellectually disabled' are produced, as such, in and through their moment-by-moment interaction with care staff and other professionals.

The Social Construction of Management

The Social Construction of Management

  • Author: Nancy Harding
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 113420261X
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 240
  • View: 2338
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What is management and how do the people who become managers take on a managerial identity? How does text inform the manager's identity? From cultural studies we understand that the relationship between text and reader is not passive but that each one works upon the other, and that text is active in forming the identity of the reader. This books is the first to analyse how many management textbooks construct their readers. It analyses management textbooks published since the 1950s and shows they construct a world in which chaos is kept at bay only by strong management, and in which strong management is based upon the rationality of modernity. This book exposes and analyses such claims-to-truths, and theorizes their arguments using the work of Butler and Foucault, the sociology of scientific knowledge, critical legal studies, art history and queer theory. By revealing a postmodern turn in management textbooks, The Social Construction of Management is both a critical and empirical study that explores the constitution of managerial identities in the age of mass education in management. An exciting contribution to the growing body of knowledge within critical management studies, this book challenges the way we think about organizations and their management, and about management education as a whole. This is thought provoking reading for anyone studying management, or working in the managerial organization.

The Social Construction of Europe

The Social Construction of Europe

  • Author: Thomas Christiansen,Knud Erik Jørgensen,Antje Wiener
  • Publisher: SAGE
  • ISBN: 9780761972655
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 242
  • View: 6758
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This book is the first to systematically introduce and apply a social constructivist perspective to the study of European integration. Social constructivism is carefully located in terms of its philosophical and methodological origins. The wider debates and contribution of constructivist approaches to international relations are reviewed, and the insights that might then be afforded to European studies fully explored. Highlights include: new theoretical contributions to the debate by Ernst B. Haas, Andrew Moravcsik and Steve Smith; research on key aspects of European integration and EU governance applying a variety of constructivist approaches. The Social Construction of Europe provides new and important in

Social Construction of the Past

Social Construction of the Past

Representation as Power

  • Author: George C. Bond,Angela Gilliam,Routledge
  • Publisher: Psychology Press
  • ISBN: 9780415090452
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 232
  • View: 8476
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"Social Construction of the Past examines labour, race and gender and its relationship to power and class. It includes chapters on a broad range of topics, from the role of intellectuals in restructuring a non-apartheid South Africa, to Haitian working-class women using sexuality to resist domination. It should be essential reading for academics and students from a whole range of different social and intellectual backgrounds, including anthropology, archaeology, history, comparative literature, political science and sociology."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

The Social Construction of Climate Change

The Social Construction of Climate Change

Power, Knowledge, Norms, Discourses

  • Author: Mary E. Pettenger
  • Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • ISBN: 1409498093
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 280
  • View: 392
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Individuals, international organizations and states are calling for the world to confront climate change. Efforts such as the Kyoto Protocol have produced intractable disputes and are deemed inadequate. This volume adopts two constructivist perspectives – norm-centred and discourse – to explore the social construction of climate change from a broad, theoretical level to particular cases. The contributors contend that climate change must be understood from the context of social settings, and that we ignore at our peril how power and knowledge structures are generated. They offer a greater understanding of why current efforts to mitigate climate change have failed and provide academics and policy makers with a new understanding of this important topic.

The Social Construction of the Ocean

The Social Construction of the Ocean

  • Author: Philip E. Steinberg
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521010573
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 239
  • View: 808
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This 2001 book discusses the changing uses, regulations and representation of the sea from 1450 to now.